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Encyclopedia > Joseph Duveen, 1st Baron Duveen of Millbank

Joseph Duveen (18691939), later made Baron Duveen of Millbank, was one of the most influential art dealers of all time. 1869 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Duveen was British by birth, the eldest of eight sons of Joseph Joel Duveen, a Jewish-Dutch immigrant who had set up a prosperous import business in Hull. The Duveen Brothers firm became very successful and became involved in trading antiques. Duveen Senior died in 1909 and Joseph took over the business. He moved the company into the risky, but lucrative, trade in paintings and quickly became one of the world's leading art dealers due to his good eye and skilled salesmanship. The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... Hull or Kingston upon Hull is a British city situated on the north bank of the Humber estuary. ... 1909 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Mona Lisa is perhaps the best-known artistic painting in the Western world. ...


His success is famously attributed to noticing that "Europe has a great deal of art, and America has a great deal of money." He made his fortune by buying works of art from declining European aristocrats and selling them to the millionaires of the United States. Duveen's clients included Henry Clay Frick, William Randolph Hearst, Henry E. Huntington, J.P. Morgan, Samuel H. Kress, Andrew Mellon, and John D. Rockefeller. The works that Duveen shipped across the Atlantic remain the core collections of many of the United States' most famous museums. Duveen played an important role in selling robber barons on the notion that buying art was also buying class. He greatly expanded the market, especially for Renaissance paintings; with the help of Bernard Berenson they were brought back into vogue. Henry Clay Frick (December 19, 1849 – December 2, 1919) was an American industrialist, philanthropist, and art patron. ... William Randolph Hearst (April 29, 1863 – August 14, 1951) was an American newspaper magnate, born in San Francisco, California. ... Henry Edwards Huntington (February 27, 1850 - May 23, 1927) was an American railroad pioneer and art collector. ... John Pierpont Morgan (April 17, 1837 – March 31, 1913), American financier and banker, was born in Hartford, Connecticut, a son of Junius Spencer Morgan (1813–1890), who was a partner of George Peabody and the founder of the house of J. S. Morgan & Co. ... Samuel Henry Kress (23 July 1863 - 22 September 1955) was a United States businessman and philanthropist, founder of the S. H. Kress & Co. ... Mellon portrait Andrew William Mellon (March 24, 1855–August 27, 1937) was an American banker, industrialist, philanthropist, and Secretary of the Treasury from March 4, 1921 until February 12, 1932. ... 1917 painting by John Singer Sargent. ... The term robber baron dates back to the twelfth and thirteenth centuries and originally referred to feudal lords of land through which the Rhine River in Europe passed who abused their position to stop passing merchant ships and demand tolls without being authorized to do so. ... By Region: Italian Renaissance Northern Renaissance -French Renaissance -German Renaissance -English Renaissance The Renaissance was an influential cultural movement which brought about a period of scientific revolution and artistic transformation, at the dawn of modern European history. ... Bernard Berenson (1865 - 1959) was an art historian who graduated from Harvard University. ...


Duveen quickly became extremely wealthy, and made many philanthropic donations. He gave paintings to many British galleries and he donated considerable sums to repair and expand several galleries and museums. Amongst other things he built the Duveen Gallery of the British Museum to house the Elgin Marbles. For his philanthropy he was knighted in 1919 and made a Baron in 1933. The main entrance to the British Museum The British Museum is one of the worlds largest and most important museums of ancient history. ... Metope from the Parthenon marbles depicting a Centaur and a Lapith fighting The Elgin Marbles is the popular term for the Parthenon Marbles, a large collection of marble sculptures brought to Britain between 1801 and 1805 by Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin, the official British resident in Ottoman Athens... 1919 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


In recent years his reputation has faded somewhat. He was responsible for the damaging restoration work done to the Marbles. A number of the paintings he sold have turned out to be fakes; it is questionable whether he knew this when they were sold.


Reference

  • Meryle Secrest Duveen : A Life in Art

  Results from FactBites:
 
Joseph Duveen, 1st Baron Duveen of Millbank - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (385 words)
Joseph Duveen (1869 1939), later made Baron Duveen of Millbank, was one of the most influential art dealers of all time.
Duveen was British by birth, the eldest of eight sons of Joseph Joel Duveen, a Jewish-Dutch immigrant who had set up a prosperous import business in Hull.
Duveen played an important role in selling robber barons on the notion that buying art was also buying class.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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