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Encyclopedia > Joseph Cook
Rt Hon Sir Joseph Cook


In office
24 June 1913 – 17 September 1914
Preceded by Andrew Fisher
Succeeded by Andrew Fisher

Born 7 December 1860(1860-12-07)
Silverdale, England
Died 30 July 1947 (aged 86)
Political party Labor, Free Trade/Anti-Socialist, Fusion
For the actor Joe Cook see Joe Cook (actor).

Sir Joseph Cook, GCMG (7 December 186030 July 1947), Australian politician and sixth Prime Minister of Australia. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Judicial High Court Lower Courts Constitution State and territory governments Executive Governors and Administrators Premiers and Chief Ministers Legislative Parliaments and Assemblies State electoral systems ACT - NSW - NT - Qld. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on May 31, 1913. ... Double dissolution Federal elections were held in Australia on September 5, 1914. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Andrew Fisher at the naming of Canberra ceremony, 1913 Andrew Fisher (29 August 1862 - 22 October 1928), Australianpolitician and fifth Prime Minister of Australia, was born in Crosshouse, a mining village near Kilmarnock, East Ayrshire, Scotland. ... Andrew Fisher at the naming of Canberra ceremony, 1913 Andrew Fisher (29 August 1862 - 22 October 1928), Australianpolitician and fifth Prime Minister of Australia, was born in Crosshouse, a mining village near Kilmarnock, East Ayrshire, Scotland. ... is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... , Silverdale is a suburban village in Staffordshire, west of Newcastle-under-Lyme. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Free Trade Party was a political party in Australia from the 1880s until 1909. ... The Commonwealth Liberal Party, usually called The Fusion, was a political movement active in Australia shortly after federation. ... Joe Cook was an American actor, entertainer, and comedien. ... On the Orders insignia, St Michael is often depicted subduing Satan. ... is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Judicial High Court Lower Courts Constitution State and territory governments Executive Governors and Administrators Premiers and Chief Ministers Legislative Parliaments and Assemblies State electoral systems ACT - NSW - NT - Qld. ...


==Early years== Cook was born in Silverdale, a small mining town near Newcastle-under-Lyme in Staffordshire, England. He had no formal education and worked in the coal mines from the age of nine. He married Mary Turner in 1885 and shortly after emigrated to New South Wales. , Silverdale is a suburban village in Staffordshire, west of Newcastle-under-Lyme. ... , For the larger local government district, see Borough of Newcastle-under-Lyme. ... Staffordshire (abbreviated Staffs) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands region of England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Slogan or Nickname: First State, Premier State Motto(s): Orta Recens Quam Pura Nites (Newly Risen, How Brightly You Shine) Other Australian states and territories Capital Sydney Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Professor Marie Bashir Premier Morris Iemma (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 50  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004...


Cook settled in Lithgow and worked in the coal mines, becoming General-Secretary of the Western Miners Association in 1887. In 1888, he participated in demonstrations against Chinese immigration.[1] He was also active in the Single Tax League and was a founding member of the Australian Labor Party in 1891.[2] Lithgow is a city of approximately 18750 persons situated in central-west New South Wales, Australia and is also a Local Government Area. ... The Single Tax League was an Australian political party that flourished throughout the 1920s and 30s. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...

Contents

Political career

Cook was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly as MP for the coalfields seat of Hartley in 1891, in Labor's first big breakthrough in Australian politics.[3] In 1894, however, Cook was the leader of the group who refused to accept the Labor Party's decision to make all members sign a "pledge" to be bound by decisions of the Parliamentary Labor Party (Caucus).[1] He left the party and became a follower of George Reid's Free Trade Party. He was a minister in Reid's government from 1894 to 1899.[2] Slogan or Nickname: First State, Premier State Motto(s): Orta Recens Quam Pura Nites (Newly Risen, How Brightly You Shine) Other Australian states and territories Capital Sydney Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Professor Marie Bashir Premier Morris Iemma (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 50  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004... The Legislative Assembly, or lower house, is one of the two chambers of the parliament of New South Wales in Australia. ... Hartley was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales, originally created in 1859 in the Lithgow area and named after Hartley. ... Sir George Houstoun Reid (25 February 1845–12 September 1918), Australian politician and fourth Prime Minister of Australia, was born in Johnstone, Renfrewshire, Scotland, son of a Church of Scotland minister, migrated to Victoria with his family as a child. ... The Free Trade Party was a political party in Australia from the 1880s until 1909. ...


==Federal Parliament==

When the first federal Parliament was elected in 1901, Cook was elected, unopposed by Labor, member for Parramatta, a seat which then included the Lithgow area.[1] He became Reid's deputy, but did not hold office in Reid's 1904-05 ministry, mainly because Reid needed to offer portfolios to independent Protectionist members. When Reid retired from the party leadership in 1908, Cook agreed to merge the Free Traders with Alfred Deakin's Protectionists, and became deputy leader of the new Commonwealth Liberal Party. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Division of Parramatta is an Australian Electoral Division in New South Wales. ... Lithgow is a city of approximately 18750 persons situated in central-west New South Wales, Australia and is also a Local Government Area. ... The Protectionist Party was a political party in Australia from the 1880s until 1909. ... Alfred William Deakin (3 August 1856 – 7 October 1919), Australian politician, was a leader of the movement for Australian federation and later second Prime Minister of Australia. ... The Commonwealth Liberal Party, usually called The Fusion, was a political movement active in Australia shortly after federation. ...


Cook served as Defence Minister in Deakin's 1909-1910 ministry, then succeeded Deakin as Liberal leader when the government was defeated by Labor in the 1910 elections. He had by this time become completely philosophically opposed to socialism. Socialism refers to a broad array of ideologies and movements which aim to improve society through collective and egalitarian action; and to a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to control by the community. ...


Prime Minister

At the 1913 elections he won a one-seat majority in the House of Representatives, while Labor retained a majority in the Senate, and in doing so became the 6th Prime Minister of Australia. Apparently unable to govern effectively without control of the Senate, Cook decided to bring about a double dissolution election under the terms of the Constitution of Australia. He introduced a bill abolishing preferential employment for trade union members in the public service, a bill he knew the Senate would reject. He then sought and obtained a double dissolution of the Parliament from the Governor-General. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Judicial High Court Lower Courts Constitution State and territory governments Executive Governors and Administrators Premiers and Chief Ministers Legislative Parliaments and Assemblies State electoral systems ACT - NSW - NT - Qld. ... This article deals with elections to the Australian Parliament. ... Judicial High Court Lower Courts Constitution State and territory governments Executive Governors and Administrators Premiers and Chief Ministers Legislative Parliaments and Assemblies State electoral systems ACT - NSW - NT - Qld. ... Governor-General (or Governor General) is a term used both historically and currently to designate the appointed representative of a head of state or their government for a particular territory, historically in a colonial context, but no longer necessarily in that form. ...


Unfortunately for Cook, World War I broke out in the middle of the election campaign for the September 1914 election. Fisher was able to remind the voters that it was Labor which had favoured an independent Australian defence force, which the conservatives had opposed. Cook was defeated and Fisher resumed office.[2] “The Great War ” redirects here. ...


Nationalist Party

In 1916 the Labor government split when Fisher's successor, Billy Hughes, tried to introduce conscription. Cook agreed to become Hughes's deputy in the new Nationalist Party, and became Minister for the Navy in Hughes's government. The Nationalists had huge victories in the 1917 and 1919 elections. Cook was part of the Australian delegation at the Paris Peace Conference where he defended the White Australia Policy and supported Australia's annexation of German New Guinea. He was Treasurer (finance minister) 1920-21. William Morris Billy Hughes, (September 25, 1862–October 28, 1952), Australian politician, was the seventh Prime Minister of Australia, the longest-serving member of the Australian Parliament, and one of the most colourful figures in Australian political history. ... The Nationalist Party of Australia was an Australian political party formed in 1917 from a merger of pro-conscription members of the Labor Party (who had been operating under the banner National Labor after their earlier split with the Labor party) with the Commonwealth Liberal Party. ... Map of the World with the Participants in World War I. The Allies are depicted in green, the Central Powers in orange, and neutral countries in grey. ... This badge from 1906 shows the use of the expression White Australia at that time The White Australia policy is a generic term used to describe a collection of historical legislation and policies, intended to restrict non-white immigration to Australia, and to promote European immigration, from 1901 to 1973. ... German New Guinea (Ger. ...


Cook retired from parliament in 1921 and was appointed Australian High Commissioner in London, where he served until 1927. In 1928–1929 he headed the Royal Commission into South Australia as affected by Federation. He died in Sydney in 1947, aged 86. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... In states that are Commonwealth Realms a Royal Commission is a major government public inquiry into an issue. ...


Honours

Cook was knighted in 1918.[4]


See also

The Cook Ministry was the tenth Australian Commonwealth ministry, and ran from 18th August 24th June 1913 to 17th September 1914. ...

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Crowley, F. K.. Cook, Sir Joseph (1860 - 1947). Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved on 2007-04-03.
  2. ^ a b c Joseph Cook. Australia's Prime Ministers. National Archives of Australia. Retrieved on 2007-04-03.
  3. ^ Sir Joseph Cook (1860 - 1947). Members of Parliament. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved on 2007-04-03.
  4. ^ Notice of appointment as GCMG, London Gazette, 6 August 1918, p6. gazettes-online.co.uk. Retrieved on 2007-04-03.

The Dictionary of Australian Biography is a reference work containing information on notable people associated with Australian history. ... The Australian National University, or ANU, is a public university located in Canberra, Australia. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The National Archives of Australia building on Queen Victoria Terrace in Canberra, May 2007. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Parliament of New South Wales consists of the Governor of New South Wales, the New South Wales Legislative Council and the New South Wales Legislative Assembly. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • G Bebbington, Pit Boy to Prime Minister, University of Keele, no date (quite rare but the only attempt at a Cook biography to date)
Political offices
Preceded by
Andrew Fisher
Leader of the Opposition
1910 – 1913
Succeeded by
Andrew Fisher
Prime Minister of Australia
1913 – 1914
Leader of the Opposition
1914 – 1916
Succeeded by
Frank Tudor
Preceded by
William Watt
Treasurer of Australia
1920 – 1921
Succeeded by
Stanley Bruce
Prime Ministers of Australia
Barton | Deakin | Watson | Reid | Fisher | Cook | Hughes | Bruce | Scullin | Lyons | Page | Menzies | Fadden | Curtin | Forde | Chifley | Holt | McEwen | Gorton | McMahon | Whitlam | Fraser | Hawke | Keating | Howard
Persondata
NAME Cook, Joseph
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Australian politician
DATE OF BIRTH 7 December 1860
PLACE OF BIRTH Silverdale, Staffordshire, England
DATE OF DEATH 30 July 1947
PLACE OF DEATH Sydney, Australia

  Results from FactBites:
 
Joseph Cook, LCPL, Marine Corps, Foxboro MA, 10May68 58E005 - The Virtual Wall® (1553 words)
Cook, 22, a member of the 2nd Battalion, 1st Marines, was among those killed when a border observation camp was attacked and overrun near Ngok Tavak along the Laotian border in western South Vietnam.
When Cook died, at age 19 on May 10, 1968, his body was left behind in the midst of a chaotic and bloody firefight.
Cook's remains were found along with 12 others, five of whom have been identified through DNA testing, said Scott Thomas, 58, a Marine Corps veteran who served with Cook at Little Ngok Tavak Hill.
Joseph Cook at AllExperts (632 words)
Sir Joseph Cook (7 December 1860 - 30 July 1947), Australian politician and sixth Prime Minister of Australia, was born in Silverdale, a small mining town near Newcastle-under-Lyme in Staffordshire, England.
Cook served as Defence Minister in Deakin's 1909-10 ministry, then succeded Deakin as Liberal leader when the government was defeated by Labor in the 1910 elections.
Cook agreed to become Hughes's deputy in the new Nationalist Party, and became Minister for the Navy in Hughes's government.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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