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Encyclopedia > Joseph Carroll

Lt. Gen. Joseph Francis Carroll was the founding director of the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), and founding director of the U.S. Air Force Office of Special Investigations (AFOSI). // Overview The Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), designated in 1986 as a United States Department of Defense combat support intelligence agency was established in 1961. ... The United States Air Force Office of Special Investigations (AFOSI) is a U.S. military command that provides professional investigative service to commanders of all United States Air Force activities. ...

Official Photograph upon appointment as Director, DIA. From U.S. Air Force Official Biography
Official Photograph upon appointment as Director, DIA. From U.S. Air Force Official Biography

Contents

Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


Youth & Education

General Carroll was born in Chicago, Ill., in 1910. He graduated from St. Mary of the Lake Seminary, Mundelein, Ill., in 1933 with a bachelor of arts degree and earned a doctor of jurisprudence degree from Loyola University, Chicago, Ill., 1940. He was a member of the Illinois State Bar Association from 1940 to his death. Chicago (officially named the City of Chicago) is the third largest city in the United States (after New York City and Los Angeles), with an official population of 2,896,016, as of the 2000 census. ... State nickname: Land of Lincoln, The Prairie State Other U.S. States Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Governor Rod Blagojevich (D) Official languages English Area 149,998 km² (25th)  - Land 143,968 km²  - Water 6,030 km² (4. ... 1910 in topic: Arts Architecture- Art- Film- Literature- Music- Television Science and technology Aviation- Rail transport- Science Other topics Australia- Canada- Ireland- South Africa- Sport Births- Deaths Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious leaders 1910 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... St. ... The Loyola University Chicago School of Law is the only law school on the Magnificent Mile of Chicagos North Michigan Avenue. ...


Gen. Carroll left the Seminary of St. Mary on the eve of being ordained a deacon, which in the pre-Second Vatican Council Catholic Church was a transitional stage leading to ordination to the priesthood, in order to have a relationship with Mary Morrissey, who was to become his wife. He was, like many Irish Catholic Americans of the earlier generations, a strict observer of the Catholic philosophy of Jansenism. After working with Swift and Company, a meat-packing concern, in Chicago, where he rose to a position as assistant sales manager, soon after completion of his law degree, he left to join the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). Deacon is a role in the Christian Church which is generally associated with service of some kind, but which varies among theological and denominational traditions. ... The Second Vatican Council, or Vatican II, was an Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church opened under Pope John XXIII in 1962 and closed under Pope Paul VI in 1965. ... Jansenism was a branch of Christian philosophy founded by Cornelius Jansen (1585-1638), a Flemish theologian. ... Official FBI Seal The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a Federal police force which is the principal investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ...


Time as a Special Agent

General Carroll joined the FBI in October 1940, where he served as a special agent in field offices at Memphis and Knoxville, Tenn., before assignment to the Chicago, Ill. field office. He was instrumental in catching noted gangster Roger "Tough" Touhy, which brought him to the personal attention of FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover. In May 1944, he was transferred to the Washington headquarters of the FBI, where he held progressive positions as supervisor in charge of bank robbery and kidnapping matters, chief of the Criminal Section, and first assistant to the assistant director of the FBI in charge of the General Investigations and Accounting Division. Memphis was the wife of Epaphus, the founder of Memphis, Egypt in Greek mythology. ... Alternate uses: Knoxville (disambiguation) Knoxville is a city located in Knox County, Tennessee, United States. ... Hoover in 1961 John Edgar Hoover (January 1, 1895 – May 2, 1972) was the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) from May 10, 1924, until his death in 1972, having been appointed to that position as acting director by President John Calvin Coolidge to reform and clean up...


At the end of World War II, the U.S. Government was faced with the problem of disposition of war surplus property throughout the world. Upon special request from the administrator of the Surplus Property Administration, General Carroll was loaned by the attorney general and the director of the FBI to the Surplus Property Administration (later the War Assets Administration). In this assignment he organized and directed the Compliance Enforcement Division, directing all investigative activity associated with surplus property disposal. In May 1947, he was recalled to his former position in the FBI as an administrative assistant to the director of the FBI. World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb. ...


Military Service

When the U.S. Air Force was established as a separate executive department September 18, 1947 by the National Security Act, the secretary of the Air Force, Stuart Symington, requested FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover to loan General Carroll to the services to organize an Air Force agency for investigative and counterintelligence functions. He organized and directed this new organization, the Office of Special Investigations along the lines of the FBI rather than the U.S. Army's Criminal Investigation Division (CID). General Carroll was tendered a commission as a colonel, U.S. Air Force Reserve, January 12, 1948. He was ordered to active duty in the grade of brigadier general May 6, 1948, and promoted to major general August 11, 1950. Seal of the Air Force. ... September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ... 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... -1... William Stuart Symington (June 26, 1901–December 14, 1988) was a U.S. businessman and political figure. ... Hoover in 1961 John Edgar Hoover (January 1, 1895 – May 2, 1972) was the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) from May 10, 1924, until his death in 1972, having been appointed to that position as acting director by President John Calvin Coolidge to reform and clean up... Counterintelligence or counter-espionage is the act of seeking and indentifying espionage activities. ... January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... May 6 is the 126th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (127th in leap years). ... 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... August 11 is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1950 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


From the time of his entry on active duty on May 6, 1948, General Carroll served as the first director of the Office of Special Investigations, creating and organizing this centrally-directed investigative service, establishing district offices to service the air commands in the United States, and furnishing trained specialists to Air Force activities worldwide for the conduct of special investigations. May 6 is the 126th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (127th in leap years). ... 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


On September 6, 1950, he was appointed deputy Inspector General (IG) for security, U.S. Air Force, In this assignment he was responsible for the security and physical protection of Air Force installations and activities against sabotage, espionage, and other hostile threats. In this capacity, he directed the Office of Special Investigations, the Office of the Provost Marshal, U.S. Air Force, and was responsible for all security plans and policy for the U.S. Air Force. September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ... 1950 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Inspector General is a fact finding officer whose responsibility is to investigate charges of corruption, fraud, waste and abuse and other complaints regarding government officials. ...


Until 1952, General Carroll had been a member of the U.S. Air Force Reserve on active duty, On Jan. 29, 1952, he was granted a commission into the Regular Air Force as a permanent colonel by a special act of Congress.


General Carroll was then assigned to Wiesbaden, Germany, April 1, 1958, as Deputy Commander (Rear) for the U.S. Air Forces in Europe (USAFE). He served in that capacity until November 1959 when, under a command reorganization, he was named Chief of Staff, USAFE. While there, he was stationed with his close friend from seminary, Monsignor, and later Major General and Air Force Chief of Chaplains, Edwin R. Chess. April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Categories: Stub | Commands of the U.S. Air Force ... A seminary is a specialized university-like institution for the purpose of instructing students in religion, often in order to prepare them to become members of the clergy. ... Monsignor is an ecclesiastical honorific used by certain priests and bishops of the Roman Catholic Church. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ...



On February 1, 1960, General Carroll was promoted to lieutenant general and became The Inspector General of the U.S. Air Force stationed at Headquarters, U.S. Air Force in Washington, D.C. He remained in that position until October 1, 1961, when the secretary of defense appointed him to his last assignment as director of the Defense Intelligence Agency, with the responsibility for controlling Department of Defense (DoD) intelligence resources assigned to DIA and reviewing the intelligence functions assigned the military departments in satisfying the intelligence requirements of the DoD. He retired September 15, 1969 and died January 20, 1991 due to complications related to Alzheimer's Disease. February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in Leap years). ... 1961 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Lt. Gen. Carroll was survived by his wife, Mary, and five sons, one of whom is former priest and writer James Carroll.


Dates of Rank

Insignia of a United States Air Force Colonel Colonel is a military rank, usually the highest below general grades, and just above Lieutenant Colonel. ... A Brigadier General, or one-star general, is the lowest rank of general officer in the United States and some other countries, ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ...

Medals & Decorations

This article concerns the United States Army Distinguished Service Medal. ... The Legion of Merit is a military decoration of the United States armed forces which is awarded for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements. ... Bronze and Silver oak leaf clusters An Oak leaf cluster is a common device which is placed on military awards and decorations to denote those who have received more than one bestowal of a particular decoration. ... The Outstanding Unit Award is a decoration of the United States Air Force which was first created in 1954. ... The National Defense Service Medal is a military decoration of the United States military and was the brainchild of President Dwight D. Eisenhower. ... The Air Force Longevity Service Ribbon is a decoration of the United States Air Force which was first issued in 1957 by order of General Thomas D. White, Air Force Chief of Staff. ...

External Links

Official U.S. Air Force Biography


References

An American Requiem: God, My Father, and the War Between Us by James Carroll


Official U.S. Air Force Biography


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