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Encyclopedia > Joseon

Joseon or Chosun (Korean: 조선; Hanja: 朝鮮; Revised: Joseon; McCune-Reischauer: Chosŏn; Chinese: Cháoxiǎn; Japanese: Chōsen) is a name for Korea, as used in the following cases: Hanja (lit. ... The Revised Romanization of Korean is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea. ... McCune-Reischauer is one of the two most widely used Korean language romanization systems, along with the Revised Romanization of Korean, which replaced (a modified) McCune-Reischauer as the official romanization system in South Korea in 2000. ... Korea (Hangul: 한국, Hanguk, used by South Korea; ì¡°ì„ , Joseon, used by North Korea) refers to South Korea (Republic of Korea) and North Korea (Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea) together, which were a unified country until 1945. ...

See Names of Korea for more details on the changing use of the name. Go-Joseon, or Old Korea (2333 - 206 BC), was the first Korean kingdom. ... Gija Joseon (around 300 BC - 194 BC or 1126 BC - 194 BC) was an ancient kingdom that succeeded Go-Joseon. ... Wiman Joseon (194 BC - 108 BC) was the continuation of Go-Joseon, founded by Wiman. ... The Joseon Dynasty (alternatively, Choson or Chosun) was the final ruling dynasty of Korea, lasting from 1392 until 1910. ... In Korean history, the Period of Japanese Rule or Iljeong Sidae (일정시대; 日政時代; (Period of Japanese Rule) in Korean) describes the period from 1910 to 1945, when Korea (at that time called Chosun) was ruled by Japan. ... For complex historical reasons, there are three names of Korea in use today. ...


The Sino-Korean characters (Hanja) that make up the name (朝鮮) are often translated into English as "morning calm," hence Korea's English nickname, "The Land of the Morning Calm." However, this translation does not necessarily convey the correct meaning of the name, for the character 朝 can mean both "morning" (read as zhāo in Chinese) or "dynasty" (read as cháo in Chinese), while the meaning of character 鮮 may translate to "fresh" or "savory," often used to describe rarity. Another explanation interprets the name as "the land where the fresh morning comes," indicating the country's location to the east of China. Japan, whose name translates as "the origin of the sun" or "the land of the rising sun," is situated further east to Korea, but it was not until centuries later than the foundation of Gojoseon that Japan got its recognition as a nation. Sino-Korean describes those elements of the Korean language that come directly or indirectly from Chinese — namely, Hanja and the words formed from them (hanjaeo (한자어; 漢字語; Han-character words)). Hanja were first introduced into the Korean Peninsula during the Chinese Han (한; 漢) Dynasty (202 BC–AD 220) — largely... Hanja (lit. ... Go-Joseon, or Old Korea (2333 - 206 BC), was the first Korean kingdom. ...


It is also the name of two prominent newspapers: the South Korean Chosun Ilbo and the pro-North Choson Sinbo of Japan. Chosun Ilbo is one of the leading newspapers (if not the leading) in South Korea, with a circulation of 2,380,000 copies daily. ... The Choson Sinbo is a pro-North Korean newspaper based in Japan. ...


See also


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Reference Encyclopedia - Joseon (6994 words)
Joseon was the last royal and later imperial dynasty of Korean antiquity, and one of the longest lasting royal states in world history (it was the longest ruling Confucian dynasty).
In 1895, The Joseon Dynasty was forced to write a document of independency from the Qing Dynasty after the Japanese victory in the First Sino-Japanese War and its peace treaty, the Treaty of Shimonoseki.
But, during the Joseon Dynasty, Confucianism was adopted as the national philosophy, and, in process of eliminating certain Buddhist beliefs, Goryeo Cheongja porcelains were replaced by white Baekja, which lost favour of the Chinese and the Arabians.
Mingeikan Archives - Exhibit of Korean Crafts Used by Women of Joseon Dynasty (827 words)
The Joseon Dynasty aesthetic was modest and simple, but handsome and natural.
In the 18th-19th centuries, there emerged a small number of women who recognized the importance of the positive discovery of self in talent and education, and departed from traditional Confucius teachings that idealized the perfect woman as a good wife and wise mother.
Although there was a wide gap in taste and quality between items used by the upper class versus the common people, the desire of women to be beautiful and to feel beautiful remained the same.
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