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Encyclopedia > Josef Mengele
Josef Mengele
March 16, 1911(1911-03-16)February 7, 1979 (aged 67)

Josef Mengele in SS Captain uniform
Nickname Beppo
Place of birth Günzburg, Germany
Place of death Bertioga, Brazil
Allegiance Flag of Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch Schutzstaffel
Rank Hauptsturmführer, SS
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Iron Cross First Class
Black Badge for the Wounded
Medal for the Care of the German People

Josef Mengele (March 16, 1911February 7, 1979) was a German SS officer and a physician in the German Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau. He gained notoriety chiefly for being one of the SS physicians who supervised the selection of arriving transports of prisoners, determining who was to be killed and who was to become a forced laborer, and for performing human experiments on camp inmates, amongst whom Mengele was known as the Angel of Death. is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Image File history File links 23_258. ... Günzburg is capital of the district of Günzburg in Swabia, Bavaria. ... Bertioga is a Brazilian city of the state of São Paulo in Baixada Santista. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... SS redirects here. ... Hauptsturmführer was a Nazi rank of the SS which was used between the years of 1934 and 1945. ... SS redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... A stylized version of the Iron Cross, the emblem of the Bundeswehr, Germanys Armed Forces. ... A black version of the Badge A silver version A gold version Wound Badge (Das Verwundetenabzeichen) is a German military award for wounded or frost-bitten soldiers of Wehrmacht, SS and the auxiliary service organisations (after March 1943 due to the increasing number of allied bombings — also for civilians). ... is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... SS redirects here. ... For other uses, see Doctor. ... See also the related List of German concentration camps Concentration camp in Nazi Germany. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Wiktionary has related dictionary definitions, such as: slave Slave may refer to: Slavery, where people are owned by others, and live to serve their owners without pay Slave (BDSM), a form of sexual and consenual submission Slave clock, in technology, a clock or timer that synchrnonizes to a master clock... Nazism in history Nazi ideology Nazism and race Outside Germany Related subjects Lists Politics Portal         Nazi human experimentation was medical experimentation on large numbers of people by the German Nazi regime in its concentration camps during World War II. // According to the indictment at the Subsequent Nuremberg Trials, these experiments...


After the war, he first hid in Austria under an assumed name, then escaped and lived in South America, first in Argentina (until 1959) and finally in Brazil, in the cities of Serra Negra, Moji das Cruzes, and then died in Bertioga, where he drowned in the sea after suffering a stroke. His identity was confirmed by forensic experts from UNICAMP (Campinas University) using DNA testing on his remains.[1] South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... A view of the Serra Negra from the Morro do Mirante Statue of Christ the Redeemer at the top of a hill in the city of Serra Negra Serra Negra is a city and municipality in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. ... Moji das Cruzes, erroneously but frequently called Mogi das Cruzes, is a municipality located in the Brazilian state of São Paulo. ... Bertioga is a Brazilian city of the state of São Paulo in Baixada Santista. ... The State University of Campinas (Universidade Estadual de Campinas, shorlty Unicamp) is one of the public universities of the State of São Paulo, Brazil. ... Nickname: Motto: Labore virtute civitas floret(Latin) Labour and virtue make the city blossom Location of Campinas Country Brazil State São Paulo Government  - Mayor Hélio de Oliveira Santos (Democrat Labour Party (Brazil)) Area  - City 797. ... Genetic fingerprinting or DNA testing is a technique to distinguish between individuals of the same species using only samples of their DNA. Its invention by Sir Alec Jeffreys at the University of Leicester was announced in 1985. ...

Contents

Early years and career

Mengele was born in Günzburg, Bavaria, eldest of three sons of Karl Mengele and was brought up in a devoutly Roman Catholic home. He had two younger brothers, Karl (1912–1949) and Alois (1914–1974)[2]. Günzburg is capital of the district of Günzburg in Swabia, Bavaria. ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ...


In 1930, Mengele left Günzburg gymnasium (high school). He went on to study medicine and anthropology at the University of Munich. It was here in 1935 he earned a doctorate in Anthropology (Ph.D.) where under the supervision of Prof. Theodor Mollison he wrote a dissertation on racial differences in the structure of the lower jaw. A gymnasium (pronounced with or, in Swedish, as opposed to ) is a type of school providing secondary education in some parts of Europe, comparable to English Grammar Schools and U.S. High Schools. ... For the chemical substances known as medicines, see medication. ... This is about the social science. ... With approximately 48,000 students, the Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich (German: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München or LMU) is one of the largest universities in Germany. ... This is about the social science. ... Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. ... This article is about the thesis in academia. ...


He then went on to work as an assistant to Otmar von Verschuer at the Frankfurt University Institute of Hereditary Biology and Racial Hygiene. It was here 1938 he obtained a doctorate in medicine (M.D.) with a dissertation called "Genealogical Studies in the Cases of Cleft lip,Jaw and Palate" I.G.Farben Building at Campus Westend Main building at Campus Bockenheim AfE-Turm at Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University The Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University of Frankfurt am Main (commonly called the University of Frankfurt) was founded in 1914 as a Citizens University, which means that while it was a State... Racial hygiene (often labeled a form of scientific racism) is the selection, by a government, of the most physical, intellectual and moral persons to raise the next generation (selective breeding) and a close alignment of public health with eugenics. ... For the chemical substances known as medicines, see medication. ... The Medicinæ Doctor or Doctor of Medicine (M.D. or D.M.) is a doctorate level degree held by medical doctors. ... Look up cleft lip and palate in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


His belief in the Nazi racial ideology was evident in his academic research [3]. Both the Universities of Munich and Frankfurt revoked his degrees in 1964.[2]


In 1931, at the age of 20, Mengele joined the Devin Motoc FORCE, a paramilitary organization, which was incorporated into the SA in 1933. He resigned shortly thereafter citing to health problems. He applied for Nazi party membership in 1937 and in 1938 joined the SS.[4] In 1939, Mengele married his first wife, Irene Schönbein, with whom he had one child, a son named Rolf. The seal of SA The  , abbreviated SA, (German for Storm division or Storm section, usually translated as stormtroop(er)s), functioned as a paramilitary organization of the NSDAP — the German Nazi party. ... The Nazi swastika The National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei), better known as the NSDAP or the Nazi Party was a political party that was led to power in Germany by Adolf Hitler in 1933. ... SS redirects here. ...


In 1940 he was placed in the reserve medical corps, following which he served with the 5th SS Panzergrenadier Division Wiking. In 1942 he was wounded at the Russian front and was pronounced medically unfit for combat, he was then promoted to the rank of SS-Hauptsturmführer (Captain). Reserve can mean several things; 1. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Hauptsturmführer was a Nazi rank of the SS which was used between the years of 1934 and 1945. ... For other uses, see Captain (disambiguation). ...


Auschwitz

In 1943 Mengele replaced another doctor who had fallen ill at the Nazi extermination camp Birkenau. On May 24 1943, he became medical officer of Auschwitz-Birkenau's "Gypsy camp." In August 1944, this camp was liquidated and all its inmates gassed. Subsequently Mengele became Chief Medical Officer of the main infirmary camp at Birkenau. He was not, though, the Chief Medical Officer of Auschwitz — superior to him was SS-Standortarzt (garrison physician) Eduard Wirths.[5] The extermination camps were the facilities established by Nazi Germany in World War II initially for the killing of the Jews of Europe as part of what was later deemed The Holocaust. ... Auschwitz (Konzentrationslager Auschwitz) was the largest of the Nazi German concentration camps. ... is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Language(s) Romani, languages of native region Religion(s) Romanipen, combined with assimilations from local religions Related ethnic groups South Asians (Desi) This article is about the Indo-Aryan ethnic group. ... For the town in the Republic of Ireland, see Hospital, County Limerick. ... Dr. Eduard Wirths (4 September 1909—20 September 1945) was the Chief SS doctor (SS-Standortarzt) at the Auschwitz Extermination Camp from September 1942 to January 1945. ...


It was during his 21-month stay at Auschwitz that Mengele achieved infamy and it is for this period that he gained the moniker "Angel of Death." Mengele took turns with the other SS physicians at Auschwitz in meeting incoming prisoners at the ramp, here is where it was determined who would be retained for work and who would be sent to the gas chambers immediately.[6] A moniker (or monicker) is a pseudonym, or cognomen, which one gives to oneself. ... For other uses, see Gas chamber (disambiguation). ...


Human experimentation

Mengele used Auschwitz as an opportunity to continue his research on heredity, using inmates for human experimentation. He was particularly interested in twins; they would be selected and placed in special barracks. He also recruited Berthold Epstein, a Czech pediatrician. As a doctor, Epstein proposed to Mengele a study into treatments of disease called Noma, this was noted for particularly affecting children from the Gypsy camp.[7] Human experimentation involves medical experiments performed on human beings. ... A barracks housing conscripts of Norrbottens regemente in Boden, Sweden. ... Noma (from Greek numein: to devour) also known as cancrum oris or gangrenous stomatitis, is a gangrenous disease leading to tissue destruction of the face, especially the mouth and cheek. ...


While the cause of Noma remains relatively unknown, it is now known that it has a higher occurrence in children suffering from malnutrition and a lower immune system response. Many develop the disease shortly after contracting another illness such as measles or tuberculosis. Mengele tried to prove that Noma was caused by racial inferiority.[8] Percentage of population affected by malnutrition by country, according to United Nations statistics. ... A scanning electron microscope image of a single neutrophil (yellow), engulfing anthrax bacteria (orange). ... Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for tubercle bacillus or Tuberculosis) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by mycobacteria, mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ...


Mengele took an interest in physical abnormalities discovered among the arrivals at the concentration camp. These included dwarfs, notably the Ovitz family and a Jewish Romanian artist's family, seven of whose ten members were dwarfs. Prior to their deportation they toured in Eastern Europe as the Lilliput Troupe. He often called them "my dwarf family;" to him they seemed to be the perfect expression of "the abnorm." The family narrowly escaped execution in the gas chambers when Mengele asked where they were, only to demand they be rescued from the chambers.[9] The Ovitz siblings The Ovitz family was a family of Romanian-born Jewish circus actors and traveling musicians who survived imprisonment at the Auschwitz concentration camp during World War II. Most of them were dwarfs. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... Statistical regions of Europe as delineated by the United Nations (UN definition of Eastern Europe marked red):  Northern Europe  Western Europe  Eastern Europe  Southern Europe Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current borders: Russia (dark orange), other countries formerly part of the USSR... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Dr. Mengele. ...


Not all of Mengele's experiments were of scientific value, including attempts to change eye color by injecting chemicals into children's eyes, various amputations of limbs and other brutal surgeries. Adolf Hitler's account of his time in Auschwitz details certain experiments performed on female prisoners around October 1943, Mengele would experiment on the chosen girls, performing sterilization and shock treatments. Most of the victims died, either due to the experiments or later infections. Partial hand amputation Amputation is the removal of a body extremity by trauma or surgery. ... “Surgeon” redirects here. ... Hitler redirects here. ... Sterilization is a surgical technique leaving a male or female unable to procreate. ... This article is about the 1981 musical comedy film. ...


Some experiments can be related to Medical torture. Medical torture describes the involvement and sometimes active participation of medical professionals in acts of torture, to either to judge what victims can endure, to apply treatments which will enhance torture, or as torturers in their own right. ...


The subjects of Mengele's research were better fed and housed than ordinary prisoners and were, for the time being, safe from the gas chambers.[10] When visiting his child subjects, he introduced himself as "Uncle Mengele" and offered them sweets. Some survivors remember that despite his grim acts, he was also called "Mengele the protector."[11] He nonetheless regarded the subjects as material on which to conduct his experiments, not as human beings. On several occasions he killed subjects simply to be able to dissect them afterwards.[3] Human beings are defined variously in biological, spiritual, and cultural terms, or in combinations thereof. ... Dissected rat showing major organs. ...


After Auschwitz

When the SS abandoned the Auschwitz Camp on January 17, 1945, Mengele transferred to Groß Rosen camp in lower Silesia, again working as camp physician. Groß Rosen was dissolved in the end of February when the Red Army were close to taking the camp[12]. Mengele worked in other camps for a short time and on May 2, joined a Wehrmacht medical unit led by his former colleague at the Institute of Hereditary Biology and Racial Hygiene, Dr. Hans Otto Kahler, in Bohemia. The unit hurried west to avoid being captured by the Soviets and were taken as POWs by the Americans. Mengele, initially registered under his own name, was released in June 1945 with papers giving his name as "Fritz Hollmann." From July 1945 until May 1949, he worked as a farmhand in a small village near Rosenheim, Bavaria, staying in contact with his wife and his old friend Hans Sedlmeier. It was Sedlmeier who arranged Mengele's escape to Argentina via Innsbruck, Sterzing, Merano and Genova. Mengele may have been assisted by the ODESSA network.[13] is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Silesia (English pronunciation [], Czech: ; German: ; Latin: ; Polish: ; Silesian: Åšlůnsk) is a historical region in central Europe, located along the upper and middle Oder River, upper Vistula River, and along the Sudetes, Carpathian (Silesian Beskids) mountain range. ... For other organizations known as the Red Army, see Red Army (disambiguation). ... is the 122nd day of the year (123rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The straight-armed Balkenkreuz, a stylized version of the Iron Cross, the emblem of the Wehrmacht. ... Racial hygiene (often labeled a form of scientific racism) is the selection, by a government, of the most physical, intellectual and moral persons to raise the next generation (selective breeding) and a close alignment of public health with eugenics. ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... Rosenheim is a town in Bavaria (Germany) on the river Inn, at 47°51′ N 12°8′ E. It is seat of administration of the district of Rosenheim, but is not a part of it. ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ... Innsbruck is a city in western Austria, and the capital of the federal state of Tyrol. ... Sterzing-Vipiteno is an Italian commune in the province of Bolzano in Trentino-Alto Adige. ... Merano (Italian, now most common in English; German: Meran, also used in English; Ladin: Meran; Archaic (857 AD): Mairania; Latin: Merona; many of the regions Italian languages/dialects use Meran), is a town in the province of Bolzano-Bozen, Italy. ... Alternate uses, see Genoa (disambiguation). ... The ODESSA, which stands for the German phrase Organisation der ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen, which phrase in turn translates as “Organization of Former Members of the SS,” is the name commonly given to an international Nazi network alleged to have been set up towards the end of World War II...


Mengele in South America

In Buenos Aires, Mengele at first worked as a construction worker, but came in contact with influential Germans soon, which allowed him an affluent lifestyle for the next years. He also got money from his family and from Sedlmeier. In Buenos Aires, Mengele practiced medicine specializing in illegal abortions and was detained on one occasion for the death of a patient.[14] In Buenos Aires, he got to know other Germans such as Hans-Ulrich Rudel and Adolf Eichmann. In 1955, he bought a fifty per cent share of a pharmaceutical company, the same year he divorced from his wife, Irene. Three years later he married Martha Mengele, the widow of his younger brother Karl Jr.; she then went to Argentina with her then fourteen-year-old son, Dieter. Mengele lived with his family in a German owned boardinghouse in the Buenos Aires suburb of Vicente Lopez from 1958 to 1960.[15] Hans-Ulrich Rudel (July 2, 1916 – December 18, 1982) was a Stuka dive-bomber pilot during World War II. Rudel is famous for being the most highly decorated German serviceman of the war. ... Otto Adolf Eichmann (known as Adolf Eichmann; March 19, 1906 – June 1, 1962) was a high-ranking Nazi and SS Obersturmbannführer (equivalent to Lieutenant Colonel). ...

Mengele's home in Hohenau
Mengele's home in Hohenau

Although he was doing well in South America, Mengele feared being captured so he left Argentina in 1962 and moved to Paraguay after managing to get a Paraguayan passport on the name "Mengele José". Mengele escaped to Paraguay from Argentina weeks before the May 1960 Israeli Mossad operation that abducted Adolf Eichmann. Mengele was a secondary objective of this operation, but was never found.[16] Mengele hoped that Paraguay would be safer for him, as dictator Alfredo Stroessner was of German descent. Among other locations in Paraguay, he lived on the outskirts of Hohenau, a German colony north of Encarnacion in the department of Itapúa. His anxiety, however, haunted him, especially after he heard of the Mossad's abduction of Eichmann and the trial and execution in Israel. Using the identity of "Peter Hochbichler," he crossed the border to Brazil in 1960 and lived in São Paulo with the Austrian-born neo-Nazi Wolfgang Gerhard, who was a member of Hans-Ulrich Rudel's "Kameradenwerk." Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... For the Haganah branch responsible for coordinating Jewish immigration into the British Mandate of Palestine, see Mossad Lealiyah Bet. ... Otto Adolf Eichmann (known as Adolf Eichmann; March 19, 1906 – June 1, 1962) was a high-ranking Nazi and SS Obersturmbannführer (equivalent to Lieutenant Colonel). ... Alfredo Stroessner Matiauda, whose name is also spelled Strössner or Strößner, (November 3, 1912, Encarnación - August 16, 2006, Brasília) served as President of Paraguay from 1954 to 1989. ... Hohenau is a town in the district of Freyung-Grafenau in Bavaria in Germany. ... Encarnación is a city in southeastern Paraguay. ... Itapúa is a department in Paraguay. ... This article is about the city. ... The terms Neo-Nazism and Neo-Fascism refer to any social or political movement to revive Nazism or Fascism, respectively, and postdates the Second World War. ... Odessa is the name of a city in Ukraine. ...


Mengele has an illegitimate daughter born to an Australian woman of German lineage after a liaison between the two; when the woman, aged 23, and her mother and brother visited a German colony in Paraguay in mid-1960. The child was born in Melbourne, Australia on March 10, 1961. She was adopted privately.[17] The City of Melbournes coat of arms The central business district of Melbourne, viewed from the north Alternate meanings: Melbourne (disambiguation) Melbourne is the capital and largest city of the state of Victoria, and the second largest city in Australia, with a population of 52,117 in the Central... is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The same year, Mengele moved to Nova Europa, about three hundred kilometers (186 miles) outside São Paulo, where he lived with the Hungarian refugees Geza and Gitta Stammer, working as manager of their farm. In the seclusion of his Brazilian hideaway, Mengele became depressed, egomaniacal and aggressive, always fearing being captured. In 1974, when his relationship with the Stammer family was coming to an end, Rudel and Gerhard discussed relocating Mengele to Bolivia where he could spend time with Klaus Barbie, but Mengele rejected this proposal. Instead, he lived in a bungalow in a suburb of São Paulo for the last years of his life. In 1977, his only son Rolf, never having known his father before, visited him there and found an unrepentant Nazi who claimed he "had never personally harmed anyone in his whole life."[18] Klaus Barbie posing with the other OKW officers. ...


Mengele, whose health had deteriorated for years, died on February 7, 1979, in Bertioga, Brazil, where he accidentally drowned or, in another version, suffered a stroke while swimming in the sea. He was buried in Embu das Artes under the name "Wolfgang Gerhard," whose ID-card he had used since 1976. [19] is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Bertioga is a Brazilian city of the state of São Paulo in Baixada Santista. ... There are other municipalities that begins with Embu, see Embu-Guaçu and there is an Embu in Kenya, see Embu, Kenya. ...


Excavation of Josef Mengele

In 1985 Josef Mengele's body was excavated from the falsely marked grave, tests were carried out to confirm the body as that of his. After the excavation, the São Paulo Institute for Forensic Medicine stored his remains and attempted to repatriate them to the remaining Mengele family members, but to date the bones have remained in the custody of Dr. Rubens Maluf due to the family's refusal to accept them[1]


The manhunt for Mengele

Mengele was listed on the Allies' list of war criminals as early as 1944. His name was mentioned in the Nuremberg trials several times, but Allied forces were convinced that Mengele was dead, which was also claimed by Irene and the family in Günzburg. In 1959, after suspicions had grown that he was still alive, given his divorce from Irene in 1955 and his marriage to Martha in 1958, a warrant of arrest was issued by the German authorities. Subsequently, German attorneys, such as Fritz Bauer, Israel's Mossad, and private investigators like Simon Wiesenthal and Beate Klarsfeld followed the trail of the "Angel of Death". The last confirmed sightings of Mengele placed him in Paraguay, and it was believed that he was still hiding there, protected by Hans-Ulrich Rudel and dictator Alfredo Stroessner. Sightings of Mengele were reported all over the world, but they turned out to be false clues. A war crime is a punishable offense, under international law, for violations of the law of war by any person or persons, military or civilian. ... For the 1947 Soviet film about the trials, see Nuremberg Trials (film). ... Fritz Bauer, born on July 16, 1903 in Stuttgart, Germany -- died on July 1, 1968 in Frankfurt am Main, was a German judge and prosecutor. ... For the Haganah branch responsible for coordinating Jewish immigration into the British Mandate of Palestine, see Mossad Lealiyah Bet. ... Simon Wiesenthal, KBE, (Buczacz, December 31, 1908 – Vienna, September 20, 2005) was an Austrian-Jewish architectural engineer who hunted down Nazi war criminals, after surviving the Holocaust. ... Serge (born September 17, 1935 in Bucharest, Romania) and Beate (born February 13, 1939 in Berlin, Germany) Klarsfeld are called Nazi hunters for bringing Klaus Barbie and others to justice. ... Hans-Ulrich Rudel (July 2, 1916 – December 18, 1982) was a Stuka dive-bomber pilot during World War II. Rudel is famous for being the most highly decorated German serviceman of the war. ... Alfredo Stroessner Matiauda, whose name is also spelled Strössner or Strößner, (November 3, 1912, Encarnación - August 16, 2006, Brasília) served as President of Paraguay from 1954 to 1989. ...


In 1985, the German police raided the house of Hans Sedlmeier in Günzburg and seized address books, letters and papers hinting at the grave in Embu. Mengele was exhumed 6 June 1985 and identified by forensic experts from UNICAMP. Rolf Mengele issued a statement saying that he "had no doubt it was the remains of his father".[20] Everything was kept quiet "to protect those who knew him in South America", Rolf said. In 1992, a DNA test confirmed Mengele's identity. He had evaded capture for 34 years and was the subject of Ira Levin's best-selling novel and later film adaptation, The Boys from Brazil. is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The State University of Campinas (Universidade Estadual de Campinas, shorlty Unicamp) is one of the public universities of the State of São Paulo, Brazil. ... The structure of part of a DNA double helix Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, is a nucleic acid molecule that contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms. ... Ira Levin (born August 27, 1929 in New York) is an American novelist, playwright and songwriter. ... This article is about the literary concept. ... Film adaptation is the transfer of a written work to a feature film. ... The Boys from Brazil (1976) is a fiction thriller novel by Ira Levin. ...


On Sept 17, 2007, the US Holocaust Museum released photographs taken from a photo album of Auschwitz staff, which contained eight photographs of Mengele. The eight photos of Mengele are the first authenticated pictures of him at Auschwitz, museum officials said. [21]


See also

Mengele was also one of the two main characters in the novel by Ira Levin, The Boys from Brazil. The story, filmed by director Frankin Shaffner, is a fictional account of Mengele's attempt to clone Hitler. Gregory Peck appeared as Mengele opposite Lawrence Olivier (Marathon Man) as a Nazi hunter.[22] Nazism in history Nazi ideology Nazism and race Outside Germany Related subjects Lists Politics Portal         Nazi human experimentation was medical experimentation on large numbers of people by the German Nazi regime in its concentration camps during World War II. // According to the indictment at the Subsequent Nuremberg Trials, these experiments... Nazism in history Nazi ideology Nazism and race Outside Germany Related subjects Lists Politics Portal         Nazi eugenics pertains to Nazi Germanys race based social policies that placed the improvement of the race through eugenics at the center of their concerns and targeted those humans they identified as life unworthy...


References

  1. ^ a b Remains of Mengele Rest Uneasily in Brazil - New York Times
  2. ^ a b http://history1900s.about.com/library/holocaust/blmengele.htm About Biography
  3. ^ a b The Holocaust history project
  4. ^ Mengele's CV at Simon Wiesenthal Centre
  5. ^ Eduard Wirths
  6. ^ Essay by Robert Jay Lifton
  7. ^ http://www.holocaust-history.org/lifton/LiftonT296.shtml Page 296-297
  8. ^ German article at shoa.de
  9. ^ Dwarfs
  10. ^ Nyiszli, Miklos (1993). Auschwitz: A Doctor's Eyewitness Account. 
  11. ^ Lagnado, Lucette Matalon; Sheila Cohn Dekel (1991). Children of the Flames. 
  12. ^ How Josef Mengele Cheated Justice, Chicago Tribune Magazine, May 18, 1986
  13. ^ Ulrich Völklein: Mengele - Der Arzt von Auschwitz. Göttingen, 2001
  14. ^ Nash, Nathaniel C. " Mengele an Abortionist, Argentine Files Suggest" http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E0CEFDF1E39F932A25751C0A964958260&scp=1&sq=Mengele&st=nyt Feb. 11, 1992
  15. ^ Harel, I: "The House on Garibaldi Street", page 194. Viking Press, 1975
  16. ^ Harel, I: "The House on Garibaldi Street", page 194. Viking Press, 1975
  17. ^ Births and Adoptions records (1961). Department of Births, Deaths and Marriages, Victoria, Australia. Obtained under FOI Act, 1991
  18. ^ Ulrich Völklein: Mengele - Der Arzt von Auschwitz. Göttingen, 2001
  19. ^ "Scientists Decide Brazil Skelton Is Josef Mengele.", New York Times, July 22, 1985. Retrieved on 2008-03-21. "American, Brazilian and West German scientists announced jointly today that a skeleton recently exhumed from a graveyard near here was unquestionably that of Dr. Josef Mengele. A separate report by American experts concluded that the bones were those of the long-sought Nazi death-camp doctor 'within a reasonable scientific certainty.' ..." 
  20. ^ Ulrich Völklein: Mengele - Der Arzt von Auschwitz. Göttingen, 2001
  21. ^ Collections | Auschwitz through the lens of the SS: Photos of Nazi leadership at the camp
  22. ^ The Boys from Brazil (1978)

The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Mengele - the complete story, Gerald Posner and John Ware, McGraw Hill Book Company, New York, 1986 ISBN 0-07-050598-5
  • Miklos Nyiszli's At Last the Truth About Eichmann's Inferno Auschwitz and Auschwitz—A doctor’s eyewitness account describes his experience involuntary working for Mengele.
  • The book Children of the Flames: Dr. Josef Mengele and the Untold Story of the Twins of Ausch by Lucette Matalon Lagado and Sheila Cohn Dekel is a collection of witness accounts pieced together in a biography of sorts about Dr. Mengele and his experiments.
  • The Boys from Brazil, a novel by Ira Levin, Bantam, 1991 ISBN 0553290045 — filmed, starring Gregory Peck as Mengele
  • The "Last" Nazi - The Life and Times of Dr. Joseph Mengele, Gerald Astor, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, 1985 ISBN 0 297 78853 1

Miklos Nyiszli (June 17, 1901 in Şimleu Silvaniei, Romania–May 5, 1956) was a Jewish prisoner doctor at the Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland. ... The Boys from Brazil (1976) is a fiction thriller novel by Ira Levin. ... Ira Levin (born August 27, 1929 in New York) is an American novelist, playwright and songwriter. ... Gregory Peck (April 5, 1916 – June 12, 2003) was an Academy Award-winning American film actor. ...

External links

Gerald Posner and his wife Trisha. ... This article is about the German international broadcaster. ...

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Josef Mengele (1026 words)
Det var Josef Mengele, der forestod sorteringen af jøder, der lastet i overfyldte kvægvogne ankom til deres sidste stoppested – en nådesløs sortering, der foregik ved tog-rampen ved indgangen til Auschwitz i skyggen af det berygtede "Arbeit Macht Frei"-skilt.
Mengele foretog en lang række bestialske forsøg med tvillinger: kirugiske indgreb uden bedøvelse, kønsskifteoperationer, fjernelse af indre vitale organer og lemmer, indsprøjtning af kemikalier direkte i børnenes øje for at ændre øjets farve, amputationer hvor savsmuld og glas blev gnedet i sårene, dissekering af levende fanger.
Og afgørelsen fra retsmedicinerne var utvetydig: skelettet var resterne af Josef Mengele.
Josef Mengele killer file (2029 words)
Mengele serves in the SA for a short period but is forced to resign by a kidney complaint.
Heinrich Himmler appoints Mengele as a doctor at Birkenau, the supplementary extermination camp at Auschwitz in southern Poland, 60 km west of Krakow.
Mengele is named as a principal war criminal and added to the first central registry of war criminals and security suspects compiled by the Allied high command.
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