He was born in Hronov, Bohemia (latter Czechoslovakia) in 1887. First a painter of the Cubist school, he later developed his own playful primitive style. He collaborated with his brother Karel on a number of plays and short stories, on his own he wrote the utopian play Land of Many Names and several novels, as well as critical essays in which he argued for the art of the unconscious, of children and of 'savages'. He was named by his brother Karel as the true inventor of the term robot. As a cartoonist, he worked for Lidové Noviny, a newspaper based in Prague. Due to his critical attitude towards Nazism and Adolf Hitler, he was arrested after the German invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1939. He wrote Poems from a Concentration Camp in the concentration camp of Bergen-Belsen, where he died in 1945.
Selection of his literary works
Stin kapradiny, 1930, novel
Basne z koncentracniho tabora (Poems from Concentration Camp), published posthumously 1946
Stefan, Josef Stefan, Josefyō´zĕf shtĕf´än, 1835-93, Austrian physicist.
Wittgenstein, Ludwig Josef Johann -> Philosophy The Tractatus Wittgenstein's philosophical thought is unified by a constant concern with the relationship between language, mind, and reality; but it divides into two importantly different phases.
Wittgenstein, Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein, Ludwig Josef Johannloŏt´vĬkh yō´zĕf yō´hän vĬt´genshtīn, 1889-1951, Austrian philosopher, b.
Josef was a tailor and a religious agnostic, Marie a devout Roman Catholic.
At age 18 Capek resigned from the Roman Catholic Church and was baptized a Baptist.
Capek defined religious education as "an endeavor to awaken the inner forces of the child and teach him how to organize, harmonize and adapt them to the ever-changing influences which come to him from outside." He identified five 'fundamental' and five 'supplementary feelings and abilities' which a modern religious education should elicit from a child.
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