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Encyclopedia > José de San Martín
José de San Martín, engraving, resized from public domain portrait at http://www.lib.utexas.edu/photodraw/portraits/index.html This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus... Image:JSanMartin.jpg

José de San Martín ( February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 309 days remaining, 310 in leap years. Events 138 - The Emperor Hadrian adopts Antoninus Pius, effectively making him his successor. 1570 - Pope Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England. 1793 - George Washington holds the... 25 February Events The term Thoroughbred was first used in the United States in an advertisement in a Kentucky gazette to describe a New Jersey stallion called Pilgarlick . January 18 - Third Pacific expedition of Capt. James Cook, with ships HMS Resolution and HMS Discovery, first view Oahu then Kauai in... 1778 - August 17 is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 136 days remaining. Events 1807 - Robert Fultons first American steamboat leaves New York City for Albany, New York on the Hudson River, inaugurating the first commercial steamboat service in the... 17 August Events January 4 - The first American ice-skating club is formed (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania). January 29 - Henry Clay introduces the Compromise of 1850 to the U.S. Congress February 28 - University of Utah opens in Salt Lake City, Utah March 7 - United States Senator Daniel Webster gives his Seventh of March... 1850) was an Argentina is a country in southern South America, situated between the Andes in the west and the southern Atlantic Ocean in the east. It is bordered by Paraguay and Bolivia in the north, Brazil and Uruguay in the northeast and Chile in the west. The country is formally named Rep... Argentine general and the prime leader of the southern part of South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. South America is situated between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. It became attached to North America only recently, geologically speaking, with the formation of the Isthmus of Panama... South America's successful struggle for independence from The Kingdom of Spain or Spain ( Spanish: Reino de España or España; Catalan: Regne dEspanya; Basque: Espainiako Erresuma; Galician: Reino da España) is a country located in the southwest of Europe. It shares the Iberian Peninsula with Portugal, Gibraltar and Andorra. To the... Spain.


Together with Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar y Palacios ( July 24, 1783 – December 17, 1830) was a South American revolutionary leader. Credited with leading the fight for independence in what are now the nations of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia... Simón Bolívar in the north, San Martín is regarded as one of the Libertadores or Liberators in the Spanish language, refers to the leaders of the revolutions which gained the nations of Latin America independence from Spain. They were bourgeois creoles influenced by Liberalism and, in some cases, with military training in the metropolis. Prominent Libertadores include: Simón Bolívar Vicente Guerrero... Liberators of Spanish South America. He is a national This article is about the type of character. For other meanings, see Hero (disambiguation). Sir Galahad, a hero of Arthurian legend In many myths and folk tales, a hero is a man or woman (then often called a heroine), traditionally the protagonist of a story, legend or saga, commonly possessed... hero of Argentina.


San Martín was born in the town of Yapeyu in the Categories: Argentina geography stubs | Argentine provinces ... Corrientes Province of Argentina, then a Spanish colony. His father was a Spanish official. He was educated at the military academy in This article is about the Spanish capital. For other entries, see Madrid (disambiguation). Coat of arms The Plaza de España square Madrid, the capital of Spain, is located in the center of the country at 40°25N, 3°45W. Population of the city of Madrid proper was... Madrid, commissioned as a Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. In the United States Army, the rank bore no insignia until 1917 when a gold bar was introduced to contrast with the silver bar of a First Lieutenant. As a result those in the rank have often been referred... Second Lieutenant in 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). Events January 2 - Russia and Prussia partition Poland January 9 - Jean-Pierre Blanchard becomes the first to fly in a balloon in the United States. January 21 - After being found guilty of treason by the French Convention, Citizen... 1793, and rose to In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. In the U.S. Navy, the rank of lieutenant colonel is comparable to the rank of commander. The insignia for all four positions is... Lieutenant Colonel in Events January 1 - Importation of slaves into the United States is banned February 11 - Russia issues an ultimatum to France, Finland. March 26 - Charles IV of Spain abdicates in favor of his son, Ferdinand VII April 6 - John Jacob Astor incorporates the American Fur Company. May 2 - Peninsular War: The... 1808. He fought with the Spanish army against The Republic of Portugal (República Portuguesa), or Portugal, is a democratic republic located on the west and southwest parts of the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe; it is the westernmost country in continental Europe. Portugal is bordered by Spain to the north and east and by the Atlantic... Portugal, in the World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest continent in both area and population, after Eurasia. At about 30,244,050 km2 (11,677,240 mi2) including its adjacent islands, it covers 20.3 percent of the total land... African colonies, and against the invasion by For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). Portrait of Napoléon Bonaparte Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general and ruler of the French Republic. He was a general of the French Revolution and became the effective ruler of France in 1799: he was First... Napoleon I's forces. In Events January 1 - the Allgemeines Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch, the Austrian civil code enters into force in the Austrian Empire February 2 - Russia establishes a fur trading colony at Fort Ross, California February 7 - The strongest in a series of massive earthquakes near New Madrid, Missouri, est. >8 on Richter... 1812 he resigned from the Spanish army and sailed home to Argentina, where he offered his services to the revolutionary forces.


He led the rebels to victory over the Spanish forces under General José Zavala at the Battle of San Lorenzo de Parana in February 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). Events March 17 - Through a newspaper, the Prussian king Frederick William III of Prussia calls for resistance against the Napoleonic occupation April 27 - War of 1812: Battle of York - United States troops raid, destroy, but do... 1813. San Martín was given the rank of General is a military rank, in most nations the highest rank, although some nations have the higher rank of Field Marshal. The title is used by land and sometimes air forces. In the navies of the world, the equivalent rank is Admiral. Its equivalent rank in the Royal Air Force... General by the revolutionary government. The following year he took command of the northern army preparing a new invasion of Upper Perú (now The Republic of Bolivia is a landlocked country in central South America. It is bordered by Brazil on the north and east, Paraguay and Argentina on the south, and Chile and Peru on the west. National motto: Firme y Feliz por la Unión Official languages Spanish, Quechua, Aymara... Bolivia), a command he resigned to become governor of the province of Cuyo (now the provinces of Park of General San Martín in Mendoza. For the musical instrument mendoza please see its alternative name Monkey stick. Mendoza is a city (population 2001, 121,000 city itself; over 800,000 metropolitan area) and capital of the Mendoza Province in Argentina. It is in the west of Argentina... Mendoza, San Juan, the Spanish for Saint John, is a common toponym in parts of the world where Spanish is or was spoken: Argentina San Juan Province San Juan, Argentina, the capital of that province Cuba San Juan Hill Mexico San Juan, Campeche San Juan, Chihuahua San Juan, Coahuila San Juan... San Juan, and San Luis is a city in Argentina and is the capital of San Luis Province. The San Luis valley is a region of Colorado settled by Hispanics centuries before the arrival of Anglo-Americans. San Luis, town, Santiago de Cuba prov., E Cuba, 12 mi/19 km N of Santiago... San Luis), from where he attacked the Spaniards in The Republic of Chile is a country located on the southwestern coast of South America. It is a long and narrow strip of land between the Andes mountains and the Pacific Ocean. It shares borders with Argentina to the east, Bolivia to the northeast and Peru to the north. National... Chile at the beginning of Events March 4 - James Monroe succeeds James Madison as the President of the United States of America April – Earthquake in Palermo, Italy April 3 – Princess Caraboo appears in Almondsbury in Gloucestershire, England May - The General Convention of the Episcopal Church founded General Theological Seminary while meeting in New... 1817. With Bernardo OHiggins Riquelme ( August 20, 1778 – October 24, 1842), South American revolutionary leader and first Chilean head of state (Supreme Director, 1817– 23), who commanded the military forces that won independence from Spain. OHiggins was born in Chillán, Chile. As noted in his certificate... Bernardo O'Higgins, he made a triumphant entry into the liberated city of Satellite image of Santiago Santiago (full form Santiago de Chile) is the capital of Chile. It is situated in the central valley, in the Metropolitana Region. History Santiago was founded by Pedro de Valdivia on February 12, 1541 with the name Santiago de Nueva Extremadura. The founding ceremony was held... Santiago de Chile on March 17 is the 76th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (77th in Leap years). There are 289 days remaining. Events 45 BC - In his last victory, Julius Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger in the Battle of Munda. 1577 - formation of... 17 March 1818 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events February 12 - Chile gains its independence from Spain March 11 - Mary Shelleys Frankenstein is published March 22 - Easter Sunday falls on its earliest possible date. The next time Easter will fall this early: 2285. April 4 - The U.S. Congress... 1818.

File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 02:12, 20 Dec 2004 . . Grendelkhan (5630 bytes) (convert mislabeled BMP into JPG...
File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 02:12, 20 Dec 2004 . . Grendelkhan (5630 bytes) (convert mislabeled BMP into JPG... Enlarge
San Martín's portrait appears on the Argenitine 5 The Argentine peso (ISO 4217: ARS) is the currency of Argentina. The symbol used locally for it is $ (the US dollar is written U$S). It is divided in 100 centavos. Banknotes exist in the denominations of 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 pesos. Coins worth $1, 0.50... Peso bill.

Next, San Martín turned his attention to the Spanish stronghold of The Republic of Peru (Spanish: Perú; Quechua, Aymara: Piruw) is a country in western South America, bordering with Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the east, south-east and south, Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Peru is rich... Peru. For more than two years he prepared the Navy to attempt an invasion. After months of slow advances, he won a decisive victory at the Battle of Pisco on December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 25 days remaining. Events 1240 - Kiev falls to the Mongols under Batu Khan. 1534 - Spanish found Quito, Ecuador. 1768 - First edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica is published. 1790 - U... 6 December 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). Events January 1 - Constitutionalist military insurrection at Cádiz leads to summoning of Spanish parliament ( March 7) and restoration of 1812 Constitution ( March 8) by king Ferdinand VII. January 28 - Russian expedition lead by Fabian Gottlieb von... 1820. The Spanish A viceroy is somebody who governs a country or province as a substitute for the monarch. The term derives from the Latin prefix vice-, meaning in the place of and roi, meaning king. A vicereine is a woman in a viceregal position, or a viceroys wife. For example, the... Viceroy tried to negotiate terms, but as he would not concede complete independence, San Martín turned him down.

San Martíns proclamation of the independence of Peru on 28 July 1821 in Lima. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that...
San Martíns proclamation of the independence of Peru on 28 July 1821 in Lima. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that... Enlarge
José de San Martín's proclamation of the independence of The Republic of Peru (Spanish: Perú; Quechua, Aymara: Piruw) is a country in western South America, bordering with Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the east, south-east and south, Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Peru is rich... Peru on July 28 is the 209th day (210th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 156 days remaining. Events 1493 - Great fire in Moscow 1540 - One of the most important political figures of the reign of Henry VIII of England, Thomas Cromwell, is executed on order from... July 28, Events February 23 - The Philadelphia College of Apothecaries founds the first pharmacy college. March 25 - Greece declares its independence from the Ottoman Empire, beginning the Greek War of Independence. July 10 - The United States takes possession of its newly-bought territory of Florida from Spain. July 28 - Peru declares independence... 1821 in This article is about Lima, Peru. For other places, people and things named Lima, see Lima (disambiguation). Lima is the capital and the largest city in Peru. It is situated in a valley fed by the Rimac river, in the desert coast of the country near its Pacific port of... Lima, The Republic of Peru (Spanish: Perú; Quechua, Aymara: Piruw) is a country in western South America, bordering with Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the east, south-east and south, Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Peru is rich... Peru.

San Martín occupied This article is about Lima, Peru. For other places, people and things named Lima, see Lima (disambiguation). Lima is the capital and the largest city in Peru. It is situated in a valley fed by the Rimac river, in the desert coast of the country near its Pacific port of... Lima on July 9 is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 175 days remaining. Events 455 - Roman military commander Avitus is proclaimed emperor of the western Roman Empire. 1357 5:31 AM - Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor assisted laying the foundation stone of... 9 July Events February 23 - The Philadelphia College of Apothecaries founds the first pharmacy college. March 25 - Greece declares its independence from the Ottoman Empire, beginning the Greek War of Independence. July 10 - The United States takes possession of its newly-bought territory of Florida from Spain. July 28 - Peru declares independence... 1821. On July 28 is the 209th day (210th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 156 days remaining. Events 1493 - Great fire in Moscow 1540 - One of the most important political figures of the reign of Henry VIII of England, Thomas Cromwell, is executed on order from... 28 July he was voted the "Protector" of the newly independent nation of Peru. After Peru's Alternative meanings: Parliamentary system, Parliament (band), Parliament (cigarette). A parliament is a legislative body, especially in those countries whose system of government is based on the Westminster system derived from that of the United Kingdom. The name is derived from the French parlement , the action of parler (to speak) ... parliament had been assembled, he resigned his command.


On July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 158 days remaining. Events 1139 - Afonso, then a count, is procclaimed first king of Portugal and declares independence from Castile 1469 - Battle of Edgecote Moor 1581 - Plakkaat van Verlatinghe (Oath of Abjuration... 26 July Events March 30 - Florida becomes a United States territory. May 24 - Battle of Pichincha: Simón Bolívar secures the independence of Quito. June 14 - Charles Babbage proposes a Difference engine in a paper to the Royal Astronomical Society entitled Note on the application of machinery to the computation of... 1822 he met with Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar y Palacios ( July 24, 1783 – December 17, 1830) was a South American revolutionary leader. Credited with leading the fight for independence in what are now the nations of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia... Simón Bolívar at Santiago de Guayaquil, or just Guayaquil is the largest city in Ecuador, as well as that nations principal sea port. Guayaquil is located around the mouth of the Guayas river, where it flows into the Gulf of Guayaquil, a sheltered natural port on the Pacific Ocean. Guayaquil is at... Guayaquil to plan the future of Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. Most frequently the term Latin America is restricted to countries whose inhabitants speak... Latin America. However, Bolívar's refusal to share command of the combined forces led San Martín to withdraw from Perú and settle as a farmer in Mendoza, Argentina.


In 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). Events January 22 - Ashantis crush British forces in the Gold Coast Cimetière du Montparnasse established The Dutch sign the Masang Agreement temporarily ending hostilities in the Padri War March 17 signing of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty... 1824, after the death of his wife, Remedios de Escalada, he moved to The French Republic or France ( French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. France is a democracy organised as a... France with his daughter, where he spent the remainder of his days retired at Boulogne-sur-Mer is a city and commune in northern France, in the Pas-de-Calais département of which it is a sous-préfecture. It is located by the English Channel. Population (1999): 45,508. History Originally named Gesoriacum, by the 4th century Boulogne was known to the... Boulogne-sur-Mer.


In 1880 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). Events January - April January 1 - Construction of the Panama Canal begins February 1 - First edition of The Stage published February 2 - The first electric streetlight is installed in Wabash, Indiana February 13 - Thomas Edison becomes the second person... 1880 his remains were taken to Buenos Aires (Good Winds in Spanish, but more akin to Fair Winds, as in navigation) is the capital of Argentina and its largest city and port, as well as one of the largest cities in South America. The city proper has a population of 2,776,234 according to the... Buenos Aires and reinterred in the Buenos Aires A cathedral is a Christian church building, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy (such as the Roman Catholic Church or the Anglican churches), which serves as the central church of a bishopric. As cathedrals are often particularly impressive edifices, the term is sometimes also used loosely as a... cathedral.



Don José de San Martín is one of the five pillars of ΦΙΑ (Phi Iota Alpha), The Oldest Latino Fraternity in Existence orig. 1898 est. 1931, is a brotherhood composed of undergraduate, graduate, and professional men internationally. Brothers of the organization commit themselves toward the empowerment of the Latino community by providing intensive social and cultural programs and activities geared... ΦΙΑ


See Also

  • Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar y Palacios ( July 24, 1783 – December 17, 1830) was a South American revolutionary leader. Credited with leading the fight for independence in what are now the nations of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia... Simón Bolívar
  • Bernardo OHiggins Riquelme ( August 20, 1778 – October 24, 1842), South American revolutionary leader and first Chilean head of state (Supreme Director, 1817– 23), who commanded the military forces that won independence from Spain. OHiggins was born in Chillán, Chile. As noted in his certificate... Bernardo O'Higgins
  • Benito Juárez Benito Juárez ( March 21, 1806 – July 18, 1872) was a Zapotec Indian who served two terms ( 1861- 1863 and 1867- 1872) as President of Mexico. Juárez is often regarded as Mexicos greatest and most beloved leader. He is the first... Benito Juárez
  • José Martí

 
 

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