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Encyclopedia > José P. Laurel
José P. Laurel
Order 3rd President of the Philippines
(President of the 2nd Republic)
Term of Office October 14, 1943
August 17, 1945
Vice President none
Predecessor Sergio Osmeña
Successor Manuel Roxas
Born March 9, 1891
Tanauan, Batangas, Philippines
Died November 6, 1959
Tanauan, Batangas, Philippines

José Paciano Laurel y García (March 9, 1891 - November 6, 1959) was the president of the Japanese-sponsored Republic of the Philippines from 1943 to 1945. Official portrait of Philippine president Jose P. Laurel. ... October 14 is the 287th day of the year (288th in Leap years). ... 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... August 17 is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Sergio Osmeña Sergio Osmeña (September 9, 1878—October 19, 1961) was the second President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Manuel Roxas Manuel Acuña Roxas (January 1, 1892—April 15, 1948) was a Philippine political figure. ... March 9 is the 68th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (69th in Leap years). ... 1891 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Batangas is a province of the Philippines located on the southwestern part of Luzon in the CALABARZON region. ... November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 55 days remaining. ... 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Batangas is a province of the Philippines located on the southwestern part of Luzon in the CALABARZON region. ... March 9 is the 68th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (69th in Leap years). ... 1891 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 55 days remaining. ... 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Laurel was not recognized as a Philippine president formally until the administration of Diosdado Macapagal. Diosdado Macapagal Diosdado Pangan Macapagal (September 28, 1910–April 21, 1997) was the 9th President of the Philippines. ...


Biography

Jose P. Laurel was born on March 9, 1891 in the town of Tanauan, Batangas. His parents were Sotero Laurel and Jacoba Garcia. Batangas is a province of the Philippines located on the southwestern part of Luzon in the CALABARZON region. ...


As a teen, Laurel was indicted for killing a rival suitor of his girlfriend. After studying and finishing law school, he asked for an acquittal and won.


Laurel received law degrees from the University of the Philippines in 1915, from Escuela de Derecho in 1919, and from Yale University in 1920. He became a member of the Cabinet in 1922 but resigned along with others in 1923 in protest of American Governor-General Leonard Wood. In 1925 he was elected to the Philippine senate. When the Commonwealth of the Philippines was established, he was appointed associate justice of the Supreme Court. The University of the Philippines (Unibersidad ng Pilipinas in Filipino) or U.P. is the premier state university of the Philippines. ... 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1919 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the institution of higher learning in the United States. ... 1920 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... 1922 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1923 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Leonard Wood (October 9, 1860 – August 7, 1927) was a physician who served as the US Army Chief of Staff and Governor General of the Philippines. ... 1925 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Senate of the Philippines is the upper chamber of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress of the Philippines. ... The Commonwealth of the Philippines was the political designation of the Philippines from 1935 to 1946 when the country was a commonwealth of the United States. ... Supreme Court of the Phillipines --- the countrys highest judicial court, as well as the court of last resort. ...


Following the attack on Pearl Harbor in World War II, Laurel was instructed to remain in Manila by President Manuel Quezon, who fled to Corregidor and then to the United States to establish a government-in-exile. His prewar, close relationship with Japanese officials (a son had been sent to study at the Imperial Military Academy in Tokyo, and Laurel had received an honorary doctorate from Tokyo University), placed him in a good position to interact with the Japanese occupation forces. The Imperial Japanese Navy made its attack on Pearl Harbor on the morning of December 7, 1941. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (over 11 miles) into the air. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Manuel L. Quezon Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina (August 19, 1878 - August 1, 1944) was the first president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... Corregidor is an island in the entrance of the Philippines Manila Bay. ...


Laurel was among the Commonwealth officials instructed by the Japanese Imperial Army to form a provisional government when they invaded and occupied the country. It was because of his being well known to the Japanese as well as his willingness to serve under the Japanese Military Administration in the Philippines that he held a series of high posts in 1942-1943. In 1943 he was selected by the Japanese as President. Twice that year he was shot by Philippine guerillas, but recovered. The Imperial Japanese Army (大日本帝国陸軍 Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun) was in existence from the Meiji Reformation to the end of World War II. It was created to replace the traditional Japanese samurai with a modern Western-style conscript army. ... 1942 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ...


On August 15, 1945, the Japanese forces surrendered to the United States. General MacArthur ordered Laurel arrested for collaborating with the Japanese. In 1946 he was charged with 132 counts of treason, but was never brought to trial due to the general amnesty granted by President Manuel Roxas in 1948. Laurel ran for president against Elpidio Quirino in 1949 but lost. In the subsequent presidential election, Laurel, then serving as a senator, declined to be nominated, working instead for the successful election of Ramon Magsaysay. Magsaysay appointed Laurel head of a mission tasked with negotiating trade and other issues with United States officials, the result being known as the Laurel-Langley Agreement. August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... MacArthur landing at Leyte Beach in 1944. ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Amnesty (from the Greek amnestia, oblivion) is an act of grace by which the supreme power in a state restores those who may have been guilty of any offence against it to the position of innocent persons. ... 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Laurel considered his election to the senate as a vindication of his reputation, and had no difficulty being reelected. He retired from public life in 1957, concentrating on the development of the Lyceum University established by his family. On November 5, 1959, he died of a heart attack in his hometown of Tanauan. 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 5 is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 56 days remaining. ... 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Laurel was married to Pacencia Hidalgo, and had nine children. Many of them grew to be active in politics, such as former speaker Jose B. Laurel, Jr., vice-president Salvador P. Laurel, and former senator Sotero H. Laurel.


External link

  • The Philippine Presidency Project (http://www.pangulo.ph)


Preceded by:
Sergio Osmeña
President of the Philippines
1943–1945
Succeeded by:
Manuel Roxas


Sergio Osmeña Sergio Osmeña (September 9, 1878—October 19, 1961) was the second President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... The President is the head of state and of the government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Manuel Roxas Manuel Acuña Roxas (January 1, 1892—April 15, 1948) was a Philippine political figure. ...

Presidents of the Philippines
Aguinaldo | Quezon | Osmeña | Laurel | Roxas | Quirino | Magsaysay | Garcia | Macapagal | Marcos | Aquino | Ramos | Estrada | Arroyo

 
 

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