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Encyclopedia > José María Aznar

José María Aznar

Former Prime Minister of the Government of Spain Download high resolution version (480x640, 50 KB)Prime Minister José María Aznar of Spain Source: Roosewelt Pinheiro/ABr. ...

Tenure May 5, 1996 to April 17, 2004
Preceded by Felipe González
Succeeded by José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
Date of birth February 25, 1953
Place of birth Madrid
Party People's Party (PP)

José María Aznar López (born February 25, 1953) was Prime Minister of the Spanish government from May 5, 1996 to April 17, 2004. May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (126th in leap years). ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Felipe González Márquez born March 5, 1942 in Seville became General Secretary of the Spanish Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) from 1974 to 1997 and Prime Minister from 1982 to 1996. ... Term of office: April 17, 2004 – present Preceded by: José María Aznar Succeeded by: incumbent Date of birth: August 4, 1960 Place of birth: Valladolid First Lady: Sonsoles Espinosa Political party: PSOE José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero (born August 4, 1960) became the fifth Spanish prime minister (or president of the... February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Coat of arms The Plaza de España square Madrid, the capital of Spain, is located in the center of the country at 40°25′ N 3°45′ W. Population of the city of Madrid proper was 3,093,000 (Madrilenes, madrileños) as of 2003 estimates. ... From the left: Mariano Rajoy, Josep Piqué and José María Aznar during the proclamation act of Josep Piqué in September 2003 The Peoples Party ( Spanish: Partido Popular) is a large liberal- conservative political party in Spain. ... February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... The following is the list of those who have served as President of the Spanish government. ... May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (126th in leap years). ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Aznar was born in Madrid, Spain. He is the grandson of [[Manuel Aznar Zubigaray, a prominent journalist. Coat of arms The Plaza de España square Madrid, the capital of Spain, is located in the center of the country at 40°25′ N 3°45′ W. Population of the city of Madrid proper was 3,093,000 (Madrilenes, madrileños) as of 2003 estimates. ...

Contents

Politician

He studied law at the Complutense University, graduating in 1975, becoming a Spanish Tax Authority inspector in 1976. In 1977 he married Ana Botella. He joined the conservative People's Alliance (AP) in January 1979, months after his wife. In March he became the Secretary general of the party in La Rioja until 1980. In February 1981 he joined the AP's National executive committee. He became assistant Secretary general in February 1982, and then, on October 26, 1982 he was elected to the Parliament, representing Ávila. On June 22, 1985 he was elected to the presidency of the AP in Castile-Leon. On December 2, 1986 AP leader Manuel Fraga, resigned after fierce internal party fighting in the 5 months since their failure to dent the majority of the ruling Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE). Aznar was not considered senior enough to be a possible successor, and gave his support to the more right wing Miguel Herrero who lost to Fraga's choice Antonio Hernández Mancha, resulting in Aznar losing his assistant secretary general post. On June 10, 1987, having resigned his parliamentary seat, he was elected to the Parliament of Castile-León, where he was made Governor of this Autonomous Region. Two years later, Aznar was voted by the National executive Committee to be the new leader of his party, re-named the Partido Popular (Popular Party, or PP). He resigned the Leon-Castile governorship to fight and lose the general election to President Felipe González and the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) on October 29, though he came out of it with his reputation intact. With Fraga in power in Galicia Aznar confirmed his leadership of the PP at their X National Congress at the emd of March 1990. In November the PP moved from the Conservative group in the European Parliament to the more centrist and Christian Democratic European People's Party. On June 6, 1993 the PP again lost the general election, but improved on their previous performance with 34.8% of the vote, with PSOE losing its absolute majority and needing to form a pact with smaller parties in order to continue ruling. The result was a disappointment as the polls had predicted a PP victory. They did well in the 1994 European and 1995 local elections. On April 19, 1995, the Basque terrorist group ETA attempted to assassinate him. A passer-by was killed, but his armoured car saved him. The Complutense University of Madrid, in Spanish Universidad Complutense de Madrid, is an important Spanish university, located in Madrid. ... 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ... The Peoples Alliance is the English name of several parties Spain The Peoples Alliance (in Spanish Alianza Popular) was a political party in Spain. ... 1979 is a common year starting on Monday. ... La Rioja is a province and autonomous community of northern Spain. ... 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... 1981 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1982 is a number and represents a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar Events January January 6 - William Bonin is convicted of being the freeway killer. January 8 - AT&T agrees to divest itself of twenty-two subdivisions January 11 - Mark Thatcher, son of the British Prime... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 66 days remaining. ... 1982 is a number and represents a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar Events January January 6 - William Bonin is convicted of being the freeway killer. January 8 - AT&T agrees to divest itself of twenty-two subdivisions January 11 - Mark Thatcher, son of the British Prime... The Cortes Generales (English: General Courts) is the Spanish legislature. ... Ávila is a town in the south of Castile, the capital of the province of the same name, now part of the autonomous community of Castile and Léon, Spain. ... June 22 is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 192 days remaining. ... 1985 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Capital Valladolid Area  - total  - % of Spain Ranked 1st 94,223 km² 18,6% Population  - Total (2003)  - % of Spain  - Density Ranked 6th 2,480,369 5. ... December 2 is the 336th day (337th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article needs cleanup. ... The Spanish Socialist Workers Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español or PSOE) is one of the main parties of Spain. ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (162nd in leap years), with 204 days remaining. ... 1987 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The debating chamber or hemicycle of the European Parliament in Brussels. ... Felipe González Márquez born March 5, 1942 in Seville became General Secretary of the Spanish Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) from 1974 to 1997 and Prime Minister from 1982 to 1996. ... The Spanish Socialist Workers Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español or PSOE) is one of the main parties of Spain. ... October 29 is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 63 days remaining. ... 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The European Parliament is the parliamentary body of the European Union (EU), directly elected by EU citizens once every five years. ... Christian Democracy is a political ideology, born at the end of the 19th century, largely as a result of the papal encyclical Rerum Novarum of Pope Leo XIII, in which the Vatican recognizes workers misery and agrees that something should be done about it, in reaction to the rise of... Logo of the European Peoples Party The European Peoples Party is a Christian democrat-conservative political party at European level founded in 1976. ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining. ... 1993 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003) Events Media:January January 1 - Czechoslovakia divides. ... 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ETA logo Euskadi Ta Askatasuna, or ETA, is a Basque paramilitary group that seeks to create an independent socialist state for the Basque people, separate from Spain and France, the countries in which Basque-populated areas currently lie. ... Jack Ruby murdered the assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, in a very public manner. ...


President

After a strongly fought campaign against the corruption scandals and alleged involvement of González with the GAL, an illegal anti-terrorist group, Aznar won the March 3, 1996 general election with 37.6% of the vote. With 154 of the 350 seats (PSOE had 141) Aznar had to reach agreements with three regionalist parties: Convergence and Unity (Catalan), the Basque Nationalist Party and the Canary Islands Coalition, in order to govern. He was voted President with 181 votes in the Cortes general on May 4 and sworn in the next day by King Juan Carlos I. Grupos Antiterroristas de Liberación (Antiterrorist Liberation Groups) were death squads illegally set up by officials within the Spanish government to fight ETA. It was financed and protected by the Spanish Interior Ministry. ... March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (63rd in leap years). ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Legislative elections were held in Spain on March 3, 1996. ... Convergence and Unity (Convergència i Unió, CiU) is a political party in Catalonia, Spain. ... The Basque Nationalist Party is a political party in the Basque region of Spain. ... This article is part of or related to the Liberalism series Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | Liberal parties | Spanish political parties ... May 4 is the 124th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (125th in leap years). ... King Juan Carlos I His Majesty King Juan Carlos I (Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón), styled HM The King (born January 5, 1938 in Rome, Italy), is the reigning King of Spain, as his grandfather Alfonso XIII. 2 days after the death of dictator Francisco Franco...


His first term was dominated by the economic agenda and the need to negotiate with these nationalist parties.


With the Spanish economy again on the upswing, Aznar was re-elected with an absolute majority in the 2000 general election. The major interests of his administration were to further improve the Spanish economy and to fight against internal terrorism. Aznar and his party adopted a firm defense of the current wording of the Spanish Constitution of 1978, strongly opposing a plan for further Basque autonomy presented by Basque president Juan José Ibarretxe. Legislative elections were held in Spain on March 12, 2000. ... Terrorism is a controversial term with multiple definitions. ... The Spanish Constitution of 1978 is the culmination of the Spanish transition to democracy. ... The President of the Basque Country is referred to as Lehendakari (literally, firstlier) in Basque, or Eusko Jaurlaritzako Lehendakari (President of the Basque Government); the Spanish title is Presidente del Gobierno Vasco. ... Juan José Ibarretxe Juan José Ibarretxe Markuartu (born May 15, 1957) is a Basque politician. ...

José María Aznar, speaking at Georgetown University, September 21, 2004.

He actively supported US President George W. Bush and the 2003 Invasion of Iraq in spite of strong public opposition and many protests. Jose Maria Aznar, speaking at Georgetown University on September 21, 2004. ... Jose Maria Aznar, speaking at Georgetown University on September 21, 2004. ... Georgetown University Georgetown University is a major research University located in Georgetown, a neighborhood of Washington, DC, United States. ... September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Order: 43rd President Vice President: Dick Cheney Term of office: January 20, 2001 – Present Preceded by: Bill Clinton Succeeded by: Incumbent Date of birth: July 6, 1946 Place of birth: New Haven, Connecticut First Lady: Laura Welch Bush Political party: Republican George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the... The 2003 invasion of Iraq, also called simply the Iraq War or Operation: Iraqi Freedom, was a war that began March 20, 2003, fought between a group of troops consisting primarily of American and British, but also Polish, Australian and several other nations forces, and Iraq. ...


In January 2004 Aznar called new elections, having already announced he would not be seeking the prime minister's office again. He nominated Mariano Rajoy as the PP's candidate for elections held in March 2004, which the PP, although it had been leading in the polls, lost three days after the Madrid train bombings. 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mariano Rajoy Brey Mariano Rajoy Brey (born March 27, 1955), Spanish politician, is the leader of the conservative Partido Popular (Peoples Party, PP). ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks (also known as 11/3, 3/11, M-11 and 11-M) were a series of coordinated terrorist bombings against the commuter train system of Madrid, Spain on the morning of 11 March 2004, which killed 191 people and wounded more than 1,800. ...


After leaving office, he has presided over the FAES think tank, which is associated with the PP. He is a Distinguished Scholar in the Practice of Global Leadership at [[Georgetown University. After a 2005 reform admitted former prime ministers into the Spanish Council of State, a consultative organ, he has been the only one so far to become a member. 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Published works

  • "Libertad y solidaridad" (1991)
  • "La España en que yo creo" (1995)
  • "España: la segunda transición" (1995)
  • "Ocho años de Gobierno. Una visión muy personal de España" (2004)
  • "Retratos y perfiles: de Fraga a Bush" (2005)

1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Partido Popular (http://www.pp.es/)
  • Extended biography by CIDOB Foundation (http://www.cidob.org/bios/castellano/lideres/a-065.htm) (in Spanish)

See also

Preceded by:
Felipe González
Prime Minister of Spain
1996-2004
Followed by:
José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero

 
 

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