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Encyclopedia > José Manuel Durão Barroso
José Durão Barroso
Prime Minister of Portugal
Order: 13th
(since the Carnation Revolution)
Term of Office April 6, 2002 - June 29, 2004
Predecessor: António Guterres
Successor: Pedro Santana Lopes
President of the European Commission
Order: 11th
Term of Office 1 November 2004 -
Predecessor: Romano Prodi
Successor: in office
 
Date of Birth March 23, 1956
Place of Birth: Lisbon
Nickname: Cherne (Portuguese for
stone bass (a fish))
Wife: Margarida Sousa Uva (3 children)
Occupation: Professor
Political Party: Social Democratic

José Manuel Durão Barroso (pronunced: IPA, [ʒu'zɛ mɐnu'ɛɫ du'ɾɐ̃w̃ bɐ'ʀozu]) (born in Lisbon, March 23, 1956) is a Portuguese politician. He served as Prime Minister of his country from 6 April 2002 until 29 June 2004, when he resigned to become President-designate of the European Commission. The appointment was formally endorsed by the European Parliament on July 22, and he was due to take over officially from Romano Prodi on 1 November 2004. However, this process was delayed due to problems regarding parliamentary approval of the Barroso Commission. Download high resolution version (864x567, 117 KB)José Manuel Durão Barroso, Portuguese politician and President of the European Commission. ... Prime Ministers of the Constitutional Monarchy (1834-1910) First Republic Military Dictatorship Estado Novo Third Republic See also: List of Presidents of Portugal, Politics of Portugal, Lists of incumbents This article contains content from HierarchyPedia article Prime Minister of Portugal, used here under the GNU Free Documentation License. ... The Carnation Revolution (Portuguese, Revolução dos Cravos) was an almost bloodless left-leaning revolution started on April 25, 1974, in Lisbon, Portugal, that effectively changed the Portuguese regime from an authoritarian dictatorship to a liberal democracy at the end of a two year process of a communist dominated military administration. ... April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 185 days remaining. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... António Manuel de Oliveira Guterres (b. ... Pedro Miguel de Santana Lopes (born June 29, 1956) is a Portuguese politician, and has been Prime Minister of Portugal since July 17, 2004. ... The President of the European Commission is notionally the highest ranking unelected official within the European Union. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Romano Prodi (Scandiano, Reggio Emilia August 9, 1939) is an Italian politician and a former President of the European Commission. ... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (83rd in Leap years). ... 1956 was a leap year starting on Sunday. ... Lisbon (in Portuguese, Lisboa) is the capital and largest city of Portugal. ... A professor is a senior teacher and researcher, usually in a college or university. ... Political parties in Portugal lists political parties in Portugal. ... The Social Democratic Party (Portuguese: Partido Social Democrata) is a political party in Portugal. ... The three-letter acronym IPA can stand for any of the following (listed in alphabetical order): Independent Pilots Association India Pale Ale Institute of Public Affairs Institute for Propaganda Analysis International Phonetic Alphabet. ... Lisbon (in Portuguese, Lisboa) is the capital and largest city of Portugal. ... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (83rd in Leap years). ... 1956 was a leap year starting on Sunday. ... The four main organs of the national government are the presidency, the prime minister and Council of Ministers (the government), the Assembly of the Republic (the parliament), and the judiciary. ... Prime Ministers of the Constitutional Monarchy (1834-1910) First Republic Military Dictatorship Estado Novo Third Republic See also: List of Presidents of Portugal, Politics of Portugal, Lists of incumbents This article contains content from HierarchyPedia article Prime Minister of Portugal, used here under the GNU Free Documentation License. ... April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 185 days remaining. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The President of the European Commission is notionally the highest ranking unelected official within the European Union. ... The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive of the European Union. ... The European Parliament is the parliamentary body of the European Union (EU), directly elected by EU citizens once every five years. ... July 22 is the 203rd day (204th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 162 days remaining. ... Romano Prodi (Scandiano, Reggio Emilia August 9, 1939) is an Italian politician and a former President of the European Commission. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Barroso Commission is the European Commission that has been in office since 22 November 2004 and is due to serve until 31 October 2009. ...


He graduated in Law from the University of Lisbon and has an MSc in Economic and Social Sciences from the University of Geneva in Switzerland. His academic career continued as an Assistant Professor in the Law School of the University of Lisbon and in the Political Sciences Department of Georgetown University (Washington DC), where he did research for a Ph.D. Back in Lisbon, Durão Barroso became Director of the Department for International Relations in the Lusiada University. A leading university in Lisbon, Portugal. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate course of one or two years in duration. ... The University of Geneva (Université de Genève) is one of the oldest universities in the world. ... Georgetown University Georgetown University is a major research University located in Georgetown, a neighborhood of Washington, DC, United States. ... ... Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. ... A university based in Portugal founded in 1986 in Lisbon. ...


Durão Barroso's political activity began in his college days, before the Carnation Revolution of 25 April 1974. He was one of the leaders of the PCTP-MRPP (Communist Party of the Portuguese Workers - Revolutionary Movement of the Portuguese Proletariat). In December 1980, however, Durão Barroso joined the right-of-centre Portuguese Social Democratic Party (PSD), where he remains to the present day. The Carnation Revolution (Portuguese, Revolução dos Cravos) was an almost bloodless left-leaning revolution started on April 25, 1974, in Lisbon, Portugal, that effectively changed the Portuguese regime from an authoritarian dictatorship to a liberal democracy at the end of a two year process of a communist dominated military administration. ... April 25 is the 115th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (116th in leap years). ... 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... PCTP-MRPP symbol The Communist Party of the Portuguese Workers - Reorganizative Movement of the Party of the Proletariat (in the original, Portuguese, PCTP/MRPP - Partido Comunista dos Trabalhadores Portugueses/Movimento Reorganizativo do Partido do Proletariado) was founded in 1970, its first secretary-general being Arnaldo Matos. ... 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... The Social Democratic Party (Portuguese: Partido Social Democrata) is a political party in Portugal. ...


In 1985, Durão Barroso joined the PSD government of Prime Minister Aníbal Cavaco Silva as Assistant Secretary of State at the Ministry of Internal Affairs. In 1987 he became Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, a post he was to hold for the next five years. In this capacity he was the main force behind the Bicesse Agreement of 1990, which led to a temporary armistice in Angola's civil war between the ruling MPLA and the opposition UNITA guerrillas of Jonas Savimbi. He also supported independence for East Timor, then a province of Indonesia. In 1992, Durão Barroso was promoted to the post of Minister of Foreign Affairs, and served in this capacity until the defeat of the PSD in the 1995 general election. 1985 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Prime Ministers of the Constitutional Monarchy (1834-1910) First Republic Military Dictatorship Estado Novo Third Republic See also: List of Presidents of Portugal, Politics of Portugal, Lists of incumbents This article contains content from HierarchyPedia article Prime Minister of Portugal, used here under the GNU Free Documentation License. ... Aníbal António Cavaco Silva (born at Boliqueime in Loulé municipality in the Algarve region, on July 15, 1939) was Prime Minister of Portugal from November 6, 1985 to October 28, 1995. ... 1987 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The MPLA flag The Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (Movimiento Popular de Libertação de Angola) is an Angolan political party that has ruled the country since independence in 1975. ... UNITA sticker The União Nacional para a Independência Total de Angola (UNITA) is an Angolan political faction. ... Jonas Malheiro Savimbi (August 3, 1934–February 22, 2002) was a rebel leader in Angola who founded the UNITA movement in 1966, and ultimately proved a central figure in 20th century Cold War politics. ... 1992 is a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In opposition, Durão Barroso was elected in 1995 as a representative for Lisbon in the Assembly of the Republic where he became chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee. In 1999 he was elected president of his own political party, the PSD, and thus became Leader of the Opposition. Parliamentary elections in 2002 gave the PSD enough seats to form a coalition government with the Portuguese People's Party, a right-wing party, and Durão Barroso consequently became Prime Minister of Portugal on 6 April. As Prime Minister, he made a number of controversial decisions. He supported the 2003 invasion of Iraq, which most Portuguese opposed, and was responsible for reducing public expenditure. 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lisbon (in Portuguese, Lisboa) is the capital and largest city of Portugal. ... The Assembly of the Republic is the Portuguese parliament; its building in Lisbon is referred to as Pal cio de S o Bento. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... The Assembly of the Republic is the Portuguese parliament; its building in Lisbon is referred to as Palácio de São Bento. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A centre right political party in Portugal. ... A prime minister is the leading member of the cabinet of the top level government in a parliamentary system of government of a country, alternatively A prime minister is an official in a presidential system or semi-presidential system whose duty is to execute the directives of the President and... April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ... The 2003 invasion of Iraq, also called simply the Iraq War or Operation: Iraqi Freedom, was a war that began March 20, 2003, fought between a group of troops consisting primarily of American and British, but also Polish, Australian and several other nations forces, and Iraq. ...


In June 2004, following his being proposed as a consensus candidate, the European Council appointed José Manuel Durão Barroso President-designate of the European Commission. The European Parliament endorsed him in the position by 413 votes to 251, with 44 blank ballots and three spoilt ones. 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The European Council, sometimes informally called the European Summit, is a meeting of the heads of state or government of the European Union, and the President of the European Commission (not to be confused with the Council of the European Union, or the Council of Europe). ... The President of the European Commission is notionally the highest ranking unelected official within the European Union. ... The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive of the European Union. ... The European Parliament is the parliamentary body of the European Union (EU), directly elected by EU citizens once every five years. ...


Among Durão Barroso's goals as President of the European Commission will be to revive public confidence in the Commission, which is widely regarded as having lost its sense of direction since the departure of Jacques Delors, who presided over it from 1985 to 1995 and who is widely regarded as its most dynamic and successful president ever. A major challenge for Durão Barroso will be the aftermath of the restructuring of the Commission; with the admission of ten new countries to the European Union, larger countries will no longer be allowed a second Commissioner, and it is proposed that voting rights will be distributed among member countries on a rotating basis - a major innovation. Durão Barroso is expected to be a cautious reformer, and is considered likely to champion the interests of Europe's smaller states. He has said that he opposes capping EU spending, from which Portugal benefits greatly. With major countries like France and Germany eager to reduce spending, however, it is thought that Durão Barroso may be forced to compromise. Categories: Stub | 1925 births | Presidents of the European Commission ... 1985 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


José Durão Barroso is married to Margarida Sousa Uva, with whom he has three children.


External Links

  • Europa - José Manuel Barroso (http://europa.eu.int/comm/commission_barroso/president/index_en.htm)
Preceded by:
António Guterres
Prime Minister of Portugal
2002 - 2004
Succeeded by:
Pedro Santana Lopes

  António Manuel de Oliveira Guterres (b. ... Prime Ministers of the Constitutional Monarchy (1834-1910) First Republic Military Dictatorship Estado Novo Third Republic See also: List of Presidents of Portugal, Politics of Portugal, Lists of incumbents This article contains content from HierarchyPedia article Prime Minister of Portugal, used here under the GNU Free Documentation License. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pedro Miguel de Santana Lopes (born June 29, 1956) is a Portuguese politician, and has been Prime Minister of Portugal since July 17, 2004. ...

Preceded by:
Romano Prodi
President of the European Commission
2004 -
Succeeded by:
(n/a)


Romano Prodi (Scandiano, Reggio Emilia August 9, 1939) is an Italian politician and a former President of the European Commission. ... The President of the European Commission is notionally the highest ranking unelected official within the European Union. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

 
European Commission (2004–2009: Barroso Commission)

Joaquín Almunia | José Manuel Barroso | Jacques Barrot | Joe Borg | Stavros Dimas | Benita Ferrero-Waldner | Ján Figeľ | Franco Frattini | Mariann Fischer Boel | Dalia Grybauskaitė | Danuta Hübner | Siim Kallas | László Kovács | Neelie Kroes | Markos Kyprianou | Peter Mandelson | Charlie McCreevy | Louis Michel | Andris Piebalgs | Janez Potočnik | Viviane Reding | Olli Rehn | Vladimír Špidla | Günter Verheugen | Margot Wallström The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive of the European Union. ... The Barroso Commission is the European Commission that has been in office since 22 November 2004 and is due to serve until 31 October 2009. ... Download high resolution version (1200x800, 13 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Austria Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Croatia Cyprus Economy of Cyprus Economy of the Czech Republic Council of Europe Economy of Denmark Drachma European Union Estonia Euro European Parliament Talk:European Union European Free Alliance... Joaquín Almunia Joaquín Almunia is the member of the European Commission responsible for Economic and Monetary Affairs (since 26 April 2004). ... External links Webpage of Jacques Barrot as European Commission member (in French) Categories: Stub ... Joe Borg Joseph Borg (born March 19, 1952) is a politician and diplomat in Malta, associated with the Nationalist Party which is currently governing that country. ... Stavros Dimas Stavros Dimas (Σταύρος Δήμας) (born 30 April 1941) is a Greek politician, currently serving as European Commissioner for the Environment. ... Benita Ferrero_Waldner Benita Ferrero_Waldner (born September 5, 1948) is an Austrian diplomat and politician. ... Ján Figeľ Ján Figeľ (born 20 January 1960) is a Slovak politician, currently serving as European Commissioner for Education, Training, Culture and Multilingualism. ... External links Profile: Franco Frattini, BBC Italian government: official Franco Frattini biography Categories: Stub | 1957 births | Italian politicians ... Mariann Fischer Boel Mariann Fischer Boel is a Danish politician of the party Venstre. ... Dalia Grybauskaitė Dalia Grybauskaitė (born on 1 March 1956 in Vilnius) is a former Lithuanian Minister of Finance and currently European Union Commissioner for Financial Programming and Budget. ... Danuta Hübner Danuta Hübner (born on 8 April 1948, in Nisko, Poland) was Polish Minister for European Affairs and is currently European Union Commissioner for Regional Policy. ... Categories: Stub | 1948 births | European Commissioners ... László Kovács László Kovács (born 1939) is a Hungarian diplomat. ... Categories: Stub | European Commissioners ... Markos Kyprianou (born 22 January 1960 in Limassol) is a former Minister of Finance of Cyprus and currently European Union Commissioner for Health and Consumer Protection. ... Peter Mandelson The Rt Hon Peter Benjamin Mandelson (born October 21, 1953) is a British Labour politician, and former Member of Parliament for Hartlepool, who is currently European Commissioner for Trade. ... Charlie McCreevy Charles (Charlie) McCreevy, (born September 1949) is a senior Irish politician. ... Louis Michel Louis Michel (born September 2, 1947) was until July 2004 the Belgian foreign minister. ... Andris Piebalgs Andris Piebalgs (born 17 September Latvian politician and diplomat, currently serving as European Commissioner for Energy. ... Janez Potočnik Janez Potočnik (born on 22 March 1958) is a former Slovenian Minister for European Affairs and currently European Union Commissioner for Science and Research. ... EU Commissioner of DG InfoSoc born in Esch/Alzette, Luxembourg on April, 27th 1951 married, 3 children PhD. in Human Sciences from the Sorbonne University in Paris 1978-1999 Reporter at the Luxemburger Wort, the leading newspaper in Luxembourg. ... Olli Rehn Olli Rehn (born 31 March 1962) is a Finnish politician, currently serving as European Commissioner for Enlargement. ... Vladimír Špidla Vladimír Špidla (born April 21, 1951 in Prague) is a Czech social democratic politician. ... Günter Verheugen Günter Verheugen (born April 28, 1944, in Bad Kreuznach, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany) is a German and European politician. ... Margot Wallström Margot Wallström (born September 28, 1954), is Swedish politician, Social Democrat, and currently First Vice President and Institutional Relations and Communication Strategy Commissioner of the European Commission. ...


 
 

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