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Encyclopedia > José Bové

José Bové (born June 11, 1953) is a French farmer, anarcho-syndicalist, member of the anti-globalization movement, and spokesperson for Via Campesina. José Bové during a meeting (collection J. Tosti, free of rights) This image has been (or is hereby) released into the public domain by its creator, Yann. ... June 11 is the 162nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (163rd in leap years), with 203 days remaining. ... 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Farmer spreading grasshopper bait in his alfalfa field. ... Anarcho-syndicalist flag. ... Anti-globalization (anti-globalisation) is a political stance of opposition to the perceived negative aspects of globalization. ... Via Campesina describes itself as an international movement which coordinates peasant organizations of small and middle-scale producers, agricultural workers, rural women, and indigenous communities from Asia, Africa, The Americas, and Europe. They advocate family-farm-based sustainable agriculture and were the group that first coined the term food sovereignty...

Bové is the son of two agricultural chemists. He was born in Bordeaux, but raised in many different places, both inside and outside France, including Berkeley, California in the United States. His father Joseph, originally from Luxembourg, became a French citizen as he took on the role of regional director of the National Institute of Agricultural Sciences Research (Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique or INRA) and member of the French Academy of Sciences. His mother is a professor of natural sciences. Bové speaks English fluently, having followed his parents to Berkeley at the age of three, when they were invited to be researchers at the University of California, Berkeley. City motto: Lilia sola regunt lunam undas castra leonem. ... Berkeley is a city in the San Francisco Bay Area of northern California, United States. ... The Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA) is a French public research institute dedicated to scientific studies surrounding the problems of agriculture. ... The French Academy of Sciences (Académie des sciences) is a learned society, founded in 1666 by Louis XIV at the suggestion of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, to encourage and protect the spirit of French scientific research. ... University of California, Berkeley The University of California, Berkeley (also known as Cal, UC Berkeley, UCB, or simply Berkeley) is a public coeducational university situated in the foothills of Berkeley, California, USA to the east of San Francisco Bay, overlooking the Golden Gate. ...

After attending secondary school near Paris (from which he was expelled for being "faithless"), he spurned University and instead joined a group of conscientious objectors to military service. This work led him into the occupation of lands in the Larzac which were to be attributed to the French military, where he joined a band of peasants illegally building a sheep barn. There, he learned how to become a dairy farmer, and eventually became a sheep farmer, producing roquefort cheese. The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... A conscientious objector is an individual whose personal beliefs are incompatible with military service, or sometimes with any role in the armed forces. ... Larzac is also a commune in Dordogne. ... Organization The French armed forces are divided into four branches: French Army, including Chasseurs Alpins Foreign Legion Marine troops light aviation engineers Navy, including Naval Air naval fusiliers and naval commandos Air Force, including territorial Air Defense air fusiliers National Gendarmerie (military police force) Every year on Bastille Day, a... Roquefort is a flavorful ewes-milk bleu cheese from the south of France. ...

He remained a farmer and an activist. In 1987, he formed the Confédération Paysanne (la Conf), an agricultural union that places its highest political values on humans and the environment. In opposition to many companies in the profit-oriented agro-industry, Bové is a prominent opponent of genetically modified organisms. In 1995, he joined Greenpeace on their ship, the Rainbow Warrior, in opposition to nuclear weapons testing in the Pacific Ocean. 1987 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A genetically modified organism is an organism whose genetic material has been deliberately altered. ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Greenpeace protest. ... Rainbow Warrior is a schooner (sailing ship) operated by the Greenpeace organization. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ...

In 1999, the United States placed tariffs on the importation of Roquefort cheese as punishment for the European Union's restrictions on importing hormone-treated beef. In response, Bové and other Confédération activists dismantled a half-built McDonald's franchise in Millau (Aveyron). Bové was sentenced to three months in prison for his role in the incident. He was imprisoned 44 days, and was finally released on August 1, 2002. His involvement in this incident garnered world attention to himself and his causes. 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Roquefort is a flavorful ewes-milk bleu cheese from the south of France. ... McDonalds Corporation ( NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants [1]. Although McDonalds did not invent the hamburger or fast food, its name has become nearly synonymous with both. ... Millau a city and commune of France. ... Aveyron is a département in southern France named after the Aveyron River. ... August 1st is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Since then, he has redoubled his efforts in the world peasant and anti-globalization movements. He was present at the 1999 protests of the World Trade Organization in Seattle; In 2001, he took part in a large action destroying genetically modified crops in Brazil. In 2002, he was arrested and deported by Israeli police while protesting in Ramallah against Israeli control of the West Bank and Gaza; upon his return to France, he was assaulted at Orly Airport by members of the Betar, a Zionist Jewish organization. He has also intervened to support the movements of the Tahitians and the Kanaks, an indigenous Melanesian people comprising a large minority of residents in New Caledonia. The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an international organization which oversees a large number of agreements defining the rules of trade between its member states (WTO, 2004a). ... City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Genetic engineering, genetic modification (GM), and gene splicing (once in widespread use but now deprecated) are terms for the process of manipulating genes in an organism, usually outside of the organisms normal reproductive process. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ramallah (Arabic: رام الله) is a West Bank city of approximately 57,000 residents, which is currently under Palestinian Authority control. ... The city of Gaza is the principal city in the Gaza Strip. ... Orly Airport is an airport located in Orly, south of Paris, France. ... The Betar Movement (ביתר, also spelled Beitar) was founded in 1923 in Riga, Latvia, by Zionist leader Zeev Jabotinsky. ... A bilingual poster in Romanian and Hungarian promoting a film about Jewish settlement in Palestine, 1930s. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... Tahiti is the largest island in French Polynesia, located in the archipelago of Society Islands in the southern Pacific Ocean, at 17° 40 South, 149° 30 West. ... Melanesia (from Greek black islands) is a region extending from the west Pacific to the Arafura Sea, north and north-east of Australia. ...

On April of 2003, Roger Cukierman, head of France's CRIF umbrella group for Jewish organizations, spoke out against Bove for his meeting of Yasser Arafat, the head of the PLO, during Israel's siege of Arafat's compound. 1  (http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/pages/ShArt.jhtml?itemNo=256708&contrassID=3&subContrassID=0&sbSubContrassID=0) April is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four with the length of 30 days. ... Yasser Arafat Yasser Arafat (August 4 or August 24, 1929 – November 11, 2004), born Muhammad `Abd ar-Rauf al-Qudwa al-Husayni (Arabic محمد عبد الرؤوف القدوة الحسيني) and also known as Abu `Ammar (ابو عمّار), was co-founder and Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) (1969–2004... The PLO emblem shows the Palestinian flag above a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip) The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) (Arabic: Munazzamat al-Tahrir Filastiniyyah منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية ) is a political and paramilitary organization of Palestinian Arabs...

On June 22, 2003, Bové began serving a sentence of ten months for the destruction of transgenic crops. ATTAC protested and called for him to be freed. A general pardon for Bastille Day, plus an individual action by President Jacques Chirac, reduced the sentence to end in December. The Left and the Right expressed dissatisfaction with the Presidential pardon on the grounds that it was entirely inadequate and wholly unjustified, respectively. June 22 is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 192 days remaining. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Events January January 1 - Luíz Inácio Lula Da Silva becomes the 37th President of Brazil. ... Association for the Taxation of Financial Transactions for the Aid of Citizens (ATTAC - Association pour la Taxation des Transactions pour lAide aux Citoyens) is an activist organization for the establishment of a tax on exchange transactions. ... Bastille Day is the French national holiday, celebrated on July 14th of each year. ... Jacques René Chirac (born 29 November 1932) is a French politician. ... In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms which refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially in the American sense of the word), or with opposition... In politics, right-wing, the political right, or simply the right, are terms which refer, with no particular precision, to the segment of the political spectrum in opposition to left-wing politics. ...

On April 23, 2004, Jose Bové announced that he would join the People's Congress of Kurdistan (Kongra-Gel), a Marxist-Leninist group which is on the European Union's list of terrorist groups, blamed for attacks totaling over 800 deaths.2 (http://www.cnn.com/2002/WORLD/europe/05/03/eu.terror/) April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (114th in leap years). ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Peoples Congress of Kurdistan (Kurdish name Kongra-Gel, short form of Kongra Gelê Kurdistan) describes its aims as to solve the Kurdish question through democratization of the Middle East, the creation of a Middle East Federation and the transformation of Middle Eastern society into a democratic-ecologic society. ... Vladimir Lenin in 1920 Leninism is a political and economic theory which builds upon Marxism; it is a branch of Marxism (and it has been the dominant branch of Marxism in the world since the 1920s). ...

External links

  • Kongra-Gel Activities (http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/para/pkk.htm) Global Security
  • Kongra-Gel Official (http://www.kongra-gel.com/index.php?lang=en&option=content&task=blogcategory&id=1&Itemid=36)
  • Via campesina (http://www.viacampesina.org)
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