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Encyclopedia > Jorhat

Jorhat is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India. The district headquarters are located at Jorhat. The district occupies an area of 2851 km² and has a population of 1,009,197 (as of 2001). Local government areas called districts are used, or have been used, in several countries. ... Assam (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a northeastern state of India with its capital at Dispur. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...

Contents


History

Jorhat, also known as Jorehaut, means two hats or mandis-“Macharhat” and “Chowkihat” which existed on the two different banks of the river Bhogdoi during the 18th Century, Jorhat was the last capital of the Ahom Kingdom. In the year 1794 the Ahom King Gaurinath shifted the capital from Sibsagar while Rangpur to Jorhat. This town was a flourishing and commercial metropolis but completely destroyed after a series of the Burmese Invasions since 1817 till the arrival of the British force in the year 1824 under the Stewardship of David Scott and Captain Richard. The Ahoms ruled parts of present-day Assam (in India) for nearly 600 years: from 1228 to 1826. ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Sibsagar is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India. ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... In general stewardship is responsibility for taking good care of resources entrusted to one. ... David Randolph Scott (born June 6, 1932) a former NASA Astronaut, was one of the third group of astronauts named by NASA in October 1963 and is one of only twelve men who have walked on the moon. ...


The British Rule, though, was not free from rebellions and revolutions, contributed to reemergence of this historical town. From the very first decade of the British rule, the great revolutionists who emerged were Gomdhar Konwar, Jeuram, and Piyali. The British system of administration came into vouge in the year 1839 with an established Police Thana. During the great Sepoy Mutiny and Piyali Barua was sabotaged and these leaders were hanged in public at this very place in 1858. 1839 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... An engraving titled Sepoy Indian troops dividing the spoils after their mutiny against British rule gives a contemporary view of events from the British perspective. ... 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


In 1885, a narrow gauge train services Jorhat Provincial Railway had come into operation and ultimately became instrumental in rapid growth of the tea industry. 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Tea leaves in a gaiwan. ...


Though, the Civil Sub-division under Sibsagar district at Jorhat was formed in 1869, this great place was declared as administration headquarters of the undivided Sibsagar district in 1911 which comprised of the present Sibsagar, Jorhat and Golaghat and parts of Karbi-Anglong district with Major A. Playfare as the first Deputy Commissioner. Presently, Jorhat is on its road to utopic mordenization with many commercial and non commercial establishments setting foot on its soil. The olest residents of this ever prosperous city have played a pivotal role in mouldin the city to what it is today. the families of the Baruahs, the Sharmas, The Singhs, the Doss have been the most influential families in transforming the once sleepy city into a bustling and a well organised city. its present DC is J.Shyamala Rao. Headquarters (HQ) denotes the location where most, if not all, of the important functions of an organization are concentrated. ...


Geography

On the North of the district, the Brahmaputra River forms the largest riverine island of the world, Majuli, which spreads over 924.6 square kilometers with a population of about 1.50 lakh (170,000). The island, threatened by constant erosion by the mighty and unstable Majuli River, had been the principal place of pilgrimage of Vaishnavites since the age of the Ahom rulers. Several Satras (monasteries) resembling those of medieval times are headed by Satradhikars teaching Vaishnavism which was initiated by Sankardeva (1449-1568). Each Satra has an unknown wealth of Vaishnav Scriptures and exensive revenue-free lands cultivated by the Bhakats (celibate monks) of the Satras. Brahmaputra A dugout with pilot in Chitwan. ... Majuli or Majoli is a river island in the Brahmaputra river, in the Indian state of Assam. ... Vaishnavites are followers of Vaishnavism in which Vishnu or His avatars are worshipped as the supreme God. ...


The district spreads over 2851 square kilometers and had a population of 8.7 lakhs or 870,000 according to a 1991 census. Population density at that time was 306 persons per square kilometer. The sex ratio is 913 (913 males per 1000 females). The district has SC and ST population of 7.61% and 12.09%, respectively, of the total population. However, the Majuli Sub-Division has a tribal population of 70% who are primarily “Misings”. Floods frequent the island every year without any exception. The mean annual railfall of the district is 2029 mm. There are about 135 tea gardens including "out" gardens. The predominant field crop is rice, with per capita food grain production of 205 Kg per annum.


Culture

The healthy education and cultural life of Jorhat can be best judged from the fact that District has as many as five Daily Newspapers published from here. Two of the most common are:


The Janambhumi Group

The Saptahik Janambhumi, The Dainik Janambhumi and Eastern Clarion, The Spatahik Janambhumi celebrated its 50 years of circulation and in the same way the Dainik Janambhumi crossed its 25 years of existence.


G.L. Publication Groups

The G.L. Publication publishes three News papers from Guwahati and Jorhat simultaneously. They are the North East Times in English, Amar Asom in Assamese and The Purbanchal Prohori in Hindi.


Jorhat is considered to be a good place for modern education. The Jorhat Govt. High School is the oldest school established in 1883 with special facilities for Science teaching. The Jagannath Barooah College is the oldest college in the district set up in 1930 and said to be first college and in upper Assam. Later, however many degree colleges and schools came up. The people of Jorhat can rightly be proud of being a part of its glorious heritage and culture. High school - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


The cultural environment which prevails in Jorhat is the result of untiring effort of people trying to preserve its culture. Jorhat has been able to produce many creative writers, historians, journalists, et cetera. The only Assamese to win highest award of literature in India, Gyanpith, happens to be from Joraht. Jorhat is the home of internationally reputed ideologists and educationists like Krishna Kanta Handique, former Vice Chancellor of Guwahati University. Literature is literally acquaintance with letters as in the first sense given in the Oxford English Dictionary (from the Latin littera meaning an individual written character (letter)). The term has generally come to identify a collection of texts, which in Western culture are mainly prose, both fiction and non-fiction...


See also

The divisions of a district. ...

External links

  • District Administration, Jorhat


State of Assam
Assam Topics | History | Politics | People of Assam
Capital Dispur
Districts Barpeta | Bongaigaon | Cachar | Darrang | Dhubri | Dibrugarh | Dhemaji | Golaghat | Goalpara | Hailakandi | Jorhat | Karbi Anglong | Kokrajhar | Kamrup | Karimganj | Lakhimpur | Marigaon | North Cachar Hills | Nagaon | Nalbari | Sibsagar | Sonitpur | Tinsukia
Major cities BarpetaBongaigaonDhubriDibrugarhDiphuGoalparaJorhatKarimganjNagaon • North Lakhimpur • SibsagarSilcharTezpurTinsukia

  Results from FactBites:
 
Jorhat city of Assam - India (317 words)
Jorhat is the main centre for the region, with an airport and road connections, and acts as the gateway to Kaziranga, Nagaland and northern Arunachal Pradesh.
Jorhat is well connected by air, with daily flights from Guwahati, and four flights a week from Calcutta.
Jorhat railway station is on the Farketing-Mariyani branch railway station.
Jorhat - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2764 words)
Jorhat is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India.
Jorhat, also known as Jorehaut, means two hats or mandis-“Macharhat” and “Chowkihat” which existed on the two different banks of the river Bhogdoi during the 18th Century, Jorhat was the last capital of the Ahom Kingdom.
Though, the Civil Sub-division under Sibsagar district at Jorhat was formed in 1869, this great place was declared as administration headquarters of the undivided Sibsagar district in 1911 which comprised of the present Sibsagar, Jorhat and Golaghat and parts of Karbi-Anglong district with Major A. Playfare as the first Deputy Commissioner.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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