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Encyclopedia > Joni Mitchell
Joni Mitchell

Joni Mitchell with her guitar case in Fort Macleod, Alberta in January 1969
Background information
Birth name Roberta Joan Anderson
Born November 7, 1943 (1943-11-07) (age 64)
Origin Fort Macleod, Alberta, Canada
Genre(s) Folk, Pop, Rock, Jazz, World Music
Occupation(s) Songwriter, producer, musician, painter
Instrument(s) vocals, piano, guitar, dulcimer
Years active 1967-present
Label(s) Reprise (1968–1972, 1994–2001)
Asylum (1972–1981)
Geffen (1982–1993)
Nonesuch (2002)
Hear Music (2007–present)
Website www.JoniMitchell.com

Joni Mitchell, CC (born Roberta Joan Anderson on November 7, 1943) is a Canadian musician, songwriter, and painter.[1] Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Fort Macleod is a town in the southwest of the province of Alberta, Canada. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified for the purpose of making music. ... Pianoforte redirects here. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... Two Appalachian dulcimers The Appalachian dulcimer is a fretted string instrument of the zither family, typically with three or four strings, although contemporary versions of the instrument can have as many as twelve strings and six courses. ... In the music industry, a record label can be a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... Reprise Records is an American record label, owned by Warner Music Group, operated through Warner Bros. ... For the label known as Asylum-Curb, see Curb Records. ... Geffen Records is an American record label, owned by Universal Music Group, and operates as one third of UMGs Interscope-Geffen-A&M label group. ... Nonesuch Records is currently allied with Warner Bros. ... Hear Music is the brand name of Starbucks retail music concept. ... Seal of the Order of Canada The Order of Canada is Canadas highest civilian honour, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the Orders Latin motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam, which means (those) desiring a better country (Hebrews 11. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the popular-music magazine, see Musician (magazine). ... A songwriter is someone who writes the lyrics to songs, the musical composition or melody to songs, or both. ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ...


Mitchell's singing began in small nightclubs and busking on the streets of Toronto and in her native Western Canada. She subsequently became associated with the burgeoning folk music scene of the mid-1960s in New York City. Mitchell achieved fame in the late 1960s and was considered a key part of the Southern California folk rock scene. Throughout the 1970s, she explored and combined the pop and jazz genres. Mitchell has amassed a body of work that is highly respected by both critics and fellow musicians[2], with the influential All Music Guide going as far as stating that, "When the dust settles, Joni Mitchell may stand as the most important and influential female recording artist of the late 20th century".[3] Busking is the practice of doing live performances in public places to entertain people, usually to solicit donations and tips. ... This article is about the region in Canada. ... Folk song redirects here. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the region of Southern California. ... Bob Dylans folk-rock album, Blonde on Blonde Folk-rock is a musical genre, combining elements of folk music and rock music. ... This article is about the genre of popular music. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a metadata database about music, owned by All Media Guide. ...


Mitchell is also an accomplished visual artist. She has, through photography or painting, created the artwork for each of her albums and, in 2000, in an interview with the Toronto Globe and Mail, described herself as a "painter derailed by circumstance". A blunt critic of the music industry, Mitchell had stopped recording over the last several years, focusing mainly on her visual art, but in 2007 released Shine, her first album of new songs in nine years. The Mona Lisa is one of the most recognizable artistic paintings in the Western world. ... Photography [fәtɑgrәfi:],[foʊtɑgrәfi:] is the process of recording pictures by means of capturing light on a light-sensitive medium, such as a film or electronic sensor. ... For other uses , see Painting (disambiguation). ... Shine is a new studio album by Joni Mitchell that will be released in Fall 2007. ...

Contents

Early life

Joni Mitchell was born Roberta Joan Anderson on November 7, 1943, in Fort Macleod, Alberta, Canada, to Bill Anderson and Myrtle Anderson (born McKee). Her mother was a teacher, and her father an officer in the Royal Canadian Air Force. During the war years, she moved with her parents to a number of bases in western Canada. After the war, her father began working as a grocer, and his work took the family to Saskatchewan to the towns of Maidstone and North Battleford. When she was eleven years old, the family settled in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, which Mitchell considers her hometown. is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Fort Macleod is community in the southeast of the province of Alberta Canada. ... For other uses, see Alberta (disambiguation). ... “RCAF” redirects here. ... North Battleford is a small city in west central Saskatchewan, Canada. ... Saskatoon is a city located in central Saskatchewan, Canada, on the South Saskatchewan River. ...


At the age of nine, Mitchell contracted polio during a Canadian epidemic, but recovered after a stay in the hospital. It was during this time that she first became interested in singing. She describes her first experience singing while in hospital during the winter in the following way: This article is about the disease. ... In epidemiology, an epidemic (from [[Latin language] epi- upon + demos people) is a disease that appears as new cases in a given human population, during a given period, at a rate that substantially exceeds what is expected, based on recent experience (the number of new cases in the population during...

"They said I might no[t] walk again, and that I would not be able to go home for Christmas. I wouldn't go for it. So I started to sing Christmas carols and I used to sing them real loud....The boy in the bed next to me, you know, used to complain. And I discovered I was a ham." [4] This page is about carols in general; for the short story by Charles Dickens, see A Christmas Carol. ...

She began smoking at the age of nine as well, a habit which is debatably one of the factors contributing to the change in her voice in recent years (Mitchell herself disputes this in several interviews).


As a teenager, she taught herself ukulele and, later, guitar and began performing at parties, which eventually led to busking and gigs playing in coffeehouses and other venues in Saskatoon. After finishing high school, she attended the Alberta College of Art and Design in Calgary for a year, but then left, telling her mother: “I'm going to Toronto to be a folksinger”. The ukulele (from Hawaiian: , pronounced ), variantly spelled ukelele (particularly in the UK), or alternately abbreviated uke, is a chordophone classified as a plucked lute; it is a subset of the guitar family of instruments, generally with four strings or four courses of strings. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... Discussing the War in a Paris Café, Illustrated London News 17 September 1870 Coffee shop redirects here. ... The Alberta College of Art & Design is located in Calgary on the North Hill overlooking the Bow River and the downtown skyline, in a 245,000 square foot (23,000 m²) building that was designed in 1973 specifically as an art college. ... This article is about the Canadian city. ...


And so, after leaving art-college in June 1964, Mitchell left her home in Saskatoon to relocate to Toronto. Joni also found out that she was pregnant by her college ex-boyfriend, and in February 1965 she gave birth to a baby girl. A few weeks after the birth, Joni married folk-singer Chuck Mitchell, and took his surname. He promised to help take responsibility for the child but something changed, and a few weeks later Joni gave her daughter, Kelly Dale Anderson, up for adoption. The experience remained private for most of her career, but she made allusions to it in several songs, most notably the song "Little Green" (from Blue), and, years later, the song "Chinese Cafe" from Wild Things Run Fast ("Your kids are coming up straight/My child's a stranger/I bore her/But I could not raise her"). Her daughter, renamed Kilauren Gibb, began a search for her as an adult, and the two were reunited in 1997. [5] This article is about human pregnancy in biological females. ... For other uses, see Adoption (disambiguation). ... Little Green is a song composed and performed by Joni Mitchell, from her 1971 album Blue. ...


In the summer of 1965, Chuck Mitchell took Joni with him to the U.S. However, the marriage and partnership of Joan & Chuck Mitchell dissolved in a year and a half, in early 1967. Thereafter, Mitchell launched her solo career.


Career

1960s: folk singer

In early 1967 Joni Mitchell moved to New York City to pursue her musical dreams as a solo artist. She played venues up and down the East Coast, including Philadelphia, Boston, and Fort Bragg, North Carolina. She performed frequently in coffeehouses and folk clubs and, by this time creating her own material, became well known for her unique songwriting and her innovative guitar style. Oscar Brand featured her several times on his CBC television program Let's Sing Out in 1965 and 1966, broadening her exposure. Folk clubs (as distinct from American folk-music nightclubs) were primarily an urban phenomenon of 1960s and 1970s Britain. ... Oscar Brand (born February 7, 1920, in Winnipeg, Manitoba) is a folk singer and songwriter. ...


Folk singer Tom Rush had met Mitchell in Toronto and was impressed with her songwriting ability. He took "Urge For Going" to Judy Collins but she was not sufficiently interested in the song at the time, so Rush recorded it himself. Then country singer George Hamilton IV heard Rush performing it and recorded a hit country version. Other artists who recorded Mitchell songs in the early years were Buffy Sainte-Marie ("The Circle Game"), Dave Van Ronk ("Both Sides Now"), and eventually Judy Collins ("Both Sides Now"). Tom Rush (February 8, 1941-) was a popular folk and blues musician in the early 1960s. ... Judith Marjorie Collins (born May 1, 1939 in Seattle, Washington) is an American folk and standards singer and songwriter, known for the stunning purity of her soprano; for her eclectic tastes in the material she records (which has included folk, showtunes, pop, and rock and roll); and for her social... George Hamilton IV (born July 19, 1937 in Winston-Salem, North Carolina) is an American country musician, known across the world for singles like Before This Day Ends and Abilene. He began performing in the late 1950s as a teen idol, only later switching to pop-country, then folk music. ... 7 Buffy Sainte-Marie Buffy Sainte-Marie (born February 20, 1941) is a Canadian First Nations musician, composer, visual artist, educator and social activist. ... Dave Van Ronk (June 30, 1936 – February 10, 2002) was a folk singer born in Brooklyn, New York, who settled in Greenwich Village, New York City, and was nicknamed the Mayor of MacDougal Street. ...


While she was playing one night in "The Gaslight South"[6], a club in Florida, David Crosby walked in and was immediately struck by her ability and her appeal as an artist. He took her back to Los Angeles, where he set about introducing her and her music to his friends. David convinced a record company to agree to let Joni record a solo acoustic album without all the folk-rock overdubs that were in vogue at the time, and his clout earned him a producer's credit in March 1968, when Reprise records released her debut album, Song to a Seagull. This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... David Van Cortlandt Crosby (born August 14, 1941) is an American guitarist, singer, and songwriter. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Song to a Seagull is Joni Mitchells 1968 debut album. ...


She continued her steady touring to promote the LP. The touring helped create an eager anticipation for Mitchell's second LP, Clouds, which was released in April 1969. It contained Mitchell's own versions of songs already recorded and being performed by other artists: "Chelsea Morning", "Both Sides Now", and "Tin Angel". Clouds is the 1969 second album by Joni Mitchell. ... Chelsea Morning is a 1969 Joni Mitchell single, which also appears on her album Clouds, from the same year. ... Both Sides Now is a song by Joni Mitchell. ...


Early and mid-1970s: chart success

Joni won the Grammy in March 1970 for Best Folk Performance of 1969 for her album, Clouds. Reprise released her third album, Ladies of the Canyon, soon after. It was an instant smash on FM radio and sold briskly through the summer and fall, eventually becoming Joni's first gold album (selling circa 500,000 copies). Ladies of the Canyon, Joni Mitchells third album (released in 1970), featured several of Mitchells most noted songs, including Big Yellow Taxi, Woodstock and The Circle Game. Notable for its expansion of Mitchells artistic vision and its varied song topics (ranging from the aesthetic weight of celebrity...


Joni made a decision to stop touring for a year and just write and paint, yet was still voted Top Female Performer for 1970 by Melody Maker, the UK's leading pop music magazine. The songs she wrote during the months she took off for travel and life experience would appear on her next album. This article is about the music newspaper. ...


The album, Blue, was released in June 1971. Blue was an almost instant critical and commercial success, and peaked in the top 20 in the Billboard Album Charts in September. The album was regarded as a culmination of her inspired early work, with depressed assessments of the world around her serving as counterpoint to exuberant expressions of romantic love. Mitchell later remarked, "At that period of my life, I had no personal defenses. I felt like a cellophane wrapper on a pack of cigarettes. I felt like I had absolutely no secrets from the world and I couldn't pretend in my life to be strong."[4] Blue is the 1971 album of Canadian-born singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell. ... Cellophane is a thin, transparent sheet made of processed cellulose. ...


She made the decision to return to the stage after the great success of Blue and she presented many new songs on that tour that would appear on her later album. Joni's fifth album, For the Roses was released in October 1972 and immediately zoomed up the charts. She followed with the single, "You Turn Me On, I'm a Radio", which peaked at #25 in the Billboard Charts for two weeks beginning in February 1973, becoming her first bona-fide hit single. The album was critically acclaimed and earned her success on her own terms. For the Roses is the 1972 album by Joni Mitchell. ...


Mitchell's next album, Court and Spark, released in January 1974, was her most commercially successful, critically acclaimed, and widely popular collection of songs; it went all the way to #2 on the Billboard album charts and stayed there for four weeks. It contained such popular tracks as "Free Man in Paris", which was released right before Christmas 1973, and "Help Me", which was released in March of the following year, and became Joni's only Top 10 single when it peaked at #7 in the first week of June. Court and Spark is Joni Mitchells January 1974 full-length release. ... Free Man In Paris is a song written by Canadian singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell. ... Help Me is the title of a Joni Mitchell love song that she first recorded for the 1974 album Court and Spark. ...


In February of 1974, her tour with the L.A. Express began, and they received rave notices as they traveled across the U.S. and Canada during the next two months. A series of shows at L.A.'s Universal Amphitheater from August 14-17 were recorded for a live album release. In November, that live album called Miles of Aisles, a two-record set with all but two songs coming from the L.A. concerts - a selection each from the Berkeley Community Center, on March 2nd, and the LA Music Center, on March 4th, were also included in the set – was released. The album slowly moved up to #2, matching Court and Sparks's peak. "Big Yellow Taxi", the live version, was released as a single and did reasonably well. Miles of Aisles is a 1974 live album by Joni Mitchell backed by The L.A. Express, on the Court and Spark tour. ...


In January of 1975, the Grammy nominations were announced and Mitchell received four nominations, which included being the only female in the Album of the Year contest. However, she only won one; for Best Arrangement Accompanying Vocals.


Mid to late-1970s: jazz experimentation

Joni went into the studio in the spring of 1975 to record acoustic demos of some songs she'd written since the tour ended. A few months later she recorded band versions of the tunes. This song cycle was released in November 1975 as the album The Hissing of Summer Lawns. The LP was a big seller and peaked at #4 on the Billboard album charts, but generally it was not well received at the time of its release. A common legend holds that Rolling Stone magazine declared it the "Worst Album of the Year"; in truth, it was called only the year's worst album title.[7] (Mitchell and Rolling Stone have had a contentious relationship, initiated years earlier when Rolling Stone featured a "tree" illustrating all of Mitchell's alleged romantic partners, primarily other musicians, which the singer said "hurt my feelings terribly at the time".)[8] The Hissing of Summer Lawns is Joni Mitchells album of 1975. ... This article is about the magazine. ...


During 1975 Mitchell also participated in several concerts in the Rolling Thunder Revue tours featuring Bob Dylan and Joan Baez, and in 1976 she performed as part of "The Last Waltz" by The Band. The Rolling Thunder Revue was a 1975-76 concert tour Bob Dylan arranged to include his old friends and cohorts from the early days of is career. ... This article is about the recording artist. ... Joan Chandos Baez (born January 9, 1941) is an American folk singer and songwriter known for her highly individual vocal style. ... The Last Waltz was a concert by the Canadian-American rock group, The Band, held on Thanksgiving Day, November 25, 1976, at Winterland Ballroom in San Francisco. ... For other uses, see Band. ...


In early 1976, Joni traveled with friends, who were driving cross country to Maine to retrieve the fellow's daughter who was living there with her grandmother. After, Joni drove back to California alone. Joni says "This album was written mostly while I was traveling in the car. That's why there were no piano songs..." These songs, along with some new ones she did live on the tour would appear on the next album she released, called Hejira. Joni recorded Hejira (meaning a journey especially when undertaken to seek refuge away from a dangerous or undesirable environment) in the summer of 1976, and the album was released in November. Hejira is a 1976 folk/rock/jazz album by Canadian singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell. ...


Hejira was greeted as a return to form for Mitchell by both fans and critics. The album climbed to #13 on the Billboard Charts, reaching gold status three weeks after release, and did receive a great deal of airplay from album oriented FM rock stations. "Coyote", backed with "Blue Motel Room", was released as a single, but failed to chart on the Hot 100 charts. While Hejira "did not sell as briskly as [Mitchell's earlier] more accessible albums", its stature in her catalogue has grown over the years.[9] Joni herself believes the album to be unique; in 2006, she said, "I suppose a lot of people could have written a lot of my other songs, but I feel the songs on Hejira could only have come from me". [9]


In early January, Joni received one Grammy nomination as Best Pop Vocal Performance, Female for the album The Hissing of Summer Lawns, though the Grammy went to Linda Ronstadt. The Hissing of Summer Lawns is Joni Mitchells album of 1975. ...


In the summer of 1977, Joni began work on what would be her first studio double album. Close to completing her contract with Asylum Records, Mitchell felt that this album could be looser in feel than any album she'd done in the past and said, "This record followed on the tail of persecution, it's experimental, and it didn't really matter what I did, I just had to fulfill my contract". The double LP and cassette, Don Juan's Reckless Daughter, was released in December 1977. The album received mixed reviews - its experimentation and originality were not generally expected of such a celebrated music star - but still did relatively well on the Billboard Charts, peaking at #25 and going gold within three months. The cover of the album created its own controversy; Mitchell was featured in several photographs on the cover, including one where she was disguised as a black man. Don Juans Reckless Daughter is a 1977 double album by Joni Mitchell. ...


A few months after the release of Don Juan's Reckless Daughter, Joni was contacted by jazz great Charles Mingus, who had heard the orchestrated song, "Paprika Plains", and wanted her to work with him. Mitchell's next work was a collaboration with Mingus, who died before the project was completed in 1979. Mitchell finished the tracks and the resulting album, Mingus, was released in June 1979, though it was poorly received. Topping out at #17 on the Billboard album charts, which was a higher placement than her last LP, Don Juan's Reckless Daughter, Mingus still fell short of gold status, her first album since the 60s to not sell at least a half-million copies. Mingus is the 1979 album by Joni Mitchell, a collaboration with jazz musician Charles Mingus recorded in the months before his passing. ...


Joni's summer tour to promote Mingus began in August in Oklahoma City and concluded six weeks later with five shows at the Greek Theater in L.A. where she recorded and filmed the concerts. When the tour ended, Joni began a year of work turning the tapes from the L.A shows into a two-album set and a concert film, both to be called Shadows and Light. Her final release on Asylum Records and her second live double-album, it was released in September 1980, and made it up to #38 on the Billboard Charts. A single from the LP, "Why Do Fools Fall in Love?", Joni's duet with The Persuasions (her opening act for the tour), bubbled under on Billboard, just missing the Hot 100. Shadows and Light is Joni Mitchells 1980 double live album, recorded at the Santa Barbara County Bowl in September 1979 on the Mingus tour. ...


1980s: the "Geffen era"

For a year and a half, Joni worked meticulously on the tracks for her next album. While the album was being readied for release, Joni's friend David Geffen, founder of Asylum Records, decided to start a new label, Geffen Records. As one of his premiere artists, he wanted his old friend and client Joni Mitchell. However, Joni still owed Asylum one record on her contract, and up through the fall of 1982, a new album from her was on their release lists. But when Wild Things Run Fast was finally shipped to record stores in late October, it was, indeed, on the new Geffen Records label. It appears that Geffen's power and influence was able to negate the remaining obligation Joni had with Asylum. Wild Things Run Fast marked a return to pop songwriting, including "Chinese Cafe/Unchained Melody", which incorporated the chorus and parts of the melody of the famous Righteous Brothers hit, and "(You're So Square) Baby I Don't Care", a remake of the Elvis chestnut which charted higher than any Mitchell single since her 70s sales peak when it climbed to #47 on the charts. The album, unfortunately, peaked on the Billboard Charts in its fifth week at only #25. David Geffen (born February 21, 1943) is an American record executive, film producer, theatrical producer, philanthropist. ... For the label known as Asylum-Curb, see Curb Records. ... Wild Things Run Fast is Joni Mitchells 1982 album and her first for Geffen Records. ...


As 1983 began, Joni began a world tour, visiting Japan, Australia, Ireland, the UK, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Scandinavia, Denmark and then back to the U.S. As 1984 ended, Joni was writing new songs, when she had a suggestion from Geffen that perhaps an outside producer with experience in the modern technical arenas they wanted to explore might be a worthy addition. British synth-pop performer and producer Thomas Dolby was brought on board. Of Dolby's role, Mitchell later commented: "I was reluctant when Thomas was suggested because he had been asked to produce the record [by Geffen], and would he consider coming in as just a programmer and a player? So on that level we did have some problems... He may be able to do it faster. He may be able to do it better, but the fact is that it then wouldn't really be my music."[citation needed] Synthpop is a style of popular music in which the synthesizer is the dominant musical instrument. ... Thomas Dolby (born Thomas Morgan Robertson, on 14 October 1958) is an English musician, producer, and inventor. ...


The album that resulted, Dog Eat Dog, released in October 1985, received a critical response that was mostly negative. Not surprisingly, the album turned out to be only a moderate seller, charting at #63 on Billboard's Top Albums Chart. This was Joni's lowest chart position since her first album peaked at #189 almost eighteen years before. Dog Eat Dog is Joni Mitchells album of 1985, her second album for Geffen Records. ...


Joni continued experimenting with synthesizers, drum machines and sequencers for the recordings of her next album, as she had on Dog Eat Dog, as well as collaborating with artists including Willie Nelson, Billy Idol, Wendy and Lisa, Tom Petty, Don Henley and Peter Gabriel. The album that eventuated was entitled Chalk Mark in a Rainstorm. The official first single of the album was "My Secret Place". It was released in March and "bubbled under" for a few weeks on the Billboard Hot 100 charts. The video, a black & white film featuring Joni and Peter Gabriel, got a bit of video airplay on VH-1, where it premiered in May of 1988. Other reviews were mostly very favorable towards the new album, and the fact that there were cameos by many well-known musicians brought it a great deal of notice. The album easily bested Dog Eat Dog's chart position, peaking at #45 on the Billboard Top Album chart. Dog Eat Dog is Joni Mitchells album of 1985, her second album for Geffen Records. ... Willie Hugh Nelson (born April 30, 1933) is an American singer-songwriter and actor. ... Billy Idol (born William Michael Albert Broad) is a British hard rock singer-songwriter and musician. ... Wendy and Lisa, also known as The Girl Bros. ... Thomas Earl Tom Petty (born October 20, 1950) is a singer, songwriter, and guitarist. ... Donald Hugh Don Henley (born July 22, 1947 in Gilmer, Texas) is an American rock musician who is the drummer and one of the lead singers and songwriters of the band Eagles. ... Peter Brian Gabriel (born 13 February 1950, in Cobham,[1] Surrey, England) is an English musician. ... Chalk Mark in a Rainstorm is the 1988 album by Joni Mitchell. ...


After the release of Chalk Mark in a Rainstorm, Mitchell participated in Roger Waters' The Wall Concert in Berlin. George Roger Waters (born 6 September 1943) is an English rock musician; singer, bassist, guitarist, songwriter, and composer. ... The Wall: Live in Berlin (1990) On 21 July 1990, Roger Waters produced a massive concert staging of The Wall in Berlin. ...


1990s: turbulence and resurgence

Turbulent Indigo (1994)
Turbulent Indigo (1994)

Throughout the first half of 1990, Joni recorded and worked on the songs that would appear on her next album. She delivered the final mixes for the new album to Geffen just before Christmas, after trying nearly a hundred different sequences for the songs. The album Night Ride Home was released by Geffen Records in March, 1991. In the U.S. it premiered on Billboard's Top Album charts at #68, moving up to #48 in its second week, and peaking at #41 in its sixth week. In the UK the new album premiered at #25 on the album charts. Critically, it was better received than her 80s work and seemed to signal a move closer to her acoustic beginnings. But to many, the real return to form came with the Grammy-winning Turbulent Indigo. Image File history File links Joni_Turbulent. ... Image File history File links Joni_Turbulent. ... Night Ride Home is Joni Mitchells 1991 album and her last for Geffen Records. ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... Turbulent Indigo is the 1994 album from Joni Mitchell album and one of the most successful of her, winning the Grammy Award for Album of the Year. ...


Indigo (1994) was Mitchell's most simple, straightforward set of songs in years, mixing politics (in "Sex Kills") with social commentary ("Sunny Sunday", "Borderline") to create "a startling comeback"[10] that won two Grammy awards, including Best Pop Album. The recording of Indigo saw the divorce of Mitchell and Larry Klein, whose musical collaboration had lasted four albums. Larry Klein (born 1959) is a music producer, songwriter and bass guitar player, commonly known for being the ex-husband, and frequent musical collaborator, of Joni Mitchell. ...


Mitchell then released her last set of 'original' new work before nearly a decade of other pursuits with Taming the Tiger (1998). She promoted Tiger with a return to regular concert appearances, most notably a co-headlining tour with Bob Dylan and Van Morrison. Taming the Tiger is the 1998 album by Joni Mitchell, and, until 2006 (when she announced a new record was in the works), was thought to be the last collection of all-new material Mitchell would ever release. ... This article is about the recording artist. ... George Ivan Morrison OBE (generally known as Van Morrison) (born August 31, 1945) is a Grammy Award-winning Irish singer, songwriter, author, poet and multi-instrumentalist, who has been a professional musician since the late 1950s. ...


It was around this time that critics began to notice a change in Mitchell's voice; the singer later admitted to feeling the same way, explaining that "I'd go to hit a note and there was nothing there."[11] While her more limited range and huskier vocals have sometimes been attributed to her smoking (she has been described as "one of the world's last great smokers"), Mitchell believes the changes in her voice that became noticeable in the nineties were due to other problems, including vocal nodules, a compressed larynx, and the lingering effects of having had polio.[11] In an interesting live interview with NPR in October of 2004, she denied that "my terrible habits" had anything to do with her more limited range and pointed out that singers often lose the upper register when they pass fifty. In addition, she contended that in her opinion her voice became a more interesting and expressive alto range when she no longer could hit the high notes, let alone hold them like she did in her remarkable youth.


Early 2000s: "I hate music"

The singer's next two albums featured no new songs and, Mitchell has said, were recorded to "fulfill contractual obligations".[10] Both Sides Now (2000) was an album composed mostly of covers of jazz standards, performed with an orchestra. It received mostly strong reviews and featured orchestral arrangements by Vince Mendoza, who would collaborate with her again on Travelogue, and remains a strong seller. The album contained reappraisals of "A Case of You" and the title track "Both Sides Now", two early hits transposed down to Mitchell's now dusky, soulful alto range. Its success led to 2002's Travelogue, a collection of re-workings of her previous songs with lush orchestral accompaniments. Mitchell had stated that this would be her final album. Both Sides Now is an album by Joni Mitchell, released in 2000. ... Jazz standard refers to a tune that is widely known, performed, and recorded among jazz musicians. ... Vince Mendoza (1961 -) is a music arranger and composer. ... Travelogue is a two disc album by Joni Mitchell featuring 2002 recordings of songs from throughout her carrier. ... A Case of You is a song written by Joni Mitchell and first recorded by her in 1971. ...

Dreamland (2004)
Dreamland (2004)

In a 2002 interview with Rolling Stone, Mitchell voiced her discontent with the current state of the music industry, describing it as a "cesspool".[8] She expressed her dislike of the record industry's dominance and her desire to control her own destiny, possibly through releasing her own music over the Internet. Image File history File links Joni-Mitchell_Dreamland. ... Image File history File links Joni-Mitchell_Dreamland. ... The record industry is the part of the music industry that earns profit by selling sound recordings of music. ...


During the next few years, the only albums Mitchell released were compilations of her earlier work. In 2003, Mitchell's Geffen recordings were collected in a four-disc box set, The Complete Geffen Recordings. Included were remastered versions of all four albums, personal notes by Mitchell herself and three bonus tracks: a wordless vocal demo of what would become "Two Grey Rooms" (from Night Ride Home), the basic piano demo for "Good Friends" (from Dog Eat Dog), and an unreleased cover of Bob Dylan's "It's All Over Now, Baby Blue". A series of themed compilations of songs from earlier albums were also released: The Beginning of Survival (2004), Dreamland (2004), and Songs of a Prairie Girl (2005), the last of which collected the threads of her Canadian upbringing and which she released after accepting an invitation to the Saskatchewan Centennial concert in Saskatoon. The concert, which featured a tribute to Mitchell, was also attended by Queen Elizabeth II. In Prairie Girl liner notes, she writes that the collection is "my contribution to Saskatchewan's Centennial celebrations". Night Ride Home is Joni Mitchells 1991 album and her last for Geffen Records. ... Dog Eat Dog is Joni Mitchells album of 1985, her second album for Geffen Records. ... This article is about the recording artist. ... Dreamland is a compilation album by Joni Mitchell, released in 2004 by Rhino. ... The front of the Saskatchewan Centennial Medal The Commemorative Medal for the Centennial of Saskatchewan also called the Saskatchewan Centennial Medal is a commemorative medal struck to celebrate the first 100 years since Saskatchewans entrance into Canadian confederation. ... Elizabeth II in an official portrait as Queen of Canada (on the occasion of her Golden Jubilee in 2002, wearing the Sovereigns badges of the Order of Canada and the Order of Military Merit) Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary) (born 21 April 1926), styled HM The...


Although Mitchell stated that she would no longer tour or give concerts, she has made occasional public appearances to speak (for example) on environmental issues.[12] Mitchell divides her time between her long-time home in Los Angeles, and the 80 acre property in Sechelt, British Columbia she's owned since the early '70s. "L.A. is my workplace", she said in 2006, "B.C. is my heartbeat".[13] She focuses mainly on her visual art, which she does not sell and which she displays only on rare occasions.[14] Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... The District of Sechelt is centrally located on the Sunshine Coast of British Columbia. ...


Recent developments

In the early 1990s, Mitchell had signed a deal with Random House to publish an autobiography.[15] In 1998, she told The New York Times that her memoirs were "in the works", that they would be published in as many as four volumes, and that the first line would be "I was the only black man at the party".[16] In 2005, Mitchell said that she continued to work on the project, and was using a tape recorder to get "down [her memories] in the oral tradition".[17] // Random House is a publishing house based in New York City. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ...


In an October 2006 interview with The Ottawa Citizen, Mitchell "revealed she's recording her first collection of new songs in nearly a decade", but gave few other details.[9] Four months later, in an interview with The New York Times, Mitchell said that the forthcoming album, titled Shine, was inspired by the war in Iraq and "something her grandson had said while listening to family fighting: 'Bad dreams are good—in the great plan'".[18] Early media reports characterized the album as having "a minimal feel....that harks back to [Mitchell's] early work", and a focus on political and environmental issues.[11] Shine is a new studio album by Joni Mitchell that will be released in Fall 2007. ...


In February 2007, Mitchell returned to Calgary and served as an advisor for the Alberta Ballet Company premiere of "The Fiddle and the Drum", a dance choreographed to both new and old songs. Mitchell also filmed portions of the rehearsals for a documentary she's working on. Of the flurry of recent activity she quipped, "I've never worked so hard in my life".[18] This article is about the Canadian city. ... The Alberta Ballet Company, in Edmonton, Alberta, was founded by Ruth Carse in the late 1950s and became a professional company in 1966. ...


In summer 2007, Mitchell's official fan-run site confirmed speculation that she had signed a 2-record deal with Starbucks' Hear Music label. Shine was released by the label on September 25, 2007.[19] On the same day, Herbie Hancock, a longtime associate and friend of Mitchell's, released River: The Joni Letters, an album paying tribute to Mitchell's work. Among the album's contributors were Norah Jones, Tina Turner, Leonard Cohen, and Mitchell herself, who contributed a vocal to the re-recording of "The Tea Leaf Prophecy (Lay Down Your Arms)" (originally on her album Chalk Mark in a Rainstorm).[20] For other uses of Starbuck, see Starbuck. ... Hear Music is the brand name of Starbucks retail music concept. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Herbert Jeffrey Hancock (born April 12, 1940 in Chicago, Illinois) is an Academy Award and Grammy award-winning American jazz pianist and composer. ... Norah Jones (born Geethali Norah Jones Shankar on March 30, 1979) is an American singer-songwriter, pianist, keyboardist, guitarist, and occasional actress of Anglo-American and Bengali descent. ... Tina Turner (born Anna Mae Bullock) November 26, 1939) is an 11 time Grammy Award-winning (sharing three), American Singer, Dancer, Record Producer, Executive Producer, Film Producer, Actress, Writer, Performer, Songwriter, Author and occasional Painter whose career has spanned from 1956 to present. ... Leonard Norman Cohen, CC (born September 21, 1934 in Westmount, Quebec) is a Canadian singer-songwriter, poet and novelist. ... Chalk Mark in a Rainstorm is the 1988 album by Joni Mitchell. ...


On February 10, 2008, Herbie Hancock's "River: The Joni Letters" won Album of the Year at the Grammy Awards. It was the first time in 43 years that a jazz artist took the top prize at the annual award ceremony. In accepting the award, Hancock paid tribute to Mitchell as well as to Miles Davis and John Coltrane. At the same ceremony Mitchell was awarded a grammy for Best Instrumental Pop Performance for "One Week Last Summer" from the Album "Shine."


Musical legacy

Unique guitar style

Almost every song she composed on the guitar uses an open, or non-standard, tuning; she has written songs in some 50 different tunings, which she has referred to as "Joni's weird chords". The use of alternative tunings allows more varied and complex harmonies to be produced on the guitar, without the need for difficult chord shapes. Indeed, many of Joni's guitar songs use very simple chord shapes, but her use of alternative tunings and a highly rhythmic picking/strumming style creates a rich and unique guitar sound. Her right-hand picking/strumming technique has evolved over the years from an initially intricate picking style, typified by the guitar songs on her first album, to a looser and more rhythmic style, sometimes incorporating percussive "slaps", that have been featured on later albums. In guitar playing, an open tuning is one where the strings are tuned so that a chord is achieved without fretting, or pressing any of the strings. ...


Mitchell's longtime archivist, the San Francisco-based Joel Bernstein, maintains a detailed list of all her tunings, and has assisted her in relearning the tunings for several older songs.[21][22] Joel Bernstein is a music photographer. ...


In 2003 Rolling Stone named her the 72nd greatest guitarist of all time; she was the highest-ranked woman on the list. [23] This article is about the magazine. ...


Influences on other artists

Mitchell could be labelled a "musician's musician"; her work has had an enormous influence on artists as disparate as Annie Lennox, Jeff Buckley, Dan Fogelberg, Elvis Costello, Tori Amos, Juice Newton, Maynard James Keenan, Clannad, Madonna, Prince, Björk, George Michael, Conor Oberst, Morrissey, The Roots, The Sundays, KT Tunstall, Meg & Dia and Marie Fredriksson (Roxette) . Annie Lennox (born 25 December 1954) is a Scottish musician, vocalist, and Academy Award-winning songwriter. ... Jeffrey Scott Buckley (November 17, 1966 – May 29, 1997), raised as Scotty Moorhead,[1] was an acclaimed American singer-songwriter and guitarist. ... The cover of the album The Essential Dan Fogelberg Daniel Grayling Fogelberg (b. ... Elvis Costello (born Declan Patrick McManus August 25, 1954) is an English musician, singer, and songwriter. ... Tori Amos (born Myra Ellen Amos on August 22, 1963) is an American pianist and singer-songwriter. ... Juice Newton (born Judy Kay Cohen 18 February 1952 in Lakehurst, New Jersey) is a Grammy Award-winning American pop music and country singer. ... Maynard James Keenan (born James Herbert Keenan on April 17, 1964) is an American rock singer, songwriter, musician, and producer. ... This article is about the Irish musical group. ... This article is about the American entertainer. ... For other uses, see Prince (disambiguation). ... This article is about the musician. ... For other persons named George Michael, see George Michael (disambiguation). ... Conor Mullen Oberst (born February 15, 1980) is an American songwriter, singer and poet best known for his work in Bright Eyes. ... For other uses, see Morrissey (disambiguation). ... The Roots, a. ... “sundays” redirects here. ... Kate KT Tunstall (born 23 June 1975) is a Scottish singer and songwriter. ... Meg & Dia is an American Indie Rock band formed in 2004. ... Marie Fredriksson 2006   is best known as the lead singer of the Swedish pop duo Roxette. ... Roxette is a Swedish pop-music double act, sometimes rock-influenced, whose members are Marie Fredriksson and Per Gessle. ...


For instance, Prince's song "The Ballad of Dorothy Parker" off the album Sign 'O' the Times, pays tribute to Mitchell, both through his evocative Mitchell-like harmonies and through the use of one of Mitchell's own techniques: as in Mitchell's song "This Flight Tonight", Prince references a song in his lyrics (Joni's own "Help Me") as the music begins to emulate the chords and melody of that song. Another Joni reference left by Prince can also be seen on the back cover of his 1981 Controversy record - one of the headlines reads "★JONI★". Mandy Moore also expressed a huge admiration for Mitchell upon the release of her 2003 album Coverage on which she covered Mitchell's classic "Help Me". For other uses, see Prince (disambiguation). ... Dorothy Parker (August 22, 1893 – June 7, 1967) was an American writer and poet, best known for her caustic wit, wisecracks, and sharp eye for 20th century urban foibles. ... Sign O the Times was Princes 1986 follow-up to Parade his first solo album since splitting with The Revolution. ... Controversy is Princes 4th album, released in 1981. ... Amanda Leigh Mandy Moore (born April 10, 1984) is an American pop singer, songwriter, model, and actress. ... Coverage is a 2003 cover album by singer Mandy Moore. ...


A number of artists have had hits covering Mitchell's songs; most recently Sarah McLachlan, who included her version of "River" on her 2006 Christmas album, Wintersong (a year after Aimee Mann covered the same song on her own 2005 Christmas EP). McLachlan also did a version of "Blue" years before. Amy Grant scored a hit in 1995 with a cover of "Big Yellow Taxi", as did The Counting Crows in 2002 and Nena in 2007. Further to this, Janet Jackson used a sample of "Big Yellow Taxi" as the centerpiece of her 1997 single "Got 'Til It's Gone". Rap artists Kanye West and Mac Dre have also sampled Mitchell's vocals in their music. In 2004 singer George Michael covered her song "Edith And The Kingpin" for a radio show. Annie Lennox has covered "Ladies Of The Canyon" for the B-side of her 1995 hit "No More I Love You's". Other famous Mitchell covers include "Woodstock" by both Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young and Matthews Southern Comfort, "This Flight Tonight" by Nazareth, "Both Sides Now" by Judy Collins, Clannad, Paul Young and Roger Whittaker, "Woodstock" by Eva Cassidy and "A Case Of You" by Tori Amos, Jane Monheit, Prince, and Diana Krall. Sarah Ann McLachlan, OC,[2] OBC[2] (born January 28, 1968) is a Grammy-winning Canadian musician, singer and songwriter. ... Wintersong is a holiday album from Canadian singer/songwriter Sarah McLachlan, released on October 17, 2006. ... Aimee Mann (born September 8, 1960) is an American rock guitarist, bassist, singer, and noted songwriter. ... Amy Lee Grant (born November 25, 1960 in Augusta, Georgia) is an American singer-songwriter, best known for her Contemporary Christian Music and pop music, and a New York Times Bestselling author, TV personality, and occasional actress. ... Counting Crows is a rock band originating from Berkeley, California. ... Nena (born March 24, 1960 in Hagen, North Rhine-Westphalia) is a German singer who became famous with the New German Wave song 99 Luftballons (99 Red Balloons in the English version). ... This article is about the singer. ... Got Til Its Gone is the first single from Janet Jacksons sixth studio album, The Velvet Rope. The song was released as the international first single for the album. ... Kanye Omari West (pronounced /kɑnjɛj/) (born June 8, 1977) is an American record producer and rapper who rose to fame in the mid 2000s. ... Andre Hicks (July 5, 1970 – November 1, 2004), better known by his stage name, Mac Dre, was a San Francisco Bay Area-based gangsta rapper from Vallejo, California. ... For other persons named George Michael, see George Michael (disambiguation). ... Annie Lennox (born 25 December 1954) is a Scottish musician, vocalist, and Academy Award-winning songwriter. ... Crosby, Stills & Nash, also Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young when including occasional fourth member Neil Young, are a folk rock/rock supergroup. ... Iain Matthews (known in the 1960s first as Ian MacDonald, and from the late 1960s until 1989 as Ian Matthews) is a British musician and songwriter. ... For other uses, see Nazareth (disambiguation). ... Judith Marjorie Collins (born May 1, 1939 in Seattle, Washington) is an American folk and standards singer and songwriter, known for the stunning purity of her soprano; for her eclectic tastes in the material she records (which has included folk, showtunes, pop, and rock and roll); and for her social... This article is about the Irish musical group. ... For other persons named Paul Young, see Paul Young (disambiguation). ... Roger Whittaker Roger Whittaker (born March 22, 1936 in Nairobi, Kenya) is a British singer/songwriter and musician with worldwide record sales of more than 55 million. ... Eva Marie Cassidy (February 2, 1963 in Washington, DC – November 2, 1996 in Bowie, Maryland) was an American vocalist described by the British newspaper The Guardian as one of the greatest voices of her generation. ... Tori Amos (born Myra Ellen Amos on August 22, 1963) is an American pianist and singer-songwriter. ... Jane Monheit (born November 3, 1977) is a jazz and adult contemporary vocalist for Concord Records who rose to notoriety with her debut album Never Never Land as well as collaborations with artists such as Michael Bublé and Grammy nominations for two of her recordings. ... The term prince, from the Latin root princeps, is used for a member of the highest ranks of the aristocracy or the nobility. ... Diana Jean Krall, OC, OBC (born November 16, 1964) is a Grammy award-winning Canadian jazz pianist and singer. ...


Although Mitchell usually refrains from commenting on other artists, particularly ones that she influences, she has expressed satisfaction with the work of two jazz-based artists who have interpreted her songs, Cassandra Wilson and Diana Krall. Although most listeners tend to remember Mitchell's earlier, more commercially popular work, many musicians have found inspiration in her more experimental work, particularly The Hissing of Summer Lawns and Hejira. Cassandra Wilson (born December 4, 1955) is an American jazz musician, vocalist, songwriter, and producer from Jackson, Mississippi. ... Diana Jean Krall, OC, OBC (born November 16, 1964) is a Grammy award-winning Canadian jazz pianist and singer. ... The Hissing of Summer Lawns is Joni Mitchells album of 1975. ... Hejira is a 1976 folk/rock/jazz album by Canadian singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell. ...


Led Zeppelin's "Going to California" was said to be written about Robert Plant and Jimmy Page's infatuation with Mitchell, a claim that seems to be borne out by the fact that, in live performances, Plant often says "Joni" after the line "To find a queen without a king, they say she plays guitar and cries and sings". Jimmy Page uses a double dropped D guitar tuning similar to the alternative tunings Mitchell uses. For the bands 1969 eponymous debut album, see Led Zeppelin (album). ... Going to California is the penultimate song by the English rock band Led Zeppelin on their fourth album, released in 1971. ... Robert Anthony Plant (born August 20, 1948, West Bromwich, West Midlands, England), is an English rock singer and songwriter, famous for his membership in the rock band Led Zeppelin as the lead vocalist, as well as for his successful solo career. ... For the Scottish football (soccer) player, see Jimmy Page (footballer). ...


The Sonic Youth song Hey Joni from their Daydream Nation album is named for Mitchell. Sonic Youth also uses a wide variety of alternate guitar tunings. Sonic Youth is an American alternative rock band formed in New York City in 1981. ... Daydream Nation is an album by alternative rock band Sonic Youth, released in 1988. ...


Madonna has cited Mitchell as the first female artist that really spoke to her as a teenager; "I was really, really into Joni Mitchell. I knew every word to Court and Spark; I worshiped her when I was in high school. Blue is amazing. I would have to say of all the women I've heard, she had the most profound effect on me from a lyrical point of view."[24] This article is about the American entertainer. ... Court and Spark is Joni Mitchells January 1974 full-length release. ... Blue is the 1971 album of Canadian-born singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell. ...


Marie Fredriksson has also cited Joni Mitchell as one of her greatest inspirations. For example fellow Roxette band member Per Gessle has written that the Roxette Album "Pearls of Passion" was a mix of Joni Mitchell and other musicians: "Clarence Öfwerman produced the album and it certainly was a somewhat strange combination; Clarence with his Peter Gabriel and Kate Bush preferences, Marie with her Joni Mitchell and Suzanne Vega-fantasies and me with my candy-coated Blondie collection." Fredriksson had also covered Mitchell's hit For Free. There are rumours that she is working on a new Joni Mitchell tribute album. Marie Fredriksson 2006   is best known as the lead singer of the Swedish pop duo Roxette. ... Roxette is a Swedish pop-music double act, sometimes rock-influenced, whose members are Marie Fredriksson and Per Gessle. ... Per HÃ¥kan Gessle [IPA: pæːr gÉ›slÉ›] (born January 12, 1959, in Halmstad, Sweden) is the songwriter and male lead singer of the Swedish bands Gyllene Tider and Roxette. ... Roxette is a Swedish pop-music double act, sometimes rock-influenced, whose members are Marie Fredriksson and Per Gessle. ... Pearls of Passion was Roxettes first album, released on October 31, 1986. ...


In 2007, Nonesuch Records released A Tribute to Joni Mitchell, a CD featuring Sufjan Stevens, Björk, Caetano Veloso, Brad Mehldau, Cassandra Wilson, Prince, Sarah McLachlan, Annie Lennox, Emmylou Harris, Elvis Costello, k.d. Lang and James Taylor. Some of the recordings were made in the late 1990s when a project entitled 'A Case Of Joni' was developed, although never released. Among those who recorded tracks for the first tribute album, and remain unreleased were Janet Jackson and Sheryl Crow. Nonesuch Records is currently allied with Warner Bros. ... A Tribute To Joni Mitchell is a tribute to Joni Mitchell featuring Sufjan Stevens, Björk, Caetano Veloso, Brad Mehldau, Cassandra Wilson, Prince, Sarah McLachlan, Annie Lennox, Emmylou Harris, Elvis Costello, k. ... Sufjan Stevens (IPA pronunciation: ) (born July 1, 1975) is an American singer-songwriter and musician from Petosky, Michigan. ... This article is about the musician. ... Caetano Emanuel Viana Teles Veloso (born August 7, 1942), better known as Caetano Veloso, is a Grammy Award-winning composer, singer, guitarist, writer, and political activist. ... Brad Mehldau (born August 23, 1970) is an American jazz pianist. ... Cassandra Wilson (born December 4, 1955) is an American jazz musician, vocalist, songwriter, and producer from Jackson, Mississippi. ... For other uses, see Prince (disambiguation). ... Sarah Ann McLachlan, OC,[2] OBC[2] (born January 28, 1968) is a Grammy-winning Canadian musician, singer and songwriter. ... Annie Lennox (born 25 December 1954) is a Scottish musician, vocalist, and Academy Award-winning songwriter. ... Emmylou Harris (born April 2, 1947, Birmingham, Alabama) is a country, folk, alternative rock, and alternative country musician. ... Elvis Costello (born Declan Patrick McManus August 25, 1954) is an English musician, singer, and songwriter. ... K.D. Lang, OC (or k. ... James Vernon Taylor (born March 12, 1948) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, born in Belmont, Massachusetts. ... This article is about the singer. ... Sheryl Suzanne Crow (born February 11, 1962) is an American singer-songwriter and musician. ...


Awards and honors

Mitchell was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997. In 1995, she received Billboard's Century Award. In 1996 she was awarded the Polar Music Prize. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at sunset. ... The Polar Music Prize is an international music prize and awarded to individuals, groups or institutions in recognition of exceptional achievements in the creation and advancement of music. The prize was founded in 1989 following a donation from Stig Anderson and is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of...


She has received nine regular Grammy Awards during her career, with the first coming in 1969 and the most recent in 2008. She received a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 2002, with the citation describing her as "one of the most important female recording artists of the rock era" and "a powerful influence on all artists who embrace diversity, imagination and integrity." This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award is awarded by the Recording Academy to performers who, during their lifetimes, have made creative contributions of outstanding artistic significance to the field of recording [1]. This award is distinct from the Grammy Hall of Fame Award, which honors specific recordings rather than individuals, and...


Regarding Mitchell as a national treasure, Mitchell's home country Canada has bestowed her with a number of honours. She was inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame in 1981 and received a star on Canada's Walk of Fame in 2000. In 2002 she became only the third popular Canadian singer/songwriter (Gordon Lightfoot and Leonard Cohen being the other two), to be appointed a Companion of the Order of Canada, Canada's highest civilian honour. She received an honorary doctorate in music from McGill University in 2004. She has been recognized as a member of an influential group of Canadian singer-songwriters who emerged in the 1960s and 1970s,[25] and in January 2007 she was inducted into the Canadian Songwriters Hall of Fame. In June, 2007, Canada Post featured Mitchell on a postage stamp. [26] The Canadian Music Hall of Fame honors Canadian musicians for their lifetime achievements in music. ... Gordon Meredith Lightfoot Jr. ... Leonard Norman Cohen, CC (born September 21, 1934 in Westmount, Quebec) is a Canadian singer-songwriter, poet and novelist. ... Seal of the Order of Canada The Order of Canada is Canadas highest civilian honour, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the Orders Latin motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam, which means (those) desiring a better country (Hebrews 11. ... An Honorary degree (Latin: honoris causa ad gradum) is a degree awarded to someone by an institution that he or she may have never attended, it may be a bachelors, masters or doctorate degree - however, the latter is most common. ... McGill University is a public co-educational research university located in Montréal, Québec, Canada. ... The Canadian Songwriters Hall of Fame (French: Panthéon des Auteurs et Compositeurs Canadiens) is a Canadian non-profit organisation, founded in 1998, that honours the best [[songwriters}} of Canada. ... Canada Post Corporation (French: Société canadienne des postes) is a Canadian postal service operated as a crown corporation. ...


In November, 2006, the album Blue was listed by Time magazine as among the "All-Time 100 Albums".[27]


In the 1990s Mitchell was listed as fourth on VH-1's list of "The One Hundred Most Important Women in Rock."


Grammy Awards

Year Category Work Result
1969 Best Folk Performance Clouds Won
1974 Album of the Year Court and Spark Nomination
1974 Record of the Year "Help Me" Nomination
1974 Pop Female Vocalist Court and Spark Nomination
1974 Best Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist(s) "Down To You" Won
1976 Pop Female Vocalist The Hissing of Summer Lawns Nomination
1977 Best Album Package Hejira Nomination
1988 Pop Female Vocalist Chalk Mark in a Rainstorm Nomination
1995 Best Pop Album Turbulent Indigo Won
1995 Best Album Package Turbulent Indigo Won
2000 Best Female Pop Vocal Performance Both Sides Now Nomination
2000 Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album Both Sides Now Won
2002 Lifetime Achievement Award - Won
2003 Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist(s) "Woodstock" (Travelogue recording) Won
2007 Album of the Year River: The Joni Letters Won *
2007 Best Pop Instrumental Performance "One Week Last Summer" Won

- * Although officially a Herbie Hancock release, Joni also received a Grammy due to her vocal contribution to the album. Clouds is the 1969 second album by Joni Mitchell. ... Court and Spark is Joni Mitchells January 1974 full-length release. ... Help Me is the title of a Joni Mitchell love song that she first recorded for the 1974 album Court and Spark. ... Court and Spark is Joni Mitchells January 1974 full-length release. ... The Hissing of Summer Lawns is Joni Mitchells album of 1975. ... Hejira is a 1976 folk/rock/jazz album by Canadian singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell. ... Chalk Mark in a Rainstorm is the 1988 album by Joni Mitchell. ... Turbulent Indigo is the 1994 album from Joni Mitchell album and one of the most successful of her, winning the Grammy Award for Album of the Year. ... Turbulent Indigo is the 1994 album from Joni Mitchell album and one of the most successful of her, winning the Grammy Award for Album of the Year. ... Both Sides Now is an album by Joni Mitchell, released in 2000. ... Both Sides Now is an album by Joni Mitchell, released in 2000. ... Travelogue is a two disc album by Joni Mitchell featuring 2002 recordings of songs from throughout her carrier. ... Herbert Jeffrey Hancock (born April 12, 1940 in Chicago, Illinois) is an Academy Award and Grammy award-winning American jazz pianist and composer. ...


Discography

Albums

Year Album Chart Positions
U.S. UK. Canada Australia
1968 Song to a Seagull 189 - - -
1969 Clouds 31 - 22 -
1970 Ladies of the Canyon 27 8 16 32
1971 Blue 15 3 9 -
1972 For the Roses 11 - 5 19
1974 Court and Spark 2 14 1 34
1974 Miles of Aisles 2 34 13 46
1975 The Hissing of Summer Lawns 4 14 7 62
1976 Hejira 13 11 22 38
1977 Don Juan's Reckless Daughter 25 20 28 -
1979 Mingus 17 24 37 44
1980 Shadows and Light 38 63 73 70
1982 Wild Things Run Fast 25 32 33 51
1985 Dog Eat Dog 63 53 44 86
1988 Chalk Mark in a Rain Storm 45 26 23 44
1991 Night Ride Home 41 25 29 55
1994 Turbulent Indigo 47 53 24 -
1998 Taming the Tiger 75 57 86 -
2000 Both Sides Now 66 50 19 -
2002 Travelogue - 144 - -
2007 Shine 14 36 13 71

Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... The Billboard 200 is a ranking of the 200 highest-selling music albums and EPs in the United States, published weekly by Billboard magazine. ... Song to a Seagull is Joni Mitchells 1968 debut album. ... Clouds is the 1969 second album by Joni Mitchell. ... Ladies of the Canyon, Joni Mitchells third album (released in 1970), featured several of Mitchells most noted songs, including Big Yellow Taxi, Woodstock and The Circle Game. Notable for its expansion of Mitchells artistic vision and its varied song topics (ranging from the aesthetic weight of celebrity... Blue is the 1971 album of Canadian-born singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell. ... For the Roses is the 1972 album by Joni Mitchell. ... Court and Spark is Joni Mitchells January 1974 full-length release. ... Miles of Aisles is a 1974 live album by Joni Mitchell backed by The L.A. Express, on the Court and Spark tour. ... The Hissing of Summer Lawns is Joni Mitchells album of 1975. ... Hejira is a 1976 folk/rock/jazz album by Canadian singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell. ... Don Juans Reckless Daughter is a 1977 double album by Joni Mitchell. ... Mingus is the 1979 album by Joni Mitchell, a collaboration with jazz musician Charles Mingus recorded in the months before his passing. ... Shadows and Light is Joni Mitchells 1980 double live album, recorded at the Santa Barbara County Bowl in September 1979 on the Mingus tour. ... Wild Things Run Fast is Joni Mitchells 1982 album and her first for Geffen Records. ... Dog Eat Dog is Joni Mitchells album of 1985, her second album for Geffen Records. ... Chalk Mark in a Rainstorm is the 1988 album by Joni Mitchell. ... Night Ride Home is Joni Mitchells 1991 album and her last for Geffen Records. ... Turbulent Indigo is the 1994 album from Joni Mitchell album and one of the most successful of her, winning the Grammy Award for Album of the Year. ... Taming the Tiger is the 1998 album by Joni Mitchell, and, until 2006 (when she announced a new record was in the works), was thought to be the last collection of all-new material Mitchell would ever release. ... Both Sides Now is an album by Joni Mitchell, released in 2000. ... Travelogue is a two disc album by Joni Mitchell featuring 2002 recordings of songs from throughout her carrier. ... Shine is a new studio album by Joni Mitchell that will be released in Fall 2007. ...

Compilations

Hits is a 1996 greatest hits compilation by Joni Mitchell. ... The Beginning of Survival is a compilation album by Joni Mitchell, released in 2004 by Geffen. ... Dreamland is a compilation album by Joni Mitchell, released in 2004 by Rhino. ... Songs of a Prairie Girl is the third (and last) in Joni Mitchells series of compilations. ... Remaster (and its derivations, frequently found in the phrases digitally remastered or digital remastering) is a word and concept ushered into the mass consciousness via the digital age, although it had existed before then. ...

Selected Singles

Year Song Chart positions Album
US UK Canada Australia
1970 Big Yellow Taxi 67 11 14 6 Ladies of the Canyon
1971 Carey 93 - 27 - Blue
1971 A Case Of You - - - - Blue
1972 You Turn Me on I'm a Radio 25 - 10 37 For the Roses
1974 Raised on Robbery 65 - 51 - Court and Spark
1974 Help Me 7 - 6 - Court and Spark
1974 Free Man in Paris 22 - 16 - Court and Spark
1975 Big Yellow Taxi (live) 24 - 54 - Miles of Aisles
1975 In France They Kiss on Main Street 66 - 19 - The Hissing of Summer Lawns
1976 Coyote - - 79 - Hejira
1980 Why Do Fools Fall in Love 102 - - - Shadows and Light
1982 (You're So Square) Baby, I Don't Care 47 - - - Wild Things Run Fast
1985 Good Friends 85 - - - Dog Eat Dog
1988 My Secret Place - - 44 - Chalk Mark in a Rainstorm
1991 Come In From The Cold - - 27 - Night Ride Home
1994 How Do You Stop - 132 56 - Turbulent Indigo
1994 Sex Kills - - 68 - Turbulent Indigo
1997 Got 'Til It's Gone (Janet Jackson ft. Q-Tip and Joni Mitchell) - 6 10 10 The Velvet Rope

The Billboard 200 is a ranking of the 200 highest-selling music albums and EPs in the United States, published weekly by Billboard magazine. ... Big Yellow Taxi is a song originally written and performed by Joni Mitchell. ... Ladies of the Canyon, Joni Mitchells third album (released in 1970), featured several of Mitchells most noted songs, including Big Yellow Taxi, Woodstock and The Circle Game. Notable for its expansion of Mitchells artistic vision and its varied song topics (ranging from the aesthetic weight of celebrity... Carey is a song from the 1971 Joni Mitchell album Blue. ... Blue is the 1971 album of Canadian-born singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell. ... A Case of You is a song written by Joni Mitchell and first recorded by her in 1971. ... Blue is the 1971 album of Canadian-born singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell. ... For the Roses is the 1972 album by Joni Mitchell. ... Court and Spark is Joni Mitchells January 1974 full-length release. ... Help Me is the title of a Joni Mitchell love song that she first recorded for the 1974 album Court and Spark. ... Court and Spark is Joni Mitchells January 1974 full-length release. ... Free Man In Paris is a song written by Canadian singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell. ... Court and Spark is Joni Mitchells January 1974 full-length release. ... Big Yellow Taxi is a song originally written and performed by Joni Mitchell. ... Miles of Aisles is a 1974 live album by Joni Mitchell backed by The L.A. Express, on the Court and Spark tour. ... The Hissing of Summer Lawns is Joni Mitchells album of 1975. ... Coyote was the opening song from Joni Mitchells 1976 album Hejira and also the first single. ... Hejira is a 1976 folk/rock/jazz album by Canadian singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell. ... Why Do Fools Fall in Love was originally a 1956 hit song by doo-wop group Frankie Lymon & the Teenagers and later revived 25 years later by soul singer Diana Ross in 1981. ... Shadows and Light is Joni Mitchells 1980 double live album, recorded at the Santa Barbara County Bowl in September 1979 on the Mingus tour. ... Wild Things Run Fast is Joni Mitchells 1982 album and her first for Geffen Records. ... Dog Eat Dog is Joni Mitchells album of 1985, her second album for Geffen Records. ... Chalk Mark in a Rainstorm is the 1988 album by Joni Mitchell. ... Night Ride Home is Joni Mitchells 1991 album and her last for Geffen Records. ... Turbulent Indigo is the 1994 album from Joni Mitchell album and one of the most successful of her, winning the Grammy Award for Album of the Year. ... Turbulent Indigo is the 1994 album from Joni Mitchell album and one of the most successful of her, winning the Grammy Award for Album of the Year. ... Got Til Its Gone is the first single from Janet Jacksons sixth studio album, The Velvet Rope. The song was released as the international first single for the album. ... This article is about the singer. ... Q-Tip can refer to one of the following: Q-tips, a brand of cotton swabs or cotton buds Q-Tip (rapper), American MC, former leader of A Tribe Called Quest This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... For the That 70s Show episode, see The Velvet Rope (That 70s Show episode). ...

Videos

For other uses, see Band. ... John Francis Anthony Jaco Pastorius III (December 1, 1951 – September 21, 1987) was an American jazz musician and composer widely acknowledged for his virtuosity of the fretless bass,[1][2] as well as his command of varied musical styles. ... Patrick Bruce Metheny (born August 12, 1954 in Lees Summit, Missouri) is an American jazz guitarist and composer. ... Michael Brecker (March 29, 1949 – January 13th, 2007) was a popular US jazz saxophonist and composer. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... K.D. Lang, OC (or k. ... Cynthia Ann Stephanie Cyndi Lauper (born June 22, 1953) is an American Grammy Award- winning singer, MTV VMA-winning video and Emmy Award-winning film, television and theatre actress. ... Shawn Colvin. ... For other persons of the same name, see Brian Adams. ... Diana Jean Krall, OC, OBC (born November 16, 1964) is a Grammy award-winning Canadian jazz pianist and singer. ... James Vernon Taylor (born March 12, 1948) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, born in Belmont, Massachusetts. ... Sir Elton Hercules[1] John CBE[2] (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947) is a five-time Grammy and one-time Academy Award-winning English pop/rock singer, composer and pianist. ... Wynonna Ellen Judd (born May 30, 1964) is an American country music singer. ...

Multimedia

References

  1. ^ JoniMitchell.com - Biography
  2. ^ In 2002, Rolling Stone magazine called Mitchell "one of the greatest songwriters ever". See: Wild, David. "Joni Mitchell" (reprint), Rolling Stone, 2002-10-31. Retrieved on 2007-03-09. 
  3. ^ allmusic ((( Joni Mitchell > Biography )))
  4. ^ a b Crowe, Cameron. "Joni Mitchell" (reprint), Rolling Stone, 1979-07-26. Retrieved on 2007-03-09. 
  5. ^ Johnson, Brian D. "Joni Mitchell's Secret", Maclean's, 1997-04-21. Retrieved on 2007-03-09. 
  6. ^ JoniMitchell.com/JMDL Library: A Conversation with David Crosby: JoniMitchell.com, March 15, 1997
  7. ^ Morrissey. "Melancholy Meets the Infinite Sadness" (reprint), Rolling Stone, 1997-03-06. Retrieved on 2007-03-09. 
  8. ^ a b Wild, David. "Joni Mitchell" (reprint), Rolling Stone, 2002-10-31. Retrieved on 2007-03-09. 
  9. ^ a b c Fischer, Doug. "The trouble she's seen: Doug Fischer talks to Joni Mitchell about her seminal album, Hejira", The Ottawa Citizen, 2006-10-08. Retrieved on 2007-03-09. 
  10. ^ a b Gill, Alexandra. "Joni Mitchell in person" (reprint), Toronto Globe and Mail, 2007-02-17. Retrieved on 2007-03-11. 
  11. ^ a b c Eggar, Robin. "The Renaissance Woman" (reprint), Sunday Times, 2007-02-11. Retrieved on 2007-03-09. 
  12. ^ Joni Mitchell Audio
  13. ^ JoniMitchell.com/JMDL Library: Joni Mitchell's Fighting Words: Ottawa Citizen, October 7, 2006
  14. ^ JoniMitchell.com - Contact Us
  15. ^ Dickinson, Chrissie. "Court and No Spark" (book review, reprint), Washington Post, 2005-06-15. Retrieved on 2007-09-25.
  16. ^ Strauss, Neil. "The Hissing of a Living Legend", The New York Times, 1998-10-04. Retrieved on 2007-09-25.
  17. ^ Brown, Ethan. "Influences: Joni Mitchell", New York Magazine, 2005-05-09. Retrieved on 2007-09-25.
  18. ^ a b Yaffe, David. "DANCE: Working Three Shifts, And Outrage Overtime", The New York Times, 2007-02-04. Retrieved on 2008-04-08. 
  19. ^ JoniMitchell.com
  20. ^ Herbie Hancock News: Herbie Hancock's "River: The Joni Letters" Set For Release on September 25th
  21. ^ JMDL LIBRARY: The guitar odyssey of Joni Mitchell: My Secret Place: Acoustic Guitar, August 1996
  22. ^ jmdl.com:
  23. ^ The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time : Rolling Stone
  24. ^ Hirshey, Gerri. "The Women In Rock Interviews", Rolling Stone, 1997-11-13. 
  25. ^ Adria, Marco, Music of Our Times: Eight Canadian Singer-Songwriters (Toronto: Lorimer, 1990).
  26. ^ Stamps honour iconic Canadian music stars
  27. ^ Tyrangiel, Josh. "The All-TIME 100 Albums: Blue", Time, 2006-11-13. Retrieved on 2007-03-09. 

This article is about the music magazine. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Joni Mitchell
Persondata
NAME Mitchell, Joni
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Anderson, Roberta Joan
SHORT DESCRIPTION Canadian musician and painter
DATE OF BIRTH November 7, 1943
PLACE OF BIRTH Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH

http://www.bigyellowtaxi.co.uk/ Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ... The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ... Last. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Joni Mitchell (1222 words)
Mitchell was signed to Reprise Records in 1967, and her untitled first album appeared a year later.
March 9, 1968: Joni Mitchell’s untitled debut album, produced by David Crosby and sometimes referred to as ‘Song to a Seagull,’ is released.
August 18, 1969: Joni Mitchell is slated to perform at Woodstock but is advised to honor a commitment to appear on Dick Cavett’s TV talk show.
Joni Mitchell - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2708 words)
Joni Mitchell, CC (born Roberta Joan Anderson on November 7, 1943) is a Canadian musician and painter.
The child of a grocer and a teacher, Mitchell was born and raised in Fort Macleod, Alberta, until the age of nine, when the family moved to Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, which Mitchell considers her hometown.
Mitchell could be labeled a "musician's musician"; her work has had an enormous influence on artists as disparate as Elvis Costello, Maynard James Keenan and Prince.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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