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Encyclopedia > Jomanes
The Triveni Sangam, or the intersection of Yamuna River and Ganges River.
The Triveni Sangam, or the intersection of Yamuna River and Ganges River.

Yamuna (Sanskrit: यमुना, sometimes called Jamuna) is a major river of northern India, with a total length of around 1370 km. It is the largest tributary of the Ganga. Its source is at Yamunotri, in the Uttaranchal Himalaya,which is north of Haridwar in the Himalayan Mountains. It flows through the states of Delhi, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, before merging with the Ganges at Allahabad. The cities of Delhi, Mathura and Agra lie on its banks. The major tributaries of this river are the Tons, Chambal, Betwa, Sindh and Ken; with the Tons being the largest. The Yamuna was called Ioames by the ancient Greeks, and Jomanes by the Romans. A canal is currently being built between the Sutlej and Yamuna rivers, known as the SLY (Sutlej-Yamuna Link). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2576x1932, 542 KB) Summary Triven Sangam. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2576x1932, 542 KB) Summary Triven Sangam. ... Sangam in Hindi means the confluence. ... This article is about the river. ... River upstream of an Australian trout farm A river is a large natural waterway. ... km redirects here. ... Early morning on the Ganges The River Ganges (Ganga in Indian languages) (Devanagiri गंगा) is a major river in northern India. ... The Shrine of Yamunotri, source of river Yamuna is situated in the direction opposite to Gangotri (source of the Ganges). ... Uttaranchal   (Hindi: उत्तरांचल) became the 27th state of the Republic of India on November 9, 2000. ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Delhi   (Hindi: , Urdu: ‎, Punjabi: ) is a metropolis in northern India. ... Haryana (Hindi: , IPA: / /) is a state in north India. ... Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: ‎, translation: Northern Province, IPA: ,  ), also popularly known by its abbreviation U.P. It is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Union of India. ... Early morning on the Ganges The River Ganges (Ganga in Indian languages) (Devanagiri गंगा) is a major river in northern India. ... Surroundings of Allahabad, India. ... Delhi   (Hindi: , Urdu: ‎, Punjabi: ) is a metropolis in northern India. ... Mathura (मथुरा) is a city in India, located approximately 50 km north of Agra, and south of Delhi. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A tributary (or affluent or confluent) is a contributory stream, a river that does not reach the sea, but joins another major river (a parent river), to which it contributes its waters, swelling its discharge. ... River upstream of an Australian trout farm A river is a large natural waterway. ... The Tons is present in India. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Betwa (Vetravati) is a river in Northern India, and a tributary of the Yamuna. ... Sindh (SindhÄ«: سنڌ, UrdÅ«: سندھ) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and is home to the Sindhis, and Muhajirs and various other groups. ... Look up Ken, ken in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Tons is present in India. ... The Sutlej, also known as Satluj, is the longest of the five rivers of Punjab (five waters) that flows through Northern India, with its source in Tibet near Mount Kailash. ...

Contents

Ancient history

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The Yamuna at the sacred site of the Kesi Ghata, in Vrindavan

There is some evidence indicating Yamuna was a tributary of the Ghaggar river in the ancient past. It changed its course to east following a tectonic event in north India and became a tributary of the Ganges instead. Vrindavan, in Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh is a town on the site of the original forest of Vrindavana. ... The Ghaggar is a seasonal river in India, flowing when water is available from monsoon rains. ...


According to legend the goddess of the river, also known as Yami, is the sister of the Hindu god of death, Yama and the daughter of Surya, the Sun god. The river Yamuna is also connected to the mythology surrounding the Hindu god Krishna. Statue of Ceres, the Roman goddess of the agriculture A goddess is a female deity, in contrast with a male deity known as a god. Many cultures have goddesses, sometimes alone, but more often as part of a larger pantheon that includes both the conventional genders and in some cases... River upstream of an Australian trout farm A river is a large natural waterway. ... In Vedic beliefs, Yami is the first woman, along with her twin brother, Yama. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... A hawk eating its prey Death is the end of life, the full cessation of vital functions in a biological organism. ... This article is about the deity Yama in Hinduism. ... This article is in need of attention. ... The Sun is the star of our solar system. ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... River upstream of an Australian trout farm A river is a large natural waterway. ... // The word mythology (Greek: μυθολογία, from μυθος mythos, a story or legend, and λογος logos, an account or speech) literally means the (oral) retelling of myths – stories that a particular culture believes to be true and that use supernatural events or characters to explain the nature of the universe and humanity. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Krishna with Radharani, 18th C Rajasthani painting Krishna (कृष्ण in Devanagari, in IAST ), according to various Hindu traditions, is the eighth avatar of Vishnu. ...


Wildlife & surroundings

A little known fact about the Yamuna is that it is the frontier of the Asian Elephant. West of the Yamuna, there are no elephants to be found over 900 km of the western Himalayas and their foothills. The forests of the lower Yamuna offer ideal corridors for elephant movement. The principal forests to be found here are of Sal , Khair (Acacia) , and Sissoo (Rosewood) trees, and the Chir Pine forests of the Shivalik Hills. Binomial name Elephas maximus Linnaeus, 1758 Asian Elephant range The Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus), sometimes known by the name of its nominate subspecies (the Indian Elephant), is one of the three living species of elephant, and the only living species of the genus Elephas. ... Genera and Species Loxodonta Loxodonta cyclotis Loxodonta africana Elephas Elephas maximus Elephas antiquus † Elephas beyeri † Elephas celebensis † Elephas cypriotes † Elephas ekorensis † Elephas falconeri † Elephas iolensis † Elephas planifrons † Elephas platycephalus † Elephas recki † Stegodon † Mammuthus † Elephantidae (the elephants) is a family of pachyderm, and the only remaining family in the order Proboscidea... km redirects here. ... Perspective view of the Himalayas and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... Eucalyptus Forest at Swifts Creek in East Gippsland, Victoria, Australia. ... Genera and Species Loxodonta Loxodonta cyclotis Loxodonta africana Elephas Elephas maximus Elephas antiquus † Elephas beyeri † Elephas celebensis † Elephas cypriotes † Elephas ekorensis † Elephas falconeri † Elephas iolensis † Elephas planifrons † Elephas platycephalus † Elephas recki † Stegodon † Mammuthus † Elephantidae (the elephants) is a family of pachyderm, and the only remaining family in the order Proboscidea... Eucalyptus Forest at Swifts Creek in East Gippsland, Victoria, Australia. ... Once there was a man named Jeffrey Deffrey. ... Species About 1,300; see List of Acacia species Acacia tree in the Serengeti, Tanzania Acacia is a genus of shrubs and trees of Gondwanian origin belonging to the Subfamily Mimosoideae of the family Fabaceae, first described from Africa by Linnaeus in 1773. ... Rosewood refers to a number of richly hued timbers, brownish with darker veining. ... Binomial name Pinus roxburghii Sargent The Chir pine (Pinus roxburghii) is a pine native to the Himalaya. ... The Siwalik Hills (sometimes spelled Shiwalik, Shivalik, or Sivalik) are a sub-Himalayan mountain range running 1,600 km long from the Tista River, Sikkim, through Nepal and India, into northern Pakistan. ...


Pollution

Yamuna is one of the most polluted rivers in the world. Especially in New Delhi,the capital of India and the areas near it. Though numerous attempts have been made to clean it, the efforts have proven to be futile. The main reasons for this is due to high density of population living in Delhi, the dumping of untreated water and solid waste into it (mostly illegally), the lax attitude of the government and mismanagement of projects focused at cleaning it. Also the water in this river remains stagnant for almost 9 months in a year aggravating the situation. Delhi alone contributes around 3,296 MLD (million litres per day) of sewage in the river. The Govt. of India over the next five years has prepared plans to rebuild and repair the sewerage system and the drains that empty into the river. To arrest river pollution, certain measures of cleaning river have been taken by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) of the Government of India (GOI) in 12 towns of Haryana, 8 towns of Uttar Pradesh, and Delhi under an action plan (Yamuna Action Plan-YAP) which is being implemented since 1993 by the National River Conservation Directorate (NRCD) of the Ministry of Environment and Forests. The Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) is participating in the Yamuna Action Plan in 15 of the above 21 towns (excluding 6 towns of Haryana included later on the direction of the honorable Supreme Court of India) with soft loan assistance of 17.773 billion Japanese Yen (equivalent to about Rs. 700 crore INR) while GOI is providing the funds for the remaining 6 towns added later. An Aerial view of New Delhi The Humayuns Tomb, situated in New Delhi, has an architectural design similar to the Taj Mahal. ... Haryana (Hindi: , IPA: / /) is a state in north India. ... ISO 4217 Code JPY User(s) Japan Inflation -0. ...


In 2005, award winning documentary Jijivisha was made on Yamuna. Jijivisha a documentry on the river Yamuna made in 2005 by Kuber Sharma, Ishita Moitra, Shirley Abraham, Charulatha Menon and Amit Madheshia. ...


External links

  • The Geography of the Rigveda
  • Yamuna Action Plan
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Off the Coast Indian Ocean | Arabian Sea | Laccadive Sea | Bay of Bengal | Gulf of Kutch | Gulf of Khambhat | Palk Bay | Gulf of Mannar
Main Reservoirs and dams in India | Lakes of India | Rivers of India | Lakes of Pakistan | Rivers of Pakistan | Rivers of Bangladesh | Rivers of Bhutan | Lakes of Nepal | Rivers of Nepal

 
 

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