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Encyclopedia > Joint Chiefs of Staff
Joint Chiefs of Staff of the United States of America symbol
Joint Chiefs of Staff of the United States of America symbol

The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) is a group comprising the Chiefs of service of each major branch of the armed services in the United States armed forces. Similar organizations, sometimes known as Chiefs of Staff Committees (COSCs) in the Commonwealth of Nations, are common in other countries. Image File history File links Joint_Chiefs_of_Staff_seal. ... Image File history File links Joint_Chiefs_of_Staff_seal. ... The armed forces of a state are its military organization. ... The armed forces of the United States of America consist of the United States Army United States Navy United States Air Force United States Marine Corps United States Coast Guard Note: The United States Coast Guard has both military and law enforcement functions. ... The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2006 Headquarters Marlborough House, London, UK Official languages English Membership 53 sovereign states Leaders  -  Queen Elizabeth II  -  Secretary-General Don McKinnon (since 1 April 2000) Establishment  -  Balfour Declaration 18 November 1926   -  Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931   -  London Declaration 28 April 1949  Area  -  Total...

Contents

History

As the military of the United States grew in size following the American Civil War, joint military action between the Army and Navy became increasingly difficult. Following public criticism over the lack of organization between the services in the Spanish-American War, the Joint Army and Navy Board was established in 1903. Composed of the military heads and chief planners of both the Army and Navy, the Board was created to plan joint operations and resolve problems of common concern for the two services. The Military of the United States, also known as the United States Armed Forces, is structured into five branches consisting of the: United States Army United States Marine Corps United States Navy United States Air Force United States Coast Guard Reserves United States National Guard United States Army Reserve United... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Combatants United States Republic of Cuba Philippine Republic Spain Commanders Nelson A. Miles William R. Shafter George Dewey Máximo Gómez Emilio Aguinaldo Patricio Montojo Pascual Cervera Arsenio Linares Ramón Blanco Casualties 3,289 U.S. dead (432 from combat); considerably higher although undetermined Cuban and Filipino casualties... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ...


Unfortunately, the Joint Board accomplished little as its charter gave it no authority to enforce its decisions. The Joint Board also lacked the ability to originate its own opinions and was thus limited to commenting only on the problems submitted to it by the Secretaries of the Army and Navy. As a result, the Joint Board had little to no impact on the manner the United States conducted World War I. Flag of the United States Secretary of the Army The United States Secretary of the Army has statutory responsibility for all matters relating to the United States Army: manpower, personnel, reserve affairs, installations, environmental issues, weapons systems and equipment acquisition, communications, and financial management. ... Flag of the United States Secretary of the Navy. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ...


After WWI, in 1919 the two Secretaries agreed to reestablish and revitalize the Joint Board. This time, the Joint Board’s membership would include the Chiefs of Staff, their deputies, and the Chief of War Plans Division for the Army and Director of Plans Division for the Navy. Under the Joint Board would be a staff called the Joint Planning Committee to serve the Board. Along with new membership, the Joint Board could initiate recommendations on its own initiative. However, the Joint Board still did not possess the legal authority to enforce its decisions. Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ...


In 1942, President of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Winston Churchill established the Combined Chiefs of Staff (CCS) following the attack on Pearl Harbor and the United States' entrance into World War II. The CCS would serve as the supreme military body for strategic direction of the US-British Commonwealth war effort. Although the UK had the Chiefs of Staff Committee, the United States, however, had no equivalent agency with which to provide the CCS with American services. Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... FDR redirects here. ... The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is, in practice, the political leader of the United Kingdom. ... “Churchill” redirects here. ... The Combined Chiefs of Staff (CCS) was the supreme military command for the western Allies during World War II. It was a body constituted from the British Chiefs of Staff Committee and the United States Joint Chiefs of Staff. ... This article is about the actual attack. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2006 Headquarters Marlborough House, London, UK Official languages English Membership 53 sovereign states Leaders  -  Queen Elizabeth II  -  Secretary-General Don McKinnon (since 1 April 2000) Establishment  -  Balfour Declaration 18 November 1926   -  Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931   -  London Declaration 28 April 1949  Area  -  Total... The Chiefs of Staff Committee is composed of the most senior military personnel in the British forces. ...


Though the Joint Board did exist, its authority and services were of little use to the CCS. Although its 1935 publication, Joint Action of the Army and Navy, gave some guidance for the joint operations during World War II, the Joint Board held little influence in that war. Following the end of WWII, the Joint Board was officially disbanded in 1947. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


To fill the need for a coordinated effort and to provide coordinated staff work, Admiral William D. Leahy proposed a concept of a "unified high command" in what would be called the Joint Chiefs of Staff. On July 20, 1942, Admiral Leahy became the Chief of Staff to the Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy and created a staff of the chiefs of staff of the services to serve under him. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Fleet Admiral William Daniel Leahy (May 6, 1875 – July 20, 1959) was an American naval officer and the first U.S. military officer ever to hold the five-star rank in the U.S. armed forces. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is by law the highest ranking military officer of the United States military, and the principal military advisor to the President of the United States. ...


The first members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff were:

Name Position Branch
Admiral William D. Leahy Chief of Staff to the Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy and Special Presidential Military Advisor United States Navy
General George C. Marshall Chief of Staff of the United States Army United States Army
Admiral Ernest J. King Chief of Naval Operations and Commander in Chief of the United States Fleet United States Navy
General Henry H. Arnold Deputy Army Chief of Staff for Air and Chief of the Army Air Corps United States Army Air Forces

With the end of World War II, the Joint Chief of Staff was officially established under the National Security Act of 1947. Fleet Admiral William Daniel Leahy (May 6, 1875 – July 20, 1959) was an American naval officer and the first U.S. military officer ever to hold the five-star rank in the U.S. armed forces. ... The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is by law the highest ranking military officer of the United States military, and the principal military advisor to the President of the United States. ... USN redirects here. ... George C. Marshall George Catlett Marshall (December 31, 1880–October 16, 1959), an American military leader and statesman, was born into a middle-class family in Uniontown, Pennsylvania. ... The Flag of the Chief of Staff of the United States Army The Chief of Staff of the United States Army (CSA) is the professional head of the United States Army who is responsible for ensuring readiness of the Army. ... The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... Admiral Ernest Joseph King (November 23, 1878 - June 25, 1956) was the Commander in Chief of the United States Navy during World War II. As such, he was Chester Nimitzs immediate superior but himself was subordinate to Secretary of the Navy James Forrestal. ... The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) is the senior military officer in the United States Navy. ... A Commander-in-Chief is the commander of a nations military forces or significant element of those forces. ... The United States Fleet was an organization in the United States Navy from 1922 until after World War II. Initially the abbreviation CINCUS, pronounced as sink us, was used for Commander-in-Chief, United States Fleet, officially replaced by COMINCH in December 1941. ... USN redirects here. ... General of the Air Force Henry Harley Hap Arnold GCB (June 25, 1886 – January 15, 1950) was an aviation pioneer and Chief of the United States Army Air Corps (from 1938), Commanding General of the U.S. Army Air Forces (from 1941 until 1945) and the first and only General... The Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force (CSAF) serves as the senior uniformed United States Air Force officer responsible for the organization, training, and equipage of more than 700,000 active-duty, National Guard, Reserve, and civilian forces serving in the United States and overseas. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) was the aviation component of the United States Army primarily during World War II. The title of Army Air Forces succeeded the prior name of Army Air Corps in June 1941 during preparation for expected combat in what came to be known as... President Truman signs the National Security Act Amendment of 1949 with guests in the Oval Office. ...


Roles and Responsibilities

The Joint Chiefs of Staff, November 2002.
The Joint Chiefs of Staff, November 2002.

After the 1986 reorganization of the military undertaken by the Goldwater-Nichols Act, the Joint Chiefs of Staff do not have operational command of U.S. military forces. Responsibility for conducting military operations goes from the President to the Secretary of Defense directly to the heads of the Unified Combatant Commands and thus bypasses the Joint Chiefs of Staff completely. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2895x1657, 1322 KB) This image is a work of a U.S. military or Department of Defense employee, taken or made during the course of an employees official duties. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2895x1657, 1322 KB) This image is a work of a U.S. military or Department of Defense employee, taken or made during the course of an employees official duties. ... The Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986 Pub. ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... The United States Secretary of Defense is the head of the United States Department of Defense, concerned with the armed services and The Secretary is a member of the Presidents Cabinet. ... A Unified Combatant Command is composed of forces from two or more services, has a broad and continuing mission, and is organized either on a geographical basis (known as Area Of Responsibility, AOR) or on a functional basis. ...


Today, their primary responsibility is to ensure the readiness of their respective military services. The Joint Chiefs of Staff also act in an advisory military capacity for the President of the United States and the Secretary of Defense. In addition, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff acts as the chief military advisor to the President and the Secretary of Defense. In this strictly advisory role, the Joint Chiefs constitute the second-highest deliberatory body for military policy, after the National Security Council, which includes the President and other officials besides the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs. Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is by law the highest ranking military officer of the United States military, and the principal military advisor to the President of the United States. ... The National Security Council (NSC) of the United States is the principal forum used by the President of the United States for considering national security and foreign policy matters with his senior national security advisors and cabinet officials. ...


Current Joint Chiefs of Staff

Name Position Branch
Admiral Michael G. Mullen Chairman United States Navy
General James E. Cartwright Vice Chairman United States Marine Corps
General George Casey Chief of Staff of the United States Army United States Army
Admiral Gary Roughead Chief of Naval Operations United States Navy
General T. Michael Moseley Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force United States Air Force
General James T. Conway Commandant of the Marine Corps United States Marine Corps

Note: For other uses, see Admiral (disambiguation). ... Admiral Michael Mullen Admiral Michael G. Mullen became the Chief of Naval Operations of the United States Navy, relieving Admiral Vern Clark on 22 July 2005. ... The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is by law the highest ranking military officer of the United States military, and the principal military advisor to the President of the United States. ... USN redirects here. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... James E. Cartwright General James E. Cartwright is Commander, United States Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM), Offutt Air Force Base, Neb. ... The position of Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff was created by the Goldwater-Nichols Act of 1986. ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. ... General George Casey General George William Casey, Jr. ... The Flag of the Chief of Staff of the United States Army The Chief of Staff of the United States Army (CSA) is the professional head of the United States Army who is responsible for ensuring readiness of the Army. ... The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... Admiral Roughead Admiral Gary Roughead is the 31st Commander, U.S. Pacific Fleet of the United States Navy. ... The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) is the senior military officer in the United States Navy. ... USN redirects here. ... Teed Michael Moseley, KBE[1], is the current Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force. ... The Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force (CSAF) serves as the senior uniformed United States Air Force officer responsible for the organization, training, and equipage of more than 700,000 active-duty, National Guard, Reserve, and civilian forces serving in the United States and overseas. ... “The U.S. Air Force” redirects here. ... James Terry Conway (born December 26, 1947) is a General in the United States Marine Corps. ... The Commandant of the United States Marine Corps is the highest ranking officer of the United States Marine Corps and a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, reporting to the Secretary of the Navy but not to the Chief of Naval Operations. ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. ...

  • General Pace is the first United States Marine to achieve the Chairmanship. On his nomination, Pace said, "This is an incredible moment for me. It is both exhilarating and humbling. It's exhilarating because I have the opportunity, if confirmed by the Senate, to continue to serve this great nation. It's humbling because I know the challenges ahead are formidable."
  • On Friday, June 8th (6/08/07), Secretary of Defense Robert Gates recommended that Admiral Mike Mullen be nominated to replace General Pace when the Congressional confirmation of the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff occurs in September. Secretary of Defense Gates stated [1] that the contentious issue of the military actions in Iraq would shift "the focus of his [General Pace's] confirmation process would have been on the past rather than the future" and that the "divisive ordeal" of the reconfimation "is not in the interest of the country."
  • Also on Friday, June 8th (6/08/07), Secretary Gates recommended that General James E. Cartwright (Strategic Command) be nominated as Vice-Chairman in order to preserve the "balance" of the representation of each branch of service.

Commandant of the US Coast Guard is the highest ranking member of the US Coast Guard. ... Vice Admiral Thad Allen Vice Admiral Thad William Allen (b. ...

Leadership

Chairman

Joint Chiefs of Staff and Joint Staff
Admiral Michael Mullen, USN, 17th and current Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is by law the senior ranking military officer of the United States military, and the principal military adviser to the President of the United States. He leads the meetings and coordinates the efforts of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, comprising the Chairman, the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Chiefs of Staff of the United States Army and United States Air Force, the Chief of Naval Operations, and the Commandant of the United States Marine Corps. The Joint Chiefs of Staff have offices in The Pentagon. The Chairman does not outrank the respective heads of each service branch, nor is he even in their chain of command. The Chairman, in effect, heads a research group whose job is to directly advise the President on military issues, without being held sway by vested interests in the branches themselves. The Chairman initiates research studies and uses the information to advise the President. He is not in charge of any military operation whatsoever, and the respective heads of service, who are of equal rank as the Chairman, report to the Secretary of Defense, not the Chairman. In essence, the Chairman is similar to a Cabinet member to the President (but technically he is not). The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is by law the highest ranking military officer of the United States military, and the principal military advisor to the President of the United States. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 480 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2400 × 3000 pixel, file size: 996 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This photo of ADM Michael Mullen was taken from the Defense Link website, http://www. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 480 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2400 × 3000 pixel, file size: 996 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This photo of ADM Michael Mullen was taken from the Defense Link website, http://www. ... Admiral Michael Glenn Mullen (born October 4, 1946) is currently the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff as of October 1, 2007. ... The Military of the United States, also known as the United States Armed Forces, is structured into five branches consisting of the: United States Army United States Marine Corps United States Navy United States Air Force United States Coast Guard Reserves United States National Guard United States Army Reserve United... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... The position of Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff was created by the Goldwater-Nichols Act of 1986. ... The Flag of the Chief of Staff of the United States Army The Chief of Staff of the United States Army (CSA) is the professional head of the United States Army who is responsible for ensuring readiness of the Army. ... The Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force (CSAF) serves as the senior uniformed United States Air Force officer responsible for the organization, training, and equipage of more than 700,000 active-duty, National Guard, Reserve, and civilian forces serving in the United States and overseas. ... The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) is the senior military officer in the United States Navy. ... The Commandant of the United States Marine Corps is the highest ranking officer of the United States Marine Corps, who is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and reports to the Secretary of the Navy but not to the Chief of Naval Operations. ... This article is about the United States military building. ... The United States Secretary of Defense (SECDEF) is the head of the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), concerned with the armed services and military matters. ... Cabinet meeting on May 16, 2001. ...


Although the office of Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is very important and highly prestigious, neither the Chairman nor the Joint Chiefs of Staff as a body have any command authority over combatant forces. The chain of command runs from the President to the Secretary of Defense directly to the commanders of the nine combatant commands. However, the Chairman may transmit communications to the commanders of the combatant commands from the President and Secretary of Defense. A Unified Combatant Command is composed of forces from two or more services, has a broad and continuing mission, and is organized either on a geographical basis (known as Area Of Responsibility, AOR) or on a functional basis. ...


The current Chairman is Admiral Michael Mullen, USN, who began his term on October 1, 2007. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... USN redirects here. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ...


Note:

  • On July 20, 1942, Fleet Admiral William D. Leahy, USN, became the Chief of Staff to the Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy (July 20, 1942March 21, 1949). He was not technically the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Leahy's office was the precursor to the post of Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. That post was established and first held by General of the Army Omar Bradley in 1949.

is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Fleet Admiral Collar Device Fleet Admiral Shoulder Board Fleet Admiral Sleeve Insignia A Fleet Admiral in the United States Navy is an admiral considered to be the equivalent of the United States Armys General of the Army. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Omar Nelson Bradley (February 12, 1893 – April 8, 1981) was one of the main U.S. Army field commanders in North Africa and Europe during World War II and a General of the Army of the United States Army. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Vice Chairman

General James Cartwright, USMC, 8th and current Vice-Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (2007–).
General James Cartwright, USMC, 8th and current Vice-Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (2007–).

The position of Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff was created by the Goldwater-Nichols Act of 1986. The Vice Chairman is a four-star-general or admiral and by law the second highest ranking member of the U.S. Armed Forces (after the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff). In the absence of the Chairman, the Vice Chairman presides over the meetings of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He may also perform such duties as the Chairman may prescribe. It was not until the National Defense Authorization Act in 1992 that the position was made a full voting member of the JCS. [2] The position of Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff was created by the Goldwater-Nichols Act of 1986. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2159x2803, 3387 KB) General James E. Cartwright Commander, U.S. Strategic Command Picture source: http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2159x2803, 3387 KB) General James E. Cartwright Commander, U.S. Strategic Command Picture source: http://www. ... James Cartwright may refer to: James Cartwright (athlete), Olympic athlete James E. Cartwright (born 1949), United States Marine Corps general Jamie Hunter Cartwright Category: ... The position of Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff was created by the Goldwater-Nichols Act of 1986. ... The Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986 Pub. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is by law the highest ranking military officer of the United States military, and the principal military advisor to the President of the United States. ...


The current Vice Chairman is General James E. Cartwright, USMC. Edmund P. Giambastiani, USN, who began his term on August 12, 2005, retired on July 27, 2007 on a retirement ceremony held in Annapolis, MD, after 37 years of service to the nation. This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... James E. Cartwright General James E. Cartwright is Commander, United States Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM), Offutt Air Force Base, Neb. ... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is the second smallest of the five branches of the United States armed forces, with 170,000 active and 40,000 reserve Marines as of 2002. ... Admiral Giambastiani, USN Edmund P. Giambastiani, Jr. ... USN redirects here. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ...


Joint Chiefs of Staff: Civilian Awards

The Joint Chiefs may recognize private citizens, organizations or career civilian government employees for significant achievements provided to the joint community with one of the following decorations / awards. [3]

  • CJCS Award for Distinguished Public Service (DPS)
  • CJCS Award for Outstanding Public Service (OPS)
  • CJCS Joint Distinguished Civilian Service Award
  • CJCS Joint Meritorious Civilian Service Award
  • Joint Civilian Service Commendation Award (JCSCA)
  • Joint Civilian Service Achievement Award (JCSAA)

See also

Military of the United States Portal

Image File history File links Naval_Jack_of_the_United_States. ... The Armed Forces Council is the senior military body in Canada. ... The Ministry of Defence (MOD) is the United Kingdom government department responsible for implementation of government defence policy and the headquarters of the British Armed Forces. ... Building of the General Staff of the Russian Empire in Palace Square, St Petersburg. ...

External links

Further reading

  • Gillespie, Robert M. The Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Escalation of the Vietnam Conflict, 1964-1965. Masters Thesis, Clemson University, 1994.
  • Joint Chiefs of Staff, Organizational Development of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1942-1987. Joint Secretariat, Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1988.
  • McMaster, H.R. Dereliction of Duty: Lyndon Johnson, Robert McNamara, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Lies that Led to Vietnam. New York: Harper Collins, 1997.
  • Perry, Mark Four Stars: The Inside Story of the Forty-Year Battle Between the Joint Chiefs of Staff and America's Civilian Leaders. New Yotk: Houghton Mifflin, 1989, ISBN 0-395-42923-4.
  • Rearden, Steven L. History of the Office of the Secretary of Defense. 2 vols. Washington DC: Historical Office, Office of the Secretary of Defense, 1984.
  • Taylor, Maxwell D. The Uncertain Trumpet. New York: Harper & Row, 1959.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Joint Chiefs of Staff - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (803 words)
In addition, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff acts as the chief military advisor to the President and the Secretary of Defense.
The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is by law the highest ranking military officer of the United States military, and the principal military advisor to the President of the United States.
He leads the meetings and coordinates the efforts of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, comprising the Chairman, the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Chiefs of Staff of the United States Army and United States Air Force, the Chief of Naval Operations, and the Commandant of the United States Marine Corps.
CJS - Home (1250 words)
The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is the principal military adviser to the President,
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS)
Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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