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Encyclopedia > Johor

States and Territories of Malaysia
جوهر دارالتّعظيم
Johor Darul Ta'zim
Flag of Johor Coat of arms of Johor
Flag Coat of arms
State motto: Kepada Allah Berserah
State anthem: Lagu Bangsa Johor
Capital Johor Bahru
Royal capital Pasir Pelangi1
Ruling party Barisan Nasional
 - Sultan Sultan Iskandar
 - Menteri Besar Abdul Ghani Othman
History  
 - Johor Sultanate 14th century 
 - British control 1914 
 - Japanese occupation 1942 
 - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948 
Area
 - Total 19,984 km²
Population
 - 2005 estimate 3,170,000
 - Density 137.6/km²
HDI  (2000) 0.798 (medium)
National calling code 072
06 (Muar)
National postal code 80xxx to 86xxx
License plate prefix J
Website: http://www.johor.gov.my
1 Town in the city of Johor Bahru
2 Except Muar

Johor (alt. English spelling: Johore, Jawi script:جوهر) is a state of Malaysia between 1°20"N and 2°35"N. It is one of the most developed states in Malaysia. The capital city and royal seat of Johor is Johor Bahru, formerly Tanjung Puteri. The old state capital is Johor Lama. The Arabic honorific of the state is Darul Ta'zim ("Abode of Dignity'). It is surrounded by Pahang to the north, Malacca and Negeri Sembilan to the northwest, and the Straits of Johor to the south which is divided by the international border between Malaysia and the Republic of Singapore. Tanjung Piai, in the district of Pontian, is the most southerly point of mainland Asia. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Johor. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Johor. ... Image:Antigua and barbuda coa. ... An anthem is a composition to an English religious text sung in the context of an Anglican service. ... The Johor State Anthem of Johor, Malaysia was composed by Armenian Bandmaster Mackertich Galistan or MG Abdullah and lyrics by Capt. ... map File links The following pages link to this file: Johor Categories: GFDL images ... Nickname: Motto: Berkhidmat, Berbudaya, Berwawasan (English: Servicing, cultured, visionary) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: Country Malaysia State Johor Establishment 1855 Granted city status 1994 Government  - Mayor Latiff Yusof Area  - City 185 km²  (72. ... Pasir Pelangi is the royal village of Johor, Malaysia. ... General elections were held in Malaysia on March 21, 2004. ... Barisan Nasional (National Front or BN) is a political coalition in Malaysia. ... In full, Duli Yang Maha Mulia Baginda Al-Mutawakkil Alallah Sultan Iskandar Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Sir Ismail Al-Khalidi (born April 8, 1932) in Johor Bahru was the eighth Yang di-Pertuan Agong (roughly equivalent to King) of Malaysia from April 26, 1984 to April 25, 1989, and... Literally, big minister in Malay, a Menteri Besar is a Chief Executive of the state governments of Perlis, Kedah, Perak, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan, Selangor, Pahang, Terengganu and Kelantan in Malaysia—that is, all states with royal rulers. ... YAB Dato Hj Abdul Ghani Bin Othman is the current Dato Menteri Besar (Chief Minister) of the state of Johor in Malaysia. ... The Sultanate of Johor (or sometimes Johor-Riau) was founded by Malaccan Sultan Mahmud Shahs son, Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah in 1528. ... Throughout much of the Second World War, British Malaya, North Borneo and Sarawak were under Japanese occupation. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... World map indicating Human Development Index (2006). ... Telephone numbering in Malaysia is regulated by the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC). ... The postal codes used in Malaysia is a 5 digit code. ... Malaysian vehicle license plates are the license plates displayed on all motorized road vehicles in Malaysia, as required by law. ... District Muar District Area  - Total (District) 2346. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Jawi may refer to: Jawi peoplevery good Jawi language (Australian Aboriginal) Jawi script (Arabic based for writing Malay) Category: ... Nickname: Motto: Berkhidmat, Berbudaya, Berwawasan (English: Servicing, cultured, visionary) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: Country Malaysia State Johor Establishment 1855 Granted city status 1994 Government  - Mayor Latiff Yusof Area  - City 185 km²  (72. ... State anthem: Pahang State Anthem Capital Kuantan Royal capital Pekan Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Ahmad Shah  - Menteri Besar Adnan Yaakob History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 35,964 km² Population  - 2005 estimate 1,372,500  - Density 38. ... This article is about the state in Malaysia. ... State motto: no State motto Capital Seremban Royal Capital Seri Menanti Yang di-Pertuan Besar Tuanku Jaafar ibni Almarhum Tuanku Abdul Rahman Chief Minister YAB Dato Seri Utama Mohamad Haji Hasan Area 6,645 km2 Population  - Est. ... Geography The Straits of Johor (also known as the Tebrau Strait, Johor Strait, Selat Johor, Selat Tebrau, and Tebrau Reach) is a narrow stretch of water that separates Johor state, Malaysia from Singapore. ... Tanjung Piai is the most southern point of mainland Asia. ... Pontian also refers to a group of Greek people that formerly inhabited the north part of present day Turkey. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ...


Johoreans often use the word Johor to refer to the city of Johor Bahru. Nickname: Motto: Berkhidmat, Berbudaya, Berwawasan (English: Servicing, cultured, visionary) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: Country Malaysia State Johor Establishment 1855 Granted city status 1994 Government  - Mayor Latiff Yusof Area  - City 185 km²  (72. ...

Contents

History

Main article: Sultanate of Johor

The name "Johor" originated from the Arabic word Jauhar, 'gem/precious stone' . Before the name Johor was adopted, the area south of the Muar River to Singapore island was known as Ujung Tanah or 'land's end' in Malay, due to its location at the end of the Malay Peninsula. Coincidentally, Johor is the most southerly point of the Asian continental mainland. The Sultanate of Johor (or sometimes Johor-Riau) was founded by Malaccan Sultan Mahmud Shahs son, Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah in 1528. ... Muar River is a river which flows through the states of Negeri Sembilan and Johor in Malaysia. ... The Malay Peninsula (Malay: Semenanjung Tanah Melayu) is a major peninsula located in Southeast Asia. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ...


Modern Johor history began in the early 16th century with the foundation of the Sultanate of Johor by the son of Sultan Mahmud Shah, the last Sultan of Malacca, who fled from the invading Portuguese in Malacca. Johor sultanate is one of the two successor states of the Melaka empire. Upon Malacca's defeat to the Portuguese in 1511, the son of the last Sultan of Malacca, Sultan Mahmud Shah, had established a monarchy in Johor and had posed a constant threat to the Portuguese. The Sultanate of Perak was the other successor state of Malacca and was established by the son of Sultan Mahmud Shah, Sultan Muzaffar Shah. Johor is the only state, apart from Melaka, that has grown into an empire. During its peak, the whole of Pahang and the present day Indonesian territories of Riau archipelago and part of Sumatra Island was under Johor's rule. The Sultanate of Johor (or sometimes Johor-Riau) was founded by Malaccan Sultan Mahmud Shahs son, Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah in 1528. ... Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah II was the first Sultan of Johor. ... Sultan Mahmud Shah (d. ... This article is about the state in Malaysia. ... For other uses, see Perak (disambiguation). ... This article is about the political and historical term. ... Map of Indonesia showing Riau province Riau is a province of Indonesia, located in the center of Sumatra island along the Strait of Malacca. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatera) is the sixth largest island in the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are partially in Indonesia). ...


The sultanate grew in economic and political importance due to its position as an East-West trading hub and eventually evolved into the Johor Empire, covering Johor, the Riau Archipelago and parts of eastern Sumatra. However, the Johor Empire failed to reconquer Malacca; in turn Johor harassed and attacked the Portuguese during the 130-year Portuguese rule in Malacca and was a constant thorn to Portuguese dominance in the Straits of Malacca. Map of Indonesia showing Riau province Riau is a province of Indonesia, located in the center of Sumatra island along the Strait of Malacca. ... The Mergui Archipelago The Archipelago Sea, situated between the Gulf of Bothnia and the Gulf of Finland, the largest archipelago in the world by the number of islands. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatera) is the sixth largest island in the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are partially in Indonesia). ... The Straits of Malacca is a narrow stretch of water between Peninsular Malaysia (West Malaysia) and the Indonesian island of Sumatra. ...


Transportation hubs

Ports

Johor has three ports, Pasir Gudang Port, Port of Tanjung Pelepas and Tanjung Langsat Port. Pasir Gudang is a port (Johor Port Authority) town located 35 km east of Johor Bahru. ... The Port of Tanjung Pelepas is Malaysias newest port for container ships, located near the tip of continental Asia, in southwest Malaysia. ... Tanjung Langsat Port (TLP) is the third port in Johor, Malaysia, designed to complement the Port of Tanjung Pelepas and Johor Port in Pasir Gudang. ...


Airports

Johor has one international airport (30 km away from the city centre), The Sultan Ismail International Airport in Senai (01’38’26’ N, 103’40’13’ E). It was opened on 6 June 1974 and has been expanded several times ever since. Currently, it has a 5 million passenger capacity with another parallel runway under construction. Senai International Airport (JHB) or known as Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Sultan Ismail is the Johor state airport located near Johor Bahru, Malaysia. ...


The airport is also a regional hub of AirAsia, a regional low-cost no-frills airline. Malaysia Airlines also operate flights from Senai airport to some local and international destinations. For the Taiwanese aircraft service company, see Air Asia (Taiwan). ... Malaysia Airlines (Abbreviated: MAS,马航 ; Malay: Penerbangan Malaysia; Chinese: 马来西亚航空公司; Hanyu Pinyin: MálaixÄ«ya Hángkōng GōngsÄ«) is the national airline of Malaysia, operating scheduled services to over 100 destinations worldwide. ...


Government structure of Johor

Monarchy

Johor is a constitutional monarchy. Johor was the first state in Malaysia which adopted the constitutional monarchy system via Undang-undang Tubuh Negeri Johor (Johor State Establishment Constitution) written by Sultan Abu Bakar. The constitutional head of Johor is the Sultan. This hereditary position can only be held by a member of the Johor Royal Family, who is descended from Sultan Abu Bakar. The State's Sultan since 1981 has been Sultan Iskandar Al-Haj. Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A constitutional monarchy is a form of government established under a constitutional system which acknowledges an elected or hereditary monarch as head of state, as opposed to an absolute monarchy, where the monarch is not bound by a... Undang-undang Tubuh Negeri Johor, or Johor State Establishment Constitution (Jawi script: اوندڠ-اوندڠ توبوه نڬري جوهر) is a set of law in Johor, Malaysia, which becomes the base constitution for the state. ... Almarhum Sultan Sir Abu Bakar ibni Almarhum Temenggong Daeng Ibrahim Sri Maharaja Johor (1833–1895) was the first sultan of modern Johor in Malaysia. ... Sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic title, with several historical meanings. ... Almarhum Sultan Sir Abu Bakar ibni Almarhum Temenggong Daeng Ibrahim Sri Maharaja Johor (1833–1895) was the first sultan of modern Johor in Malaysia. ... In full, Baginda Al-Mutawakkil Alallah Sultan Iskandar Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Ismail (born April 8, 1932) in Johor Bahru was the eighth Yang di-Pertuan Agong (roughly equivalent to King) of Malaysia from April 26, 1984 to April 25, 1989, and fourth Sultan of Johor. ...


Johor was the first state and currently the only state in Malaysia that has its own military force called Johor Military Force or 'Timbalan Setia Negeri'. It is considered a private army of the Sultan of Johor.


State government

The state government is headed by the Chief Minister or Menteri Besar. The current Chief Minister is Dato' Abdul Ghani Othman, a former civil servant. The Chief Minister is assisted by an executive council (exco), whose members are selected from the state assembly members. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


The legislative branch of Johor's government is the Johor State Assembly. The state assembly makes laws in matters regarding the state. Members of the assembly are elected every five years in an election.


Districts

The state of Johor is divided into the districts of

  • Johor Bahru 1817.8 km², population 1,370,738 (2005)
  1. Majlis Bandaraya Johor Bahru (Abbreviation as MBJB or City Hall of Johor Bahru. It covers an area of Daerah Sentral JB, Tampoi, Pelangi, Pasir Pelangi, Rinting, Tasek Utara, Pandan, Permas Jaya, Kangkar Tebrau, Kempas, Larkin, Majidee, Mount Austin, Kawasan Tebrau) (website: http://www.mbjb.gov.my)
  2. Majlis Perbandaran Johor Bahru Tengah (MPJBT It covers an area of Masai, Plentong, Ulu Tiram, Gelang Patah, Skudai, Pulai, Nusajaya, Ulu Choh, Lima Kedai (http://www.johordt.gov.my/mpjbt/bm/utama/kaw_pentd.htm)
  3. Majlis Perbandaran Kulai (Majlis Perbandaran Kulai) (Covers an area of Senai, Kulai Town, Sedenak, Ayer Bemban)
  4. Pihak Berkuasa Tempatan Pasir Gudang (PBTPG covers an area of Pasir Gudang Industrial Estate, Kota Masai, Pasir Putih, Air Biru, Tanjung Langsat, Scientex, Nusa Damai, Kong Kong, Sg. Tiram)(http://www.pbtpasirgudang.gov.my/)
  • Pontian 919.5 km², population: 160,722 (2005)
  1. Majlis Daerah Pontian
  1. Majlis Daerah Kota Tinggi
  • Kluang 2851.8 km², population: 295,373 (2005)
  1. Majlis Perbandaran Kluang (Majlis Daerah Kluang Utara)
  2. Majlis Daerah Simpang Renggam (Majlis Daerah Kluang Selatan)
  • Segamat 2851.26 km², population: 198,142 (2005)
  1. Majlis Daerah Segamat (Majlis Daerah Segamat Utara)
  2. Majlis Daerah Labis (Majlis Daerah Segamat Selatan)
  • Muar 2346.12 km², population: 373,587 (2005)
  1. Majlis Perbandaran Muar (Majlis Daerah Muar Selatan)
  2. Majlis Daerah Tangkak (Majlis Daerah Tangkak)
  • Batu Pahat 1878 km², population: 382,175 (2005)
  1. Majlis Perbandaran Batu Pahat (Majlis Daerah Batu Pahat Barat)
  2. Majlis Daerah Yong Peng (Majlis Daerah Batu Pahat Timur)
  • Mersing 2838.6 km², population: 73,920 (2005)
  1. Majlis Daerah Mersing

The Johor Bahru district is located in the southern part of Johor, separated from Singapore by Straits of Johor. ... Pontian also refers to a group of Greek people that formerly inhabited the north part of present day Turkey. ... Kota Tinggi Town Kota Tinggi is a small town located around 42 kilometers north-east of Johor Bahru, on the road to Mersing in Malaysia. ... Kluang is a town and district located roughly in the middle of the state of Johor in Malaysia. ... Segamat (昔加末)is a town and district located in the north of the state of Johor in Malaysia, bordering two other states of Malaysia (Negeri Sembilan on the west and Pahang on the north). ... District Muar District Area  - Total (District) 2346. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Mersing is the name of a town and district in the northeast corner in the state of Johor, Malaysia. ...

Economy

Iskandar Development Region

The Iskandar Development Region (formerly known as South Johor Economic Region), encompassing Johor Bahru and Nusajaya is a major development zone in Johor. It is named after the present sultan, Iskandar Al-haj. At 2215 km², it is two-and-a-half times bigger than Singapore and 48 times the size of Putrajaya. It is envisioned to draw investment and business to Johor and will be among the biggest development projects undertaken in Malaysia. As part of the project, the state administrative capital will be moved to Nusajaya. Iskandar Development Region (IDR) (Malay: Wilayah Pembangunan Iskandar). ... Nickname: Motto: Berkhidmat, Berbudaya, Berwawasan (English: Servicing, cultured, visionary) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: Country Malaysia State Johor Establishment 1855 Granted city status 1994 Government  - Mayor Latiff Yusof Area  - City 185 km²  (72. ... Nusajaya is a new town and when completed will be the new administration centre of Johor, Malaysia. ... In full, Baginda Al-Mutawakkil Alallah Sultan Iskandar Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Ismail (born April 8, 1932) in Johor Bahru was the eighth Yang di-Pertuan Agong (roughly equivalent to King) of Malaysia from April 26, 1984 to April 25, 1989, and fourth Sultan of Johor. ... Motto: Bandar raya Taman, Bandar raya Bestari (English :Garden City, Intelligent City ) Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1995, October 19th Made into Federal Territory 2001, February 1st Government  - Administered by Perbadanan Putrajaya Putrajaya Corporation  - Chairman Samsudin Osman Area  - City 46 km²  (17. ... Nusajaya is a new town and when completed will be the new administration centre of Johor, Malaysia. ...


Education

Johor has several institutions of higher learning. It has three universities, namely Universiti Teknologi Malaysia situated in Skudai, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia in Parit Raja, Batu Pahat (UTHM), Universiti Teknologi MARA Johor ( UiTM) in Segamat and several polytechnics. Johor also has a teaching college called Maktab Perguruan Temenggung Ibrahim. It has one non-profit community college called Southern College situated in Skudai. Southern College was established in 1990 owing to the generous support from the communities. It is the first non-profit community college in the country wholly funded by public donation and is open to Malaysian students of all races.[1] Universiti Teknologi Malaysia started as a technical university and is widely known with the abbreviation UTM. The main campus is in Skudai, which is the first university located in the state of Johor. ... Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM) is a main university in Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia. ... Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) commitment is to produce a significant number of Bumiputera (ethnic Malay) professionals, so all the students are Bumiputeras, although the faculty includes other races. ... Segamat (昔加末)is a town and district located in the north of the state of Johor in Malaysia, bordering two other states of Malaysia (Negeri Sembilan on the west and Pahang on the north). ...


At the primary level, Muslim Johorean students are required to attend Islamic religious school in addition to national school. Many Malay Johoreans have competent skills in Jawi script, the official script in Johor since 1885, which is still used in Islamic religious and Malay cultural matters in the present. There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... Jawi may refer to: Jawi peoplevery good Jawi language (Australian Aboriginal) Jawi script (Arabic based for writing Malay) Category: ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Places of interest

Major tourist attractions

Among the popular tourist destinations in Johor are:

  1. Desaru - beaches & golf courses along the South China Sea
  2. Johor Bahru - shopping, night market, colonial/royal district
  3. Endau Rompin National Park - pristine jungle
  4. Kota Tinggi 34 meter waterfall.
  5. Kukup - a fishing village with seafood restaurants built over water
  6. Muar - picturesque riverside town
  7. Seribuat Archipelago - islands with beautiful beaches, coral reefs
  8. Tanjung Piai - the southernmost tip of mainland Asia
  9. Danga Bay - The new waterfront city
  10. Pekan Air Panas - hot springs,waterfall,local fruits available

Desaru is a beach and resort area in Johor, Malaysia. ... Nickname: Motto: Berkhidmat, Berbudaya, Berwawasan (English: Servicing, cultured, visionary) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: Country Malaysia State Johor Establishment 1855 Granted city status 1994 Government  - Mayor Latiff Yusof Area  - City 185 km²  (72. ... Endau Rompin National Park is a tropical rainforest in Malaysia covering an area of 800 sq. ... Kota Tinggi Town Kota Tinggi is a small town located around 42 kilometers north-east of Johor Bahru, on the road to Mersing in Malaysia. ... Kukup is a small fishing village located around 40 kilometres southwest of Johor Bahru, on the Strait of Melaka in Malaysia. ... District Muar District Area  - Total (District) 2346. ... Tanjung Piai is the most southern point of mainland Asia. ... Danga Bay or Teluk Danga is the largest recreational park in the city of Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia. ... Pekan Air Panas is a small town in the district of Segamat, Johor, Malaysia which is named after the hot springs available there. ...

National parks and forest reserves

Johor is also noted for its national parks. Johor currently has five national parks, with a combined area of more than 700 km² and several smaller recreational forest. Almost all recreational parks are based around a mountain. Johor also has the third largest mangrove forest reserve in Peninsular Malaysia (167 km²). The state of Johor in Malaysia is noted for its national parks and forest reserves which preserve virgin rainforests known for its biodiversity and endangered species of animals. ...


Mausoleum of Sultan Mahmud Mangkat Dijulang

Makam Sultan Mahmud Mangkat Dijulang is a famous historical tomb in Kota Tinggi, Johor in Malaysia. ...

Cultural heritage of Johor

Culture in Johor is influenced by visitors and traders throughout history. The biggest influence would be the Bugis - who first set foot in Malaysia in Johor before continuing on to Melaka and Selangor - Javanese and the Arabs. They had a powerful influence on the politics of Johor and Selangor. The strong Arab influence is apparent in art performances like Zapin and Hamdolok, musical instruments like gambus. Other visible legacies in Johor Bahru are the Arabic names of places such as Wadi Hana and Wadi Hassan in areas populated by the Arab community from Hadhramaut in the southeast of Yemen. Wadi means valley in Arabic. The Bugis are the most numerous of the three major linguistic and ethnic groups of South Sulawesi, the southwestern province of Sulawesi, Indonesias third largest island. ... State motto: Bersatu Teguh (Malay, United We Stand) Capital Malacca Town Governor Tun Datuk Seri Utama Mohd Khalil Yaakob Chief Minister Datuk Seri Haji Mohd Ali Mohd Rustam Area 1,650 km² Population  - Estimated 648,500 State anthem Melaka Maju Jaya This article is about a state in Malaysia. ... State motto: Dipelihara Allah State anthem: Duli Yang Maha Mulia Capital Shah Alam Royal capital Klang Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Sharafuddin  - Menteri Besar Dr Mohd Khir Toyo History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 7,956 km² Population  - 2005... Javanese is a term used to describe a native of the Indonesian island of Java. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Motto: Berkhidmat, Berbudaya, Berwawasan (English: Servicing, cultured, visionary) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: Country Malaysia State Johor Establishment 1855 Granted city status 1994 Government  - Mayor Latiff Yusof Area  - City 185 km²  (72. ... Region close to Sayun in the Hadhramaut Valley An ancient sculpture of a griffon from the royal palace at shabwa, the capital city of Hadhramaut Hadhramaut, Hadhramout or Hadramawt (Arabic: ‎ []) is a historical region of the south Arabian Peninsula along the Gulf of Aden in the Arabian Sea, extending eastwards... Wadi alMujib, Jordan A wadi (Arabic: ) is traditionally a valley. ... Arabic redirects here. ...


Language

The Johorean dialect of the Malay, also known as Johor-Riau Malay and originally spoken in Johor, Riau, Malacca and Singapore, has been adopted as the basis for both the Malaysian and Indonesian national languages, Malay and Indonesian, respectively. Due to Johor's location at the confluence of trade routes within and without the Malay Archipelago, as well as the former economic might and influence of Malacca and Johor, the dialect spread as the region's lingua franca since the 15th century; hence the adoption of the dialect as the basis for the national languages. Not to be confused with the Malayalam language, spoken in India. ... Map of Indonesia showing Riau province Riau is a province of Indonesia, located in the center of Sumatra island along the Strait of Malacca. ... This article is about the state in Malaysia. ... The Malay language, also known locally as Bahasa Melayu, is an Austronesian language spoken by the Malay people who are native to the Malay peninsula, southern Thailand, Singapore and parts of Sumatra. ... World map depicting Malay Archipelago The Malay Archipelago is a vast archipelago located between mainland Southeastern Asia (Indochina) and Australia. ... Lingua franca, literally Frankish language in Italian, was originally a mixed language consisting largely of Italian plus a vocabulary drawn from Turkish, Persian, French, Greek and Arabic and used for communication throughout the Middle East. ...


Clothing

  • Cekak Musang and Teluk Belanga are types of collar design of the male attire ' baju melayu'. It is said that Teluk Belanga was designed by Sultan Abu Bakar in 1866 to reminisce the shift of Johor's capital from Teluk Belanga to Johor Bahru. The Teluk Belanga design is a simple hemmed round collar with a stiff stitching called 'tulang belut' or 'eel's spine' and ended with a loop at the end to fit a 'kancing'. This collar design creates an exposed neck in contrast to the neck-covering Cekak Musang design that is a raised stiff collar of about 1-2 cm with an opening down to the chest. The collar ends have matching holes to fit buttons.
  • Kurung Johor
  • Kurung Riau
  • Belah kebaya panjang

Zapin dance

Main article: Zapin

Zapin is a dance form which is popular in Malaysia especially in the state of Johor. It is believed to have been introduced by Muslim missionaries from the Middle East in the 14th century. Zapin is a dance form which is popular in Malaysia especially in the state of Johor. ...


In the old days, only males were allowed to perform but nowadays, female dancers are included. It used to be performed exclusively for religious ceremonies but through the years it has become a form of traditional entertainment, hence the participation of female dancers are allowed.


The dancers usually perform in pairs and are accompanied by a traditional music ensemble normally consists of the gambus, accordion, violin, marwas (bongos), rebana (drum) and dok.


Kuda Kepang

Kuda kepang is a dance or game performed by Johoreans, especially of Javanese descent. Kuda kepang is a legless horse-shaped puppet that is straddled by the performers. Usually, a troupe of performers consists of 10 to 15 people. It is performed in wedding ceremonies and cultural celebrations. There are several possible origins of Kuda Kepang. It is said to be originated from the struggles of “Wali Songo”, a group of nine Islamic preachers in Java. Others said it originated from the movement of horses commanded by Ali, the fourth Muslim Caliph. There are several dance rhythms or patterns; the 'Sola', 'Selendang', 'Pak Tani', 'Pucuk Rebung', 'Perjuangan', and 'Mempertahankan Diri'. The bobbing movement of the performers and their horse puppet is called 'Lenggang Kiprah'.


The musical instruments used in kuda kepang performance are 'angklong', 'gendang', 'gong', 'kinong', 'jidor', 'soron kecil' and 'bonang'.


Legend of Badang

It is a story of Badang, a slave who gained super human strength by eating the sputum of a river spirit. He used this to win his release from his master. Contrary to popular belief, Badang was born in Sayong Pinang, Johor, not Singapore or Temasik as it was known then. Upon hearing his strength, he was summoned by the Seri Rama Wira Kerma of Temasik where he displayed his skills. Challengers were sent by foreign kingdoms to defeat him. Among them were King of Kalinga I from India who sent Nadi Bijaya Pikrama, a fierce wrestler and the noblemen of Perlak who sent Benderang. Badang emerged victorious from both fights and eventually stayed in Temasik until his death. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Legend of Malim Deman

Malim Deman is a king in Segamat who was in love with Princess Santan Bertapis. The princess was kidnapped by a spirit and Malim Deman swore that as long as the princess is not returned, the Segamat area shall experience floods for all eternity. However, with modern town planning and irrigation, flooding is now a rare occurrence in Segamat. Segamat (昔加末)is a town and district located in the north of the state of Johor in Malaysia, bordering two other states of Malaysia (Negeri Sembilan on the west and Pahang on the north). ...


Legend of Gunung Ledang

See main article Legend of Gunung Ledang It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Puteri Gunung Ledang. ...


Awang's spear returned to Dayang

Lembing Awang pulang ke Dayang (Awang's spear Returned to Dayang) is an incident that occurred in Parit Raja, Batu Pahat. In Malay it is translated as 'Lembing Awang Pulang ke Dayang'. It occurred in 1776 when a man called Awang returned to Parit Raja after more than 3 years abroad to marry his fiancee Dayang. Upon his return, he found out that another man called Bachok had told Dayang of Awang's death and she was to be married to him the next day. Awang showed up at the wedding and using a spear given by Raja Bugis, he speared Bachok in the stomach. Bachok, fatally injured, grabbed the spear in his stomach and speared his best man. The man then speared the next man he saw and this was repeated until the 99th person was speared. It was Dayang's father who was protecting Dayang. He did not continue the repeated spearing and died. Awang ran away to Endau and Dayang did not marry another until she died. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Not to be confused with the Malayalam language, spoken in India. ... The Bugis are the most numerous of the three major linguistic and ethnic groups of South Sulawesi, the southwestern province of Sulawesi, Indonesias third largest island. ... Endau is a small town in Malaysia. ...


Hamdolok

Hamdolok originated from the exposure of Middle East culture introduced by Arabs in Johor. It is a traditional theatre performed during weddings and festivals. It is a blend of artistic characters of both the Middle-East and local Malay communities. Instruments used include the gambus, tambourine, maracas and conga drums. It was also inspired by the Bedouin celebrating the birth of Islamic prophet Muhammad playing musical instruments and reciting poetry. Gambus (Arabian Oud) is a stringed instrument like a guitar with a body shaped like a pear sliced in half. ... “Buben” redirects here. ... Maracas Maracas (sometimes called rhumba shakers) are simple percussion instruments (idiophones), usually played in pairs, consisting of a dried calabash or gourd shell (cuia - kOO-ya) or coconut shell filled with seeds or dried beans. ... A pair of congas The conga is a tall, narrow, single-headed Cuban drum of African origin, probably derived from the Congolese Makuta drums. ...


The history of Johor from the late 1500s to the late 1600s is characterised by a series of succession struggles interspersed with strategic alliances struck with regional clans and foreign powers to maintain its political and economic hold in the Straits. In competition with the Acehnese of northern Sumatra and the port-kingdom of Malacca under Portuguese rule, Johor engaged in prolonged warfare with their rivals, often striking alliances with friendly Malay states and in particular the Dutch. In 1641 Johor in cooperation with the Dutch succeeded in capturing Malacca. By 1660, Johor had become a flourishing entrepôt, although weakening and splintering of the empire in the late seventeenth and eighteenth century reduced its sovereignty. Aceh (IPA pronunciation: , pronounced approximately Ah-Cèh, but with [e], not [ei] at the end) is a special territory (daerah istimewa) of Indonesia, located on the northern tip of the island of Sumatra. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatera) is the sixth largest island in the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are partially in Indonesia). ... The Malay states are a group of nine states of Malaysia (all located in West Malaysia) which have hereditary Rulers. ...


In the 18th century, the Bugis of Sulawesi and the Minangkabau of Sumatra controlled the political powers in the Johor-Riau Empire. However, in the early 19th century, Malay and Bugis rivalry commanded the scene. In 1819, the Johor-Riau Empire was broken into the mainland Johor, controlled by the Temenggong, and the Sultanate of Riau-Lingga, controlled by the Bugis. This is when the history of modern Johor began. In 1855, under the terms of a treaty between the British in Singapore and Sultan Ali of Johor, the control over the State was formally ceded to Dato' Temenggong Daing Ibrahim, with the exception of the Kesang area (Muar), which was finally handed over in 1877. Temenggong Ibrahim opened up Bandar Tanjung Puteri (later to become Johor's present-day capital) in south Johor as a major town. The Bugis are the most numerous of the three major linguistic and ethnic groups of South Sulawesi, the southwestern province of Sulawesi, Indonesias third largest island. ... Sulawesi (formerly more commonly known as Celebes, IPA: a Portuguese-originated form of the name) is one of the four larger Sunda Islands of Indonesia and is situated between Borneo and the Maluku Islands. ... Languages Minangkabau, Indonesian and Malay. ... Sultan Ali was the sultan of Sultanate of Johor from 1835 to 1877. ... District Muar District Area  - Total (District) 2346. ...

Flag of Johor. The colour blue represents the State Government, the colour red for warriors defending the state, the white crescent and 5 sided star represent the monarchy and Islam.
Flag of Johor. The colour blue represents the State Government, the colour red for warriors defending the state, the white crescent and 5 sided star represent the monarchy and Islam.

Temenggong Ibrahim was succeeded by his son, Dato' Temenggong Abu Bakar, who later took the title Seri Maharaja Johor. In 1866, he was formally crowned the Sultan of Johor. Sultan Abu Bakar of Johor (1864 - 1895) was the one who gave Johor its own constitution and developed its efficient administration system and constructed the Istana Besar, the official residence of the Sultan. Due to these achievements, Sultan Abu Bakar is known by the title "Father of Modern Johor". He is immortalized at the Sultan Abu Bakar Monument. The monument is built in the seafront directly opposite the courthouse. Image File history File links Flag_of_Johor. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Johor. ... Almarhum Sultan Sir Abu Bakar ibni Almarhum Temenggong Daeng Ibrahim Sri Maharaja Johor (1833–1895) was the first sultan of modern Johor in Malaysia. ...


The increased demand for black pepper and gambier in the nineteenth century lead to the opening up of farmlands to the influx of Chinese immigrants, creating Johor's initial economic base. The Kangchu system was put in place with the first settlement of Kangkar Tebrau established in 1844. The decline of the Kangchu economy at the end of the 19th century coincided with the opening of the railway line connecting Johor Bahru and the Federated Malay States in 1909 and the emergence of rubber plantations throughout the state. Under the British Resident system, Sultan Ibrahim, Sultan Abu Bakar's successor, was forced to accept a British adviser in 1904. D.G. Campbell was dispatched as the first British adviser to Johor. From the 1910s to the 1940s, Johor emerged as Malaya's top rubber producing state, a position it has held until recently. Johor was also until recently the largest oil palm producer in Malaysia. Binomial name L. Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. ... Species = Harpagophytum procumbens Ref: ARS-GRIN 2002-06-01 Uncaria is a genus of plants known colloquially as Gambier, Cats Claw or Uña de Gato, which are found in Asia, Africa, and South America. ... The Kangchu system (or sistem Kangcu in Malay;港祖 in Chinese) is a system which was used once during the Johor Sultanate. ... The Kangchu system (or sistem Kangcu in Malay;港祖 in Chinese) is a system which was used once during the Johor Sultanate. ... Nickname: Motto: Berkhidmat, Berbudaya, Berwawasan (English: Servicing, cultured, visionary) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: Country Malaysia State Johor Establishment 1855 Granted city status 1994 Government  - Mayor Latiff Yusof Area  - City 185 km²  (72. ... The Federated Malay States (FMS) was a federation of four states on the Malay Peninsula - Pahang, Perak, Selangor, and Negeri Sembilan - established by the British government in 1895, and lasted until 1946, when they together with the Straits Settlements and the Unfederated Malay States formed the Malayan Union. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... A British Resident or British Resident Minister was a British colonial official who lived and worked in smaller self-governing colonies or protectorates as a political advisor to the leader and as an ambassador of the British Government. ... Species Elaeis guineensis Elaeis oleifera The oil palms (Elaeis) coomprise two species of the Arecaceae, or palm family. ...


During World War II, Johor Bahru became the last city on the Malay peninsula to fall under the Japanese. General Yamashita Tomoyuki had his headquarters on top of Bukit Serene and coordinated the downfall of Singapore. Nickname: Motto: Berkhidmat, Berbudaya, Berwawasan (English: Servicing, cultured, visionary) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: Country Malaysia State Johor Establishment 1855 Granted city status 1994 Government  - Mayor Latiff Yusof Area  - City 185 km²  (72. ... General Tomoyuki Yamashita (山下 奉文 Yamashita Tomoyuki) (November 8, 1885 - February 23, 1946) was a general of the Japanese Army during the WWII era. ...


Johor gave birth to the Malay opposition which derailed the Malayan Union plan. Malays under Dato' Onn Jaafar's leadership formed the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) in Johor on 11 May 1946. (UMNO is currently the main component party of Malaysia's ruling Barisan Nasional coalition.) In 1948, Johor joined the Federation of Malaya, which gained Independence in 1957. The Malayan Union was formed on April 1, 1946 by the British. ... The United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Bersatu in Malay, is the largest political party in Malaysia and a founding member of the Barisan Nasional coalition, which has ruled the country uninterrupted since independence. ... Barisan Nasional (National Front or BN) is a political coalition in Malaysia. ... The Federation of Malaya, or in Malay Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, was formed in 1948 from the British settlements of Penang and Malacca and the nine Malay states and replaced the Malayan Union. ...


Geography

Physical

In the official census of 2000, the population of Johor was 2.75 million people with 54% Malays, 35% Chinese, 7% Indians and 4% others. It is the fifth largest state (18,984 km²) of Malaysia. It is the southernmost state in Peninsular Malaysia being South of Melaka, Negeri Sembilan and Pahang and North of Singapore from which it is separated by the Straits of Johor. The highest point in Johor is Gunung (mountain) Ledang (1276 m). Gunung Ledang is also known as Mount Ophir. Johor is the only state in Malaysia which has a 400 km beach stretching on both the East and the West coast. Map of Peninsular Malaysia Peninsular Malaysia (or Semenanjung Malaysia in the Malay language) is the part of Malaysia which lies on the Malay Peninsula, and shares a land border with Thailand in the north. ... State motto: Bersatu Teguh (Malay, United We Stand) Capital Malacca Town Governor Tun Datuk Seri Utama Mohd Khalil Yaakob Chief Minister Datuk Seri Haji Mohd Ali Mohd Rustam Area 1,650 km² Population  - Estimated 648,500 State anthem Melaka Maju Jaya This article is about a state in Malaysia. ... State motto: no State motto Capital Seremban Royal Capital Seri Menanti Yang di-Pertuan Besar Tuanku Jaafar ibni Almarhum Tuanku Abdul Rahman Chief Minister YAB Dato Seri Utama Mohamad Haji Hasan Area 6,645 km2 Population  - Est. ... State anthem: Pahang State Anthem Capital Kuantan Royal capital Pekan Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Ahmad Shah  - Menteri Besar Adnan Yaakob History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 35,964 km² Population  - 2005 estimate 1,372,500  - Density 38. ... Geography The Straits of Johor (also known as the Tebrau Strait, Johor Strait, Selat Johor, Selat Tebrau, and Tebrau Reach) is a narrow stretch of water that separates Johor state, Malaysia from Singapore. ...


Johor has 8 large islands with numerous smaller ones.

  1. Pulau Tinggi
  2. Pulau Rawa
  3. Pulau Sibu
  4. Pulau Tengah
  5. Pulau Pemanggil
  6. Pulau Aur
  7. Pulau Besar
  8. Pulau Lima

Pulau Tinggi, otherwise known as Tinggi Island is a large uninhabited island, which rises 2000 ft (600 m) above sea level off the east coast of Johor, Malaysia. ... Rawa Island is a coral island off the east coast of Johor, Malaysia, 16 km by boat from Mersing town. ... Pulau Sibu is one of Malaysias unspoilt islands off the Peninsulas East Coast, facing the South China Sea. ... Tengah Island is an uninhabited island. ... Pemanggil Island sits 45kms east of Mersing, the take-off point to most islands off the Southern coast of Peninsular Malaysia. ... Pulau Aur, known locally as Aur Island, lies about 65km east of Mersing, Johor, Malaysia. ... Pulau Besar is the name of many islands in Malaysia and Indonesia. ...

Weather

Johor experiences wet equatorial weather with monsoon rain from Nov until Feb blowing from the South China Sea. Average annual rainfall is 1778 mm with average temperature of between 25.5 °C (78 °F) and 27.8 °C (82 °F). Humidity is between 82 and 86%. Filipino name Tagalog: Luzon Sea Portuguese name Portuguese: Mar da China Meridional Vietnamese name Vietnamese: The South China Sea is a marginal sea south of China. ...


Hundred Year Peak Rain Fall

On 19 December 2006, continuously heavy downpour occurred in Johor. Many towns such as Muar, Kota Tinggi and Segamat were seriously flooded with water levels as high as 10 feet above ground level recorded in some areas. 15 lives were lost and many possessions were destroyed and this resulted in huge financial losses in Johor. More than 100,000 victims were evacuated to flood relief centres. is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... District Muar District Area  - Total (District) 2346. ... Kota Tinggi Town Kota Tinggi is a small town located around 42 kilometers north-east of Johor Bahru, on the road to Mersing in Malaysia. ... Segamat (昔加末)is a town and district located in the north of the state of Johor in Malaysia, bordering two other states of Malaysia (Negeri Sembilan on the west and Pahang on the north). ...


Links to Singapore

Further information: Johor-Singapore Causeway
Further information: Malaysia-Singapore Second Link

Johor is linked to Singapore via two road connections: the Johor-Singapore Causeway and the Malaysia-Singapore Second Link. The Johor-Singapore Causeway, as viewed from the Woodlands Checkpoint in Singapore, facing towards Johor Bahru, Malaysia. ... Malaysia-Singapore Second Link (Malay: Laluan Kedua Malaysia-Singapura) is a bridge connecting Singapore and Johor, Malaysia. ... The Johor-Singapore Causeway, as viewed from the Woodlands Checkpoint in Singapore, facing towards Johor Bahru, Malaysia. ... Malaysia-Singapore Second Link (Malay: Laluan Kedua Malaysia-Singapura) is a bridge connecting Singapore and Johor, Malaysia. ...


The Johor-Singapore Causeway (length: 1038 m) was designed by Messrs Coode, Fizmaurice, Wilson and Mitchell of Westminster, while the construction contract was awarded to Topham, Jones & Railton Ltd of London. It started in 1909 as a railway link by Johor State Railway to connect Johor Bahru to Singapore, then the administrative headquarters of British interests in South-East Asia. Construction of the road section started in 1919 and was completed in 1923. The Johor-Singapore Causeway, as viewed from the Woodlands Checkpoint in Singapore, facing towards Johor Bahru, Malaysia. ... Westminster is a district within the City of Westminster in London. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Year 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The causeway has been a source of contention ever since Singapore seceded from Malaysia in 1965. Stagnating water caused by the Causeway has raised health concerns in Johor. Malaysia proposed to replace the causeway with a bridge, allowing water, tide movement and ship movement from Pasir Gudang, the older port in Johor to the new port in Gelang Patah through the Straits of Johor. Singapore rejected this proposal, after which Malaysia came up with the idea of what became known as "the crooked half-bridge", 25 m above water level, and descending halfway to link up with the low-level causeway. The railway will have a swing bridge. The project is part of the Gerbang Selatan Bersepadu project. [2] It had been previously announced that the bridge project will go ahead, even without the agreement of the Singaporean government. The bridge will become a straight bridge if the Singaporean government accepts the project. Construction work on the bridge has stopped, however, on the orders of the Prime Minister, Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, who cited the unwillingness of Malaysia to sell sand and allow the use of Malaysian airspace by Singapore as a return for Singaporean consent to the bridge's construction. The history of Singapore began as early as the 3rd Century when a Chinese account described the island at the tip of the Malay peninsula. ... This article is about the edifice (including an index to articles on specific bridge types). ... A swing bridge is a bridge that has as its primary structural support a vertical locating pin and support ring at or near to its center, about which it can then pivot horizontally as shown in the animated illustration below. ... Dato Seri Abdullah bin Haji Ahmad Badawi[1] (born November 26, 1939 in Kepala Batas, Penang) is the 5th Prime Minister of Malaysia. ...


Animosity between previous leaders of both countries has abated with the rise of new leaders, Abdullah Badawi as Malaysian Prime Minister replacing Mahathir Mohamad and Lee Hsien Loong in Singapore replacing Goh Chok Tong. It has renewed talks and improved relations between countries. Abdullah Ahmad Badawi (born November 26, 1939) is the current prime minister of Malaysia, succeeding Mahathir bin Mohamad. ... Mahathir bin Mohamad (born December 20, 1925 in Alor Star, Kedah) was the Prime Minister of Malaysia from July 16, 1981 to 2003. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is 李 (Lee) Lee Hsien Loong (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; born February 10, 1952) is the third and current Prime Minister of Singapore. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Goh Goh Chok Tong (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Hokkien: Gô· Chok-tòng; born May 20, 1941), was the second Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore from November 28, 1990 to August 12, 2004, succeeding Lee Kuan Yew. ...


Some analysts have concluded that replacing the causeway with a bridge would allow a creation of a comprehensive port system linking Johor Port and Tanjung Pelepas Port in Johor; some go on to suggest that this presents a threat to Singapore's port activity, thus explaining the initial reluctance of Singapore to agree to the causeway replacement.


The second road connection, the Malaysia-Singapore Second Link, was completed in October 1997; the link consists of a 1920 m twin-deck bridge supporting a dual-three lane carriageway linking Kampong Ladang in Tanjung Kupang, Johor, to Jalan Ahmad Ibrahim in Tuas, Singapore. Malaysia-Singapore Second Link (Malay: Laluan Kedua Malaysia-Singapura) is a bridge connecting Singapore and Johor, Malaysia. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Tanjung Kupang is a small village near Bandar Nusajaya in Gelang Patah, Johor, Malaysia. ... Tuas is largely an industrial zone located in the western part of Singapore. ...


See also Geography and climate of Singapore. Map of Singapore Singapore was founded as a British trading colony in 1819. ...


Songs of Johor

The most famous song about Johor and Johor Bahru

Tanjung Puteri


Tambak Johor Tanjung Puteri


Selat Tebrau airnya biru


Di Pantai Lido tepian mandi


Sepanjang masa di hari minggu


Atas bukit Tanjung Puteri


Taman hiburan indah berseri


Pemandangan menawan hati


Jalan tambak hubungan negeri


(chorus)


Tanjung Sekijang nun di kuala


Tempat nelayan mengail gelama


Istana Hinggap di Kuala Danga


Pantai berkelah keluarga diRaja


Dari Tebrau orang berakit


Singgah Stulang membeli kopi


Pusara si Bongkok di lereng bukit


Di tepi pantai Tanjung Puteri

Cuisine

Dishes and cuisine in Johor are influenced by Arabs and the surrounding Malay archipelago. Some of the dishes are a unique blend of ingredients not found anywhere in Malaysia. Sadly, due to their difficult and sometimes complicated recipes, some are rare delights that can only be sampled in celebrations and state banquets. Languages Arabic other minority languages Religions Predominantly Sunni Islam, as well as Shia Islam, Greek Orthodoxy, Greek Catholicism, Roman Catholicism, Alawite Islam, Druzism, Ibadi Islam, and Judaism Footnotes a Mainly in Antakya. ... World map depicting Malay Archipelago The Malay Archipelago is a vast archipelago located between mainland Southeastern Asia (Indochina) and Australia. ...

  • Laksa Johor is a cuisine originated from Johor. It differs from Laksa Penang by having coconut milk added during cooking.
  • Mee Bandung Muar is also a dish originated from Johor, specifically from Muar. The term 'bandung' is not derived from Bandung, Indonesia but as a term for anything that is mixed from many ingredients.
  • Penganan Kacau keledek is a dessert normally reserved for the Johor monarch and elites. It is made from sweet potatoes, a lot of eggs (at least 40), fresh coconut milk (not instant ones) and huge amounts of sugar. It is mixed together and stirred on a simmering heat for at least 4 hours.
  • Mee rebus is the famous noodle dish which consists of Mee (a spaghetti like mixture of flour, salt and egg) and is served with a tangy, spicy brown sauce. Usually crumbs and boiled eggs are added.
  • Arisa - A unique chicken dish that is very rare nowadays, and is normally served to the royalties and social elites of Johor at formal functions and celebrations.
  • Telur pindang - Eggs boiled together with herbs and spices, popular during wedding feasts in Johor.
  • Roti Jala or Roti Kirai - The name is derived from the Malay word 'roti' (bread) and 'jala' (net). A special ladle with a five-hole perforation is used to make the bread looks like a fish net (picture in the works). It is usually eaten spicy with curry or sweet with 'serawa'. Serawa is made from a mixture of boiled coconut milk, brown sugar and pandan leaf.
  • Kacang Pol
  • Kuih Sirat
  • Pisang Salai or Gimpi
  • Otak-otak - The more famous is Otak-otak Gelang Patah.
  • Mee Soto
  • Burasak - It is a type of Buginese food.
  • Halwa Maskat
  • Kerutup ikan
  • Pecal
  • Tauhu bakar
  • Pendaram
  • Mee Siput
  • Rojak Petis

Sanskrit name Sanskrit: लक्ष Laksa is a popular spicy noodle soup from Peranakan culture, which is a merger of Chinese and Malay elements found in Malaysia and Singapore. ... For other uses, see Coconut (disambiguation). ... District Muar District Area  - Total (District) 2346. ... Nickname: Kota Kembang (City of Flowers) Motto: Bermartabat (dignity) Location of Bandung in Indonesia Coordinates: Province West Java Country Indonesia Government  - Mayor Dada Rosada Area  - City 167. ... Grilled beef satay Satay (also written saté) is a dish that may have originated in Sumatra or Java in Indonesia but is popular in many southeast Asian countries such as Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. ... Nickname: Motto: Berkhidmat, Berbudaya, Berwawasan (English: Servicing, cultured, visionary) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: Country Malaysia State Johor Establishment 1855 Granted city status 1994 Government  - Mayor Latiff Yusof Area  - City 185 km²  (72. ... District Muar District Area  - Total (District) 2346. ... Not to be confused with the Malayalam language, spoken in India. ... This article is about the dish. ... Iraqi Biryani (as served in Amman, Jordan) The name biryani or biriani (Urdu بریانی ;Hindi बिरयानी) is derived[1] from the Persian word beryā(n) (بریان) which means fried or roasted. Biryani is a family of Middle Eastern, Southern Asian dishes made from a mixture of spices, rice (usually basmati), meat/vegetables and... Biryani bowl Hyderabadi Biryani is a famous meat-and-rice dish of Hyderabad, India. ... External links Wikibooks Cookbook has more about this subject: Spice Food Bacteria-Spice Survey Shows Why Some Cultures Like It Hot Citat: ...Garlic, onion, allspice and oregano, for example, were found to be the best all-around bacteria killers (they kill everything). ... Beef Stew A stew is a common dish made of vegetables (particularly potatoes or beans), meat, poultry, or seafood cooked in some sort of broth or sauce. ... For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ... Mackerel is a common name applied to a number of different species of fish, mostly, but not exclusively, from the family Scombridae. ... Binomial name Tamarindus indica L. This article refers to the tree – for other uses see Tamarindo (disambiguation). ... The chile pepper (also chili or chilli; from Spanish chile) is the fruit of the plant Capsicum from the nightshade family (Solanaceae). ... Binomial name Solanumlycopersicum Linnaeus ref. ... Binomial name (L.) Moench Okra (American English: , British English ), also known as ladys finger[1], bhindi and gumbo, is a flowering plant valued for its edible green fruits. ... Binomial name Persicaria odorata Lour. ... Not to be confused with the Malayalam language, spoken in India. ...

Javanese-influenced cuisine

There are a few Johorean dishes with Javanese influences. These include lontong, nasi ambeng and bontrot or berkat - both traditionally served after feasts like wedding ceremonies, Yasinan and others; and ungkep. Javanese is a term used to describe a native of the Indonesian island of Java. ... A traditional way of serving lontong Lontong is an Asian dish made of compressed rice that is then cut into small cakes. ...


External links

  • Johor Chief Minister Office Official Website
  • Johor Chief Minister Office Official Website, Media and Communication Unit(MedKom)
  • Collection of Johor Maps
  • History of the Johor Empire

Coordinates: 1°29′14″N, 103°46′52″E Image File history File links Flag_of_Johor. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The Johor Bahru district is located in the southern part of Johor, separated from Singapore by Straits of Johor. ... Kluang is a town and district located roughly in the middle of the state of Johor in Malaysia. ... Kota Tinggi Town Kota Tinggi is a small town located around 42 kilometers north-east of Johor Bahru, on the road to Mersing in Malaysia. ... Mersing is the name of a town and district in the northeast corner in the state of Johor, Malaysia. ... District Muar District Area  - Total (District) 2346. ... Pontian Kechil is a town and district headquarters of Pontian, Johor. ... Segamat (昔加末)is a town and district located in the north of the state of Johor in Malaysia, bordering two other states of Malaysia (Negeri Sembilan on the west and Pahang on the north). ... Nickname: Motto: Berkhidmat, Berbudaya, Berwawasan (English: Servicing, cultured, visionary) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: Country Malaysia State Johor Establishment 1855 Granted city status 1994 Government  - Mayor Latiff Yusof Area  - City 185 km²  (72. ... A place for resting and eating. ... Air Papan is a main places in Mersing district, Johor, Malaysia. ... Bakri often Bukit Bakri is a town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Bandar Baru UDA is a main township in the city of Johor Bahru, Johor. ... Residents of Bandar Dato Onn, Johor Land Berhad s latest jewel in the crown, a freehold development which is planned with 17,800 properties worth RM3. ... Nusajaya is a new town and when completed will be the new administration centre of Johor, Malaysia. ... Bandar Penawar is a main town in Johor Category: ... Bandar Tenggara is a main town in Johor Category: ... Batu Enam is a small town in Johor, Malaysia. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Bekok is a town located at the eastern side of the district of Segamat, Johor, Malaysia. ... Benut is a town in Pontian, Johor, Malaysia. ... Bukit Gambir is a main town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Bukit Kangkar is a main town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Bukit Kepong is a town in the Muar district of Johor, Malaysia. ... Bukit Naning is a main town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Bukit Pasir is a main town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Buloh Kasap is a town in Segamat District, Johor, Malaysia which is located about 10 km from Segamat town center via Federal Route 1. ... Chaah is the southernmost town in the district of Segamat, Johor, Malaysia. ... Desaru is a beach and resort area in Johor, Malaysia. ... Endau is a small town in Malaysia. ... Gelang Patah is a main town in Johor, located about 25 km from Johor Bahru via state route J4 or via Malaysia-Singapore Second Link. ... Gemas Baharu is a small town in the district of Segamat, Johor, Malaysia. ... Genuang is a small town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Jemaluang is a main town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Jementah is the third largest town in Segamat District, Johor, Malaysia with about 10,000 residents where most of the residents are Chinese communities. ... Johor Lama is a main historical places in Kota Tinggi district, Johor, Malaysia. ... Kahang is a main town in Johor, Malaysia Category: ... Kampung Tengah is the name of a small town and village in the district of Segamat, Johor, Malaysia. ... Kelapa Sawit is a main town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Kempas is a main town of Johor Bahru area, Johor. ... Kluang is a town and district located roughly in the middle of the state of Johor in Malaysia. ... Kong Kong is a small village near Pasir Gudang, Johor, Malaysia. ... Kota Tinggi Town Kota Tinggi is a small town located around 42 kilometers north-east of Johor Bahru, on the road to Mersing in Malaysia. ... {{dablink|This article is about a Malaysian town. ... Kukup is a small fishing village located around 40 kilometres southwest of Johor Bahru, on the Strait of Melaka in Malaysia. ... Labis is the second largest town in the district of Segamat, Johor, Malaysia, with the population of about 20,000 people. ... Layang-Layang is a main town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Lenga is a main town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Lima Kedai is a small town in Johor Bahru District, Johor, Malaysia. ... Lok Heng is a small town in Kota Tinggi district, Johor, Malaysia. ... Lombong (the mine) is the name of the place where Kota Tinggi Waterfall located, 15 km from Kota Tinggi town. ... Machap is a town in Kluang District, Johor, Malaysia. ... Masai is a town located in east Johor Bahru District and is considered to be the oldest part of Johor Bahru in the area. ... Mengkibol is a main town in Kluang, Johor, Malaysia. ... Mersing is the name of a town and district in the northeast corner in the state of Johor, Malaysia. ... District Muar District Area  - Total (District) 2346. ... Pagoh is a town in the Muar district of Johor, Malaysia. ... Paloh is a town in Kluang district of Johor, Malaysia. ... Parit Bakar is a small town in Muar, Johor, Malaysia. ... Parit Jawa is a main town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Parit Raja is a town in Batu Pahat District, Johor, Malaysia. ... Parit Sulong is a small village in Johor, Malaysia on the Simpang Kiri River, 30 km east of Muar. ... Parit Yaani is a small town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Panchor is a town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Pasir Gudang is a port (Johor Port Authority) town located 35 km east of Johor Bahru. ... Pasir Pelangi is the royal village of Johor, Malaysia. ... Pendas is a fisherman village near Tanjung Kupang, Johor, Malaysia. ... Pekan Air Panas is a small town in the district of Segamat, Johor, Malaysia which is named after the hot springs available there. ... Pekan Nanas is a town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Pengerang is a main town in Southeast Johor, Malaysia ... Permas Jaya is a housing estate located in Johor Bahru District, north of Johor Bahru, and adminstered under the Masai municipality. ... Plentong was an old Chinese new village that is now a busy town in Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia. ... Pontian is a district in southwest Johor. ... Renggam is a main town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Rengit is a town in the Batu Pahat District of Johor, Malaysia. ... Sagil is a main town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Saleng is a small town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Sedenak is a main town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Sedili is a town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Segamat (昔加末)is a town and district located in the north of the state of Johor in Malaysia, bordering two other states of Malaysia (Negeri Sembilan on the west and Pahang on the north). ... Semerah is a main town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Senai is an airport town situated 25 kilometres from Johor Bahru, Malaysia. ... Senggarang is a town in Batu Pahat District, Johor, Malaysia. ... Simpang Renggam is a main town in Kluang district of Johor, Malaysia. ... Skudai is a rapidly expanding suburb of Johor Bahru, the largest city in and the capital of the state of Johor in southern Malaysia. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Sri Medan is a main town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Stulang is suburb in Johor Bahru city area, Johor, Malaysia. ... Sungai Balang is a main town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Sungai Karas is a small Chinese New_Village 华人新村 in Segamat, just about 3KM south of Labis Town. ... Sungai Mati is a main town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Sungai Rengit is a main town in Southeast Johor, Malaysia. ... Tampoi is a main town in downtown Johor Bahru, Johor. ... Tangkak is a town situated in the district of Muar in the state of Johor, Malaysia. ... Tanjung Balau is a beach town in Kota Tinggi district, Johor, Malaysia. ... Tanjung Kupang is a small village near Bandar Nusajaya in Gelang Patah, Johor, Malaysia. ... Tanjung Leman is a main places in Johor, Malaysia. ... Tanjung Langsat is a main industrial area and ports in Pasir Gudang, Johor, Malaysia. ... Tanjung Piai is the most southern point of mainland Asia. ... The Port of Tanjung Pelepas is Malaysias newest port for container ships, located near the tip of continental Asia, in southwest Malaysia. ... Tanjung Pengelih is a main town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Teluk Mahkota is a main places in Johor, Malaysia ... Teluk Ramunia is a main places in Southeast Johor, Malaysia. ... Tenggaroh is a main town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Ulu Tiram is a town in Johor Bahru District halfway between Johor Bahru and Kota Tinggi on the old Johor Bahru-Kuantan trunk road. ... Yong Peng is a small town located in the northern part of Johor state, Malaysia. ... FELDA Taib Andak or Kampung Taib Andak is a small town in Johor, Malaysia. ... Kampung Melayu Majidee is a Malay village located in the city of Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia. ... Kampung Minyak Beku is a seaside village lying on the west coast of Johor, Malaysia. ... Kampung Nong Chik is a Malay village located in the city of Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia. ... Kampung Tengah is the name of a small town and village in the district of Segamat, Johor, Malaysia. ... Pulau Aur, known locally as Aur Island, lies about 65km east of Mersing, Johor, Malaysia. ... Pedra Branca or Pulau Batu Puteh (both meaning white rock in Portuguese and Malay respectively) is an outcrop of rocks situated where the Singapore Strait, specifically Straits of Johor, meets the South China Sea, measuring at its longest, during low water spring tide, a mere 137 meters. ... Besar Island (formerly known as Pulau Babi Besar) is an island off the east coast of Johor, Malaysia. ... Pemanggil Island sits 45kms east of Mersing, the take-off point to most islands off the Southern coast of Peninsular Malaysia. ... Rawa Island is a coral island off the east coast of Johor, Malaysia, 16 km by boat from Mersing town. ... Pulau Sibu is one of Malaysias unspoilt islands off the Peninsulas East Coast, facing the South China Sea. ... Pulau Tinggi, otherwise known as Tinggi Island is a large uninhabited island, which rises 2000 ft (600 m) above sea level off the east coast of Johor, Malaysia. ... Bukit Indah is a main township in Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia. ... Mutiara Rini is a new township in Skudai, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia. ... Setia Indah is a main township in Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia. ... Setia Tropika is a township in Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia. ... Taman Daya is a main township in Tebrau, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia. ... Taman Johor Jaya is a new town situated in the northern outskirts of Johor Bahru, the second largest city of Malaysia. ... Taman Molek is a main township in Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Taman Universiti is a university town near Johor Bahru City in Malaysia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... Malaysia is a federation of 13 states. ... State motto: Maju dan Sejahtera State anthem: Maju dan Sejahtera Constituent Kuala Lumpur Labuan Putrajaya Administered by Ministry of the Federal Territories Minister Zulhasnan Rafique Made into Federal Territory    - Kuala Lumpur 1 February 1974   - Labuan 16 April 1984   - Putrajaya 1 February 2001   - Consolidated under the Ministry 27 March 2004  Total... State anthem: Allah Selamatkan Sultan Mahkota Capital Alor Star Royal capital Anak Bukit Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Tuanku Abdul Halim  - Menteri Besar Mahdzir Khalid History    - British control 1909   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 9,426 km² Population  - 2003 estimate 1,778,188  - Density... State motto: Berserah kepada Tuhan Kerajaan Kelantan State anthem: Selamat Sultan Capital (and royal capital) Kota Bharu Ruling party PAS  - Sultan Tuanku Ismail Petra  - Menteri Besar Nik Aziz Nik Mat History    - Siamese control 1603   - British control 1909   - Japanese occupation 1942-1946   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 14... This article is about the state in Malaysia. ... State motto: no State motto Capital Seremban Royal Capital Seri Menanti Yang di-Pertuan Besar Tuanku Jaafar ibni Almarhum Tuanku Abdul Rahman Chief Minister YAB Dato Seri Utama Mohamad Haji Hasan Area 6,645 km2 Population  - Est. ... State anthem: Pahang State Anthem Capital Kuantan Royal capital Pekan Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Ahmad Shah  - Menteri Besar Adnan Yaakob History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 35,964 km² Population  - 2005 estimate 1,372,500  - Density 38. ... For other uses, see Perak (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Malaysian state. ... State motto: Bersatu dan Setia (United and Loyal) (formerly Let Penang Lead) State anthem: Untuk Negeri Kita (For Our State) Capital George Town Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Yang Di-Pertua Negeri Tuan Yang Terutama Abdul Rahman bin Haji Abbas  - Ketua Menteri Tan Sri Dr. Koh Tsu Koon History    - Ceded by... For other uses, see Sabah (disambiguation). ... State motto: Bersatu, Berusaha, Berbakti State anthem: Ibu Pertiwiku Capital Kuching Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Yang di-Pertua Negeri Abang Muhammad Salahuddin  - Ketua Menteri Abdul Taib Mahmud History    - Brunei Sultanate 19th century   - Brooke dynasty 1841   - Japanese occupation 1941-1945   - British control 1946   - Accession into Malaysia 1963  Area  - Total 124,450... State motto: Dipelihara Allah State anthem: Duli Yang Maha Mulia Capital Shah Alam Royal capital Klang Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Sharafuddin  - Menteri Besar Dr Mohd Khir Toyo History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 7,956 km² Population  - 2005... State motto: Islam Hadhari Terengganu Bestari State anthem: Terengganu State Anthem Capital (and royal capital) Kuala Terengganu Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin1  - Menteri Besar Idris Jusoh History    - British control 1909   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 12,955 km² Population  - 2005... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... Motto: Coordinates: Country Malaysia State Wilayah Persekutuan Made into Federal Territory 16 April 1984 Government  - Administered by Perbadanan Labuan Labuan Corporation  - Chairman Datuk Suhaili Abdul Rahman Area  - City 92 km²  (35. ... Motto: Bandar raya Taman, Bandar raya Bestari (English :Garden City, Intelligent City ) Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1995, October 19th Made into Federal Territory 2001, February 1st Government  - Administered by Perbadanan Putrajaya Putrajaya Corporation  - Chairman Samsudin Osman Area  - City 46 km²  (17. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Johor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3419 words)
The history of Johor from the late 1500s to the late 1600s is characterised by a series of succession struggles interspersed with strategic alliances struck with regional clans and foreign powers to maintain its political and economic hold in the Straits.
Dishes and cuisine in Johor are influenced by Arabs and the surrounding Malay archipelago.
Tun Sri Lanang, the writer of 'Sejarah Melayu' or Malay Annals was born in Bukit Seluyut, Johor in 1565.
Johor Bahru - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1543 words)
Johor Bahru, also spelled Johor Baru or Johore Bahru and near-universally abbreviated as JB, is the city and the capital of Johor in southern Malaysia.
Johor Bahru was founded in 1855 by Temenggung Daeng Ibrahim, the father of Sultan Abu Bakar, one of the best-remembered of all Malay Sultans.
Johor Port, otherwise known as the Pasir Gudang Port, is located on the eastern side of the metropolitan area in the industrial area of Pasir Gudang.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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