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Encyclopedia > Johnson's Island

Johnson's Island was the site of a prisoner-of-war camp for Confederate officers captured during the American Civil War. The 300-acre (1.2 km²) island is in Sandusky Bay, located on the coast of Lake Erie, 3 miles (5 km) from the city of Sandusky, Ohio. It was the only Union prison exclusively for Southern officers. A Prisoner-of-war camp is a site for the containment of persons captured by the enemy in time of war. ... Some Confederate soldiers The Confederate States Army (CSA) was formed in February 1861 to defend the Confederate States of America, which had itself been formed that same year when seven southern states seceded from the United States (with four more to follow). ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederate) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties Killed in action: 110,000 Total dead: 360,000 Wounded: 275,200 Killed in action: 93,000 Total dead: 258... Lake Erie, looking southward from a high rural bluff near Leamington, Ontario Lake Erie (pronounced ) is one of the five large freshwater Great Lakes in North America, which are among the largest in the world. ... Muddy brown water fills Sandusky Bay, just south of Lake Erie in this astronaut photograph. ...


In late 1861, Federal officials selected Johnson’s Island as the site for a prisoner of war camp to hold up to 2,500 captured Confederate officers. The island offered easy access by ship for supplies to construct and maintain a prison and its population. Sandusky Bay offered more protection from the elements than on other nearby islands, which were also closer to Canada in the event of a prison break. Woods of hickory and oak trees could provide lumber and fuel. The U.S. government leased half the island from private owner Leonard B. Johnson for $500 a year, and for the duration of the war carefully controlled access to the island. The 16.5 acre prison opened in April of 1862. A 15-foot-high (5 m) wooden stockade surrounded 12 two-story prisoner housing barracks, a hospital, latrines, sutler’s stand, three wells, a pest house, and two large mess halls (added in August of 1864). More than 40 buildings stood outside the prison walls, including barns, stables, a limekiln, forts, barracks for officers, and a powder magazine. They were used by the 128th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, which guarded the prison. 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Prisoner of War camps Contents // Categories: Substubs | Prisons and detention centres ... Species See text Hickory is a tree of the genera Carya and Annamocarya. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus, and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... Lumber is the name used, generally in North America, for wood that has been cut into boards or other shapes for the purpose of woodworking or construction. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... A stockade is an enclosure of palisades and tall walls made of logs placed side by side vertically with the tops sharpened to provide some security. ... Barracks is usally used to connote a type of military housing. ... A physician visiting the sick in a hospital. ... Sutler, a camp-follower who sells provisions, liquor and other supplies to an army in the field, in camp or in quarters. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... A barn in southern Ontario, Canada A barn in Wisconsin A barn in Poland Barn redirects here, for other uses, see Barn (disambiguation). ... A 19th century limekiln A limekiln is a kiln used to produce quicklime by the calcination of limestone (calcium carbonate). ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. An infantry is a body of soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, or other...

The cemetery at Johnson's Island

Among the prominent Confederate generals imprisoned on Johnson's Island were Isaac R. Trimble and James J. Archer (both captured at the Battle of Gettysburg), William Beall, Edward Johnson and Missouri cavalryman M. Jeff Thompson. Prisoners had a lively community, with amateur theatrical performances, publishing, and crafts projects. Image File history File links Johnson's_Island. ... Image File history File links Johnson's_Island. ... Isaac R. Trimble Isaac Ridgeway Trimble (May 15, 1802 – January 2, 1888) was a U.S. Army officer, a civil engineer, a prominent railroad construction superintendent and executive, and a Confederate general in the American Civil War. ... James Jay Archer (December 19, 1817 – October 24, 1864) was a lawyer and an officer in the United States Army during the Mexican War and in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. ... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders George G. Meade Robert E. Lee Strength 83,289 75,054 Casualties 23,049 (3,155 killed, 14,529 wounded, 5,365 captured/missing) 28,000 (3,500 killed, 18,000 wounded, 6,500 captured/missing) The Battle of Gettysburg... William Nelson Rector Beall (1825-1883) was a Brigadier General in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. ... Edward Allegheny Johnson Edward Johnson (April 16, 1816 – March 2, 1873), also known as Allegheny Johnson (sometimes spelled Alleghany), was a U.S. Army officer and a Confederate general in the American Civil War. ... Official language(s) None Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Largest metro area St. ... Meriwether Jeff Thompson (1826–1876) was a brigadier general in the Missouri State Guard during the American Civil War. ...


After the unraveling of a Confederate espionage ring which had been plotting the seizure of the Great Lakes warship USS Michigan and a mass breakout of prisoners, Forts Johnson and Hill were constructed over the winter of 18641865, but were not operational until March 1865, in the war's final months, when the prisoner population peaked at 3,200. Over 10,000 different Confederates passed through Johnson’s Island until it was closed in September 1865. Only about 200 prisoners died as a result of the harsh Ohio winters, food and fuel shortages, and disease, making Johnson's Island one of the safer Civil War prisons by far. Nevertheless, there were many escape attempts, including efforts by some to walk across the frozen Lake Erie to freedom in Canada, and there were a handful of successful escapes. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Great Lakes from space The Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes on or near the United States-Canadian border. ... Winter is one of the four seasons of temperate zones. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ...


After the war, the prison camp was abandoned and control reverted to the owner. Most of the buildings were auctioned off by the Army, and some were razed after falling into disrepair. Efforts in 1897 to turn the island into a resort (as with nearby Cedar Point) failed, and the land was used for farming and rock quarrying. Many lakeside homes have since been built, and although the island still remains relatively undeveloped, many Civil War-related sites have already been built over. The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Resorts combine a hotel and a variety of recreations, such as swimming pools A resort is a place used for relaxation or recreation. ... Cedar Point is a 364 acre (1. ... you fools are stupid to let people edit these sheet your all dumasss get a life fukers Agriculture (a term which encompasses farming) is the art, science or practice of producing food, feed, fiber and many other desired goods by the systematic raising of plants and animals. ... A small cinder quarry A dimension stone quarry A quarry is a type of open-pit mine from which rock or minerals are extracted. ...


Johnson’s Island was designated as a National Historic Landmark in 1990. A causeway now connects it with the mainland. Only the Confederate cemetery is open to the public; ground-penetrating radar studies have proved that several graves lie outside its fence. Heidelberg College conducts yearly archeology digs on the prison site. USS Constitution. ... This article is about the year. ... In modern usage, a causeway is a road elevated by a bank, usually across a broad body of water or wetland. ... This long range radar antenna, known as ALTAIR, is used to detect and track space objects in conjunction with ABM testing at the Ronald Reagan Test Site on the Kwajalein atoll[1]. Radar is a system that uses radio waves to detect, determine the distance of, and map, objects such... Heidelberg College is a small liberal arts college in Tiffin, Ohio. ... Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ...


External links

  • Friends and Descendants of Johnson's Island
  • Johnson's Island
  • Johnson's Island Memorial Project

  Results from FactBites:
 
Johnson's Island, Ohio - History (592 words)
Johnson’s Island was originally named Bull’s Island and was part of a tract of land owned by Epaproditus Bull.
From 1866 to 1894, the island was used primarily for agricultural purposes.
The causeway and island roads were not completed until the Johnson’s Island Property Owners Association, at its own expense, stoned and paved the roads in the 1970s.
Caribbean - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (919 words)
Located southeast of Northern America, east of Central America, and to the north and west of South America, the Caribbean is commonly reckoned as a subregion of North America.
The West Indies consist of the Antilles, divided into the larger Greater Antilles which bound the sea on the north and the Lesser Antilles on the east, and the Bahamas which are northeast of the sea.
British West Indies / Anglophone Caribbean - Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Bay Islands (briefly), British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Croix (briefly), Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago and the Turks and Caicos Islands
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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