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Encyclopedia > Johnny Ringo
The only known photograph of John Peters Ringo.
The only known photograph of John Peters Ringo.

John Peters Ringo (May 3, 1850July 13, 1882), better known as Johnny Ringo, was a cowboy who became a legend of the American Old West because, among other things, of his affiliation with the Clanton Gang in the era of Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, in Tombstone, Arizona. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 445 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,000 × 1,348 pixels, file size: 49 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 445 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,000 × 1,348 pixels, file size: 49 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the game, see: 1850 (board game) 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The following list of cowboys and cowgirls from the frontier era of the American West (approximately 1830 to 1910) was compiled to show examples of the cowboy and cowgirl genre. ... For other uses, see Legend (disambiguation). ... The cowboy, the quintessential symbol of the American Old West, circa 1887. ... Ike Clanton, Tombstone, about 1881. ... Newspaper coverage of the fight. ... Tombstone is a city in Cochise County, Arizona, USA, founded in 1879 in what was then the Arizona Territory. ...


That group of outlaws was known commonly as "the cow-boys" around Tombstone, and Ringo himself was called "the King of the Cowboys". Unfortunately for the reputation of this gunfighter, there is no record that he ever actually had a single gunfight (he did shoot several unarmed men). Even his violent death may have been at his own hand. For other senses of this word, see outlaw (disambiguation). ...


Ringo was occasionally erroneously referred to as "Ringgold" by the newspapers of the day, but this was clearly not his name, and there is no evidence that he deliberately used it. The Encyclopædia Britannica confirms the name Ringo. The Encyclopædia Britannica is a general English-language encyclopaedia published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. ...

Contents

Early life

Ringo was born in Greensfork, Indiana. Greens Fork is a town in Clay Township, Wayne County, Indiana, United States. ...


The Ringos moved from Wayne County, Indiana to Liberty, Missouri in 1856. He was a contemporary of Frank James and Jesse James who lived nearby in Kearney, Missouri and a cousin of Cole Younger[1] Richmond is the county seat. ... Liberty is a city in Clay County, Missouri. ... Alexander Franklin James (January 10, 1843 – February 18, 1915) was an American outlaw and older brother of Jesse James. ... For other persons named Jesse James, see Jesse James (disambiguation). ... Kearney is a city in Clay County, Missouri, United States. ... A wounded Cole Younger, after his arrest in 1876 Cole Younger as a young man Thomas Coleman Younger (January 15, 1844 – March 21, 1916) a famous Confederate outlaw during and after the American Civil War. ...


In 1858 the family moved to Gallatin, Missouri where they rented property from the father of John W. Sheets (who was to be the first "official" victim of the James Gang when they robbed the Davis County Savings Association in 1869).[2] Gallatin is a city located in Daviess County, Missouri. ...


On July 30, 1864, while the Ringo family was traveling through Wyoming on their way to moving to California, Martin Ringo (Johnny's father) stepped out of his wagon while holding a shotgun, which accidentally went off. The shotgun charge entered the right side of his face, exiting the top of his head, scattering his brains. Young John Ringo and the rest of his family buried him on a hillside alongside the trail [3]. is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Louis L'Amour wrote that he had found nothing in Old West history to commend John Ringo as a particularly noteworthy "bad guy". According to L'Amour, Ringo was merely a common, surly, bad-tempered man who was worse when he was drinking, and that his main claim to fame was shooting an unarmed man (Louis Hancock) in an Arizona Territory saloon in 1879 for ordering beer after Ringo told him to order whiskey (Hancock survived). L'Amour wrote that he did not understand how Ringo earned such a strong reputation as a "bad man" in legend. Other authors have concluded that perhaps Ringo's memorable name, coupled with his confrontations with the canonically "good" Earp brothers contributed to his latter-day reputation. Cover Louis LAmour book, Showdown at Yellow Butte. ... Great Basin region, typical American West The Western United States has played a significant role in history and fiction. ... Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp (March 19, 1848–January 13, 1929) was an American farmer, teamster, sometime buffalo hunter, officer of the law in various Western frontier towns, gambler, saloon-keeper, and miner. ...


Mason County War

By the mid-1870s, Ringo had migrated from San Jose, California to central Texas, specifically the area around Mason County, Texas. Here he befriended an ex-Texas Ranger named Scott Cooley, who was the adopted son of a local rancher named Tim Williamson. For years, relations between the American and German residents of the area had been tense (an extension of the Civil War), since most of the Americans supported the Confederates while the Germans were Union loyalists. For other uses, see San José. Nickname: Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California. ... Mason County is a county located in the state of Texas. ... Texas Rangers, a body of law enforcement in the state of Texas which is the oldest law enforcement body in North America with statewide jurisdiction and serves as a State Bureau of Investigation. ... Tim Williamson (b. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial) Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia (May 29, 1861–April 2, 1865) Danville, Virginia (from April 3, 1865) Language(s) English (de facto) Religion... In this map:  Union states prohibiting slavery  Union territories  Border states on the Union side which allowed slavery  Kansas, which entered and fought with the Union as a free state after the Bleeding Kansas crisis  The Confederacy  Confederate claimed and sometimes held territories During the American Civil War, the Union...


Trouble started when two American rustlers, Elijah and Pete Backus, were dragged from the Mason jail and lynched by a predominantly German mob. Full-blown war began on May 13, 1875, when Tim Williamson was arrested by a hostile posse and murdered by a German farmer named Peter Bader. Cooley and his friends, including Johnny Ringo, conducted a terror campaign against their rivals. Officially called the "Mason County War", locally it was called the "Hoodoo War". Cooley retaliated by killing the local German deputy sheriff, John Worley, by shooting him, scalping him, and tossing his body down a well on August 10, 1875. Postcard depicting the lynching of Lige Daniels, Center, Texas, August 3, 1920. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Native American Big Mouth Spring with decorated scalp lock on right shoulder. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


After the killing of Cooley adherent Mose Beard, Ringo committed his first murder of note on September 25, 1875, when he shot down James Chayney, the man who lured Beard to his death, while he was washing his hands. Soon after this, Ringo and Scott Cooley mistook Charley Bader for his brother Pete and killed him. Jailed in Burnet, Texas, both men were broken out by their friends. is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Burnet is a city in Burnet County, Texas, United States. ...


By November 1876, the Mason County War had petered out after costing a dozen or so lives, Scott Cooley was dead, and Johnny Ringo and his pal George Gladden were locked up once again. One of Ringo's cellmates was notorious killer John Wesley Hardin. Legend has it that Wes Hardin feared Ringo, due to Ringo's ruthlessness and unpredictable temper. While Gladden was sentenced to 99 years, Ringo appears to have been acquitted. Two years later, Ringo was noted as being a constable in Loyal Valley, Texas. Soon after this, he appeared in Arizona for the first time. For other uses, see November (disambiguation). ... Year 1876 Pick up Sticks(MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Tombstone

Ringo first turned up around Cochise County, Arizona in 1879 along with Joe Hill, a comrade-in-arms from the Mason County War. For the most part, Johnny Ringo kept to himself, only mingling with the local outlaw element when it suited him. In December 1879, a clearly intoxicated Ringo shot the unarmed Louis Hancock in a Safford, Arizona saloon when he refused a complimentary drink of whiskey, stating he preferred beer. Hancock survived his wound. Cochise County is located in the southeastern corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Look up December in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Year 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Safford is a city in Graham County, Arizona, United States. ...


While in and around Tombstone, Arizona, Ringo kept his mouth shut while others walked in fear of him. He probably participated in robberies and killings with the "cowboy" element, and rumor credited him with a high position in the outlaw chain of command, perhaps second only to Curly Bill Brocius. Tombstone is a city in Cochise County, Arizona, USA, founded in 1879 in what was then the Arizona Territory. ... His death was supposedly the most controverial deaths in the old west. ...


Johnny Ringo did not openly confront Wyatt Earp's faction until January 17, 1882, less than three months after the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral. Ringo and Doc Holliday had a public disagreement that may have led to a gunfight. However, before the fight could happen, both were arrested by Tombstone chief of police James Flynn, and hauled before a judge for carrying weapons in town, and both fined. Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp (March 19, 1848–January 13, 1929) was an American farmer, teamster, sometime buffalo hunter, officer of the law in various Western frontier towns, gambler, saloon-keeper, and miner. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Newspaper coverage of the fight. ... John Henry Doc Holliday (August 14, 1851 – November 8, 1887) was an American dentist, gambler, and gunfighter of the American Old West frontier who is usually remembered for his associations with Wyatt Earp and the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral. ... James R. Flynn James R. Flynn, (also Jim Flynn), Emeritus Professor of Political Studies at the University of Otago in Dunedin, New Zealand, is notable for his discovery of the Flynn effect, the continued year-on-year rise of IQ test scores in all parts of the world. ...


Two months later, Ringo was suspected by the Earps of taking part in the murder of Morgan Earp on March 18, 1882. Ringo was deputized by John Behan to apprehend the Earps at the beginning of the Earp Vendetta Ride. Within months, Ringo's best friends were dead or chased out of the area; many of them killed in the vendetta. However, by mid-April the Earps and their friends had apparently left the area, and fled to Colorado. Morgan Earp, about 1881, in Tombstone. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... John Behan (born 1938) is an Irish sculptor from Dublin. ... The Earp Vendetta Ride was a three-week clash between personal enemies and law enforcement parties from different jurisdictions in the Arizona Territory, from March 20 to April 15, 1882. ...


Death

On July 14, 1882, Johnny Ringo was found dead in the crotch of a large tree in West Turkey Creek Valley with a bullet hole in his right temple and an exit at the back of his head. His body had apparently been there overnight since the previous day (when a shot had been heard from the general area by a country resident), and his boots were found tied to the saddle of his horse, which was captured two miles away. A coroner's inquest officially ruled his death a suicide. is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Johnny Ringo is buried near the same spot where his body was found, on the West Turkey Creek Canyon, near the base of the tree in which he was found, which still grows. The grave is located on private land presently, and permission is needed to view the site (see link below). West Turkey Creek Canyon is the location where the body of Johnny Ringo, legendary Old West gunman, was found dead. ...


Theories

Many people over the years have been suspected of killing Johnny Ringo, from Earp, Holliday, a tinhorn gambler named Mike O'Rourke A.K.A Johnny-behind-the-Deuce, Buckskin Frank Leslie, or Lou Cooley. The 1993 film Tombstone features a dramatic eyeball-to-eyeball showdown where Doc Holliday shoots Ringo dead, which is one of the legendary ends of the "King of the Cowboys." Mike ORourke (1862-1882), aka Johnny ORourke or Johnny behind the deuce, was a professional gambler of the Old West, whose notoriety is mainly due to Old West lawman and legend Wyatt Earp having saved his life, saving him from being lynched in Tombstone, Arizona in 1881. ... Buckskin Frank Leslie (1842-1925?) was a western gunman, most known as the killer of Billy Claiborne, as well as an Indian scout and customs official and prospector. ... Lou Cooley was a cowboy/gunfighter who took part in the Earp/Clanton fighting in Tombstone. ... Tombstone is a 1993 Western movie written by Kevin Jarre and directed by George P. Cosmatos. ...


Theories of Ringo's death

  • Ringo committed suicide. A few weeks before Ringo's death, Tombstone's largest fire had wiped out most of the downtown area. The silver mines were producing less, and demand for beef was down. Many of Ringo's friends were gone, while his way of life was going. Ringo was depressed after being rejected by his remaining family members in California and the recent deaths of his outlaw friends. Stoked by a period of binge drinking, Ringo was preparing to camp in an isolated spot, far from the city. He tied his boots to his saddle, a common practice in Arizona to keep scorpions out of them, but the horse managed to get loose from his picket and run off. Ringo tied pieces of his undershirt to his feet to protect them (these were found on his body and noted by the inquest), and crawled into the fork of a large tree to spend the night. As evening came on, despondent over his overall state, now in Apache country without horse, fire, drink, or even boots -- Ringo shot himself. The single shot was heard by a resident down the valley. Ringo's revolver, one round expended, was found hanging from a finger of his hand, the next day.
  • Wyatt Earp killed Ringo. Earp and Holliday returned to Arizona and met up with some friends at Hooker's Ranch. Among them were Charlie Smith, Johnny Green, Fred Dodge, John Meagher, and one other (possibly Lou Cooley). They found Ringo camped about three miles from where he was found. Ringo grabbed his guns and ran up the canyon. He shot at the posse once, and then Earp shot him through the head with a rifle.
  • Lou Cooley killed Ringo. The same story as above, only Cooley fired the fatal shot.
  • Doc Holliday killed Ringo. Ringo and Earp were supposed to duel one day. Holliday, who hated Ringo, stepped in for his friend and shot him through the head. This theory has been popularized by the movie Tombstone. Holliday, however, was fighting a court case in Colorado at the time of Ringo's death, though records are unclear as to exactly where he was physically on the day Ringo was found dead.
  • Buckskin Frank Leslie killed Ringo. Leslie found Ringo drunk and asleep at a tree. Hoping to curry a favor with Earp supporters in office, he shot Ringo through the head. Billy Claiborne believed Leslie killed Ringo, and ended up shooting it out with him. Claiborne was shot through the right side, the bullet exiting out his back, and died hours later. His last words were supposedly "Frank Leslie killed John Ringo. I saw him do it."
  • Johnny O'Rourke killed Ringo. O'Rourke was in debt to Wyatt Earp for saving him from the lynch mob. Ringo was supposedly the ringleader of the mob. O'Rourke crept up and shot Ringo through the head. Ringo's friend Pony Deal believed O'Rourke had killed him, and he killed O'Rourke shortly afterward.

For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ... This article is about the chemical element. ... On the Threshold of Eternity. ... Superfamilies Pseudochactoidea Buthoidea Chaeriloidea Chactoidea Iuroidea Scorpionoidea See classification for families. ... Charles Smith (born July 26, 1950 in Monroe, Louisiana) is a former American football wide receiver in the NFL. He played 8 seasons for the Philadelphia Eagles (1974-1981). ... For the basketball player see Johnny Green (basketball) Johnny Green (10 October 1908, New York, New York – 15 May 1989 Los Angeles) was an American songwriter, composer, musical arranger, and conductor. ... Tombstone is a 1993 Western movie written by Kevin Jarre and directed by George P. Cosmatos. ... Buckskin Frank Leslie (1842-1925?) was a western gunman, most known as the killer of Billy Claiborne, as well as an Indian scout and customs official and prospector. ... Billy Claiborne (October 21, 1860-November 14, 1882) was a western outlaw and gunfighter who was one of the survivors of the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral. ...

Popular culture

  • In the 1950 film The Gunfighter, the title character, played by Gregory Peck, is named Jimmy Ringo, undoubtedly a reference to the famous outlaw. In the film, Ringo is sympathetically depicted as a man constantly trying to put his notorious past behind him.
  • A 1959–60 television show used Ringo's name, but had little to do with his actual life (the real Ringo never wore a badge). Johnny Ringo aired for one season (38 episodes). Ringo was played by Don Durant and carried a customized seven-shot revolver with a second barrel modified to fire a shotgun shell.
  • Ringo is played by John Ireland in the 1957 film Gunfight at the O.K. Corral. In this version the animosity between Ringo and Doc Holliday is fueled by the fact that Big Nose Kate (called "Kate Fisher" here) has left Doc to become Ringo's lover. This is non-historical, although in Kate's letters she does note that Ringo visited her when Holliday was in jail briefly in November 1881 in connection with the O.K. Corral Spicer hearing, and it is quite possible that Holliday grew jealous.
  • Ringo is the inspiration for the historically inaccurate, but highly popular song "Ringo" sung by then Bonanza TV-cowboy Lorne Greene, which topped the pop charts at #1 in late 1964 (replacing The Shangri-Las' "Leader of the Pack"). [4] There is no "star" (badge) on the real Ringo's grave, and no reason for there to be one.
  • In the 1986 television remake of Stagecoach the Ringo Kid is played by Kris Kristofferson. The character of Doc Boone becomes Doc Holliday (Holliday is probably the inspiration for both Doc Boone and the gambler Hatfield in the original film). In the remake, Holliday is played in name by Willie Nelson. In the movie Holliday and Ringo are allies, which is ironic given their relationship in real life.
  • In 1993's Tombstone, Ringo is played by Michael Biehn. In this version, he is second in command of the Cowboys gang. He is characterized as a violent sociopath who aspires to humiliate and destroy Doc Holliday. He is also characterized as highly educated, at one point trading Latin taunts with Holliday.
  • Ringo is played by in the 1994 film Wyatt Earp by Norman Howell. In this film, Curly Bill Brocius is the major antagonist.
  • Johnny Ringo is the protagonist of a novel entitled Confessions of Johnny Ringo (ISBN: 0451159888) by Geoff Aggeler. In the novel, Ringo's real name is Ringgold, and he is depicted as a young man studying the law who is driven to outlawry during the Civil War when his sweetheart is killed by Union troops in Missouri. He is killed by Wyatt Earp, who frees his spirit to reunite with the sweetheart.

The Gunfighter was a 1950 film starring Gregory Peck and directed by Henry King. ... Gregory Peck (April 5, 1916 – June 12, 2003) was an Academy Award-winning American film actor. ... A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ... Johnny Ringo was a Western television series starring Don Durant that aired on CBS from October 1, 1959 until June 30, 1960. ... Don Durant (November 20, 1932–March 15, 2005), American singer and actor. ... The LeMat revolver was a . ... For other persons named John Wayne, see John Wayne (disambiguation). ... Stagecoach is a 1939 western film, starring Claire Trevor and John Wayne in his breakthrough role. ... This article is about the English composer. ... Gunfight at the O.K. Corral is a 1957 movie starring Burt Lancaster as Wyatt Earp and Kirk Douglas as Doc Holliday about the famous October 26, 1881 gunfight in Tombstone, Arizona Territory. ... Mary Katharine Horony (November 7, 1850–November 2, 1940), better known as Big Nose Kate, and also known by aliases Kate Fisher, Kate Elder, and Mary Katherine Cummings was the long-time companion/common law wife of gunfighter Doc Holliday in the American Old West. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Bonanza logo was superimposed upon a map of a wild west frontier area. ... Lorne Greene in his role as Ben Cartwright in Bonanza Lorne Greene as Commander Adama in Battlestar Galactica Lorne Greene O.C., LL.D. (February 12, 1915 – September 11, 1987) was a Canadian actor best known for two iconic roles on American television. ... The Shangri-Las on the cover of a modern collection of their works. ... Kristoffer Kris Kristofferson (born June 22, 1936) is an influential American country music songwriter, singer and actor. ... Willie Nelson (born Willie Hugh Nelson, April 30, 1933) is an American entertainer and songwriter, born and raised in Abbott, Texas. ... Michael Connell Biehn (born July 31, 1956) is an American actor known for his roles in The Terminator (1984), Aliens (1986), The Abyss (1989), Tombstone (1993), The Rock (1996), and Grindhouse (2007). ... Antisocial personality disorder (APD) is a personality disorder which is often characterised by antisocial and impulsive behaviour. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... Wyatt Earp DVD cover Wyatt Earp is a 1994 Western film, written by Dan Gordon and Lawrence Kasdan and directed by Kasdan. ... Konami Corporation ) (TYO: 9766 NYSE: KNM SGX: K20) is a leading developer and publisher of numerous popular and strong-selling toys, trading cards, anime, tokusatsu, slot machines and video games. ... Computer and video games redirects here. ... Boktai 2: Solar Boy Django (Japanese name Zoku Bokura no Taiyou: Taiyou Shounen Django) is a video game created by Konami and released for the Game Boy Advance in 2004. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Johnny Ringo Called Gallatin Home as a Boy - Gallatin North Missourian, July 22, 1992
  2. ^ Johnny Ringo Called Gallatin Home as a Boy - Gallatin North Missourian, July 22, 1992
  3. ^ John Ringo Family History. Accessed 28 March 2007.
  4. ^ Lorne Green lyrics "Ringo". Accessed 28 March 2007.

is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

References

  • Primary sources concerning Johnny Ringo
  • Steve Gatto (2002). Johnny Ringo. Lansing: Protar House. ISBN 0-9720910-1-7. 
  • Jack Burrows (1987). John Ringo: The Gunfighter Who Never Was. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. ISBN 0-8165-0975-1. 

External links

"Johnny Ringo" (1959) at the Internet Movie Database The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Johnny Ringo at AllExperts (1380 words)
John Peters Ringo (May 3,1850-July 13, 1882), better known as Johnny Ringo, was a cowboy who became a legend of the Old West because, among other things, of his alleged involvement in the Gunfight at the OK Corral, in Tombstone, Arizona.
Ringo was occasionally erroneously referred to as Ringgold by the newspapers of the day, but this was clearly not his name, and there is no evidence that he deliberately used it.The Encyclopædia Britannica confirms the name Ringo.
Ringo was unquestionably involved in one altercation with the Earp faction.
FrontierTimes - Outlaws (797 words)
Ringo spent the duration of 1876 and most of 1877 in jail during his trial for the Cheyney killing and was freed in May 1878, when the case was dismissed.
Ringo remains a controversial figure of the Tombstone years because of the popularity of Wyatt Earp and Earp's accusations that Ringo was involved in cattle theft there.
Johnny Ringo openly challenged Wyatt and Doc Holliday to a shoot-out in the middle of Allen Street in Tombstone, Arizona.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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