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Encyclopedia > John Williams
John Williams

John Williams in 2006, at the age of 74.
Born John Towner Williams
February 8, 1932 (1932-02-08) (age 76)
Floral Park, New York, U.S.
Other name(s) Johnny Williams
Occupation Film score composer
Years active 1952–
Spouse(s) Barbara Ruick (1956–1974)
Samantha Winslow (1980–)
Children Joseph Williams
Jenny Williams born 1956
Official website

John Towner Williams (born February 8, 1932) is an American composer, conductor and pianist. In a career that spans six decades, Williams has composed many of the most famous film scores in history, including those for Jaws, Star Wars, Superman, E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, Raiders of the Lost Ark, Jurassic Park, Hook, Schindler's List, and Harry Potter. In addition, he has composed theme music for four Olympic Games, NBC Nightly News, numerous television series and concert pieces. He served as the principal conductor of the Boston Pops Orchestra from 1980 to 1993, and is now the orchestra's laureate conductor. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... “Libel” redirects here. ... John Williams is a composer known for his film scores, especially for Star Wars. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (690x722, 57 KB) John Williams. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the state. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... For the record label, see Film Score Monthly. ... Barbara Ruick (born: December 23, 1930 died: March 3, 1974) was an American actress. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... The Academy Award for Original Music Score is presented to the best substantial body of music in the form of dramatic underscoring written specifically for the film by the submitting composer. ... Fiddler on the Roof is the 1971 film version of the Broadway musical of the same name. ... Jaws is a 1975 thriller/horror film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on Peter Benchleys best-selling novel inspired by the Jersey Shore shark attacks of 1916. ... This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological... For the Atari 2600 video game based on the movie, see E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (Atari 2600). ... This article is about the movie. ... BAFTA Award The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), is a British organisation that hosts annual awards shows for film, television, childrens film and television, and interactive media. ... The Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music (or BAFTA Award for Best Film Music) is an annual award given by British Academy of Film and Television Arts. ... Jaws is a 1975 thriller/horror film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on Peter Benchleys best-selling novel inspired by the Jersey Shore shark attacks of 1916. ... This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological... Movie poster Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back is the sequel to the first released Star Wars movie, and the second film released in the original trilogy. ... For the Atari 2600 video game based on the movie, see E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (Atari 2600). ... Empire of the Sun is a 1987 film directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Christian Bale, John Malkovich, and Miranda Richardson. ... This article is about the movie. ... Memoirs of a Geisha is an Academy Award and Grammy Award-winning movie adaptation of the novel of the same name, produced by Steven Spielbergs Amblin Entertainment and directed by Rob Marshall. ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... For the main article see Golden Globe Awards. ... Jaws is a 1975 thriller/horror film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on Peter Benchleys best-selling novel inspired by the Jersey Shore shark attacks of 1916. ... This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological... For the Atari 2600 video game based on the movie, see E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (Atari 2600). ... Memoirs of a Geisha is an Academy Award and Grammy Award-winning movie adaptation of the novel of the same name, produced by Steven Spielbergs Amblin Entertainment and directed by Rob Marshall. ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... The Grammy Award for Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media has been awarded since 1960. ... Jaws is a 1975 thriller/horror film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on Peter Benchleys best-selling novel inspired by the Jersey Shore shark attacks of 1916. ... This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological... This article is about the film; for the definition of the UFO related phenomenon, see Close encounter. ... For the franchise, see Superman film series. ... Movie poster Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back is the sequel to the first released Star Wars movie, and the second film released in the original trilogy. ... This article is about the film. ... For the Atari 2600 video game based on the movie, see E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (Atari 2600). ... This article is about the movie. ... Saving Private Ryan is a 1998 Academy-Award-winning film set in World War II, directed by Steven Spielberg and written by Robert Rodat. ... Memoirs of a Geisha is an Academy Award and Grammy Award-winning movie adaptation of the novel of the same name, produced by Steven Spielbergs Amblin Entertainment and directed by Rob Marshall. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... A conductor conducting at a ceremony A conductors score and batons Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ... A pianist is a person who plays the piano. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A film score is the background music in a film, generally specially written for the film and often used to heighten emotions provoked by the imagery on the screen or by the dialogue. ... Jaws is a 1975 thriller/horror film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on Peter Benchleys best-selling novel inspired by the Jersey Shore shark attacks of 1916. ... Recent re-release of John Williams compositions for A New Hope, The Empire Strikes Back, and Return of the Jedi. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... For the Atari 2600 video game based on the movie, see E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (Atari 2600). ... This article is about the film. ... Jurassic Park is a 1993 science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on the novel of the same name by Michael Crichton. ... Hook is a 1991 family action/adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg, starring Robin Williams, Dustin Hoffman, Julia Roberts, Bob Hoskins and Maggie Smith. ... This article is about the movie. ... Different composers have been involved in writing the music for the Harry Potter films. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... NBC Nightly News is the flagship evening news program for NBC News and broadcasts from the GE Building, Rockefeller Center in New York City. ... The Boston Pops Orchestra was founded in 1885 as a subsection of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. ... The word laureate or laureated has came in English to signify eminent, or associated with glory, literary or military. ...


Williams is a five-time winner of the Academy Award.[1] With 45 Academy Award nominations, Williams is together with composer Alfred Newman the second most nominated individual after Walt Disney.[2] He was inducted into the Hollywood Bowl Hall of Fame in 2000, and was a recipient of the Kennedy Center Honors in 2004. Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Alfred Newman (March 17, 1900 – February 17, 1970) was a major American composer of music for films. ... For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... Hollywood Bowl in 2005. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ...

Contents

Early life and family

John Williams was born on February 8, 1932, in Floral Park, New York. In 1948, his family moved to Los Angeles, where he attended North Hollywood High School. He later attended the University of California, Los Angeles and Los Angeles City College, and studied privately with composer Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco.[3] In 1952, Williams was drafted into the United States Air Force, where he conducted and arranged music for the Air Force Band as part of his duties. is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... North Hollywood High School North Hollywood High School, originally called Lankershim High School when it opened in 1927, is a secondary school in North Hollywood in Los Angeles, California. ... The University of California, Los Angeles (generally known as UCLA) is a public research university located in Los Angeles, California, United States. ... The LACC location in 1922, when it was the campus of UCLA. Los Angeles City College, known as LACC, is a public community college in the Hollywood section of Los Angeles, California. ... Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco (April 3, 1895 – March 16, 1968) was an Italian composer. ... “The U.S. Air Force” redirects here. ... United States Service Bands Each of the branches of the U.S. military, has a headquarters band organization, all but one of which are in the Washington, D.C. area. ...


After his service ended in 1954, Williams moved to New York City and entered Juilliard School, where he studied piano with Rosina Lhévinne.[3] During this time he worked as a jazz pianist at New York's many studios and clubs. He also played for composer Henry Mancini: The session musicians were John Williams on piano, Rolly Bundock on bass, Jack Sperling on drums, and Bob Bain on guitar—the same lineup featured on the "Mr. Lucky" TV series. Williams recorded with Henry Mancini on the film soundtracks of Peter Gunn (1959), Charade (1963), and Days of Wine and Roses (1962). He was known as "Johnny" Williams in the early 1960s, and served as arranger and bandleader on a series of popular albums with singer Frankie Laine. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The Juilliard School is one of the worlds premiere performing arts conservatory located in New York City, it is informally identified as simply Juilliard, and trains in the fields of Dance, Drama, and Music. ... Rosina Lhévinne (born Rosina Bessie, March 29,1880 in Kiev, Russia (now Ukraine) - died November 7,1976 in Glendale, California), Russian pianist and piano pedagogue. ... Cover from album by Bud Powell. ... Henry Mancini (April 16, 1924 – June 14, 1994), was an Academy Award winning American composer, conductor and arranger. ... Jack Sperling (August 17, 1922 - February 26, 2004) was an American Big Band, television and studio drummer. ... Peter Gunn was an American private eye television series which aired on the NBC and later ABC television networks from 1958 to 1961. ... For other uses, see Charade (disambiguation). ... Days of Wine and Roses is the title of: A 1962 film directed by Blake Edwards and starring Jack Lemmon A popular song composed for the film by Henry Mancini and Johnny Mercer This is a disambiguation page — a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... Frankie Laine, born Francesco Paolo LoVecchio (March 30, 1913 – February 6, 2007), was one of the most successful American singers of the twentieth century. ...


Williams was married to actress Barbara Ruick from 1956 until her death on March 3, 1974. They had two children together. One of those children is Joseph Williams, former lead singer for the band Toto; another is Jenny Williams, also a singer, who was born in 1956. He married for a second time on June 9, 1980, to his current wife, Samantha Winslow. Williams is a member of Kappa Kappa Psi, the national honorary fraternity for college band members. Barbara Ruick (born: December 23, 1930 died: March 3, 1974) was an American actress. ... is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Joseph Williams is a rock singer and film score composer best known commercially for his work in the rock/pop band Toto, although his voice is well known to millions more from the soundtrack to the classic Disney cartoon The Lion King, for which he provided the singing voice of... Toto (IPA pronunciation: ) is a Grammy Award winning American rock band founded in 1976[1] by some of the most popular and experienced session musicians of the era. ... is the 160th day of the year (161st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Kappa Kappa Psi is a national honorary band fraternity dedicated to serving college and university bands. ...


Film scoring

John Wiliams at the Avery Fisher Hall.
John Wiliams at the Avery Fisher Hall.

While skilled in a variety of twentieth-century compositional idioms, Williams's most familiar style may be described as a form of neoromanticism,[4] inspired by the same large-scale orchestral music of the late 19th century—especially Wagnerian music and its concept of leitmotif—that inspired his film-composing predecessors.[5] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (768 × 1024 pixels, file size: 285 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo by me of John Williams. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (768 × 1024 pixels, file size: 285 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo by me of John Williams. ... Neoromanticism in music was a trend in European classical music started in second half of 19th century in Germany. ... Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as they were later called). ... A leitmotif (IPA pronunciation: ) (also leitmotiv; lit. ...


After his studies at Juilliard, Williams returned to Los Angeles and began working as an orchestrator in film studios. Among others, he had worked with composers Franz Waxman, Bernard Herrmann, and Alfred Newman. He was also a studio pianist, performing in scores by composers such as Jerry Goldsmith, Elmer Bernstein, and Henry Mancini (for whom he played the opening riff to Peter Gunn).[6][7] Williams began to compose music scores for television series programs in the late 1950s, eventually leading to Lost in Space and The Time Tunnel. Williams's first major film composition was for the B-movie Daddy-O in 1958, and his first screen credit came two years later in Because They're Young. He soon gained notice in Hollywood for his versatility in composing jazz, piano and symphonic music. He received his first Academy Award nomination for his score to the 1967 film Valley Of The Dolls, and was nominated again in 1969 for Goodbye, Mr. Chips. He won his first Academy Award for his adapted score to the 1971 film Fiddler On The Roof. By the early 1970s, Williams had established himself as a composer for large-scale disaster films, with scores for The Poseidon Adventure, Earthquake, and The Towering Inferno; the last two films, scored in 1974, borrowing musical cues from each other. Franz Waxman (December 24, 1906, Königshütte, Upper Silesia (now Chorzów, Poland) - February 24, 1967, Los Angeles, California), born Franz Wachsmann, was a German-born Jewish-American composer, known for his bravura Carmen Fantasy for violin and orchestra and for his musical scores for films. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Alfred Newman (March 17, 1900 – February 17, 1970) was a major American composer of music for films. ... Jerrald King Goldsmith (February 10, 1929 – July 21, 2004) was a famous American film score composer from Los Angeles, California. ... Elmer Bernstein (pronounced Bern-steen[1]) (April 4, 1922 – August 18, 2004) was an Academy and two-time Golden Globe award winning American film score composer. ... Henry Mancini (April 16, 1924 – June 14, 1994), was an Academy Award winning American composer, conductor and arranger. ... Peter Gunn was an American private eye television series which aired on the NBC and later ABC television networks from 1958 to 1961. ... For other uses, see Lost in Space (disambiguation). ... The Time Tunnel is a 1966-1967 U.S. color science fiction TV series. ... The term B-movie originally referred to a film designed to be distributed as the lower half of a double feature, often a genre film featuring cowboys, gangsters or vampires. ... Daddy-O is a 1958 B-movie starring Dick Contino . ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Valley of the Dolls is a 1967 American drama film based on the 1966 novel of the same name by Jacqueline Susann. ... Goodbye, Mr. ... Fiddler on the Roof is the 1971 film version of the Broadway musical of the same name. ... The Poseidon Adventure is a 1972 action adventure/disaster film based on a novel by Paul Gallico. ... Earthquake is a 1974 action adventure/disaster/thriller film that achieved huge box-office success, inspiring the Disaster film genre of the 1970s where recognizable all-star casts attempt to survive life or death situations. ... The Towering Inferno is a 1974 disaster film directed by John Guillermin, adapted by Stirling Silliphant from the novels The Tower by Richard Martin Stern and The Glass Inferno by Thomas N. Scortia and Frank M. Robinson, and starring Steve McQueen and Paul Newman. ...


In 1974, Williams was approached by Steven Spielberg to compose the music for his feature directorial debut, The Sugarland Express. The young director had been impressed with Williams's score to the 1969 film The Reivers, and was convinced the composer could provide the sound he desired for his films. They re-teamed a year later for the director's second film, Jaws. Widely considered a classic suspense piece, the score's ominous two-note motif has become nearly synonymous with sharks and approaching danger. The score earned Williams a second Academy Award, his first for an original composition. Shortly afterwards, Williams and Spielberg began preparing for their next feature film, Close Encounters of the Third Kind. Unusual for a Hollywood production, Spielberg's script and Williams's musical concepts were developed at the same time and were closely linked. During the two-year creative collaboration, they settled on a distinctive five-note figure that functioned both as background music and the communication signal of the film's alien mothership. Williams employed a system of musical hand signals in the film, based on a method invented by Zoltan Kodaly. Close Encounters of the Third Kind was released in 1977. Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director and producer. ... The Sugarland Express is a 1974 feature film starring Goldie Hawn and William Atherton. ... For the band, see The Reivers (band). ... Jaws is a 1975 thriller/horror film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on Peter Benchleys best-selling novel inspired by the Jersey Shore shark attacks of 1916. ... In music, a motif is a perceivable or salient reoccurring fragment or succession of notes that may used to construct the entirety or parts of complete melodies, themes. ... For other uses, see Shark (disambiguation). ... This article is about the film; for the definition of the UFO related phenomenon, see Close encounter. ... In music, a figure is a recurring fragment or succession of notes that may be used to construct the accompaniment. ... Zoltan Kodaly Zoltán Kodály (December 16, 1882 – March 6, 1967) was a Hungarian composer, ethnomusicologist, educator, linguist and philosopher. ...


In the same period, Spielberg recommended Williams to his friend and fellow director George Lucas, who needed a composer to score his ambitious space epic, Star Wars. Williams produced a grand symphonic score in the fashion of Richard Strauss and Golden Age Hollywood composers Erich Wolfgang Korngold and Max Steiner. Its main theme—"Luke's Theme"—is among the most widely-recognized in motion picture history, and the "Force Theme" and "Princess Leia's Theme" are well-known examples of leitmotif. The film and its soundtrack were both immensely successful, and Williams won another Academy Award for Best Original Score. In 1980, Williams returned to score The Empire Strikes Back, where he famously introduced "The Imperial March" as the theme for Darth Vader and the Galactic Empire. The original Star Wars trilogy concluded with the 1983 film Return of the Jedi, for which Williams's score provided the "Emperor's Theme" and the climactic "Final Duel." Both scores earned Williams Academy Award nominations. It has been noted that the 1942 film The Talk of the Town (film) carries thematic music similar to that found within the Star Wars films. George Walton Lucas, Jr. ... This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological... This article is about the German composer of tone-poems and operas. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... ... Korngold conducting the Warner Brothers studio orchestra (Rhino Records) Erich Wolfgang Korngold (May 29, 1897 – November 29, 1957) was a 20th century romantic composer. ... Maximilian Raoul Walter Steiner (born May 10, 1888 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary; died December 28, 1971 in Hollywood, California) was an Austrian-American composer of music for theater production shows and films. ... Recent re-release of John Williams compositions for A New Hope, The Empire Strikes Back, and Return of the Jedi. ... The Force Theme (aka Bens Theme) is a leitmotif from the film scores of the Star Wars movies, composed by John Williams. ... Princess Leias Theme is the musical leitmotif in the Star Wars saga that represents Princess Leia Organa. ... A leitmotif (IPA pronunciation: ) (also leitmotiv; lit. ... From Rule Sixteen of the Special Rules for The Music Awards Original Score: An original score is a substantial body of music in the form of dramatic underscoring written specifically for the film by the submitting composer. ... Movie poster Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back is the sequel to the first released Star Wars movie, and the second film released in the original trilogy. ... The Imperial March (Darth Vaders Theme) is a musical theme recurring in the Star Wars films. ... For information on this characters appearance in the Star Wars prequel trilogy, see Anakin Skywalker. ... The Galactic Empire is one of the main factions in the Star Wars universe. ... This article is about the series. ... Movie poster Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi, is a science fiction film that debuted in 1983, and re-released with changes in 1997 and 2004. ... The Emperors Theme is one of many leitmotifs composed by John Williams for the original Star Wars Trilogy. ... The Talk of the Town is a 1942 screwball comedy film, with very serious overtones, released by Columbia Pictures, starring Cary Grant, Jean Arthur, Ronald Colman, Edgar Buchanan and Glenda Farrell. ... This article is about the series. ...

John Williams conducting the music score to Raiders Of The Lost Ark in the Avery Fisher Hall.

Williams worked with director Richard Donner to score the 1978 film Superman. The score's heroic and romantic themes, particularly the main march, the Superman fanfare and the love theme, known as "Can You Read My Mind", would appear in the four subsequent sequel films. For the 1981 film Raiders of the Lost Ark, Williams wrote a rousing main theme known as "The Raiders's March" to accompany the film's hero, Indiana Jones. He also composed separate themes to represent the Ark of the Covenant, the character Marion and the Nazi villains of the story. Additional themes were featured in his scores to the sequel films Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade. Williams composed an emotional and sensitive score to Spielberg's 1982 fantasy film E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial. The music conveys the film's benign, child-like sense of innocence, particularly with a spirited theme for the freedom of flight, and a soft string-based theme for the friendship between characters E.T. and Elliott. The film's final chase and farewell sequence marks a rare instance in film history, in which the on-screen action was re-edited to conform to the composer's musical interpretation. Williams was awarded a fourth Academy Award for this score. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixels, file size: 283 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo by me of John Williams conducting the score to Raiders of the Lost Ark. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixels, file size: 283 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo by me of John Williams conducting the score to Raiders of the Lost Ark. ... Richard Donner (born Richard Donald Schwartzberg on April 24, 1930) is an American film director and also producer through the production company, The Donners Company, he and his wife, producer Lauren Shuler-Donner, own. ... For the franchise, see Superman film series. ... Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ... Can You Read My Mind is the love theme from the 1978 film Superman, with music by John Williams and lyrics by Leslie Bricusse. ... This article is about the film. ... Dr. Henry Walden Jones, Jr. ... The Ark of the Covenant (ארון הברית in Hebrew: aron habrit) is described in the Hebrew Bible as a sacred container, wherein rested the stone tablets containing the Ten Commandments as well as other sacred Israelite objects. ... Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom is an 1984 adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg. ... Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade is a 1989 adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Harrison Ford, Sean Connery, Denholm Elliott, Julian Glover, Alison Doody, River Phoenix, and John Rhys-Davies. ... For the Atari 2600 video game based on the movie, see E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (Atari 2600). ...


The 1985 film The Color Purple is the only feature film directed by Steven Spielberg for which John Williams did not serve as composer. The film's producer, Quincy Jones, wanted to personally arrange and compose the music for the project. Williams also did not score Twilight Zone: The Movie, but Spielberg had directed only one of the four segments in that film; the film's music was written by another veteran Hollywood composer, rival Jerry Goldsmith, chosen by lead director and producer John Landis. The Williams-Spielberg collaboration resumed with the director's 1987 film Empire of the Sun, and has continued to the present, spanning genres from blockbuster fluff (1993's Jurassic Park), to somber tragedies (1993's Schindler's List, 2005's Munich), to Eastern-tinged melodramas (2005's Memoirs of a Geisha, eventually helmed by Rob Marshall). Spielberg has said, "I call it an honorable privilege to regard John Williams as a friend."[citation needed] The Color Purple is the ninth film directed by Steven Spielberg, and was released 1985. ... This article is about the producer and songwriter. ... Twilight Zone: The Movie was a 1983 movie produced by Steven Spielberg as a theatrical version of The Twilight Zone, a long-running early TV series. ... Jerrald King Goldsmith (February 10, 1929 – July 21, 2004) was a famous American film score composer from Los Angeles, California. ... John David Landis (born August 3, 1950) is an American movie actor, director, writer, and producer. ... Empire of the Sun is a 1987 film directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Christian Bale, John Malkovich, and Miranda Richardson. ... Jurassic Park is a techno-thriller novel written by Michael Crichton that was published in 1990. ... This article is about the movie. ... Munich is a 2005 drama film starring Eric Bana. ... Memoirs of a Geisha is an Academy Award and Grammy Award-winning movie adaptation of the novel of the same name, produced by Steven Spielbergs Amblin Entertainment and directed by Rob Marshall. ... Rob Marshall is a director. ...


In 1999 George Lucas launched the first of a series prequels to the original Star Wars Trilogy. Williams was asked to score all three films, starting with Episode I: The Phantom Menace. Along with themes from the previous movies, Williams created new themes to be used as leitmotifs in Episode II: Attack of the Clones (2002) and Episode III: Revenge of the Sith (2005). Most notable of these was "Duel of the Fates", an aggressive choral movement utilizing harsh Sanskrit lyrics that broadened the style of music used in the Star Wars films. For Episode II, Williams composed "Across the Stars", a love theme for Padmé Amidala and Anakin Skywalker (mirroring the love theme composed for the second film of the previous trilogy, The Empire Strikes Back). The final installment combined many of the themes created for the entire series, including "The Emperor's Theme", "The Imperial March", "Across the Stars", "Duel of the Fates", "A Hero Falls", "The Force Theme", "Rebel Fanfare", and "Luke's Theme" and "Princess Leia's Theme." Few composers have scored an entire series of this magnitude: The combined scores of all six Star Wars films add up to music that takes a full orchestra more than 14 hours to perform entirely. George Walton Lucas, Jr. ... A prequel is a work that portrays events which include the structure, conventions, and/or characters of a previously completed narrative, but occur at an earlier time. ... The DVD cover of the Star Wars trilogy. ... Film poster for Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace is a 1999 film by George Lucas starring Liam Neeson, Ewan McGregor, Natalie Portman, and Jake Lloyd. ... Audio sample composed by John Williams: Duel of the Fates (1999) ( file info) Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Problems playing the files? See media help. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... This article is about the series. ... Across the Stars is the love theme from Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones. ... Padmé Amidala is a fictional character in George Lucas science fiction saga Star Wars. ... Anakin Skywalker is the central character in the Star Wars franchise. ... Recent re-release of John Williams compositions for A New Hope, The Empire Strikes Back, and Return of the Jedi. ...


In the new millennium, Williams was asked to score the film adaptation of the widely successful young adult's book series, Harry Potter. He went on to score the first three installments of the franchise. As with his Superman theme, the most important theme from Williams' scores for the film adaptations of J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter series, dubbed "Hedwig's Theme", has been used in the fourth and fifth movies in the series (Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire and Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix), scored by Patrick Doyle and Nicholas Hooper respectively. Like the main themes from Star Wars, Jaws, Superman, and Indiana Jones, fans have come to identify the Harry Potter films with Williams' original piece. This article is about the Harry Potter series of novels. ... Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ... Joanne Jo Murray, née Rowling OBE[1] (born 31 July 1965),[2] who writes under the pen name J. K. Rowling,[3] is a British writer and author of the Harry Potter fantasy series. ... Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire is the fourth novel in the Harry Potter series written by J. K. Rowling. ... OotP redirects here. ... Patrick Doyle (born April 6, 1953, Uddingston, South Lanarkshire, Scotland) is an Academy Award nominated Scottish musician and film score composer. ... Nicholas Hooper is a British film and television composer. ... This article is about the series. ... Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ...


In 2006, Superman Returns was released, under the direction of Bryan Singer, best known for directing the first two movies in the X-Men series. Singer did not request Williams to compose a score for the new movie; instead, he employed the skills of X2 composer John Ottman to honorably incorporate Williams' original Superman theme, as well as those for "Lois Lane" and "Smallville." Don Davis performed a similar role for Jurassic Park III, recommended to the producers by Williams himself. (Film scores by Ottman and to a lesser extent Davis are often compared to those of Williams, as both use similar styles of composition.) For the video game of the same name, see Superman Returns (video game). ... Bryan Singer (born September 17, 1965) is an American film director. ... The X-Men are a group of comic book superheroes featured in Marvel Comics. ... X2 may refer to: // Square (algebra), also known as the algebraic square, a concept in algebra Chi-square distribution, a theoretical probability distribution widely used in inferential statistics X2, a 2003 American movie also known as X-Men United XXX: State of the Union, also known as X2 or XXX... John Ottman (born July 6, 1964 in San Diego, California) is an American film editor, composer and director. ... Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ... Can You Read My Mind is the love theme from the 1978 film Superman, with music by John Williams and lyrics by Leslie Bricusse. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Donald Romain Davis (born February 4, 1957) is an American film score composer, conductor, and orchestrator. ... Jurassic Park III is a 2001 film that is the third film as part of the Jurassic Park franchise. ...


In 2008 he will score Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull and will most likely be scoring Steven Spielberg's future projects Lincoln and Interstellar. He has also expressed an interest in composing the score for the seventh and final film in the Harry Potter film series, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows.[8]. Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull is a 2008 adventure film. ... Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director and producer. ... Interstellar is a new film by Steven Spielberg which explores the academic study of wormholes. ... The Harry Potter film series are the fantasy films based on the Harry Potter heptalogy of novels by British author and writer J. K. Rowling. ... Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, based on the book Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows by J. K. Rowling, will be the seventh and last fantasy adventure film in the Harry Potter film series. ...


Conducting and performing

Williams signing an autograph after a concert
Williams signing an autograph after a concert

From 1980 to 1993, Williams succeeded the legendary Arthur Fiedler as Principal Conductor of the Boston Pops Orchestra. Williams never personally met Fiedler, although he did speak with him on the telephone. His arrival as the new leader of the Pops in the spring of 1980 allowed him to devote part of the Pops' first PBS broadcast of the season to presenting his new compositions for The Empire Strikes Back, in addition to conducting many Fiedler audience favorites. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1397x1857, 303 KB) Summary John Williams signing an autograph for me (User:Nationalparks). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1397x1857, 303 KB) Summary John Williams signing an autograph for me (User:Nationalparks). ... Arthur Fiedler (December 17, 1894 – July 10, 1979) was the long-time conductor of the Boston Pops Orchestra, a symphony orchestra that specialized in popular music. ... The Boston Pops Orchestra was founded in 1885 as a subsection of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. ...


Williams almost ended his tenure with the Pops in 1984.[9] Considered a customary practice of opinion, some players hissed while sight-reading a new Williams composition in rehearsal. Williams abruptly left the session and turned in his resignation, reportedly due to mounting conflicts with his film composing schedule as well as a perceived lack of discipline in the Pops' ranks, culminating in this latest instance. After entreaties by the management and personal apologies from the musicians, Williams reconsidered his resignation and continued for nine more years.[10] In 1995 he was succeeded by Keith Lockhart, the former associate conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony and Pops. Keith Lockhart (born November 1959, Poughkeepsie, New York, USA) is an orchestral conductor. ... As the fifth-oldest orchestra in the United States, the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra (CSO) has a legacy of fine music making as reflected in its performances in historic Music Hall, recordings, and international tours. ... The Cincinnati Pops Orchestra based in Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, was founded in 1977 and Erich Kunzel was named its conductor. ...


Williams is now the Laureate Conductor of the Pops, thus maintaining his affiliation with its parent, the Boston Symphony Orchestra (BSO), resident of Symphony Hall in the Massachusetts capital. Williams leads the Pops on several occasions each year, particularly during their Holiday Pops season and typically for a week of concerts in May. He conducts an annual Film Night at both Boston Symphony Hall and Tanglewood, where he frequently enlists the Tanglewood Festival Chorus, official chorus of the BSO, to provide a choral accompaniment to films (such as Saving Private Ryan). The Boston Symphony Orchestra is one of the worlds premiere orchestras. ... Tanglewood Music Shed and lawn. ... The Tanglewood Festival Chorus is a choir which performs with the Boston Symphony Orchestra and Boston Pops in major choral works. ...


Williams makes annual appearances with the Los Angeles Philharmonic at the Hollywood Bowl, and took part as conductor and composer in the orchestra's opening gala concerts for Walt Disney Concert Hall in 2003. The Los Angeles Philharmonic (LAP) is an American orchestra based in Los Angeles, California, United States. ... Hollywood Bowl in 2005. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Williams has written many concert pieces, including a symphony, Concerto for Horn written for Dale Clevenger, principal hornist of the Chicago Symphony, Concerto for Clarinet written for Michele Zukovsky (Principal Clarinetist of the Los Angeles Philharmonic) in 1991,[11] a sinfonietta for wind ensemble, a cello concerto premiered by Yo-Yo Ma and the Boston Symphony Orchestra at Tanglewood in 1994, concertos for the flute and violin recorded by the London Symphony Orchestra, tuba, and a trumpet concerto, which was premiered by the Cleveland Orchestra and their principal trumpet Michael Sachs in September 1996. His bassoon concerto, The Five Sacred Trees, which was premiered by the New York Philharmonic and principal bassoon player Judith LeClair in 1995, was recorded for Sony Classical by Williams with LeClair and the London Symphony Orchestra. The Los Angeles Philharmonic (LAP) is an American orchestra based in Los Angeles, California, United States. ... The term Concerto (plural concertos or concerti) usually refers to a musical work in which one solo instrument is accompanied by an orchestra. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Ma Yo-Yo Ma (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) (b. ... The London Symphony Orchestra (LSO) is one of the major orchestras of the United Kingdom. ... The Cleveland Orchestra is one of the major symphony orchestras in the United States. ... The Five Sacred Trees is a bassoon concerto by John Williams. ... The New York Philharmonic is the oldest active symphony orchestra in the United States, organized during 1842. ... Judith LeClair (b. ...


He is also an accomplished pianist, as can be heard in various scores in which he provides solos, as well as a handful of European classical music recordings.

Stanley Donen (left) and John Williams, Avery Fisher Hall

In addition, in 1985, Williams composed the well-known NBC News theme "The Mission" (which he performs in concert to signal the final encore), "Liberty Fanfare" for the re-dedication of the Statue of Liberty, "We're Lookin' Good!" for the Special Olympics in celebration of the 1987 International Summer Games, and themes for the 1984, 1988, 1996, and 2002 Olympic games. His most recent concert work "Seven for Luck", for soprano and orchestra, is a seven-piece song cycle based on the texts of former U.S. Poet Laureate Rita Dove. "Seven for Luck" was given its world premiere by the Boston Symphony under Williams with soprano Cynthia Haymon. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixels, file size: 306 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A photo taken by me of Stanley Donan and John Williams. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixels, file size: 306 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A photo taken by me of Stanley Donan and John Williams. ... Liberty Fanfare is a composition for orchestra by John Williams. ... For other monuments to freedom, see Monument of Liberty. ... Rita Frances Dove (born August 28, 1952 in Akron, Ohio, USA) is an African American United States poet and author. ...


John Williams also made a rare appearance on the BBC in 1980 to explain what life as a composer is like and how demanding it is to get everything just right.[citation needed] For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ...


In April 2004, February 2006, and September 2007, he conducted the New York Philharmonic at Avery Fisher Hall in New York City. The initial program was intended to be a one-time special event, and featured Williams' medley of Oscar-winning film scores first performed at the previous year's Academy Awards. Its unprecedented popularity led to two concerts in 2006—fund-raising gala events featuring personal recollections by film directors Martin Scorsese and Steven Spielberg. Continuing demand fueled three more concerts in 2007, all sold out: These featured a tribute to the musicals of film director Stanley Donen, and had the distinction of serving as the opening event of the New York Philharmonic season.[12] The New York Philharmonic is the oldest active symphony orchestra in the United States, organized during 1842. ... , Avery Fisher Hall in Lincoln Center. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Director Herbert Brenon with actress Alla Nazimova on the set of War Brides, 1916 A director is a person who directs the making of a film. ... Martin Marcantonio Luciano Scorsese (IPA: AmE: ; Ita: []) (b. ... Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director and producer. ... Stanley Donen (born April 13, 1924) is an American film director and choreographer hailed by David Quinlan as the King of the Hollywood musicals. His most famous work is Singin in the Rain, which he co-directed with Gene Kelly. ...


Pop-Culture references

  • In the Family Guy episode "Brian Does Hollywood," John Williams is presented as a nominee for Best Musical Score in the fictional Adult Movie Awards. Unlike the other nominees, he is shown conducting a 48-piece orchestra.
  • In the Family Guy sixth season opener "Blue Harvest" (the working title of Return of the Jedi though the Family Guy episode parodies Episode IV: A New Hope), John Williams is seen conducting the London Symphony Orchestra, performing "The Force Theme" from Star Wars, as well as the theme for The People's Court. Later, Luke (played by Chris) finds the charred remains of Williams and the orchestra at his burning homestead and laments that the rest of the show will have to be scored by Danny Elfman.
  • In the 1995 Simpsons episode "The Springfield Connection," Homer complains about a Springfield Pops performance of music from Star Wars by exclaiming, "They're butchering the classics! John Williams must be rolling around in his grave."

Family Guy is an Emmy Award-winning American animated television series about a dysfunctional family in the fictional town of Quahog, Rhode Island. ... Brian Does Hollywood is part two of the two-part episode of Family Guy (Part 1 being The Thin White Line). It guest-starred Jenna Jameson, Ron Jeremy, and Ray Liotta as themselves. ... Family Guy is an Emmy Award-winning American animated television series about a dysfunctional family in the fictional town of Quahog, Rhode Island. ... Blue Harvest is the season premiere of the sixth season of the FOX series Family Guy, which originally aired on September 23, 2007. ... This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological... Judge Joseph Wapner, who presided over cases from 1981 to 1993. ... Christopher Cross Chris Griffin (born 1993, in Quahog, Rhode Island) is the second child of Peter and Lois Griffin in the TV cartoon series Family Guy. ... Daniel Robert Elfman (born May 29, 1953 in Los Angeles, California) is an American musician who led the rock band Oingo Boingo as singer / songwriter from 1976 until its breakup in 1995, and has composed film scores extensively since 1985s Pee-wees Big Adventure. ... The Simpsons. ... The Springfield Connection is the 23rd episode of the sixth season of The Simpsons. ... Homer Simpson is also a character in the book and film The Day of the Locust. ...

Notable compositions

Film scores

The following list consists of select films for which John Williams wrote the score and/or songs. Those films for which his music won an Oscar are in bold.


1950s

  • Daddy-O (1958)

1960s Daddy-O is a 1958 B-movie starring Dick Contino . ...

1970s I Passed for White is a 1960 film directed and adapted for the screen by Fred M. Wilcox from a novel of the same name by Reba Lee as told to Mary Hastings Bradley. ... The Secret Ways is a 1961 thriller film. ... There have been a number of things named Diamond Head: Diamond Head, Hawaii is the name of a tuff cone on the Hawaiian island of Oahu and known to Hawaiians as Leahi. ... The Killers, sometimes called Ernest Hemingways The Killers, released by Universal Studios in 1964, was Hollywoods second adaptation of the Hemingway short story. ... The Rare Breed is a 1966 western-drama starring James Stewart, Maureen OHara, Brian Keith, Juliet Mills and Ben Johnson and directed by Andrew V. McLaglen. ... Valley of the Dolls is a 1967 American drama film based on the 1966 novel of the same name by Jacqueline Susann. ... A Guide for the Married Man is a 1967 film starring Walter Matthau, Robert Morse, and Inger Stevens. ... Fitzwilly is a 1967 film by Delbert Mann, based on Poyntz Tylers novel, A Garden of Cucumbers, adapted for the screen by Isobel Lennart. ... The Reivers (also known as The Yellow Winton Flyer in the UK) is a 1969 film directed by Mark Rydell based on the William Faulkner novel of the same name. ... Goodbye, Mr. ...

1980s Charlotte Brontës novel Jane Eyre (1847) has been the subject of numerous television and film adaptations. ... Fiddler on the Roof is the 1971 film version of the Broadway musical of the same name. ... Images is a 1972 English language psychological thriller directed by Robert Altman. ... The Poseidon Adventure is a 1972 action adventure/disaster film based on a novel by Paul Gallico. ... The Cowboys is a 1972 western starring John Wayne, Roscoe Lee Browne, Slim Pickens, A. Martinez and Bruce Dern. ... Cinderella Liberty is a 1973 film which tells the story of a sailor who falls in love with a prostitute and becomes a surrogate father for her young son. ... The Long Goodbye (ISBN 0394757688) is a 1954 novel by Raymond Chandler, centered on his famous detective Philip Marlowe. ... The Paper Chase was a 1970 novel, as well as a 1973 movie based on the novel and a television series based on the movie. ... Tom Sawyer was a popular 1973 theatrical version of the Mark Twain boyhood adventure story, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. ... Robert B. Sherman (born December 19, 1925) (see also: Sherman Brothers) is an Academy Award-winning American songwriter who specializes in musical films with his brother Richard M. Sherman. ... Robert B. Sherman (born December 19, 1925) and Richard M. Sherman (born June 12, 1928) are Academy Award-winning American songwriters, who specialize in musical film. ... The Towering Inferno is a 1974 disaster film directed by John Guillermin, adapted by Stirling Silliphant from the novels The Tower by Richard Martin Stern and The Glass Inferno by Thomas N. Scortia and Frank M. Robinson, and starring Steve McQueen and Paul Newman. ... The Sugarland Express is a 1974 feature film starring Goldie Hawn and William Atherton. ... Jaws is a 1975 thriller/horror film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on Peter Benchleys best-selling novel inspired by the Jersey Shore shark attacks of 1916. ... The Eiger Sanction is a 1975 action/thriller film based on a 1972 novel by American author Dr. Rodney William Whitaker, under the pen name Trevanian, and directed by Clint Eastwood and starring Eastwood as Dr. Jonathan Hemlock. ... Family Plot is a 1976 Universal motion picture directed by Alfred Hitchcock and starring Karen Black, Bruce Dern, Barbara Harris and William Devane, with Cathleen Nesbitt. ... Midway is a 1976 war film made by the Mirisch Corporation and released by Universal Pictures . ... The Missouri Breaks is a 1976 western film starring Jack Nicholson and Marlon Brando. ... This article is about the 1977 US film. ... This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological... This article is about the film; for the definition of the UFO related phenomenon, see Close encounter. ... The Fury is a 1978 sci-fi/horror/thriller film directed by Brian de Palma. ... For the franchise, see Superman film series. ... 1941 is Steven Spielbergs fourth theatrical film, written by Robert Zemeckis and Bob Gale. ... Dracula is a 1979 horror/romance film starring Frank Langella as Count Dracula. ...

1990s Movie poster Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back is the sequel to the first released Star Wars movie, and the second film released in the original trilogy. ... This article is about the film. ... Monsignor is a 1982 film about a Roman Catholic priests rise through the ranks of the Vatican, during and after World War II. Along the way, he involves the Vatican in the black marketeering operations of a mafia don, and has an affair with a woman in the postulant... Yes, Giorgio is a 1982 musical/comedy starring Luciano Pavarotti. ... For the Atari 2600 video game based on the movie, see E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (Atari 2600). ... Movie poster Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi, is a science fiction film that debuted in 1983, and re-released with changes in 1997 and 2004. ... Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom is an 1984 adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg. ... There have been five movies titled The River: The River (1997) directed by Tsai Ming-liang. ... Space Camp is a 1986 movie based on a book by Patrick Bailey and Larry B. Williams and inspired by the U.S. Space Camp in Huntsville, Alabama. ... Empire of the Sun is a 1987 film directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Christian Bale, John Malkovich, and Miranda Richardson. ... The Witches of Eastwick is a 1987 feature film based on the novel of the same title by John Updike. ... The Accidental Tourist is an award winning 1988 movie by Lawrence Kasdan that was based on the novel of the same name by Anne Tyler Davis won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her portrayal of dog trainer Muriel Pritchett. ... Born on the Fourth of July is a 1989 a film adaptation of the autobiographical novel of the same name by Ron Kovic. ... Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade is a 1989 adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Harrison Ford, Sean Connery, Denholm Elliott, Julian Glover, Alison Doody, River Phoenix, and John Rhys-Davies. ...

2000s Stanley and Iris is a 1990 drama-romance film starring Jane Fonda and Robert De Niro, directed by Martin Ritt. ... This article is about the 1990 film. ... Home Alone is a 1990 comedy film written and produced by John Hughes and directed by Chris Columbus. ... Hook is a 1991 family action/adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg, starring Robin Williams, Dustin Hoffman, Julia Roberts, Bob Hoskins and Maggie Smith. ... JFK is an American film directed by Oliver Stone, first released on December 20, 1991. ... Home Alone 2: Lost in New York (1992) is the sequel to the film Home Alone. ... DVD cover Far and Away is a 1992 drama film directed by Ron Howard and starring Tom Cruise and Nicole Kidman. ... Jurassic Park is a 1993 science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on the novel of the same name by Michael Crichton. ... This article is about the movie. ... Nixon is a 1995 film directed by Oliver Stone for Cinergi Pictures that tells the story of the political and personal life of former President Richard Nixon. ... Sabrina is a 1995 film adapted by Barbara Benedek and David Rayfiel, based on the 1954 screenplay, which in turn was based upon a play entitled Sabrina Fair. ... Sleepers (1996) is a dramatic movie based on Lorenzo Carcaterras novel of the same name. ... Rosewood is a 1997 film, starring Ving Rhames as a fictional character who travels to the town of Rosewood, Florida and becomes a witness to the 1923 massacre. ... The Lost World: Jurassic Park is a 1997 movie which is a sequel to the blockbuster Jurassic Park. ... Seven Years in Tibet is the 1997 film adaptation of the adventure story written by Austrian mountaineer Heinrich Harrer based on his real life experiences in Tibet between 1944 and 1951 during the onset of the Second World War and the Chinese Peoples Liberation Army Invasion. ... This article is about the film dramatization. ... Stepmom is an American film made in 1998. ... Saving Private Ryan is a 1998 Academy-Award-winning film set in World War II, directed by Steven Spielberg and written by Robert Rodat. ... Film poster for Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace is a 1999 film by George Lucas starring Liam Neeson, Ewan McGregor, Natalie Portman, and Jake Lloyd. ... Angelas Ashes is a 1999 film based on the memoir of the same title by Frank McCourt, born in the United States of Irish descent. ...

The Patriot is a 2000 film starring Mel Gibson and directed by Roland Emmerich. ... Artificial Intelligence: A.I. is a science fiction film co-produced, written, and directed by Steven Spielberg and released in 2001. ... Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone, known in the United States as Harry Potter and the Sorcerers Stone, is a 2001 fantasy/adventure film based on the novel of the same name by J.K. Rowling. ... Catch Me If You Can is a 2002 motion picture set in the 1960s. ... Film poster for Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (2002) is the fifth Star Wars science fiction movie released and the second part of the prequel trilogy which began with Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace. ... Minority Report is a 2002 science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg, loosely based on the Philip K. Dick 1956 short story The Minority Report. It is set in the year 1895, when criminals are interviewed based on foreknowledge. ... Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets is the second fantasy adventure film in the popular Harry Potter films series, based on the novel by J.K. Rowling, Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets. ... Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban is a 2004 fantasy adventure film, based on the novel of the same name by J. K. Rowling. ... This section contains a list of trivia items. ... Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith is the third episode of the Star Wars film series (but the sixth film to be produced), to be released on Thursday, May 19, 2005. ... War of the Worlds is a 2005 science fiction disaster film based on H. G. Wells original novel starring Tom Cruise. ... Memoirs of a Geisha is an Academy Award and Grammy Award-winning movie adaptation of the novel of the same name, produced by Steven Spielbergs Amblin Entertainment and directed by Rob Marshall. ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... Munich is a 2005 drama film starring Eric Bana. ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull is a 2008 adventure film. ... The Untitled Abraham Lincoln biopic is a future biographical film about United States President Abraham Lincoln. ...

The Olympics

Audio samples of Olympic themes by John Williams

Olympic Fanfare and Theme Image File history File links John_Williams_Olympic_Theme. ...

Theme music for the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles

Problems listening to the file? See media help. Music sample: Olympic Fanfare and Theme ( file info) — composed by John Williams for the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles Problems listening to the file? See media help. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ...

Williams has composed music for four of the Olympic Games held in the last 26 years. They are: The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ...

The Olympic symbols are various logos, icons, flags and symbols used by the International Olympic Committee for various aspects related to the promotion of the Olympic Movement around the world. ... Music sample: Olympic Fanfare and Theme ( file info) — composed by John Williams for the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles Problems listening to the file? See media help. ... The Olympic symbols are various logos, icons, flags and symbols used by the International Olympic Committee for various aspects related to the promotion of the olympism around the world. ... Audio samples: Buglers Dream ( file info) — composed by Leo Arnaud, conducted by John Williams Problems playing the files? See media help. ... The Olympic symbols are various logos, icons, flags and symbols used by the International Olympic Committee for various aspects related to the promotion of the Olympic Movement around the world. ... Johnson winning the 100 m final The 1988 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIV Olympiad, were held in 1988 in Seoul, South Korea. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ... The NBC Sports logo used since 1989. ... Summon the Heroes is an Olympic theme written by John Williams for the 1996 Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia. ... The 1996 Summer h Olympics, formally known as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad and informally known as the Centennial Olympics, were held in 1996 in Atlanta, Georgia, United States. ... Atlanta redirects here. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Intro can mean the following things: A musical introduction A computer intro, a short or small version of the computer demo An R&B group This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... For other uses, see Outro (album). ... Call of the Champions was composed by John Williams for the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, Utah. ... The 2002 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XIX Olympic Winter Games, and with the theme slogan Light The Fire Within, were celebrated in 2002 in Salt Lake City, Utah, United States. ... For ships of the United States Navy of the same name, see USS Salt Lake City. ...

Television themes

This article is about the television network. ... NBC News endcap, used from 2002 to present. ... NBC Nightly News is the flagship evening news program for NBC News and broadcasts from the GE Building, Rockefeller Center in New York City. ... For other uses, see Today. ... Meet the Press (MTP) is a weekly television news show produced by NBC. It started as a radio show in 1945 as American Mercury Presents: Meet the Press, originating from WRC-AM in Washington. ... NBC Sunday Night Football is a weekly television broadcast of Sunday evening National Football League games on NBC that began airing on Sunday, August 6, 2006 with the pre-season opening Hall of Fame Game. ... Amazing Stories was the name of an American television show put together by director Stephen Spielberg from 1985 to 1987. ... Categories: Star Wars films | 1984 films | Movie stubs ... Land of the Giants was an hour-long American science fiction television program lasting two seasons beginning on September 22, 1968 and ending in March 22, 1970. ... For other uses, see Lost in Space (disambiguation). ... The Time Tunnel is a 1966-1967 U.S. color science fiction TV series. ... Jack & Bobby was a short-lived American television series that aired on the WB Network. ...

Concerti

  • Concerto for Flute of Orchestra (1969), premiered only in 1981 by the Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra under Leonard Slatkin.
  • Concerto for Violin and Orchestra (1976 rev. 1998), premiered only in 1981 by the Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra under Slatkin.
  • Concerto for Tuba and Orchestra (1985), premiered by the Boston Pops for their 100th anniversary.
  • Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra 1991.
  • Concerto for Bassoon and Orchestra (The Five Sacred Trees) (1993).
  • Concerto for Cello and Orchestra (1994).
  • Concerto for Trumpet and Orchestra (1996).
  • Elegy for Cello and Piano (1997), later arranged for Cello and Orchestra (2002). Based on a theme from Seven Years in Tibet.
  • TreeSong, Concerto for Violin and Orchestra (2000).
  • Heartwood: Lyric Sketches for Cello and Orchestra (2002).
  • Concerto for Horn and Orchestra (2003). Premiered with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra in November 2003.
  • Duo Concertante for Violin and Viola (2007). Premiered at Tanglewood in August 2007.

Leonard Slatkin (born September 1, 1944) is an American conductor. ... The Five Sacred Trees is a bassoon concerto by John Williams. ... Seven Years in Tibet is the 1997 film adaptation of the adventure story written by Austrian mountaineer Heinrich Harrer based on his real life experiences in Tibet between 1944 and 1951 during the onset of the Second World War and the Chinese Peoples Liberation Army Invasion. ... John Williams wrote his Concerto for Horn and Orchestra for Dale Clevenger of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra in 2003 o­n a commission from the Edward F. Schmidt Family Commissioning Fund. ... The Chicago Symphony Orchestra, based in Chicago, Illinois, is one of the leading orchestras in the world. ... Tanglewood Music Shed and lawn. ...

Celebration pieces and other concert works

  • Prelude and Fugue (1965), for orchestra. Available for download in MP3 at the United States Marine Band website.
  • Symphony #1 (1966), premiered by Houston Symphony under André Previn in 1968. Williams reworked the piece in 1988 (performed by San Francisco Symphony during Williams visit as guest conductor in early '90s)
  • Thomas and the King (musical, 1975), premiered in London. Recorded in 1981 by the Original Cast.
  • Jubilee 350 Fanfare (1980), it was premiered by the Boston Pops conducted by Williams. Piece celebrating the 350th anniversary of the City of Boston.
  • Liberty Fanfare (1986), premiered on July 4, 1986 by the Boston Pops Esplanade Orchestra. Piece composed for the Centennial of the Statue of Liberty.
  • A Hymn to New England (1987).
  • For New York (Variations on theme by Leonard Bernstein) (1988). Composed for Leonard Bernstein's 70th birthday celebrations.
  • Celebrate Discovery (1990), composed for the 500th anniversary celebration of the arrival of Columbus in America.
  • Sound the Bells! (1993).
  • Song for World Peace (1994).
  • Variations on Happy Birthday (1995).
  • American Journey (1999). Portions premiered as accompaniment to a film by Steven Spielberg as part of the Millennium Celebration in Washington D.C. December 31, 1999.
  • Three Pieces for solo Cello (2001).
  • Soundings (2003), composed for the Walt Disney Concert Hall.
  • Star Spangled Banner (2007), special arrangement for game 1 of the 2007 World Series played by the Boston Pops Orchestra

André Previn (born April 6, 1929)¹ is a prominent pianist, orchestral conductor, and composer. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... President Ronald Reagan on Governors Island delivering a speech; First Lady Nancy Reagan is to the left. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Dates: October 24 – October 28, 2007 MVP: Mike Lowell Television: FOX (U.S.), RSN (Canada), NASN (Europe), ESPN Latin America Announcers: Joe Buck and Tim McCarver Umpires: Ed Montague, Laz Díaz, Ted Barrett, Chuck Meriwether, Mike Everitt, Mike Reilly[1] ALCS: Boston Red Sox def. ... The Boston Pops Orchestra was founded in 1885 as a subsection of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. ...

Awards

John Williams has won a total of five Academy Awards and four Golden Globe Awards. He has been nominated for 21 Golden Globes and 59 Grammys. With 45 Oscar nominations, Williams currently holds the record for the most Oscar nominations for a living person.[14][15] He is also the second most nominated person in the history of the Academy Awards, tied with late fellow film composer Alfred Newman, to Walt Disney's 59. Forty of Williams' Oscar nominations are for Best Original Music Score and 5 are for Best Original Song. All five winners are in the former category. Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Alfred Newman (March 17, 1900 – February 17, 1970) was a major American composer of music for films. ... For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... The Academy Award for Original Music Score is presented to the best substantial body of music in the form of dramatic underscoring written specifically for the film by the submitting composer. ... // The Academy Award for Best Original Song is one of the awards given annually to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). ...


Williams has also received two Emmy Awards and four nominations, seven BAFTAs, twenty Grammy Awards, and has been inducted into the American Classical Music Hall of Fame and the Hollywood Bowl Hall of Fame. In 2004 he received a Kennedy Center Honor. He also won a Classical Brit award in 2005 for his soundtrack work of the previous year. An Emmy Award. ... BAFTA Award The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), is a British organisation that hosts annual awards shows for film, television, childrens film and television, and interactive media. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Hollywood Bowl in 2005. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... The Classical Brit Awards are an annual awards ceremony held in the United Kingdom covering aspects of classical music, and are the classical equivalent of pop musics Brit Awards. ...


Williams' richly thematic and highly popular 1977 score to the first Star Wars film was selected in 2005 by the American Film Institute as the greatest American movie score of all time. His scores for Jaws and E.T. also appeared on the list, at #6 and #14, respectively.[16] This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Part of the AFI 100 Years. ... Jaws is a 1975 thriller/horror film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on Peter Benchleys best-selling novel inspired by the Jersey Shore shark attacks of 1916. ... For the Atari 2600 video game based on the movie, see E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (Atari 2600). ...


Academy Awards

  • Fiddler on the Roof (1971) (Scoring: Adaptation and Original Song Score)
  • Jaws (1975) (Original Score)
  • Star Wars (1977) (Original Score)
  • E.T. (1982) (Original Score)
  • Schindler's List (1993) (Original Score)

Grammy awards

  • Jaws (1975) (Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture)
  • Star Wars (1977) (Best Pop Instrumental Performance)
  • Main Title from Star Wars (1977) (Best Instrumental Composition)
  • Star Wars (1977) (Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture)
  • Theme from Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1978) (Best Instrumental Composition)
  • Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1978) (Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture)
  • Main Title Theme from Superman (1979) (Best Instrumental Composition)
  • Superman (1979) (Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture)
  • The Empire Strikes Back (1980) (Best Instrumental Composition)
  • The Empire Strikes Back (1980) (Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture)
  • Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) (Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture)
  • Flying (Theme from E.T.) (1982) (Best Instrumental Composition)
  • E.T. (1982) (Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture)
  • Flying (Theme from E.T.) (1982) (Best Arrangement on an Instrumental Recording)
  • Olympic Fanfare and Theme (1984) (Best Instrumental Composition)
  • Schindler's List (1993) (Instrumental Composition for a Motion Picture or Television)
  • Saving Private Ryan (1998) (Best Instrumental Composition Written for a Motion Picture or for Television)
  • Theme from Angela's Ashes (2000) (Best Instrumental Composition)
  • Memoirs Of A Geisha (2007) (Best Score Soundtrack Album For Motion Picture, Television Or Other Visual Media)
  • A Prayer For Peace (Theme from Munich) (2007) (Best Instrumental Composition)

Golden Globe Awards

  • Jaws (1975) (Best Original Score)
  • Star Wars (1977) (Best Original Score)
  • E.T. (1982) (Best Original Score)
  • Memoirs of a Geisha (2005) (Best Original Score)

Emmy Awards

  • Heidi (1968) (Outstanding Achievement in Musical Composition)
  • Jane Eyre (1971) (Outstanding Achievement in Musical Composition)

Academy Award Nominations (excluding wins)

  • Valley of the Dolls (1967) (Scoring-adaptation or treatment)
  • The Reivers (1969) (Original Score)
  • Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1969) (Scoring-adaptation of treatment)
  • Images (1972) (Original Dramatic Score)
  • The Poseidon Adventure (1972) (Original Dramatic Score)
  • Tom Sawyer (1973) (Original Song Score and Adaptation-or-Scoring: Adaptation)
  • Cinderella Liberty (1973) (Original Dramatic Score)
  • Nice to Be Around (from Cinderella Liberty) (1973) (Song)
  • The Towering Inferno (1974) (Original Score)
  • Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977) (Original Score)
  • Superman (1978) (Original Score)
  • The Empire Strikes Back (1980) (Original Score)
  • Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) (Original Score)
  • If We Were in Love (from Yes, Giorgio) (1982) (Song)
  • Return of the Jedi (1983) (Original Score)
  • Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984) (Original Score)
  • The River (1984) (Original Score)
  • Empire of the Sun (1987) (Original Score)
  • The Witches of Eastwick (1987) (Original Score)
  • The Accidental Tourist (1988) (Original Score)
  • Born on the Fourth of July (1989) (Original Score)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989) (Original Score)
  • Home Alone (1990) (Original Score)
  • Somewhere in My Memory (from Home Alone) (1990) (Song)
  • JFK (1991) (Original Score)
  • When You're Alone (from Hook) (1991) (Song)
  • Nixon (1995) (Original Dramatic Score)
  • Sabrina (1995) (Original Musical or Comedy Score)
  • Moonlight (from Sabrina) (1995) (Song)
  • Sleepers (1996) (Original Dramatic Score)
  • Amistad (1997) (Original Dramatic Score)
  • Saving Private Ryan (1998) (Original Dramatic Score)
  • Angela's Ashes (1999) (Original Score)
  • The Patriot (2000) (Original Score)
  • A.I. Artificial Intelligence (2001) (Original Score)
  • Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone (2001) (Original Score)
  • Catch Me If You Can (2002) (Original Score)
  • Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (2004) (Original Score)
  • Memoirs of a Geisha (2005) (Original Score)
  • Munich (2005) (Original Score)

Media

John Williams in Video Games

  • Lego Star Wars (2005)
  • Lego Star Wars II: The Original Trilogy (2006)
  • Lego Star Wars: The Complete Saga (2007)
  • Lego Indiana Jones (TBA 2008)

6208 B-Wing Fighter Lego set from 2006 and the second Death Star in the background. ... The Lego Indiana Jones Minifig Lego Indiana Jones is a Lego theme based on the new Indiana Jones film. ...

See also

Recent re-release of John Williams compositions for A New Hope, The Empire Strikes Back, and Return of the Jedi. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Different composers have been involved in writing the music for the Harry Potter films. ...

References

  1. ^ John Williams' Awards at www.IMDb.com (accessed July 9, 2007)
  2. ^ Official Academy Awards Database at www.oscars.org (accessed 2007-09-29)
  3. ^ a b Sony Classical Williams Biography at www.sonybmgmasterworks.com (accessed 2007-09-29)
  4. ^ Romanticism. Retrieved on 2006-08-25.
  5. ^ Behind the Scenes. Retrieved on 2006-08-25.
  6. ^ Tribute to John Williams, ca. 1991.
  7. ^ John Williams Biography at FilmReference.com.
  8. ^ John Williams returns to Harry Potter series at www.aintitcool.com (accessed 4 July 2007)
  9. ^ "Boston Pops Conductor Resigns Abruptly". New York Times (14 June 1984). Retrieved on 2007-09-17.
  10. ^ "At 100, the Boston Still Packs Them In". New York Times (1 May 1985). Retrieved on 2007-09-17.
  11. ^ "Concerto for Clarinet". MyTempo.com (1991). Retrieved on 2007-09-17.
  12. ^ "John Williams". New York Philharmonic. Retrieved on 2008-01-06.
  13. ^ John Eggerton,"Are You Ready For Some Gridiron Violins?"in Broadcasting & Cable, 30 August 2006.
  14. ^ Williams, John biography. Retrieved on 2007-05-06.
  15. ^ John Williams Film Music Box Biography Discography News. Retrieved on 2006-05-06.
  16. ^ http://www.afi.com/tvevents/100years/scores.aspx AFI 100 Years of Film Scores,

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External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Preceded by
Arthur Fiedler
Conductor, Boston Pops Orchestra
1980 – 1993
Succeeded by
Keith Lockhart
Preceded by
 
Laureate Conductor, Boston Pops Orchestra
1993 –
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... MusicBrainz (MusicBrainz. ... Arthur Fiedler (December 17, 1894 – July 10, 1979) was the long-time conductor of the Boston Pops Orchestra, a symphony orchestra that specialized in popular music. ... The Boston Pops Orchestra was founded in 1885 as a subsection of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. ... Keith Lockhart (born November 1959, Poughkeepsie, New York, USA) is an orchestral conductor. ... The Boston Pops Orchestra was founded in 1885 as a subsection of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. ... This article is about the series. ... Film poster for Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace is a 1999 film by George Lucas starring Liam Neeson, Ewan McGregor, Natalie Portman, and Jake Lloyd. ... Film poster for Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (2002) is the fifth Star Wars science fiction movie released and the second part of the prequel trilogy which began with Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace. ... Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith is the third episode of the Star Wars film series (but the sixth film to be produced), to be released on Thursday, May 19, 2005. ... This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological... Movie poster Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back is the sequel to the first released Star Wars movie, and the second film released in the original trilogy. ... Movie poster Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi, is a science fiction film that debuted in 1983, and re-released with changes in 1997 and 2004. ... The Star Wars Holiday Special was a two-hour television special (including commercials) set in the Star Wars galaxy. ... Categories: Star Wars films | 1984 films | Movie stubs ... Ewoks: Battle for Endor (1985), retitled Star Wars Ewok Adventures: Battle for Endor for the DVD release, is a made-for-TV movie set in the Star Wars galaxy and sequel to The Ewok Adventure. ... PAL video cover A spin-off of the animated television show Star Wars: Droids, which was itself a spin-off from the Star Wars franchise, The Great Heep saw C-3PO and R2-D2 travel to Biitu, and confront an evil droid named The Great Heep. External links Technical Commentaries... 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Indiana Jones et le Temple du Péril (translated as Indiana Jones and the Temple of Peril) is a roller coaster attraction at Disneyland Resort Paris. ... The Lego Indiana Jones Minifig Lego Indiana Jones is a Lego theme based on the new Indiana Jones film. ... Dr. Henry Walden Jones, Jr. ... Marion Ravenwood is a fictional character from the 1981 film Raiders of the Lost Ark. ... Marcus Brody is a fictional character appearing in Raiders of the Lost Ark and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade. ... Sallah is a fictional character in the Indiana Jones trilogy. ... Professor Henry Jones, Sr. ... For the silent film actor, see Harrison Ford (silent film actor). ... Karen Jane Allen (born October 5, 1951) is an American actress most famous for her roles in the films National Lampoons Animal House (1978), Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981), Starman (1984), and The Sandlot (1993). ... Kate Capshaw in June 1984. ... 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Sean Patrick Flanery (born October 11, 1965 in Lake Charles, Louisiana) is an American Actor known for such roles as Connor MacManus in The Boondock Saints, and its sequel, as well as portraying Indiana Jones in The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles. ... George Hall (November 19, 1916-October 21, 2002) was a theater, TV, and movie actor best remembered by his role as the elderly Dr. Henry Indiana Jones in the TV series The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles (1992). ... River Jude Phoenix (August 23, 1970 – October 31, 1993) was an Academy Award- and Golden Globe-nominated American film actor. ... John Rhys-Davies (born May 5, 1944) is an English actor best known for his supporting roles as the charismatic Arab excavator Sallah in the Indiana Jones films, and the dwarf Gimli in The Lord of the Rings trilogy (in which he also voiced the towering Ent, Treebeard). ... Elliott in The Signal-Man Denholm Mitchell Elliott (May 31, 1922 – October 6, 1992) was a distinguished British actor, well known for his appearances on stage, film and television. ... Julian Wyatt Glover (born March 27, 1935) is an English actor. ... Amrish Lal Puri (Hindi: अमरीश पुरी, Urdu: اَمریش پُری, June 22, 1932 – January 12, 2005) was an Indian actor who appeared primarily in Bollywood movies. ... Paul Freeman (born January 18, 1943) is a British actor. ... Wolf Kahler (born 26 April 1946) is a German actor. ... Ronald Lacey (June 18, 1935 - May 15, 1991) was born in the suburbs of London. ... Patrick Roach (May 19, 1937 – July 17, 2004) was a wrestler and actor from Birmingham, United Kingdom. ... Michael Byrne (born 7 November 1943 in London, England) is an actor noted for his roles on film and television. ... David Yip is a British actor of Chinese ethnicity, born in Liverpool on 4 June 1951. ... 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The following is a list of the television networks and announcers who have called the American Football Conference Championship Game throughout the years. ... The following is a list of the television networks and announcers who have called the American Football League Championship Game during its existence. ... The first name thats slated is the play-by-play man while the color commentator or commentators are slated second. ... Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Mike Adamle Frankie Albert Marv Albert Lionel Aldrige Mel Allen Lyle Alzado Ken Anderson Elmer Angsman Pete Axthelm Sam Balter... The following is a list of the television networks and announcers who have called the National Football League Championship Game from the 1940s until the 1969 NFL season. ... The following is a list of the television networks and announcers who have called the National Football Leagues Pro Bowl throughout the years. ... This is a list of Super Bowl broadcasters, that is, all of the American television networks and sports announcers that have broadcast the championship game of the National Football League. ... National Football League lore is a collection of information that NFL fans retain and share. ... In American football, The Comeback refers to the January 3, 1993 NFL playoff game between the Buffalo Bills and the Houston Oilers, one of the most memorable NFL games ever played. ... The Drive refers to the January 11, 1987 AFC Championship Game between the Denver Broncos and the Cleveland Browns. ... The Epic In Miami is the name given to a National Football League AFC divisional playoff game between the San Diego Chargers and the Miami Dolphins that took place on January 2, 1982 in the Miami Orange Bowl. ... The Fumble refers to a specific incident in the January 17, 1988 AFC Championship Game between the Cleveland Browns and the Denver Broncos. ... In American football, the Heidi Game (also sometimes called the Heidi Bowl) refers to a famous 1968 American Football League (AFL) game between the New York Jets and the Oakland Raiders, played on November 17 in Oakland, California. ... In American football, the Holy Roller (known as the Immaculate Deception by San Diego Chargers fans) was an infamous, controversial game-winning play executed by the Oakland Raiders against the Chargers on September 10, 1978 (see 1978 in sports). ... Ghost to the Post is a significant play in NFL history. ... The 1958 National Football League Championship Game was played on December 28, 1958 at Yankee Stadium in New York City. ... The Immaculate Reception is the nickname given to one of the most controversial plays in the history of American football. ... Red Right 88 was the designation of a Cleveland Browns passing play that was most prominently called during the January 4, 1981 American Football Conference playoff game against the Oakland Raiders. ... During the Snowplow Game, a snow plow was used to clear an area where the ball was to be spotted for a field goal attempt. ... Randy Edelman (born 10 June 1947) is a well known film and TV score composer born in Paterson, New Jersey. ... John Frank Tesh (born July 9, 1952) is an American pianist and composer of new age and contemporary Christian music. ... Date January 15, 1967 Stadium Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum City Los Angeles MVP Bart Starr, Quarterback Favorite Packers by 14 National anthem University of Arizona and Grambling State University Bands Coin toss Norm Schachter Referee Norm Schachter Halftime show University of Arizona and Grambling State University Bands Attendance 61,946... Date January 12, 1969 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Joe Namath, Quarterback Favorite Colts by 18 National anthem Anita Bryant Coin toss Tom Bell Referee Tom Bell Halftime show America Thanks with Florida A&M University Attendance 75,389 TV in the United States Network NBC Announcers... Date January 17, 1971 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Chuck Howley, Linebacker, Cowboys Favorite Cowboys by 2 National anthem Tommy Loy (Trumpeter) Coin toss Norm Schachter Referee Norm Schachter Halftime show Southeast Missouri State College Marching Golden Eagles with Anita Bryant Band Attendance 79,204 TV in... Date January 14, 1973 Stadium Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum City Los Angeles, California MVP Jake Scott, Safety Favorite Redskins by 1 National anthem Andy Williams Little Angels of Holy Angels Church, Chicago Coin toss Game referee Referee Tom Bell Halftime show Woody Herman and the University of Michigan Band Attendance... Date January 12, 1975 Stadium Tulane Stadium City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Franco Harris, Running back Favorite Steelers by 3 National anthem Grambling State University Band Coin toss Game referee Referee Bernie Ulman Halftime show Tribute to Duke Ellington with Mercer Ellington and Grambling State University Band Attendance 80,997... Date January 9, 1977 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Fred Biletnikoff, Wide Receiver Favorite Raiders by 4 1/2 National anthem Vikki Carr (America the Beautiful) Coin toss Jim Tunney Referee Jim Tunney Halftime show Disney presents Its A Small World with the Los Angeles Unified... Date January 21, 1979 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Terry Bradshaw, Quarterback Favorite Steelers by 3 1/2 National anthem The Colgate Thirteen Coin toss George Halas Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show Bob Jani Productions present Carnival Salute to Caribbean with various Caribbean bands Attendance 79,484... Date January 25, 1981 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Jim Plunkett, Quarterback Favorite Eagles by 3 National anthem Helen OConnell Coin toss Marie Lombardi Referee Ben Dreith Halftime show Jim Skinner Productions presents Mardi Gras Festival Attendance 76,135 TV in the United States Network NBC... Date January 30, 1983 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP John Riggins, Running back Favorite Dolphins by 3 National anthem Leslie Easterbrook Coin toss Elroy Hirsch Referee Jerry Markbreit Halftime show Bob Jani Productions presents KaleidoSUPERscope with the Los Angeles Super Drill Team Attendance 103,667 TV in... Date January 26, 1986 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Richard Dent, Defensive end Favorite Bears by 10 National anthem Wynton Marsalis Coin toss Bart Starr representing previous Super Bowl MVPs Referee Red Cashion Halftime show Up with People presents Beat of the Future Attendance 73,818 TV... Date January 22, 1989 Stadium Joe Robbie Stadium City Miami, Florida MVP Jerry Rice, Wide receiver Favorite 49ers by 7 National anthem Billy Joel Coin toss Nick Buoniconti, Bob Griese, and Larry Little Referee Jerry Seeman Halftime show Be Bop Bamboozled - South Florida-area dancers and performers, and 3-D... Date January 31, 1993 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Troy Aikman, Quarterback Favorite Cowboys by 7 National anthem Garth Brooks Coin toss O.J. Simpson Referee Dick Hantak Halftime show Michael Jackson Attendance 98,374 TV in the United States Network NBC Announcers Dick Enberg and Bob... Date January 30, 1994 Stadium Georgia Dome City Atlanta, Georgia MVP Emmitt Smith, Running back Favorite Cowboys by 10 National anthem Natalie Cole Coin toss Joe Namath Referee Bob McElwee Halftime show Wynonna Judd, Naomi Judd, Clint Black, Travis Tritt, Tanya Tucker Attendance 72,817 TV in the United States... Date January 28, 1996 Stadium Sun Devil Stadium City Tempe, Arizona MVP Larry Brown, Cornerback Favorite Cowboys by 13 1/2 National anthem Vanessa Williams Coin toss Joe Montana representing previous Super Bowl MVPs Referee Red Cashion Halftime show Diana Ross Attendance 76,347 TV in the United States Network... Date January 25, 1998 Stadium Qualcomm Stadium City San Diego MVP Terrell Davis, Running back Favorite Packers by 11 1/2 National anthem Jewel Coin toss Joe Gibbs, Doug Williams, Eddie Robinson Referee Ed Hochuli Halftime show Boyz II Men, Smokey Robinson, The Temptations, and The Four Tops Attendance 68... Super Bowl XLIII will be the 43rd Super Bowl, the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... Super Bowl XLVI will be the 46th Super Bowl, the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... For the franchise, see Superman film series. ... Superman II is the 1980 sequel to the 1978 superhero film Superman. ... Superman III (originally titled Superman vs. ... Supergirl is a 1984 superhero film. ... Superman IV: The Quest For Peace is a 1987 film, the last of the Superman theatrical movies. ... Christopher DOlier Reeve[1] (September 25, 1952 – October 10, 2004) was an American actor, director, producer and writer. ... Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ... For other uses, see Clark Kent (disambiguation). ... The venomous countenance of the evil Superman. ... Jeff East (born on October 27, 1957 in St. ... Superboy is a fictional superhero who appears in DC Comics. ... Eugene Allen Gene Hackman[1] (born January 30, 1930) is a two-time Academy Award-winning American actor. ... Lex Luthor is a fictional supervillain and enemy of Superman in the DC Comics Universe. ... Margot Kidder (born October 17, 1948) is a Canadian-American film and television actress who achieved fame playing Lois Lane in the Superman movies of the 1970s and 1980s. ... For the Dutch girl group, see Loïs Lane. ... Jackie Cooper (born September 15, 1922) is an American Academy Award-nominated actor, Emmy Award-winning TV director, and TV producer. ... Perry White is a fictional character who appears in the Superman comics, and is the editor-in-chief of the Metropolis newspaper the Daily Planet. ... Marc McClure (b. ... James Bartholomew Jimmy Olsen is a fictional character, a photojournalist that appears in DC Comics’ Superman stories. ... Annette OToole (born Annette Toole on April 1, 1952[1] in Houston, Texas) is an American dancer and actress. ... Lana Lang is a supporting character in DC Comics Superman series. ... Gwyllyn Samuel Newton Glenn Ford (May 1, 1916 – August 30, 2006) was an acclaimed Canadian-born actor from Hollywoods Golden Era with a career that spanned seven decades. ... Martha Clark Kent and Jonathan Kent, also known as Ma and Pa Kent, are fictional characters published by DC Comics. ... Jonathan (Glenn Ford) and Martha Kent (Phyllis Thaxter) in Superman: The Movie (1978) Phyllis Thaxter (born Phyllis St. ... Martha Clark Kent and Jonathan Kent, also known as Ma and Pa Kent, are fictional characters published by DC Comics. ... Marlon Brando, Jr. ... Jor-El is a fictional character. ... York to the right together with Ilya Salkind on the set of Superman: The Movie, circa 1977 Susannah York (born Susannah Yolande Fletcher on January 9, 1939[1]) is an English actress. ... Lara Lor-Van, usually referred to as Lara, is a fictional character who appears in Superman comics published by DC Comics. ... Terence Henry Stamp (born July 22, 1938[1]) is an English actor. ... General Zod is a fictional comic book supervillain who is an enemy of Superman. ... Helen Rachel Slater (born December 15, 1963) is an American film actress and singer-songwriter. ... For other uses, see Supergirl (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Supergirl. ... Simon Ward (born London, October 19, 1941) is an English actor. ... In publications from DC Comics, Zor-El was the father of Supergirl and uncle of Superman. ... Maureen Teefy. ... Lucy Lane is a fictional character published by DC Comics. ... Kirk Alyn as Superman Kirk Alyn (October 8, 1910 - March 14, 1999) was an American actor, best known for being the first actor to play Superman on screen, in the 1948 film serial Superman, and its 1950 sequel Atom Man Vs. ... Sam Lane is a fictional character, the father of Lois Lane and Lucy Lane in Superman comics. ... Otis, played by Ned Beatty, is the short henchman of Lex Luthor who appears in the films Superman: The Movie and Superman II. Lacking any real intelligence or physical strength, Otis is used by Luthor primarily as a gofer. ... Ned Thomas Beatty (born July 6, 1937) is an Academy Award-nominated American character actor. ... Sarah Douglas in the role of Ursa in Superman II. Ursa is a supervillain that appeared as an enemy of Superman in the theatrical film Superman II. She was a co-conspirator and accomplice of General Zod. ... Sarah Douglas (born December 12, 1952) is an English actress, most notable for playing strong villainessess in 1980s science fiction movies. ... Non is a villain who appeared in the first to Superman movies, Superman I and Superman II. He was portrayed by Jack OHalloran. ... Jack OHalloran (born April 8, 1943 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is an American actor best known for his role as Non, the menacing-but-mute member of the trio of Kryptonian supervillains banished to the Phantom Zone by Jor-El (Marlon Brando) in Superman: The Movie (1978) and inadvertently released... The computer whiz Gus Gorman. ... Richard Franklin Lennox Thomas Pryor III (December 1, 1940 – December 10, 2005) was an American comedian, actor, and writer. ... The wealthy Ross Webster. ... Robert Francis Vaughn (born November 22, 1932) is an American actor noted for stage, film and television work. ... Nuclear Man (portrayed by Mark Pillow but voiced by Gene Hackman) is the supervillain from the film Superman IV: The Quest For Peace. ... Clive Mantle (born in Barnet, London) was a chorister in St. ... Mark Pillow (born 14 April 1959 in Leeds, England) played Nuclear Man in Superman IV: The Quest for Peace. ... Lenny Luthor, played by Jon Cryer, is the teenaged nephew of criminal genius Lex Luthor who appears in the film Superman IV: The Quest For Peace. ... Jon Cryer (born on April 16, 1965 in New York, NY), is an American actor, writer and producer. ... Richard Donner (born Richard Donald Schwartzberg on April 24, 1930) is an American film director and also producer through the production company, The Donners Company, he and his wife, producer Lauren Shuler-Donner, own. ... Alexander Salkind (June 2, 1921 – March 8, 1997) was the second of three generations of successful international film producers. ... Ilya Salkind (born Ilya Juan Salkind Dominguez, July 27, 1947 in Mexico City) grew up in the world of motion pictures. ... Richard Lester (born January 19, 1932 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is a UK based film director famous for his work with The Beatles. ... Michael Thau is a film editor and preservationist who is most notable for recent restoration and production work on the Christopher Reeve Superman films, Superman: The Movie and Superman II. He is the son of Ben Thau, one of the college of cardinals executives that worked in the background for... Mario Gianluigi Puzo (October 15, 1920 – July 2, 1999) was an American author known for his novels about the Mafia, especially The Godfather (1969). ... David Newman (1937-2003) was an American filmmaker. ... Leslie Newman is a screenwriter who co-wrote the first three Superman films with husband David Newman, who passed away in 2003. ... Robert Benton (born September 29, 1932 in Waxahachie, Texas) is an American screenwriter and film director. ... Tom Mankiewicz is an American screenwriter and director. ... David Dave Prowse, MBE (born July 1, 1935 in Bristol, United Kingdom) is an English body-builder, weightlifter and actor, most widely known for his role as the physical form of Darth Vader. ... Geoffrey Unsworth (1914-1978) was a British cinematographer who enjoyed a long and varied career in the British film industry, working on nearly 90 feature films spanning more than 40 years. ... Stuart Baird is a British film editor, producer, and director who is mainly associated with action films. ... A composite shot of Draculas castle in the 1958 Hammer horror film Dracula. ... Denys Coop (b. ... Monty Python’s Flying Circus (also known as Flying Circus, MPFC or just Monty Python during the fourth season) was a highly popular, surreal BBC sketch comedy show from Monty Python, and the group’s initial claim to fame. ... John Barry (1935-1979) was an influential British production designer, described by Richard Donner as a genius and best known for his work on fantasy films. ... Reg Hill was a British television producer commonly associated with the works of Gerry Anderson. ... David Lane is a British television and film director, best known for his association with series produced by Gerry Andersons AP Films. ... Pierre Spengler is a French film producer. ... This article belongs in one or more categories. ... Derek Meddings (15 January 1931–10 September 1995) was a British television and cinema special effects expert, initially noted for his work on the Supermarionation television puppet series produced by Gerry Anderson. ... Stuart Freeborn (born September 5, 1914, in London, England) is a British motion picture make-up artist, perhaps best known for his work on the original Star Wars trilogy. ... Jeannot Szwarc (born 21 November 1939) is a French film director. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Jerrald King Goldsmith (February 10, 1929 – July 21, 2004) was a famous American film score composer from Los Angeles, California. ... Alan Hume (b. ... The career of Canadian filmmaker Sidney J. Furie, born February 28, 1933, perfectly demonstrates how a reputation for workmanlike efficiency can keep a director regularly employed, despite a dearth of critical acclaim. ... Menahem Golan is an Israeli director/producer who is most famous (or infamous) for his association with Cannon films, a company he ran with his cousin Yoram Globus. ... Biography Yoram Globus is a film producer and financier who, along with his cousin, Menahem Golan (born Menahem Globus) bought the Cannon Group production company in 1979 and ran it throughout the 1980s. ... Golan-Globus produced a distinct line of low-budget action films from 1979 to 1989. ... Lawrence Konner (born September 14, 1949) is an American screenwriter and long-time writing partner of Mark Rosenthal. ... Mark Rosenthal is an American screenwriter and film director and long-time writing partner of Lawrence Konner. ... Alexander Courage (born December 10, 1919) is a 20th century American composer of music, primarily for television and motion pictures. ... John Patrick Shirley (born February 10, 1953) is an American science fiction and horror writer of novels, short stories, and television & film scripts. ... Shepperton Studios, located in Shepperton, Middlesex, England is a film studio with a long history of film making. ... The gatehouse at Pinewood Studios Pinewood Studios is a major British film studio situated in Iver Heath, Buckinghamshire. ... Historically, the name Elstree Studios refers to any of several film studios that were based in the town of Elstree and Borehamwood in Hertfordshire, England. ... The Albert R. Broccoli 007 Stage (commonly just 007 Stage) is one of the largest sound stages in the world. ... Central Milton Keynes is the central area of Milton Keynes in Buckinghamshire, England. ... Chobham Common is large heath area in Surrey, England, formerly a freehold owned by the Earl of Onslow and purchased by Surrey County Council in 1966. ... Didcot A Power Station Cooling towers (three of), taken from a train on the GWML. The Power Stations from the Berkshire Downs above Rowstock. ... The Hippodrome is a nightclub on the corner of Charing Cross Road and Leicester Square, in London, UK. The name was in fact used for many different theatres and music halls, of which the London Hippodrome is one of only a few survivors. ... Milton Keynes Central is a railway station that serves the central area of Milton Keynes. ... The Solow Building from 6th Avenue and 57th Street during the day The Solow Building, located at 9 West 57th Street, is a skyscraper located in Manhattan just west of 5th Avenue, sandwiched between the 57th and 58th Street. ... Wembley Conference Centre was a conference centre near Wembley Stadium, Wembley, London, England. ... This article is about Supermans adoptive home town. ... This article is about the fictional newspaper. ... Daily News Building, John Mead Howells and Raymond Hood, architects, rendering by Hugh Ferriss. ... The Fortress of Solitude is the occasional headquarters of Superman in DC Comics. ... The Phantom Zone is a fictional prison dimension featured in the Superman comic books and related media. ... Metropolis Skyline, as seen in Smallville. ... Krypton is a fictional planet in the DC Comics universe. ... The birthplace of Supergirl, a city of the planet Krypton which survived the death of its native planet when it was hurled into outer space, people and buildings alive and intact, by the force of the cataclysm that destroyed the planet. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Can You Read My Mind is the love theme from the 1978 film Superman, with music by John Williams and lyrics by Leslie Bricusse. ... Earth Angel (Will You Be Mine) is an American pop song, originally released by The Penguins in 1954 on the Dootone label (Dootone 348), as the B-side to Hey Señorita. Both songs were originally recorded, as demo recordings, at Ted Brinsons garage studio in South Los Angeles... Give a Little Bit is the opening song on Supertramps 1977 progressive rock album Even in the Quietest Moments. ... Pick Up The Pieces is a song by the Average White Band from their eponymous album, AWB. It is essentially an instrumental apart from the song title being sung at several points in the song. ... Rock Around the Clock is a rock n roll song from 1952, written by Max C. Freedman and James E. Myers (the latter under the pseudonym Jimmy De Knight). Although first recorded by Sonny Dae & the Knights, the more famous version by Bill Haley & His Comets is not, strictly speaking... Roll Over Beethoven is a 1956 hit single by Chuck Berry // The song is notable as one of the earliest definitive rock and roll recordings. ... Whole Lotta Shakin Goin On is a song, written by African American singer/songwriter Dave Curly Williams and white pianist/singer Sunny David. ... The comic book character Superman is an extremely recognizable American cultural icon, and has appeared throughout American popular culture, even achieving international fame. ... This is a list of the alternate versions of Superman from all media, including the DC Comics multiverse, Elseworlds, television and film. ... The ABC Sunday Night Movie - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... KCOP, channel 13, is a television station in Los Angeles, California. ... WJLA-TV, channel 7, is the ABC television affiliate in Washington, D.C.. It is the flagship station of the Allbritton Communications Company, which also operates local cable station News Channel 8. ... The Christopher Reeve Superman Collection is an 8-disc DVD box set of Superman films, released on November 28, 2006 by Warner Home Video. ... The Complete Superman Collection The Complete Superman Collection is a discontinued 4-disc DVD/VHS box set of Superman films, released on May 1, 2001 by Warner Home Video. ... The Ultimate Superman Collection (also known as The Superman Ultimate Collectors Edition and Superman: The Ultimate Collection) is a 14-disc DVD box set of Superman films (13 Disc box set outside of the US), released on November 28, 2006 by Warner Home Video. ... This article is about the fictional substance. ... Lois Lane and Supermans wedding. ... A front projection effect is an in-camera visual effects process in film production for combining foreground performance with pre-filmed background footage. ...

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