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Encyclopedia > John William McCormack
John William McCormack


In office
January 10, 1962 – January 3, 1971
Preceded by Sam Rayburn
Succeeded by Carl Albert

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 9th & 12th district
In office
November 6, 1928January 3, 1963 (12th)
January 3, 1963January 3, 1971 (9th)
Preceded by James A. Gallivan
Succeeded by Louise D. Hicks

Born December 21, 1891
Boston, Massachusetts
Died November 22, 1980
Dedham, Massachusetts
Political party Democratic
Spouse Harriet McCormack
Profession Lawyer
Religion Roman Catholic

John William McCormack (December 21, 1891November 22, 1980) was an American politician from Boston, Massachusetts. John McCormack, taken from http://bioguide. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the... January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday. ... Portrait of Sam Rayburn Samuel Taliaferro Rayburn (January 6, 1882 – November 16, 1961) was a United States politician from Texas. ... Carl Bert Albert (May 10, 1908 – February 4, 2000) was a lawyer and a Democratic American politician from Oklahoma. ... Seal of the House of Representatives The United States House of Representatives (or simply the House) is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress, the other being the Senate. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Massachusetts Congressional District 9 is a congessional district in eastern Massachusetts. ... Massachusettss current districts since 2003 Massachusettss twelfth congressional district is an obsolete district. ... November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 55 days remaining. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require rewriting and/or reformatting. ... Anna Louise Day Hicks (October 16, 1916–October 21, 2003) was a United States Irish-American politician and lawyer of Catholic background from Boston, Massachusetts. ... December 21 is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts, USA Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Government  - Mayor Thomas M. Menino (D) Area  - City  89. ... November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Nickname: Contentment Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Norfolk County Settled 1635 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Representative town meeting  - Town    Administrator Bill Keegan  - Board of    Selectmen Marie-Loise Kehoe Mike Butler James MacDonald Carmen DelloIocono Dennis Teehan Area  - Town  10. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ... English barrister 16th century painting of a civil law notary, by Flemish painter Quentin Massys. ... The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church (see terminology below) is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins to the original Christian community founded by Jesus Christ and led by the Twelve Apostles, in particular Saint Peter. ... December 21 is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts, USA Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Government  - Mayor Thomas M. Menino (D) Area  - City  89. ...


McCormack served as a member of United States House of Representatives from 1928 until he retired from political life in 1971. A Democrat, McCormack served as House Majority Leader three times, the first time from 1940 to 1947, the second time from 1949 to 1953, and again from 1955 to 1961. He served as Speaker of the House of Representatives from 1962 until 1971. Seal of the House of Representatives The United States House of Representatives (or simply the House) is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress, the other being the Senate. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the...

Contents

Early life

McCormack was born to Joseph H. McCormack, a hod carrier, and Ellen (née O'Brien) McCormack. His parents were both the children of Irish immigrants who had arrived during the Irish Potato Famine in 1848. There were 12 children, of whom three survived to adulthood. McCormack was 13 when his father died; he quit school after the eighth grade to help support his widowed mother and family as a $3-a-week errand boy for a brokerage firm. His career began when he shifted to a law firm for a 50-cent raise and studied law on the side. Attending law school at night, he passed the bar exam in 1913 at age 21 without having completed high school. An 1849 depiction of Bridget ODonnell and her two children during the famine. ...


He served in the United States Army in World War I in 1917 and 1918. Making a name as a Boston trial lawyer, he moved up the ranks in the state legislature (serving in the House from 1920 to 1922 and in the Senate from 1923 to 1926) and was elected to Congress in 1928. The United States Army is one of the armed forces of the United States and has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... This article is becoming very long. ... The Massachusetts General Court is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... The Massachusetts House of Representatives is the lower house of the Massachusetts General Court, the bicameral state legislature of Massachusetts. ... The Massachusetts Senate is the upper house of the Massachusetts General Court, the bicameral state legislature of Massachusetts. ...


He moved up fast in the House, thanks to Speaker John Nance Garner, who put him on the powerful Ways and Means Committee in his second term. A New Deal supporter, he maintained an unwaveringly liberal voting record to the end. In 1934 he served as chair of the House Un-American Activities Committee. The main goal of HUAC at that time was investigating Nazi propaganda. He was a staunch anti-Communist crusader as well. He played a key role in extending the military draft just before the Attack on Pearl Harbor at a time when isolationism still ran high. John Nance Garner IV (November 22, 1868 – November 7, 1967) was a Representative from Texas and the thirty-second Vice President of the United States (1933-41). ... The Committee on Ways and Means is a committee of the United States House of Representatives. ... The New Deal was the title President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave to the series of programs initiated between 1933–1938 with the goal of relief, recovery and reform of the United States economy during the Great Depression. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... HUAC hearings House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC or HCUA) (1938–1975) was an investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... Combatants United States Empire of Japan Commanders Husband Kimmel (USN), Walter Short (USA) Chuichi Nagumo (IJN), Mitsuo Fuchida (IJNAS), Shigekazu Shimazaki (IJNAS) Strength 8 battleships, 8 cruisers, 29 destroyers, 9 submarines, ~50 other ships, ~390 planes 6 aircraft carriers, 9 destroyers, 2 battleships, 2 heavy cruisers, 1 light cruiser, 8... Non-interventionism, the diplomatic policy whereby a nation seeks to avoid alliances with other nations, has had a long history in the United States. ...


In 1936 McCormack backed Sam Rayburn's bid to become Speaker; when the latter did so in 1940, he chose McCormack as Floor Leader (Majority and Minority Leader, depending on who controlled a particular Congress), serving until Rayburn died in 1961. He was quite belligerent in this role, usually on the floor during a session, slumped in a front row seat holding a dead cigar, ready to leap into debate with a partisan bite. During the 1950s, his method of urging bi-partisan support was to yell across at Republicans that President Eisenhower would never have got anything done without Democratic help. He usually irritated someone. Portrait of Sam Rayburn Samuel Taliaferro Rayburn (January 6, 1882 – November 16, 1961) was a United States politician from Texas. ... ... Dwight David Ike Eisenhower, born David Dwight Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 - March 28, 1969) was an American soldier and politician, who served as the thirty-fourth President of the United States (1953-1961). ...


Speaker of the House of Representatives

His tenure was marked with an undercurrent of dissent among younger, liberal Democratic members who champed at the bit for committee assignments and complained that power was centered in a small, old group of Democratic leaders. McCormack, also known as "Old Jawn", did not exert much pressure on such party rebels. Later, he presided over the issue of refusing to seat Representative Adam Clayton Powell (D-NY). The incident resulted in the Speaker being named in a noted United States Supreme Court case, Powell v. McCormack, with Powell prevailing. A rare spoken word album by Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ... NY redirects here. ... The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States... It has been suggested that Powell v mccormack be merged into this article or section. ...


McCormack's nine years as Speaker saw landmark legislation in the fields of civil rights (for which he fought early on), education, health care for the elderly and welfare – it was he who presided over the Great Society Congress. However, the latter part of his tenure saw increasing focus on the Vietnam War, which he supported. His manner changed during these years: he was impeccably fair and impartial, never ignoring an obstreperous member seeking recognition to make a troublesome point of order. His rare floor speeches usually were restrained. His demeanor generally was that of a kindly elder relative with an unruly brood. According to one member, his strength was his personal consideration of members, which inspired in return affection and a desire to help; his weakness, that he couldn't control the powerful committee chairmen who wield great power in the House. A tall, thin, silver-haired, teetotaling Irishman who liked to wheel and deal with an arm around the shoulder, he maintained warm ties with some Southerners whom Rayburn could never budge, but never quite mastered Rayburn's talent for making the House behave. The Great Society was a set of domestic programs proposed or enacted in the United States on the initiative of President Lyndon B. Johnson (1963-1969). ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


McCormack could properly claim that he was a "national" congressman. He fought for farm bills, even though he said he hadn't "more than five flower pots in my whole district." On a close vote on a cotton bill, the Speaker could be found sweeping members from the lobbies onto the floor, the job of an assistant whip.


At times he was beset by problems. The House met all year in 1963 without finishing its work, and wound up sitting through one futile all-night session, finally passing the last bill at a 7 a.m. session. The House Appropriations Committee conducted an unseemly squabble with the Senate all through 1962 over where to meet, and Appropriations Committee Chairman Clarence Cannon closed the session with a speech blasting the House leadership as the worst he had seen in 40 years. The Committee on Appropriations, or Appropriations Committee (often referred to as simply Appropriations, as in Hes on Appropriations) is a committee of the United States House of Representatives. ... Clarence Andrew Cannon (April 11, 1879 - May 12, 1964) was a Democratic Congressmember from Missouri. ...


Between the assassination of John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963 and the swearing-in of Hubert Humphrey as Vice President on January 20, 1965, McCormack was the first person in the line of succession for the Presidency, and he received Secret Service protection. When Kennedy died in 1963, McCormack recalled his experiences serving as next-in-line in an article he wrote for The Boston Globe. President Kennedy with his wife, Jacqueline, and Texas Governor John Connally in the presidential limousine shortly before his assassination The assassination of John F. Kennedy, the thirty-fifth President of the United States, took place on Friday, November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas, USA at 12:30 p. ... November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... Hubert Horatio Humphrey, Jr. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Secret Service redirects here. ... The Boston Globe is the most widely circulated daily newspaper in Boston, Massachusetts and in the greater New England region. ...


In January 1969, Arizonan Morris Udall attempted to unseat and replace McCormack. In 1970, the sniping by young liberals at McCormack increased and several congressmen urged him to step down because he was too old. One Congressman, Jerome R. Waldie of California, asked a party caucus to declare a lack of confidence in his leadership; it did not. McCormack kept his decision to leave the House a secret from his closest friends there until he announced it publicly in May 1970. Official language(s) English Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Area  Ranked 6th  - Total 113,998 sq mi (295,254 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... Morris King Udall (June 15, 1922 - December 12, 1998), better known as Mo, was an American politician who served as a U.S. Representative from Arizona from 1961 to 1991. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...


He died of pneumonia in a nursing home on November 22, 1980. He is buried in Saint Joseph Cemetery, West Roxbury, Massachusetts. Pneumonia is an illness of the lungs and respiratory system in which the alveoli (microscopic air-filled sacs of the lung responsible for absorbing oxygen from the atmosphere) become inflamed and flooded with fluid. ... November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Founded in 1630 (contemporaneously with Boston), West Roxbury, Massachusetts was originally part of the town of Roxbury and was mainly used as farmland. ...


In 1983, the University of Massachusetts Boston established the John W. McCormack Institute of Public Affairs, named in McCormack's honor. In 2003 it was expanded into the John W. McCormack Graduate School of Policy Studies. University of Massachusetts Boston, or UMass Boston is a university in Boston, Massachusetts in the northeastern United States. ...


Personal life and attributes

In 1920, McCormack married Harriet Joyce, a former singer; the couple had no children. While Congress was in session, they lived at the Washington Hotel. Their devotion to each other was legendary; it was said that they never spent a night apart until she died. If the Speaker was kept late on business, his wife always went up to have dinner with him. She died in December 1971, aged 87. For more than a year, he had spent every night in an adjoining hospital room. He then went home to Boston the following month, after his retirement.


McCormack had few hobbies except politics. In earlier days, he was known as a good high stakes poker player. He never flew in an airplane until 1961, when he attended Rayburn's funeral. He drove the 450 miles from Washington to Boston or went up on the night sleeper train. A game of Texas holdem, the most popular form of poker, in progress. ...


The Speaker and his wife were devout Roman Catholics. Both were honored by the Vatican. He was the first Catholic to be elected speaker, and some critics complained that this religion sometimes showed in his leadership qualities. An example cited was the 1961 school aid debacle when McCormack insisted that church schools should share in a federal aid program. The bill died on this issue. But in 1963 McCormack helped push through the largest education program in history, much of which went to public institutions only. The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church (see terminology below) is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins to the original Christian community founded by Jesus Christ and led by the Twelve Apostles, in particular Saint Peter. ...


At home in his district, he could usually be found visiting sick rooms or political clubs. His personal kindnesses were legion, and if he harbored vindictiveness it was hard to see. Pundits predicted foot-dragging by the Speaker after President Kennedy's 30-year-old brother Ted won a Senate seat from McCormack's favorite nephew, the highest Democratic officeholder in the state and a logical candidate. McCormack never showed by word or deed that he bore a grudge. Edward Moore Ted Kennedy (born February 22, 1932) is the senior United States Senator from Massachusetts and a member of the Democratic Party. ...


References

The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. ...

External links

Preceded by
James A. Gallivan
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 12th congressional district

November 6, 1928January 3, 1963
Succeeded by
Hastings Keith
Preceded by
Sam Rayburn
House Majority Leader
September 16, 1940January 3, 1947
Succeeded by
Charles A. Halleck
Preceded by
Charles A. Halleck
House Majority Leader
January 3, 1949January 2, 1953
Succeeded by
Charles A. Halleck
Preceded by
Charles A. Halleck
House Majority Leader
1955–1961
Succeeded by
Carl Albert
Preceded by
Sam Rayburn
Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
January 10, 1962January 3, 1963;
January 9, 1963January 3, 1965;
January 4, 1965January 3, 1967;
January 10, 1967January 3, 1971
Succeeded by
Carl Albert
Preceded by
Hastings Keith
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 9th congressional district

January 3, 1963January 3, 1971
Succeeded by
Louise Day Hicks

  Results from FactBites:
 
John William McCormack Summary (1457 words)
McCormack was born in South Boston, Massachusetts, on December 21, 1891, to Joseph H. McCormack, a bricklayer, and Ellen (O'Brien) McCormack.
John McCormack was born into a family of 12 children, but only three survived to be adults.
McCormack served as Rayburn's political confidant and deputy for 21 years, and in January 1962 at the age of 70 he was elected Speaker after Rayburn's death.
John William McCormack - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (405 words)
John William McCormack (December 21, 1891 – November 22, 1980) was an American politician from Boston, Massachusetts.
McCormack served as a member of United States House of Representatives from 1928 until he retired from political life in 1971.
Between the assassination of John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963 and the swearing-in of Hubert Humphrey as Vice President on January 20, 1965, McCormack was the first person in the line of succession for the Presidency, much like vice president, and he received Secret Service protection.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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