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Encyclopedia > John Wilkes Booth
John Wilkes Booth

John Wilkes Booth
Born May 10, 1838(1838-05-10)
Bel Air, Maryland, U.S.A.
Died April 26, 1865 (aged 26)
Port Royal, Virginia, U.S.A.
Known for Abraham Lincoln assassination
Occupation Actor
Parents Junius Brutus Booth
and Mary Ann Holmes
See also: Abraham Lincoln assassination

John Wilkes Booth (May 10, 1838April 26, 1865) assassinated Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. on April 14, 1865. Lincoln died the next day from a single gunshot wound to the head, becoming the first American president to be assassinated. Image File history File links Jwbooth. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Bel Air is the county seat of Harford County, Maryland, United States. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... Port Royal is a town located in Caroline County, Virginia. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... Assassination of Abraham Lincoln From left to right: Major Henry Rathbone, Clara Harris, Mary Todd Lincoln, Abraham Lincoln, and John Wilkes Booth. ... For other uses, see Actor (disambiguation). ... Photo of Booth Junius Brutus Booth (May 1, 1796–November 30, 1852) was a British and American actor. ... Assassination of Abraham Lincoln From left to right: Major Henry Rathbone, Clara Harris, Mary Todd Lincoln, Abraham Lincoln, and John Wilkes Booth. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... Fords Theatre at 511 10th Street, NW, Washington, D.C. is an active theatre in Washington DC, United States, used for various performances. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... This is an incomplete list of persons that were assassinated for political and other reasons, and who have individual entries. ...


Booth was a successful professional stage actor from Maryland, and a member of the prominent Booth family of actors. A Confederate sympathizer, he expressed vehement dissatisfaction with the South's defeat in the Civil War and Lincoln's proposal to extend voting rights to recently emancipated slaves. Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N... The Booth family was a British-American theatrical family of the 19th century. ... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial) Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia (May 29, 1861–April 2, 1865) Danville, Virginia (from April 3, 1865) Language(s) English (de facto) Religion... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Suffrage (from the Latin suffragium, meaning vote) is the civil right to vote, or the exercise of that right. ...


Booth and a group of co-conspirators led by him planned to kill Abraham Lincoln, Vice President Andrew Johnson, and Secretary of State William Seward in a desperate bid to help the tottering Confederacy's cause. Although Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia had surrendered four days earlier, Booth believed the war was not yet over since Confederate General Joseph Johnston's army was still fighting Union Army General Sherman. Of the conspirators, only Booth was successful in carrying out his part of the plot. The Vice President of the United States (sometimes referred to as VPOTUS[1] or Veep) is the first in the presidential line of succession, becoming the new President of the United States upon the death, resignation, or removal of the president. ... For other persons of the same name, see Andrew Johnson (disambiguation). ... Seal of the United States Department of State. ... William Henry Seward, Sr. ... // For other uses, see Robert E. Lee (disambiguation). ... The Army of Northern Virginia was the primary military force of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War in the eastern theater. ... Joseph Eggleston Johnston (February 3, 1807 - March 21, 1891) was a military officer in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War, whose effectiveness was undercut by tensions with President Jefferson Davis. ... The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ... “General Sherman” redirects here. ...


Following the shooting, Booth fled by horseback to southern Maryland and eventually to a farm in rural northern Virginia, where he was tracked down and killed by Union soldiers two weeks later. Several of the other conspirators were tried and hanged shortly thereafter.

Contents

Background and early life

His father, the noted British Shakespearean actor Junius Brutus Booth and his actress wife Mary Ann Holmes emigrated to the United States from England in 1821, purchasing a farm near Bel Air, Maryland, where John Wilkes Booth was born in 1838.[1][2] He was named for the British revolutionary John Wilkes, whom the family claimed was a distant relative.[3] William Shakespeare—born April 1564; baptised April 26, 1564; died April 23, 1616 (O.S.), May 3, 1616 (N.S.)—has a reputation as the greatest of all writers in English. ... For other uses, see Actor (disambiguation). ... Photo of Booth Junius Brutus Booth (May 1, 1796–November 30, 1852) was a British and American actor. ... Bel Air is the county seat of Harford County, Maryland, United States. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Booth was educated in the classic literature, particularly Shakespeare. He attended the West Nottingham Academy in Colora, Maryland where his headmaster described him as "Not deficient in intelligence, but disinclined to take advantage of the educational opportunities offered him. Each day he rode back and forth from farm to school, taking more interest in what happened along the way than in reaching his classes on time".[4]


In 1850-1851, he attended West Nottingham Academy for Boys located in Colora, Maryland.The Slaybaugh Old Academy building in Colora, Md., which John Wilkes Booth once attended, still stands and is now the drama building for the school.As recounted by Booth's sister, Asia Booth Clarke, in her book entitled "The Unlocked Book," the future actor met an old Gypsy woman in the woods near the school who gave him a grim assessment of his life and said he would die young.[5] In 1851, at age 13, Booth attended St. Timothy's Hall, a military academy in Catonsville, Maryland. Following in the footsteps of their father (who had died in 1852), Booth and his brothers Edwin and Junius Brutus, Jr. would become well-known actors in mid-nineteenth century America.[6] Asia Booth (November 19, 1835-May 16, 1888), full name Asia Frigga Booth, was the youngest daughter in the family of ten children born to Junius Brutus Booth and his mistress Mary Ann Holmes. ... Catonsville is an unincorporated community and a census-designated place located in Baltimore County, Maryland. ... Edwin Booth as Hamlet. ... Junius Brutus Booth, Jr. ...


Theatrical career and Civil War

John Wilkes Booth, Edwin Booth and Junius Brutus Booth, Jr. in Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar in 1864.

At the age of 17, Booth played the Earl of Richmond in Shakespeare's Richard III, but did not act again until 1857, when he joined the stock company of the Arch Street Theatre in Philadelphia. At his request he was billed as "J.B. Wilkes", a pseudonym meant to divert attention away from his famous thespian family. In 1858 he was accepted as a member of the Richmond Theatre, Virginia, stock company, and became increasingly popular, called "the handsomest man in America" by reviewers. He stood 5 feet, 8 inches tall, had jet-black hair, and was lean and athletic. He was also an excellent swordsman. His performances were often characterized by his contemporaries as acrobatic and intensely physical.[7] A fellow actress once recalled that he occasionally cut himself with his own sword. Image File history File linksMetadata Booths_Caesar. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Booths_Caesar. ... Shakespeare redirects here. ... Julius Caesar is a tragedy by William Shakespeare. ... Shakespeare redirects here. ... Frontispage of the First Quarto Richard The Third. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... For other uses, see Actor (disambiguation). ...


On December 2, 1859, Booth attended the hanging of militant abolitionist John Brown, who was executed for leading a raid on the Federal armory at Harpers Ferry, Virginia (in present-day West Virginia).[7] Booth bought a uniform from a member of the Richmond Grays militia unit, which was heading for Charles Town, and he joined the Grays, who stood guard for Brown's trial. When Brown was hanged, Booth stood at the foot of the scaffold.[1] is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the abolition of slavery. ... John Brown, ca. ... The Royal Armoury, Leeds An armory (Armoury) is a military depot used for the storage of weapons and ammunition. ... Harpers Ferry, West Virginia 1865. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Largest metro area Charleston metro area Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... See also Charleston, West Virginia or Charlestown Charles Town is a city in Jefferson County, West Virginia USA. The population was 2,907 at the 2000 census. ...


Abraham Lincoln was elected president on November 6, 1860, and the following month Booth wrote a long speech that decried what he saw as Northern abolitionism and made clear his strong support of the South and the institution of slavery. On April 12, 1861, the Civil War erupted, and eventually eleven Southern states seceded from the Union. Booth's family was from Maryland, a border state which remained in the Union during the war despite a slaveholding portion of the population that favored the Confederacy. Because Maryland shared a border with Washington, D.C., Lincoln declared martial law in Maryland and ordered the imprisonment of pro-secession Maryland political leaders at Ft. McHenry to prevent the state's secession, a move that many, including Booth, viewed as unconstitutional.[8] is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... Slave redirects here. ... is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N... In this map:  Union states  Union territories  Kansas, which entered the Union as a free state after the Bleeding Kansas crisis  Union border states that permitted slavery  The Confederacy  Confederate claimed and sometimes held territories The term border states refers to the five slave states of Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri... For other uses, see Martial law (disambiguation). ... Fort McHenry, in Baltimore, Maryland, is a star fort best known for its role in the War of 1812, when it successfully defended Baltimore Harbor from an attack by the British navy in Chesapeake Bay. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into constitutionality. ...


Although Booth was pro-Confederate, his family, like many Marylanders, was divided, and to preserve harmony among his brothers, Booth promised his mother that he would not enlist in the Confederate Army. As a popular actor in the 1860s, he travelled extensively to perform in both North and South, and as far west as New Orleans.[7] Booth was outspoken in his love for the South, and equally outspoken in his hatred for Lincoln. In early 1862, Booth was arrested by a provost marshal in St. Louis for making anti-government remarks. This article is in need of attention. ... NOLA redirects here. ... Nickname: Gateway City, Gateway to the West, or Mound City Motto: Official website: http://stlouis. ...


Booth and Lincoln crossed paths on several occasions. Lincoln was an avid theater-goer and especially loved Shakespeare. On November 9, 1863, President Lincoln saw Booth playing Raphael in Charles Selby's The Marble Heart at Ford's Theatre in Washington. At one point during the performance, Booth was said to have shaken his finger in Lincoln's direction as he delivered a line of dialogue. Lincoln sat in the same "presidential box" in which he would later be assassinated.[1] is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Fords Theatre at 511 10th Street, NW, Washington, D.C. is an active theatre in Washington DC, United States, used for various performances. ... ...


Booth made a final appearance at Ford's on March 18, 1865, when he played Duke Pescara in The Apostate in what was the last appearance of his career. However, Booth's family were long time friends with John T. Ford, the theater's owner, and Booth was in and out of the theater so often during the war that he even had his mail sent there.[7] This granted Booth complete access to Ford's Theatre, day and night. is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... John T. Ford John Thomson Ford (April 16, 1829 â€“ March 14, 1894) was a 19th-century American theatre manager. ...


Plotting to kidnap Lincoln

Booth's plan was to kidnap Lincoln from the Old Soldiers Home
Booth's plan was to kidnap Lincoln from the Old Soldiers Home

By 1864, the tide of the war had shifted in the North's favor. The North halted prisoner exchange in an attempt to diminish the size of the Confederate Army, and because the Confederates refused to exchange captured African-American soldiers. Booth began devising a plan to kidnap Lincoln from his summer residence at the Old Soldiers Home three miles from the White House and smuggle him across the Potomac and into Richmond. He would be exchanged for the release of around 10,000 Southern soldiers held captive in Northern prisons. He successfully recruited his old friends Samuel Arnold and Michael O'Laughlin as accomplices.[9] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 706 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (798 × 678 pixels, file size: 152 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 706 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (798 × 678 pixels, file size: 152 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... President Lincoln and Soldiers Home National Monument preserves the United States Soldiers and Airmens Home in Washington, D.C., founded in 1851 for veterans of the Mexican-American War. ...


In the summer of 1864, Booth met with several well-known Confederate sympathizers at The Parker House in Boston, Massachusetts. In October, 1864, he made an unexplained trip to Montreal. At the time, Montreal was a well-known center of clandestine Confederate activities. He spent ten days in the city and stayed for a time at St. Lawrence Hall, a meeting place for the Confederate Secret Service, and met at least one blockade runner there. It is possible that it was here that he also met Confederate Secret Service director James D. Bulloch as well as George Nicholas Sanders, a one-time U.S. ambassador to Britain. Booth is believed to have been active in the "Knights of the Golden Circle", described as a "nest of 'Secesh' spies" (that is, pro-secessionist).[1] A hotel in central Boston, operating since 1855, associated with a variety of political, literary and other historical figures, from John Wilkes Booth to Malcolm X and John F. Kennedy External links Omni Hotels Parker House Parker House History PDF Category: ... Boston redirects here. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - Total 365. ... James D. Bulloch was born in Savannah, Georgia in 1832. ... George Nicholas Sanders (February 22, 1812 - August 13, 1873) was a former official of the United States who was believed to have some involvement in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. ... Secession is the act of withdrawing from an organization, union, or political entity. ...


There has been much scholarly attention devoted to why Booth was in Montreal at this time, and what he was doing there. No solid evidence has ever linked Booth's kidnapping or assassination plot to a conspiracy involving any elements of the Confederate government, although this possibility had been explored at some length in two books; Nathan Miller's Spying For America and William Tidwell's Come Retribution: the Confederate Secret Service and the Assassination of Lincoln.


Booth began to devote more and more of his energy and money to his plot to kidnap Abraham Lincoln after his re-election in early November, 1864. He assembled a loose-knit band of Southern sympathizers, including David Herold, George Atzerodt, John Surratt, and Lewis Powell (also known as Lewis Payne). They began to meet routinely at the boarding-house of Surratt's mother, Mrs. Mary Surratt. 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... David Herold, Washington Navy Yard, 1865 Execution of the four persons condemned as conspirators (Mary E. Surratt, Lewis T. Powell, David E. Herold, and George A. Atzerodt), July 7, 1865, at Fort McNair in Washington, D.C. David Edgar Herold (16 June 1842 – 7 July 1865) conspired with John Wilkes... George Atzerodt George Andreas Atzerodt (June 12, 1835 – July 7, 1865)[1][2] was a U.S. conspirator with John Wilkes Booth. ... John Surratt, in Zouave uniform John Surratt (April 13, 1844 - April 21, 1916), son of Mary Surratt, was accused of plotting to kidnap U.S. president Abraham Lincoln. ... Lewis Thornton Powell (April 22, 1844 – July 7, 1865), also known as Lewis Paine or Payne, attempted unsuccessfully to assassinate United States Secretary of State William H. Seward, and was one of four people hanged for the Lincoln assassination conspiracy. ... Mary Surratt Mary Elizabeth Eugenia Jenkins Surratt (May/June 1823 in Waterloo, Maryland, USA – July 7, 1865 in Washington, D.C), was a member of the Abraham Lincoln assassination conspiracy and the first woman executed by the United States federal government, for her role in the conspiracy. ...


On November 25, 1864, John Wilkes performed for the first and only time with his two brothers, Edwin and Junius, in a single engagement production of Julius Caesar at the Winter Garden Theater in New York. The proceeds went towards a statue of William Shakespeare for Central Park which still stands today. The performance was interrupted by a failed attempt by clandestine Confederate agents to burn down several hotels, and by extension the city of New York, with Greek fire. One of the hotels was next door to the theater, but the fire was quickly extinguished. The following morning, Booth argued bitterly with his brother, Edwin Booth, about Lincoln and the war. is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Edwin Booth as Hamlet. ... Julius Caesar is a tragedy by William Shakespeare. ... The Winter Garden Theatre is located at Broadway and 50th Street in New York City. ... This article is about the state. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Central Park is a large public, urban park (843 acres, 3. ... Greek fire was a burning-liquid weapon used by the Byzantine Greeks, typically in naval battles to great effect as it could continue burning even on water. ...


Three months later, Booth attended Lincoln's second inauguration on March 4, 1865 as the invited guest of his secret fiancée, Lucy Hale. (Lucy's father, John P. Hale, was Lincoln's minister to Spain.) In the crowd below were Powell, Atzerodt, and Herold. There seems to have been no attempt to kidnap or assassinate Lincoln during the inauguration. Later, however, Booth remarked about "what a wonderful chance" he had to shoot Lincoln, if he had so chosen.[1] is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... John Parker Hale (March 31, 1806 - November 19, 1873) was an American politician. ...


On March 17, Booth learned at the last minute that Lincoln would be attending a performance of the play Still Waters Run Deep at a hospital near the Soldier's Home. Booth assembled his team on a stretch of road near the Soldier's Home in the attempt to kidnap Lincoln en route to the hospital, but the president never showed up. Booth later learned that the President had changed his plans at the last moment to attend a reception at the National Hotel in Washington, where ironically Booth was staying at the time.[1]


The assassination

Currier and Ives depiction of Lincoln's assassination. l-to-r: Maj. Rathbone, Clara Harris, Mary Todd Lincoln, Pres. Lincoln, and Booth
Currier and Ives depiction of Lincoln's assassination. l-to-r: Maj. Rathbone, Clara Harris, Mary Todd Lincoln, Pres. Lincoln, and Booth

On April 10, after hearing the news that Robert E. Lee had surrendered at Appomattox Court House, Booth told Louis J. Weichmann, a friend of John Surratt, and a boarder at Mary Surratt's house that he was done with the stage and that the only play he wanted to present henceforth was Venice Preserv'd. Although Mr. Weichmann did not understand the reference, Venice Preserv'd is about an assassination plot. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 561 pixelsFull resolution (1536 × 1078 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 561 pixelsFull resolution (1536 × 1078 pixel, file size: 3. ... Charles R. Parsons: Central-Park, Winter: The Skating Pond Published by Currier & Ives, 1862 Museum of the City of New York, Harry T. Peters Collection Currier and Ives was a firm headed by Nathaniel Currier (1813-1888) and James Merritt Ives (1824-1895). ... Assassination of Abraham Lincoln From left to right: Major Henry Rathbone, Clara Harris, Mary Todd Lincoln, Abraham Lincoln, and John Wilkes Booth. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // For other uses, see Robert E. Lee (disambiguation). ... McLean house, April 1865. ... Louis J. Weichmann (September 29, 1842 – June 5, 1902) was one of the chief witnesses for the prosecution in the conspiracy trial of the Abraham Lincoln assassination. ... Written by Thomas Otway, Venice Preservd is the most significant tragedy of the English stage in the 1680s. ...


On April 11, Booth was in the crowd outside the White House when Lincoln gave an impromptu speech from his window. When Lincoln stated that he was in favor of granting suffrage to the former slaves, Booth declared that it would be the last speech Lincoln would ever make.[1] "Our cause being almost lost", Booth wrote in his journal, "something decisive and great must be done."[10] is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


On the morning of Good Friday, April 14, 1865, Booth learned that the President and Mrs. Lincoln would be attending the play Our American Cousin at Ford's Theatre. He immediately set about making plans for the assassination, which included a getaway horse waiting outside, and an escape route. Booth informed Powell, Herold and Atzerodt of his intention to kill Lincoln. He assigned Powell to assassinate Secretary of State Seward and Atzerodt to assassinate Vice-President Johnson. Herold would assist in their escape into Virginia.[7] Good Friday is the Friday before Easter (Easter always falls on a Sunday). ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... This article is about the play. ...

Wanted poster for Booth, Surratt, and Herold
Wanted poster for Booth, Surratt, and Herold

By targeting the President and his two immediate successors to the office, Booth seems to have intended to decapitate the Union government and throw it into a state of panic and confusion. Booth also planned to assassinate the Union commanding general, Ulysses S. Grant; however, Grant's wife had promised to visit family and so they were heading to New Jersey. Booth had hoped that the assassinations would create sufficient chaos within the Union that the Confederate government could reorganize and continue the war. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 332 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 1805 pixel, file size: 401 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 332 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 1805 pixel, file size: 401 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Ulysses S. Grant,[2] born Hiram Ulysses Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885), was an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869–1877). ...


As a famous and popular actor, Booth was a friend of the owner of Ford's Theatre, John T. Ford, and had free access to all parts of the theater. Boring a spyhole into the presidential box earlier that day, the assassin could see if his intended victim had made it to the play. That evening, at around 10 p.m., as the play progressed, John Wilkes Booth slipped into Lincoln's box and shot him in the back of the head with a .44 caliber Deringer. Booth's escape was almost thwarted by Major Henry Rathbone, who was present in the Presidential box with Mrs. Mary Todd Lincoln.[7] John T. Ford John Thomson Ford (April 16, 1829 â€“ March 14, 1894) was a 19th-century American theatre manager. ... The term derringer is a genericized misspelling of the last name of Henry Deringer, a famous maker of small pocket pistols in the 1800s. ... Henry Reed Rathbone (July 1, 1837 – August 14, 1911) was present at the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, and was sitting with his fiancée, Clara Harris, next to the President and his wife at the time of its occurence. ... Mary Ann Todd Lincoln (December 13, 1818 – July 16, 1882) was the First Lady of the United States when her husband, Abraham Lincoln, served as the sixteenth President, from 1861 until 1865. ...


Booth then jumped from the President's box and fell to the stage, injuring his leg when it snagged a U.S. Treasury Guard flag used for decoration.[11] Witnesses said he shouted "Sic semper tyrannis" (Latin for "Thus always to tyrants", the Virginia state motto) from the stage, while others said he added, "The South is avenged."[10][12] Great Seal of Virginia with the state motto. ...


Aftermath — pursuit and death

In the ensuing pandemonium inside Ford's Theatre, Booth fled by a stage door to the alley, where he had a horse waiting, and galloped into southern Maryland, arriving before dawn on April 15 at the home of Dr. Samuel Mudd, who treated the injured leg.[13] is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Samuel Alexander Mudd, I (December 20, 1833 – January 10, 1883) was a Maryland doctor implicated and imprisoned for aiding John Wilkes Booth in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. ...

A detachment of 25 Union soldiers from the 16th New York Cavalry Regiment, led by Lieutenant Edward P. Doherty and accompanied by Detective Everton Conger, pursued Booth through Southern Maryland and across the Potomac and Rappahannock rivers to Richard Garrett's farm, just south of Port Royal, Caroline County, Virginia. Booth and his companion, David E. Herold, had been led to the farm by William S. Jett, formerly a private in the 9th Virginia Cavalry, whom they had met before crossing the Rappahannock.[14] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Everton Judson Conger (April 25, 1834 – July 12, 1918) was an American Civil War officer who was in command of the Union troops who tracked down John Wilkes Booth, the assassin of President Abraham Lincoln, in a Virginia barn 12 days after Lincoln was shot in 1865. ... The Potomac River flows into the Chesapeake Bay, located along the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States (USA). ... The Rappahannock at sunset The Rappahannock River is a river in eastern Virginia in the United States, approximately 184 mi (294 km). ... Port Royal is a town located in Caroline County, Virginia. ... Caroline County is a county located in the state of Virginia. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... David Herold, Washington Navy Yard, 1865 Execution of the four persons condemned as conspirators (Mary E. Surratt, Lewis T. Powell, David E. Herold, and George A. Atzerodt), July 7, 1865, at Fort McNair in Washington, D.C. David Edgar Herold (16 June 1842 – 7 July 1865) conspired to kill United...


Booth was surprised when he found little sympathy for his action, and wrote of his dismay in a journal entry on April 21, just before crossing the Potomac River into Virginia (see map, left), "[W]ith every man's hand against me, I am here in despair. And why; For doing what Brutus was honored for ... And yet I for striking down a greater tyrant than they ever knew am looked upon as a common cutthroat".[15] is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Detective Conger tracked down Jett and interrogated him, learning of Booth's location at the Garrett farm. Early in the morning of April 26, 1865, the soldiers caught up with Booth there. Trapped in a tobacco barn, David Herold surrendered. Booth refused to surrender and the soldiers then set the barn ablaze.[12] is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ... David Herold, Washington Navy Yard, 1865 Execution of the four persons condemned as conspirators (Mary E. Surratt, Lewis T. Powell, David E. Herold, and George A. Atzerodt), July 7, 1865, at Fort McNair in Washington, D.C. David Edgar Herold (16 June 1842 – 7 July 1865) conspired with John Wilkes...

The porch of the Garrett farmhouse, where Booth died in 1865

Sergeant Boston Corbett fired at Booth — whether orders to shoot were given is uncertain — fatally wounding him in the neck. Booth was dragged from the barn and died three hours later, at age 26, on the porch of the Garrett farmhouse. The bullet had severed his spinal cord, paralyzing him. His last words were reportedly, "Useless, useless."[14][16] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Boston Corbett Thomas P. Boston Corbett (1832 – presumed dead 1894) was the Union Army soldier who shot and killed Abraham Lincolns assassin, John Wilkes Booth. ...


Booth's body was taken to the ironclad USS Montauk at the Washington Navy Yard for identification and an autopsy. The body was then buried in a storage room at the Old Penitentiary at the Washington Arsenal. When the prison was razed in 1867, the body was moved to a warehouse on the Arsenal grounds. In 1869, the remains were once again identified before being released to the Booth family, where they were buried in the family plot at Greenmount Cemetery in Baltimore.[17] Ironclad warships, frequently shortened to just ironclads, were ships sheathed with thick iron plates for protection. ... The first USS Montauk was a single-turreted monitor in the United States Navy during the American Civil War. ... The Washington Navy Yard is the former shipyard and ordnance plant of the United States Navy in Washington, D.C.. The yard currently is a ceremonial and administrative center for the navy, home to the Chief of Naval Operations and is headquarters for the Naval Historical Center, the Marine Corps... This article is about the medical procedure. ... Section T of the Green Mount Cemetery. ... Baltimore redirects here. ...


"Booth escaped" theories

An early popularizer of "Booth Escape" theories was Finis L. Bates who claimed to have met Booth in Granbury, Texas in the 1870s and later to have taken possession of Booth's body after his suicide in Enid, Oklahoma in 1903. He toured the mummified body in carnival sideshows and wrote The Escape and Suicide of John Wilkes Booth (1907) in order to authenticate the mummy. Image File history File links Jwb_farm. ... Image File history File links Jwb_farm. ... Roadside hisotrical marker biography of Carter G. Woodson located in Huntington, West Virginia A historical marker is a plaque erected at historically significant locations, facilities, or buildings. ... U.S. Route 301 in Virginia exists in two independent sections, joined by a concurrency with U.S. Route 1 between Petersburg and Richmond. ... Finis L. Bates was a Memphis, Tennessee, lawyer who wrote The Escape and Suicide of John Wilkes Booth. ... Granbury is a city in Hood County, Texas, in the United States. ... Location in Garfield County and the state of Oklahoma. ...


Some have claimed that it was not Booth who had been trapped in the tobacco barn at Garrett's farm, but a look-alike double agent named James William Boyd, who died in his place. In this scenario, the government went to great pains to cover up the blunder. These theories are seen by most historians as having no substance. James William Boyd was a supposed double of John Wilkes Booth, the assassin of President Abraham Lincoln. ...


The Lincoln Conspiracy (ISBN 1-56849-531-5) details the assassination, the Boyd plot, and Booth's escape to the swamps. The Curse of Cain: The Untold Story of John Wilkes Booth (ISBN 1-58006-021-8) continues with the claim that Booth escaped, sought refuge in Japan and eventually returned to the United States where he died in Enid, Oklahoma in 1903. Another is that a man claiming to be Booth lived into the 1900s in Missouri. In recent years, a legal attempt was mounted to force the exhumation of Booth's presumed remains in order to conduct a photo-superimposition study. This was blocked by Baltimore Circuit Court Judge Joseph H. H. Kaplan, who cited, among other things, "the unreliability of petitioners' less-than-convincing escape/cover-up theory" as a major factor in his decision. The Maryland Court of Special Appeals upheld the ruling. [18] FBI records that were made public give no information to support the escape theory.[19][20] The Lincoln Conspiracy is a book by David W. Balsiger and Charles E. Sellier, Jr. ... Location in Garfield County and the state of Oklahoma. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


See also

Assassination of Abraham Lincoln From left to right: Major Henry Rathbone, Clara Harris, Mary Todd Lincoln, Abraham Lincoln, and John Wilkes Booth. ... For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Bel Air is the county seat of Harford County, Maryland, United States. ... Fords Theatre at 511 10th Street, NW, Washington, D.C. is an active theatre in Washington DC, United States, used for various performances. ...

Notes and References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Geringer, Joseph. John Wilkes Booth: A Brutus of His Age. Crime Library. Court TV. Retrieved on 2007-10-17.
  2. ^ The Booth family's house, "Tudor Hall", was built in 1847 and still stands today; it was acquired by Harford County in 2006, to be eventually opened to the public as an historic site and museum.
  3. ^ Booth's uncle Algernon Sydney Booth was said to be the great-great-great-grandfather of Cherie Blair (née Booth), wife of former British Prime Minister Tony Blair.    Phil Westwood. The Lincoln-Blair Affair.However, Algernon Sydney Booth died at the age of 5 in 1803. Archer, S. Junius Brutus Booth: Theatrical Prometheus (1992): 282
  4. ^ Stanley Kimmel, The Mad Booths of Maryland. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1940
  5. ^ Clarke, Asia Booth. The Unlocked Book (1938):56-57
  6. ^ Booth is sometimes connected to historical assassin Marcus Junius Brutus, for whom Booth's father was named. On November 25, 1864, Booth acted in a version of Shakespeare's Julius Caesar where he played Mark Antony. His brother Edwin played the larger role of Brutus.     R.J. Norton. John Wilkes Booth.
  7. ^ a b c d e f George Alfred Townsend, The Life, Crime and Capture of John Wilkes Booth. New York: Dick & Fitzgerald, 1865.(ISBN 978-0976480532)
  8. ^ Kauffman, M. American Brutus: John Wilkes Booth and the Lincoln Conspiracies (2004):104-114
  9. ^ Benjamin P. Thomas, Abraham Lincoln, a Biography. New York: Random House, 1952.
  10. ^ a b David Herbert Donald, Lincoln. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995 (ISBN 0-684-80846-3)
  11. ^ One historian, Michael W. Kauffman, in his book American Brutus: John Wilkes Booth and the Lincoln Conspiracies (ISBN 0-375-75974-3) written in 2004, contends that Booth actually broke his leg when his horse fell on him later in the escape, and that Booth's diary entry claiming it occurred jumping to the stage is a typical Booth dramatization.
  12. ^ a b Linder, Douglas (2002). Biographic Sketch of John Wilkes Booth. University of Missouri–Kansas City. Retrieved on 2007-10-16.
  13. ^ Dr. Samuel Mudd was convicted of conspiracy by a military court and sentenced to life in prison at Fort Jefferson in the Dry Tortugas islands, west of Key West, Florida. He was pardoned in 1869.
  14. ^ a b John Wilkes Booth's Escape Route. Ford's Theatre, National Historic Site. National Park Service (December 22, 2004). Retrieved on 2007-10-15.
  15. ^ Linder, Douglas (2002). Last Diary Entry of John Wilkes Booth. University of Missouri–Kansas City. Retrieved on 2007-10-16.
  16. ^ James L. Swanson, Manhunt: The 12-day chase for Abraham Lincoln's Killer. (ISBN 0-7499-5134-6)
  17. ^ Kauffman, M. "Fort Lesley McNair and the Lincoln Conspirators." Lincoln Herald 80 (1978):176-188
  18. ^ Francis J. Gorman. Exposing the Myth that John Wilkes Booth Escaped.
  19. ^ Kauffman, M."Historians Oppose Opening of Booth Grave," Civil War Times, May-June 1995
  20. ^ Virginia Eleanor Humbrecht Kline and Lois White Rathbun v. Green Mount Cemetery, Case no. 94297044/CE187741, Baltimore City Circuit Court (1995)

For the Canadian channel, see CourtTV Canada The Courtroom Television Network, more commonly known as Court TV, is an American cable television network owned by Time Warner that launched on July 1, 1991. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Harford County is a county located in the northeastern region of the U.S. state of Maryland. ... Cherie Blair (born 23 September 1954), known professionally as Cherie Booth QC, is an English barrister. ... The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is, in practice, the political leader of the United Kingdom. ... For other people of the same name, see Tony Blair (disambiguation) Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born May 6, 1953)[1] is the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, First Lord of the Treasury, Minister for the Civil Service, Leader of the Labour Party, and Member of Parliament for the constituency... Marcus Junius Brutus (85 –42 BC), or Quintus Servilius Caepio Brutus, was a Roman senator of the late Roman Republic. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Julius Caesar is a tragedy by William Shakespeare. ... Bust of Mark Antony Marcus Antonius (Latin: M·ANTONIVS·M·F·M·N[1]) ( January 14 83 BC – August 1, 30 BC), known in English as Mark Antony, was a Roman politician and general. ... The University of Missouri–Kansas City (often referred to as UMKC) is an institution of higher learning located in Kansas City, Missouri, USA. Its main campus is in Kansas Citys Rockhill neighborhood east of the Country Club Plaza. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Samuel Alexander Mudd, I (December 20, 1833 – January 10, 1883) was a Maryland doctor implicated and imprisoned for aiding John Wilkes Booth in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. ... Dry Tortugas National Park preserves Fort Jefferson and the Dry Tortugas section of the Florida Keys. ... Dry Tortugas overview map The Dry Tortugas are a small group of islands, located at the end of the Florida Keys, USA, about west of Key West, and west of the Marquesas Keys, at , the closest islands. ... For the Breton religious festivals, see Pardon (ceremony). ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Missouri–Kansas City (often referred to as UMKC) is an institution of higher learning located in Kansas City, Missouri, USA. Its main campus is in Kansas Citys Rockhill neighborhood east of the Country Club Plaza. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Edwin Booth as Hamlet. ... Robert Todd Lincoln (August 1, 1843 – July 26, 1926) was the first son of Abraham Lincoln and Mary Ann Todd. ... The skyline of Jersey City, as seen from Lower New York Bay. ...

External links

Persondata
NAME Booth, John Wilkes
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Assassin, Actor
DATE OF BIRTH May 10, 1838(1838-05-10)
PLACE OF BIRTH Bel Air, Maryland, USA
DATE OF DEATH April 26, 1865
PLACE OF DEATH Port Royal, Virginia, USA

  Results from FactBites:
 
John Wilkes Booth@Everything2.com (1784 words)
Booth was a some what popular Shakespearean actor, and an ex- confederate soldier who had very strong political views about the South which eventually drove him to drastic measures.
John Wilkes Booth was born on May 10, 1838 in a log cabin in rural Maryland.
John Wilkes Booth was cornered by the Union Soldiers in a Virginia at tobacco barn.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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