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Encyclopedia > John Whitehurst

John Whitehurst (10th April 1713 - 18th February 1788) of Cheshire, England was a clockmaker and scientist, and made significant early contributions to geology. He was an influential member of the Lunar Society. (Redirected from 10th April) April 10 is the 100th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (101st in leap years). ... Events April 11 - War of the Spanish Succession: Treaty of Utrecht June 23 - French residents of Acadia given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia Canada first Orrery built by George Graham Ongoing events Great Northern War (1700-1721) War of the Spanish Succession (1702-1713... 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the English county. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK 49,138,831 377/km² Religion... Geology (from Greek γη- (ge-, the earth) and λογος (logos, word, reason)) is the science and study of the Earth, its composition, structure, physical properties, history, and the processes that shape it. ... The Lunar Society was a discussion club, of a number of prominent industrialists and scientists, who met regularly in the latter half of the 18th century in Birmingham, England. ...


Whitehurst was born in Congleton, Cheshire, to a clockmaker, the elder John Whitehurst. In 1722 he invented the "pulsation engine", a water-raising device that was the precursor of the hydraulic ram. In 1736 Whitehurst moved to Derby. In 1774, he obtained a post at the Royal Mint in London, receiving the title "Stamper of the Money Weights" in 1775 [1] (http://www.adam-matthew-publications.co.uk/digital_guides/industrial_revolution/brief%20chronology.aspx). In 1778 he published his theory on geological strata in An Inquiry into the Original State and Formation of the Earth. He became a Fellow of the Royal Society on the 13th May 1779. [[Congleton is a town in the county of Cheshire in the north west of England, on the banks of the River Dane. ... This article is about the English county. ... Events Abraham De Moivre states De Moivres theorem connecting trigonometric functions and complex numbers Publication of the first book of Bachs Well-Tempered Clavier Fall of Persias Safavid dynasty during a bloody revolt of the Afghani people. ... A hydraulic ram is a water-powered cyclic pump. ... Events January 26 - Stanislaus I of Poland abdicates his throne. ... Derby (pronounced dar-bee ) is a city in the East Midlands of England. ... 1774 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Royal Mint is the name of the body permitted to make (mint) coins in the United Kingdom. ... London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and of England. ... 1775 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1785 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Royal Society of London is claimed to be the oldest learned society still in existence. ... 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Sources

  • Biography at Revolutionary Players website (http://www.search.revolutionaryplayers.org.uk/engine/resource/default.asp?resource=3722)
  • Royal Society's list of Fellows (http://www.royalsoc.ac.uk/)

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