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Encyclopedia > John Vincent (general)

General John Vincent (17641848) was a British army officer, who fought in the War of 1812. 1764 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The War of 1812 (in Britain, the American War of 1812 to 1815), was fought between the United States and British Empire from 1812 to 1815, on land in North America and at sea around the world. ...

He was born in Ireland, and entered the army as an Ensign in 1781. He transferred as a Lieutenant into the 49th Foot in 1783. He saw service with the regiment in Haiti, and in the campaign in Holland in 1799. He was a Major in 1795, and was appointed brevet Lieutenant-Colonel in 1800. Two years later, the 49th were posted to Canada. Vincent performed various garrison duties for the next ten years or so. Insignia of a United States Navy Ensign In the military of various countries, ensign is a junior rank of commissioned officer. ... A Lieutenant is a military, paramilitary or police officer. ... Holland is a region in the central-western part of the Netherlands. ...

On the outbreak of war, Vincent led a detachment of the 49th from Lower Canada to Kingston, Ontario, and was commander of this post during the winter of 1812 to 1813, being promoted to Brigadier General. His forces fought off one half-hearted attack by ships under the American Commodore Isaac Chauncey, and over the winter he successfully bluffed the American Commander-in-Chief, General Henry Dearborn, into thinking his forces were much larger than they actually were and deterred any attack. Lower Canada was a British colony in North America, at the downstream end of the Saint Lawrence River in the southern portion of the modern-day province of Quebec. ... Kingston is a city in Ontario, Canada, located at the eastern end of Lake Ontario, where the lake empties into the St. ... Isaac Chauncey (20 February 1779 – 27 January 1840) was an officer in the United States Navy. ... Henry Dearborn Henry Dearborn (February 23, 1751 – June 6, 1829) was an American physician, statesman and veteran of both the American Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. ...

Vincent was subsequently transferred to the Niagara frontier. On May 27, 1813, his positions were attacked in the Battle of Fort George. Although his British and Canadian regulars made a determined defence, Vincent realised that he was about to be outflanked and surrounded, and ordered a rapid retreat. May 27 is the 147th day (148th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 218 days remaining. ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Battle of Fort George was a battle fought during the War of 1812, in which the Americans captured the British fort on western Lake Ontario. ...

Vincent's forces halted at a defensive position at Burlington Heights, where Vincent received news of his promotion to Major General. The pursuing American forces halted at Stoney Creek. Their camp was insecure, and Vincent followed a suggestion by a subordinate to mount a night attack. The resulting Battle of Stoney Creek was a tactical draw but badly shook the Americans. Vincent himself took little part. He was thrown from his horse in the confusion and wandered lost in the woods for most of the night. The Battle of Stoney Creek was a battle fought on June 6, 1813 during the War of 1812 near Stoney Creek, Ontario. ...

The Americans subsequently retreated to Fort George, and Vincent's forces maintained a blockade of them for several months. After the British defeat at the Battle of Moraviantown, which threatened Vincent's rear, he retreated again to Burlington Heights. By this time, Vincent was ill, and was transferred first to Kingston once again, then to Montreal, before leaving for England. The Battle of the Thames, also known as the Battle of Moraviantown, was a battle in the War of 1812 which took place on October 5, 1813. ... Template:Montréal infobox Montréal1 (pronounced in Canadian English, in International French, and in Quebec French accent) is the second largest city in Canada and the largest city in the province of Quebec. ...

He never again saw active service, but was promoted Lieutenant General in 1825 and full General in 1843. He had held the sinecure post of Lieutenant Governor of Dumbarton Castle since April, 1814, and became Colonel of the 69th Foot in 1836.

Several officers of the 49th were to rise to high command in Canada during the War of 1812. Vincent was easily the longest-serving of them. British and Canadian accounts of the War give the impression of a modest and generous officer, who gave whatever help he could to other commanders.

External links

  • Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online



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