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Encyclopedia > John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort

Field Marshal John Standish Surtees Prendergast Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort VC GCB CBE DSO and two Bars MVO MC (commonly known as Lord Gort) (10 July 1886 - 31 March 1946) was a British soldier who served in both World War I and II, rising to the rank of field marshal and receiving the Victoria Cross. Note: This article is about the military usage of the word marshal. For other usages, see the end of this article. ... Victoria Cross medal, ribbon, and bar. ... Badge of a Companion of the Order of the Bath (Military Division) The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly The Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath)[1] is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725. ... Commanders Badge of the Order of the British Empire (Military division) The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority... DSO medal The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other Commonwealth countries, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat. ... Victoria founded the Royal Victorian Order. ... The Military Cross (MC) is the third level military decoration awarded to officers and (since 1993) other ranks of the British Army and formerly also to officers of other Commonwealth countries. ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) // Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nikolay II Aleksey Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert H. Asquith D. Lloyd George Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Note: This article is about the military usage of the word marshal. For other usages, see the end of this article. ... Victoria Cross medal, ribbon, and bar. ...

Contents

Early days

He was born in London and grew up in County Durham and the Isle of Wight. He was educated at Malvern Link Preparatory School and Harrow School and then entered the Royal Military Academy in January 1904, having succeeded his father to the family title in 1902. He was commissioned in the Grenadier Guards in July 1905 where he took to his duties with exceptional zeal. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... County Durham is a county in north-east England. ... The Isle of Wight is an English island and county, off the southern English coast, to the south of the county of Hampshire. ... It has been suggested that Houses of Harrow School be merged into this article or section. ... The Royal Military Academy was founded in 1741 in Woolwich, south-east London. ... Year 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Grenadier Guards is the most senior regiment of the Guards Division of the British Army, and, as such, is the most senior regiment of infantry. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ...


On the death of King Edward VII in 1910 Lieutenant Gort was in command of the Grenadier NCOs detailed to bear the coffin and attend the catafalque. He was made a Member of the Royal Victorian Order for his services. Later that year he went moose hunting in Canada and accidentally shot his Indian guide, prompting an immediate return. Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King of the Commonwealth Realms, and the Emperor of India. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... NCO may mean: a numerically-controlled oscillator in electronics a non-commissioned officer in the military   This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... A catafalque is a raised bier or platform of sorts (often movable) used to support the casket or coffin, or in the case of a pope: the body, of a person during a funeral or memorial service. ... Victoria founded the Royal Victorian Order. ... Binomial name Alces alces (Linnaeus, 1758) Moose range map The moose (so named in North America) or elk (in Europe), Alces alces, is the largest member of the deer family Cervidae, distinguished from the others by the palmate antlers of its males. ...


On 22 February 1911 he married Corinna Vereker, a second cousin, at the Guards Chapel, Wellington Barracks. They had three children, Charles in 1912, Joscelyn in 1913, and Jacqueline in 1914. They divorced in 1925. February 22 is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Foot Guards Battalions on Public Duties in London are located in barracks conveniently close to Buckingham Palace for them to be able to reach the Palace very quickly in an emergency. ...


On 3 September 1913 he was appointed ADC to General Francis Lloyd, GO Commanding London District. September 3 is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... An aide-de-camp (French: camp assistant) is a personal assistant, secretary, or adjutant to a person of high rank, usually a senior military officer or a head of state. ...


First World War

By 1914 he had reached the rank of captain. He fought on the Western Front, was mentioned in despatches nine times, and won a Military Cross and Distinguished Service Order and two bars. 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Captain is a nautical term, an organizational title, and a rank in various uniformed organizations. ... Western Front was a term used during the First and Second World Wars to describe the contested armed frontier between lands controlled by Germany to the East and the Allies to the West. ... Mentioned in Dispatches (MID) is a military award for gallantry or otherwise commendable service. ... The Military Cross (MC) is the third level military decoration awarded to officers and (since 1993) other ranks of the British Army and formerly also to officers of other Commonwealth countries. ... DSO medal The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other Commonwealth countries, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat. ...


He was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions on 27 September 1918 at the Canal du Nord, near Flesquieres, France. Lieutenant-Colonel Gort led his battalion under very heavy fire and although wounded, when the battalion was held up he went across open ground to obtain assistance from a tank and personally led it to the best advantage. He was again wounded, but after lying on a stretcher for a while insisted on getting up and directing the further attack which resulted in the capture of over 200 prisoners, two batteries of field-guns and numerous machine-guns. He refused to leave the field until the success signal had gone up on the final objective. Gort's batman, Guardsman Ransome, was killed while helping Gort to safety. Victoria Cross medal, ribbon, and bar. ... September 27 is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... A batman is a soldier assigned to a commissioned officer as a personal servant. ...


Inter-war years

After attending a short course at the Staff College, Camberley in 1919, Gort returned in 1921 as an instructor. Staff College, Camberley, Surrey, is a training college for the British army. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ...


He took up sailing in 1922 and was a keen yatchsman until the next war intervened, joining the Royal Yacht Squadron in 1922 and participating in the 1925 Fastnet race. In 1924 he rewrote the Infantry Training Manual. For the songs, see Sailing (song). ... The Royal Yacht Squadron is considered by many people to be the world’s most prestigious yacht club located on the coast at Cowes Castle on the Isle of Wight in the United Kingdom. ... The Fastnet race is a yachting race in the United Kingdom. ...


He was promoted to colonel in 1925, and in January 1927 went to Shanghai, returning in August to give a first hand account of the Chinese situation to the King and the Prince of Wales. He went on to command the Guards Brigade for two years from 1930 before overseeing training in India and then returning to the Staff College in 1936 as Commander. Colonel (IPA: or ) is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 - 20 January 1936) was the first British monarch belonging to the House of Windsor, as a result of his creating it from the British branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... Edward VIII (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David Windsor; later The Prince Edward, Duke of Windsor; 23 June 1894 – 28 May 1972) was King of Great Britain, Ireland, the British Dominions beyond the Seas, and Emperor of India from the death of his father, George V (1910–36), on... The Brigade of Guards (sometimes, and less formally, known as the Guards Brigade) is a historical elite unit of the British Army, which has existed sporadically since the 18th century. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link is to a full 1930 calendar). ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


In 1932 he took up flying, buying the de Haviland Moth aeroplane Henrietta and being elected chairman of the Household Brigade Flying Club. Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... The de Havilland DH.60G Gipsy Moth was a variant of the powered by the de Havilland Gipsy I engine. ...


He was made a full general in 1937, unusually being promoted directly from major-general and never holding the rank of lieutenant-general, and was then the surprise choice to be Chief of the Imperial General Staff. At this office he advocated the primacy of building a land army and defending France and the Low Countries over Imperial defence after France had said she would not be able on her own to defend herself against a German attack. The First Sea Lord Sir Roger Backhouse argued that this Continental commitment might not be limited. Gort replied by saying 'Lord Kitchener had clearly pointed out that no great country can wage a "little" war'. A General is an officer of high military rank. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Major General or Major-General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Chief of the Imperial General Staff (CIGS) was the title of the professional head of the British Army from 1908 to 1964. ... The Low Countries, the historical region of de Nederlanden, are the countries (see Country) on low-lying land around the delta of the Rhine, Scheldt, and Meuse (Maas) rivers. ... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... The First Sea Lord is the professional head of the British Royal Navy. ... Admiral of the Fleet Sir Roger Roland Charles Backhouse GCB, GCVO, CMG, (24 November 1878-15 July 1939) was an Admiral of the Fleet in the Royal Navy and First Sea Lord of the British Admiralty from 1939 to 1939. ... The Earl Kitchener Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, KG, KP, GCB, OM, GCSI, GCMG, GCIE, ADC, PC (24 June 1850 – 5 June 1916) was an Irish-born British Field Marshal, diplomat and statesman. ...


Second World War

At the outbreak of war he was given command of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in France, arriving on 19 September 1939. Following the Phony War, the 1940 German breakthrough in the Ardennes split the Allied forces. Communications between the BEF and the French effectively broke down, and on 25 May Gort took the unilateral decision to ignore his orders for a southward attack by his forces. Gort's command position was difficult, serving under French High, theatre, and army group command while also being responsible to London. Withdrawing northwards, the BEF together with many French soldiers were evacuated during the Battle of Dunkirk. The disposition of the BEF was attacked, in hindsight and at the time, as too conventional – chiefly due to lack of any kind of defensive works. Gort is credited by some as reacting efficiently to the ensuing crisis. Gort's decision to withdraw the BEF from likely capture is credited by many in helping Britain remain in the war and preventing British morale from collapsing due to the defeats of 1940. Others hold a more critical view of Gort’s leadership in 1940, seeing his decision to not follow orders to join the French in organizing a large scale counterattack as defeatist and undermining to the overall Allied reaction. The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British army sent to France and Belgium in World War I and British Forces in Europe from 1939 - 1940 during World War II. The BEF was established by Secretary of State for War Richard Haldane following the Second Boer War in case the... September 19 is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years). ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full year calendar). ... British Ministry of Home Security Poster of a type that was common during the Phony War The Phony War , or in Winston Churchills words the Twilight War, was a phase in early World War II marked by few military operations in Continental Europe, in the months following the German... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... The Ardennes (pronounced ar-DEN) (Dutch: Ardennen) is a region of extensive forests and rolling hill country, primarily in Belgium and Luxembourg, but stretching into France (lending its name to the Ardennes département and the Champagne-Ardenne région). ... This article is about a Second World War battle in 1940, for the 1658 battle of the same name see Battle of the Dunes (1658) Combatants United Kingdom France Belgium Germany Commanders Lord Gort General Weygand Gerd von Rundstedt (Army Group A) Ewald von Kleist (Panzergruppe von Kleist) Strength approx. ...


Gort served in various positions for the duration of the war. On the day of his return, 1 June 1940, he was made an ADC General to King George VI. On 25 June he went by flying boat, with Duff Cooper, to Rabat, Morocco, to rally anti-Nazi French cabinet ministers, but was instead arrested by Vichy gendarmerie. He was quickly released, and he returned to Britain. George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George Windsor) (14 December 1895 - 6 February 1952) became the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, each of the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, upon the unexpected abdication of his brother, Edward VIII. He reigned from 11 December 1936... Alfred Duff Cooper, 1st Viscount Norwich (February 22, 1890 - January 1, 1954), known universally as Duff Cooper, was a British diplomat, Cabinet member and acclaimed author. ... Mausoleum of Mohammed V through mosque ruins NASA image of Rabat Rabat (Arabic الرباط, transliterated ar-Rabāṭ or ar-Ribāṭ), population 1. ... The Opera in Vichy. ... A gendarmerie (pronounced ) is a military body charged with police duties among civilian populations. ...


Gort was given the post of Inspector of Training and the Home Guard, and with nothing constructive to do visited Iceland, Orkney, and Shetland. He went on to serve as Governor of Gibraltar (1941 - 1942). He pushed ahead with extending the airfield into land reclaimed from the sea, against the advice of the British government, but was later thanked by the War Cabinet for his foresight when the airfield proved vital to the British Mediterranean campaign. As Governor of Malta (1942 - 1944) his courage and leadership during the siege was recognized by the Maltese giving him the Sword of Honour. The King gave Gort his Field Marshal's baton on 20 June 1943 at Malta. On 29 September, Gort, together with Generals Eisenhower and Alexander, witnessed Marshal Badoglio signing the Italian surrender in Valetta Harbor. A Home Guard is a part-time civilian reserve military force similar to a militia. ... Orkney (sometimes known as the Orkney Islands) is an archipelago in northern Scotland, situated 10 miles north of the coast of Caithness. ... Shetland (formerly spelled Zetland, from etland) formerly called Hjaltland, is one of 32 council areas of Scotland. ... Flag of the Governor of Gibraltar The Governor of Gibraltar is the representative of the British monarch in the United Kingdoms overseas territory of Gibraltar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... A War Cabinet is committee formed by a government in time of war. ... Combatants Allied Nations Axis Powers The Naval Battle of the Mediterranean was waged during World War II, to attack and keep open the respective supply lines of Allied and Axis armies, and to destroy the opposing sides ability to wage war at sea. ... The Governor-General of Malta was the representative in Malta of Queen Elizabeth II as Queen of Malta between independence in 1964 until the declaration of the republic in the 1974. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... D. D. Eisenhower during WWII Dwight David Eisenhower (born David Dwight Eisenhower, October 14, 1890 - March 28, 1969), nicknamed Ike, was an American soldier and politician, who served as the thirty-fourth President of the United States (1953-1961). ... Field Marshal Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, KG, OM, GCB, GCSI, GCMG, GCVO, DSO, MC, LL.D, PC (10 December 1891 - 16 June 1969) was a British military commander and field marshal, notably during the Second World War as the commander of the 15th Army... Pietro Badoglio (September 28, 1871 - November 1, 1956) was an Italian soldier and politician. ... St Johns Co-Cathedral Valletta, population 7048 (official estimate for 2000), is the capital of Malta. ...


He ended the war as High Commissioner for Palestine and Transjordan. During a meeting in November 1945 with Field Marshals Brooke and Montgomery Gort collapsed and was flown to London where the diagnosis was cancer. Map of the territory under the British Mandate of Palestine. ... Map of the territory of the British Mandate of Palestine The Emirate of Transjordan was an autonomous political division of the British Mandate of Palestine, created as an administrative entity in April 1921 before the Mandate came into effect. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Lord Alanbrooke as shown on his book of memoirs Field Marshal Sir Alan Francis Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, KG, GCB, OM, GCVO, DSO (July 23, 1883 - June 17, 1963) was a career soldier, Chief of the Imperial General Staff during the Second World War and promoted Field Marshal in 1944. ... Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, KG, GCB, DSO, PC (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976) was a British Army officer, often referred to as Monty. He successfully commanded Allied forces at the Battle of El Alamein, a major turning point in World War II, and...


In February 1946, he was created a Viscount in the Peerage of the United Kingdom under the same title as his existing Viscountcy in the Peerage of Ireland. Upon his death on 31 March 1946 without a son, the Irish viscountcy of Gort passed to a cousin and the British creation became extinct. 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The Peerage of the United Kingdom comprises most peerages created in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the Act of Union in 1801. ... The Peerage of Ireland the term used for those peers created by British monarchs in their capacity as Lord or King of Ireland. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...


He was the father-in-law of Major William Sidney, 1st Viscount De L'Isle VC, and first cousin-once-removed to General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton. Gort was present when his son-in-law received the VC from Alexander on 3 March 1944 in Italy (the VC ribbon was cut from one of Gort's uniforms). William Philip Sidney, 1st Viscount De LIsle, VC, KG, GCMG, GCVO, PC (23 May 1909–5 April 1991), 15th Governor-General of Australia, was the last British Governor-General. ... Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton (January 16, 1853 - October 12, 1947) was a general in the British Army and is most notably known for commanding the ill-fated Mediterranean Expeditionary Force during the Battle of Gallipoli. ...


References

Monuments To Courage is a book by David Harvey, published in 1999. ... The Register of the Victoria Cross A list of all 1350 Victoria Crosses with details of each recipient ISBN 0906324033 Publisher: Cheltenham: This England Books; 1981 Size: 8vo - over 7 3/4 - 9 3/4 Pagination: 303 + 4. ... VCs of the First World War - The Final Days 1918 (ISBN 0750924853) is a book by Gerald Gliddon which covers the end of the First World War from the perspective of Victoria Cross winners. ... Sir John Colville, CB, CVO, was born 28 January 1915. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...

External links

  • Location of grave and VC medal (Kent)
Military Offices
Preceded by
Sir Cyril Deverell
Chief of the Imperial General Staff
1937–1939
Succeeded by
Sir Edmund Ironside
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Gage Prendergast Vereker
Viscount Gort
1946–1946
Succeeded by
Extinct
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
John Vereker
Viscount Gort
1902–1946
Succeeded by
Standish Vereker

  Results from FactBites:
 
JOHN VEREKER, 6TH VISCOUNT GORT : Encyclopedia Entry (1097 words)
On the death of King Edward VII in 1910 Lieutenant Gort was in command of the Grenadier NCOs detailed to bear the coffin and attend the catafalque.
Gort was given the post of Inspector of Training and the Home Guard, and with nothing constructive to do visited Iceland, the Orkneys, and the Shetland Islands.
Gort was present when his son-in-law received the VC from Alexander on 3 March 1944 in Italy (the VC ribbon was cut from one of Gort's uniforms).
John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (684 words)
Field Marshal John Standish Surtees Prendergast Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort, VC, GCB, CBE, DSO and 2 Bars, MVO, MC (July 10, 1886 - March 1946) was a British soldier who served in both World War I and II, rising to the rank of Field Marshal and receiving the Victoria Cross.
Gort was made an aide to King George VI in 1940.
He was created a viscount in the Peerage of the United Kingdom under the same title in 1946.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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