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Encyclopedia > John Turner
The Right Honourable
 John Napier Turner
 PC CC QC LLD MA (Oxon) BCL


In office
June 30, 1984 – September 17, 1984
Monarch Elizabeth II
Preceded by Pierre Trudeau
Succeeded by Brian Mulroney

Member of Parliament
for St. Lawrence—St. George
In office
1962 – 1968
Preceded by Egan Chambers
Succeeded by District abolished

Member of Parliament
for Ottawa—Carleton
In office
1968 – February 12, 1976
Preceded by Paul Tardif
Succeeded by Jean Pigott

Member of Parliament
for Vancouver Quadra
In office
1984 – 1993
Preceded by Bill Clarke
Succeeded by Ted McWhinney

Born June 7, 1929 (1929-06-07) (age 78)
Richmond, Surrey, England
Political party Liberal
Spouse Geills Turner
Religion Roman Catholic

John Napier Wyndham Turner PC CC QC (born June 7, 1929) was the seventeenth Prime Minister of Canada from June 30, 1984 to September 17, 1984. He is the oldest living former Prime Minister. The Right Honourable (abbreviated Rt Hon, The Rt Hon, The Right Hon, Right Hon) is an honorific prefix that is traditionally applied to certain people in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the Anglophone Caribbean and in other Commonwealth Realms, and elsewhere. ... The Privy Council Office as it appeared in the 1880s The Queens Privy Council for Canada (French: Conseil privé de la Reine pour le Canada) is the council of advisers to the Queen of Canada, whose members are appointed by the Governor General of Canada for life on the... Seal of the Order of Canada The Order of Canada is Canadas highest civilian honour, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the Orders Latin motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam, which means (those) desiring a better country (Hebrews 11. ... For information about The Times satire Queens Counsel, see Queens Counsel (comic strip). ... Doctor of Laws (Latin: Legum Doctor, LL.D) is a doctorate-level academic degree in law. ... The degree of Master of Arts degree is an undergraduate degree awarded by the universities of Oxford and Cambridge as well as by the University of Dublin. ... The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... Bachelor of Civil Law or BCL is the name of various degrees in law conferred by English-language universities. ... Image File history File links Turnerreturns. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Prime Minister of Canada (French: Premier ministre du Canada), is the Minister of the Crown who is head of the Government of Canada. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... “Trudeau” redirects here. ... Martin Brian Mulroney (born March 20, 1939), was the eighteenth Prime Minister of Canada from September 17, 1984, to June 25, 1993 and was leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada from 1983 to 1993. ... St. ... The Canadian parliament after the 1962 election The Canadian federal election of 1962 was held on June 18, 1962 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. ... In the Canadian federal election of June 25, 1968, the Liberal Party won a majority government under its new leader, Pierre Trudeau. ... CHAMBERS, Egan DATE AND PLACE OF BIRTH: 1921. ... Ottawa—Carleton was a former federal electoral district represented in the Canadian House of Commons, and located in the province of Ontario. ... In the Canadian federal election of June 25, 1968, the Liberal Party won a majority government under its new leader, Pierre Trudeau. ... Paul Tardif (February 18, 1910 – August 3, 1998) was an Ontario businessman and political figure. ... Jean Elizabeth Morrison Pigott (born May 20, 1924) is a former Canadian politician and businessperson. ... Vancouver Quadra is a federal electoral district in British Columbia, Canada, that has been represented in the Canadian House of Commons since 1949. ... The Canadian federal election of 1984 was called on July 4, 1984, and held on September 4 of that year. ... Popular vote map with bar graphs showing seat totals in the provinces and territories. ... William Hillary (Bill) Clarke (born 5 July 1933 in Toronto, Ontario) was a Progressive Conservative party member of the Canadian House of Commons. ... Edward Ted McWhinney, QC , LL.M , SJD , LL.D , Jur. ... is the 158th day of the year (159th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Richmond is a suburb and the principal settlement of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames in south west London, England. ... This article is about the English county. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: ), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party. ... Geills McCrae Kilgour Turner (born December 23, 1937) is the wife of John Napier Turner, a former Prime Minister of Canada. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... The Privy Council Office as it appeared in the 1880s The Queens Privy Council for Canada (French: Conseil privé de la Reine pour le Canada) is the council of advisers to the Queen of Canada, whose members are appointed by the Governor General of Canada for life on the... Seal of the Order of Canada The Order of Canada is Canadas highest civilian honour, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the Orders Latin motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam, which means (those) desiring a better country (Hebrews 11. ... For information about The Times satire Queens Counsel, see Queens Counsel (comic strip). ... is the 158th day of the year (159th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Prime Minister of Canada (French: Premier ministre du Canada), is the Minister of the Crown who is head of the Government of Canada. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...

Contents

Early life

He was born in a small nursing home in the middle-class London suburb of Richmond, Surrey, England to Leonard Turner and Phyllis Gregory. When Turner's father died in 1932, he came to Canada with his Canadian-born mother. His mother remarried during World War II to Frank Mackenzie Ross, who later served as Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia. Richmond is a suburb and the principal settlement of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames in south west London, England. ... This article is about the English county. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Phyllis Gregory Ross, O.C., C.B.E., M.A., LL.D. (1903 – April 18, 1988) was a Canadian economist, civil servant, the first woman Chancellor of the University of British Columbia and in the Commonwealth of Nations, and the mother of the 17th Prime Minister of Canada John Turner. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Frank Mackenzie Ross (b. ... Categories: Lieutenant Governors of British Columbia | Lists of office-holders ...


Turner was educated at Ashbury College and St Patrick's College, Ottawa (senior matriculation). He enrolled at the University of British Columbia in 1945 at age 16, and was among Canada's outstanding track sprinters in the late 1940s, qualifying for the 1948 Olympic team. He graduated from UBC with a B.A. Honours in 1949, winning the Rhodes Scholar. He went on to Magdalen College, Oxford University, where he earned a B.A., Jurisprudence, 1951; a Bachelor of Civil Law, 1952; and an M.A., 1957. He also pursued doctoral studies at the University of Paris from 1952-53. While attending UBC, he became a member of the fraternity, Beta Theta Pi. The 1902 Wilson Shield winners. ... The University of British Columbia (UBC) is a Canadian public research university with campuses in Vancouver and Kelowna. ... Rhodes House in Oxford, designed by Sir Herbert Baker. ... Magdalen College could be Magdalen College, Oxford Magdalene College, Cambridge This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... The Sorbonne, Paris, in a 17th century engraving The historic University of Paris (French: ) first appeared in the second half of the 12th century, but was in 1970 reorganised as 13 autonomous universities (University of Paris I–XIII). ... Beta Theta Pi (ΒΘΠ) is a social collegiate fraternity that was founded at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio, USA, where it is part of the Miami Triad which includes Phi Delta Theta and Sigma Chi. ...


On May 19th, 1959, at a party hosted by his stepfather to celebrate the opening of Government House, Turner spent a considerable amount of time dancing with Princess Margaret, one year his junior. This was the first time that Turner received significant press attention in Canada: there was considerable speculation about whether the two were a serious couple, though as Turner was Catholic the two could not marry without either Turner renouncing his faith or Margaret her right to the Crown. [2] British Columbias Government House is the official residence of the Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia. ... Princess Margaret redirects here. ...

Turner in 1967.

Turner was married on 11 May 1963 to Geills McCrae Kilgour (b. 1937), a great-niece of Canadian Army doctor, Col. John McCrae, author of what is probably the best-known First World War poem, In Flanders Fields, and sister of David Kilgour, a long-term Canadian Member of Parliament. The Turners have one daughter, Elizabeth, and three sons, David, Michael, and Andrew. Image File history File links Turneryoung. ... Image File history File links Turneryoung. ... Geills McCrae Kilgour Turner (born December 23, 1937) is the wife of John Napier Turner, a former Prime Minister of Canada. ... Lieutenant Colonel John Alexander McCrae Lieutenant Colonel John Alexander McCrae, MD (November 30, 1872 – January 28, 1918) was a Canadian poet, physician, author, artist and soldier during World War I and a surgeon during the battle of Ypres. ... A small portion of In Flanders Fields appeared alongside McCraes portrait on a Canadian stamp of 1968, issued to commemorate a half-century since his death. ... This article is about the Canadian politician. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ...


Turner practised law in Toronto, Ontario, and was elected as a member of Parliament in 1962. Their children attended Rockcliffe Park Public School, in Ottawa. All three of their sons attended Upper Canada College, in Toronto. Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 107 Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Senate Chamber of Parliament Hill in Ottawa. ... Rockcliffe Park Public School (RPPS) is a public elementary school in the wealthy Ottawa neigbourhood of Rockcliffe Park. ... This article is about the capital city of Canada. ... Upper Canada College (UCC) is a private elementary and secondary school for boys in downtown Toronto, Canada. ...


"The Golden Boy"

He served in the Cabinet of Prime Minister Lester Pearson in various capacities, most notably as Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs. When Pearson retired, Turner ran to succeed him at the 1968 leadership convention. The youthful Turner claimed that "My time is now," and remarked during his speech that he was "not here for some vague, future convention in say, 1984." (It would later turn out that the next Liberal Leadership Convention was in fact held in 1984 and John Turner was not only a candidate but he successfully won the leadership in that year.) Turner was far behind winner Pierre Trudeau and runner-up Robert Winters, but stayed on until the fourth and final ballot anyway, finishing third. Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Cabinet of Canada (French: Cabinet du Canada or Conseil des ministres) plays an important role in the Government of Canada in accordance with the Westminster System. ... Mike Pearson redirects here. ... Pierre Trudeau at the 1968 Liberal convention The Liberal Party of Canada leadership convention of 1968 elected Pierre Elliott Trudeau as the new leader of the Liberal Party; he was the unexpected winner in what was one of the most important leadership conventions in party history. ... “Trudeau” redirects here. ... The Honourable Robert Henry Winters, PC (August 18, 1910 - October 10, 1969) was a Canadian politician. ...


Turner served in Trudeau's cabinet as Minister of Justice for four years. Turner then served as Minister of Finance from 1972 until 1975, when he surprisingly resigned from cabinet due to personality conflicts with Trudeau. The Minister of Justice (French: Ministre de la Justice) of Canada is the minister in the Cabinet of Canada who is responsible for the Department of Justice and is also Attorney General of Canada. ... The Minister of Finance is one of the most important positions in the Cabinet of Canada. ...


Bay Street

From 1975 to 1984, Turner worked as a corporate lawyer at Bay Street law firm McMillan Binch. When Pierre Trudeau resigned as Liberal leader in 1979 following an election loss, Turner announced that he would not be a candidate for the Liberal leadership. Trudeau was talked into rescinding his resignation after the government of Joe Clark was defeated by a Motion of No Confidence, and returned to contest, and win the 1980 federal election. Trudeau would serve as Prime Minister until 1984. Turner returned to private practice as a lawyer at Miller Thomson LLP. Torontos Bay Street in the heart of the financial district. ... McMillan Binch Mendelsohn LLP is a Canadian law firm headquartered in Toronto, with offices in Montreal. ... The House of Commons after the 1979 election The Canadian federal election of 1979 was held on May 22, 1979 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. ... Charles Joseph Joe Clark, PC, CC, AOE, MA, LLD (born June 5, 1939) was the sixteenth prime minister of Canada, from June 4, 1979, to March 3, 1980. ... A motion of no confidence, also called a motion of non-confidence, a censure motion, a no-confidence motion, or simply a confidence motion, is a parliamentary motion traditionally put before a parliament by the opposition in the hope of defeating or embarrassing a government. ... The House of Commons after the 1980 election The 1980 Canadian federal election was called when the minority Progressive Conservative government led by Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. ...


Prime Minister

Trudeau retired after polls showed the Liberals faced certain defeat in the next election if he remained in office. Turner then re-entered politics, and defeated Jean Chrétien, his successor as finance minister, on the second ballot of the June 1984 Liberal leadership convention. He was formally appointed Prime Minister on June 30. Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien, usually known as Jean Chrétien, PC, QC, BA, BCL, LLD (h. ... The first three leaders of the Liberal Party of Canada were not chosen at a convention. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Trudeau recommended that Governor General Jeanne Sauvé appoint over 200 Liberals to well-paying patronage positions in his final days in office. These appointments generated a severe backlash across the spectrum. Turner had the right to recommend that the appointments be cancelled: advice that Sauvé would have been required to follow by constitutional convention. However, he let them stand, and himself appointed over 70 Liberal MPs to patronage positions. Turner refused to produce a written agreement he'd made with Trudeau before taking office, documenting a secret deal that saw Trudeau step down early. This hampered his attempt to distance himself from Trudeau's policies and practices. The Governor General of Canada (French (feminine): Gouverneure générale du Canada or (masculine) Gouverneur général du Canada) is the vice-regal representative in Canada of the Canadian monarch, who is the head of state; Canada is one of sixteen Commonwealth realms, all of which share the... Jeanne Mathilde Sauvé, PC, CC, CMM, CD (née Benoît) (April 26, 1922 – January 26, 1993) was a Canadian journalist, politician, and stateswoman. ... A constitutional convention is an informal and uncodified procedural agreement that is followed by the institutions of a state. ...


Although the Governor General was not obligated to call an election until 1985, Turner was persuaded by internal polls that showed the Liberals were ahead of the Tories. Accordingly, on July 4 – only four days after being sworn in – he advised Sauvé to call an election. Early in the campaign, Turner appeared rusty and old fashioned, using outmoded slang on several occasions. Most famously, he spoke of creating "make work programs," a concept from the 1970s that had been replaced by the less patronizing "job creation programs." He was also caught on television pinching the bottoms of Liberal Party President Iona Campagnolo and Vice-President Lise St. Martin-Tremblay, causing an uproar among feminists who saw such behaviour as sexist and condescending. is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Canadian federal election of 1984 was called on July 4, 1984, and held on September 4 of that year. ... Iona Campagnolo, PC, CM, OBC, LL.D (honoris causa) (born October 18, 1932) is a Canadian politician, currently the Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia. ... Feminism is a social theory and political movement primarily informed and motivated by the experience of women. ...


During the televised leaders' debate, Turner attacked Tory leader Brian Mulroney over the patronage machine that the latter had set up in anticipation of victory, comparing it to the old days of the Union Nationale in Quebec. However, Mulroney turned the tables by pointing to the raft of patronage appointments made on the advice of Trudeau and Turner. Mulroney demanded that Turner apologize to the country for what he called "these horrible appointments," but Turner claimed that "I had no option" except to let them stand. Mulroney famously responded, "You had an option, sir – to say 'no' – and you chose to say 'yes' to the old attitudes and the old stories of the Liberal Party."[1] (This quote is usually paraphrased as "You had an option, sir; you could have said 'no.'") Many observers believed that Turner caused the Liberals' loss of the election at this point, as it made him look weak, indecisive, and a carbon copy of Trudeau. Martin Brian Mulroney (born March 20, 1939), was the eighteenth Prime Minister of Canada from September 17, 1984, to June 25, 1993 and was leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada from 1983 to 1993. ... The Union Nationale was a political party in Quebec, Canada, that identified with conservative French-Canadian nationalism. ... You had an option, sir (sometimes remembered as You had a choice, sir) was a phrase used by Brian Mulroney against John Turner during the English-language leaders debate in the 1984 Canadian federal election. ...


Turner discovered in the latter half of the campaign that the Liberals' electoral hopes were poor in their traditional stronghold, Quebec. The party relied on Trudeau's appeal, patronage, and traditional dislike of the Conservatives for victory in the recent elections. Trudeau himself did not endorse Turner as a leader, instead only showing up to support some MP candidates. Turner rehired much of Trudeau's staff during the final weeks in an attempt to turn the tide, but this had little effect. Another problem was Quebec's disaffection with the federal Liberals for being left out of the patriation of constitution in 1982. Mulroney, a native Quebecker, was able to harness that discontent to the Conservatives' advantage by promising a new Constitutional agreement. The Canada Act 1982 is an Act of Parliament passed by the British Parliament that severed virtually all remaining constitutional and legislative ties between the United Kingdom and Canada. ...


The last days of the campaign saw one Liberal blunder piled on another. Turner continued to speak of "make work programs" and made other gaffes that caused voters to see him as a relic from the past.


On September 4, the Liberals were swept from power in a massive Tory landslide. The Liberals were cut down to 40 seats, the fewest in the party's history, against 211 for the Conservatives. They were nearly decimated in Quebec, falling to 17 seats, only four of which were outside Montreal. Eleven members of Turner's Cabinet were defeated. At the time, it was the worst defeat ever suffered for a governing party at the federal level. Turner stepped down as prime minister on September 30. The election having been called four days after his being sworn in, Turner held the office of Prime Minister for 2 months and 17 days, in Canadian history longer only than that of Sir Charles Tupper, and implemented no legislative initiatives. is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Not to be confused with Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper who was Sir Charles Tuppers son Sir Charles Tupper, P.C., G.C.M.G., K.C.M.G., C.B., D.C.L., LL.D., M.D. (July 2, 1821 - October 30, 1915) was the sixth Prime Minister of...


Leader of the Opposition

Turner managed to defeat the Tory incumbent in Vancouver Quadra, becoming his party's only MP from British Columbia, and became leader of the opposition. The Liberals, amid their worst showing in party history and led by an unpopular Turner, were said by some pundits to be following the British Liberals into oblivion. Though the Liberals had not fared much better in the 1958 election, they had clearly emerged as the main opposition party back then. After the 1984 election, the NDP were not far behind with 30 seats, and leader Ed Broadbent consistently outpolled Turner and even Mulroney. The Leader of the Opposition (French: Chef de lOpposition) in Canada is the Member of Parliament in the Canadian House of Commons who leads Her Majestys Loyal Opposition (the body in Parliament recognized as the Official Opposition). ... This article is about the historic Liberal Party. ... The 24th general election was held just nine months after the 23rd and transformed Prime Minister John Diefenbakers minority into the largest ever majority government in Canadian history. ... The Canadian federal election of 1984 was called on July 4, 1984, and held on September 4 of that year. ... John Edward Ed Broadbent, PC, CC, Ph. ...


The Liberals responded by using their large Senate majority, built up over years of Liberal majorities in the Commons, to stall Mulroney's legislation. In addition, a group of young Liberal MPs, known as the "Rat Pack," pestered Mulroney at every turn. The group included Sheila Copps, Brian Tobin, Don Boudria and John Nunziata. The Senate of Canada (French: Le Sénat du Canada) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the House of Commons. ... The Rat Pack was the nickname given to a group of young, high-profile Canadian Liberal opposition Members of Parliament during the Progressive Conservative government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney. ... Sheila Maureen Copps, PC, HBA, LL.D (hc), (born November 27, 1952, in Hamilton, Ontario) is a Canadian journalist and former politician. ... Brian Vincent Tobin, PC (born October 21, 1954 in Stephenville, Newfoundland and Labrador) is a Canadian politician. ... Donald Don Boudria, PC (born August 30, 1949, in Hull, Quebec) is a former Canadian politician. ... John Nunziata (born January 4, 1955) is a Canadian politician. ...


Turner's leadership was frequently questioned, and in the lead up to the 1986 Liberal convention, a vote of confidence loomed large. The popular Chrétien resigned his seat, creating a stir in caucus. The ongoing and often open unpopularity of Turner within his own party led to many editorial cartoonists to draw him with a back stabbed full of knives. Keith Davey and other Liberals began a public campaign against Turner, coinciding with backroom struggles involving Chrétien's supporters. The public conflict is said to have influenced many Liberals to support Turner, and he ended up getting 75% of the delegate vote. An editorial cartoonist, also known as a political cartoonist, is an artist who draws cartoons that contain some level of political or social commentary. ... Keith Douglas Davey (born April 21, 1926) is a Canadian politician. ...


The Liberals faced more internal conflict in the next few years, but polls frequently had them in front of the Conservatives (however, with Turner last in preferred Prime Minister categories). The upcoming Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement and Meech Lake Accord threatened to divide the party until Turner took the position of being pro-Meech Lake and against the FTA. Turner asked the Liberal Senators to hold off on passing the legislation to implement the agreement until an election was held. It was later revealed that Mulroney planned to call an election anyway. The Free Trade Agreement (FTA) was a trade agreement reached by Canada and the United States in October of 1987. ... The Meech Lake Accord was a set of failed amendments to the Constitution of Canada negotiated in 1987 by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and the provincial premiers, including Robert Bourassa, premier of Quebec. ...


1988 Federal Election

When the election was called in 1988, the Liberals had some early struggles, notably during one day in Montreal where 3 different costs were given for the proposed Liberal daycare program. The campaign was also hampered by a Canadian Broadcasting Corporation report that stated there was a movement in the backroom to replace Turner with Chrétien. Map of the Popular Vote with bar graphs showing seat totals in the provinces and territories The Canadian Parliament after the 1988 election The Canadian federal election of 1988 was held November 21, 1988, to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. ... Radio-Canada redirects here. ...


Turner campaigned much more vigorously than in 1984, rallying support against the proposed FTA, an agreement that he said would lead to the abandonment of Canada's political sovereignty to the United States. His performance in the debate and his attacks on Mulroney and the FTA raised his poll numbers, and soon the Liberals were hoping for a majority. This prompted the Conservatives to stop the relatively calm campaign they had been running, and go with Allan Gregg's suggestion of "bombing the bridge" that joined anti-FTA voters and the Liberals: Turner's credibility. The ads focused on Turner's leadership struggles, and combined with over $6 million CAD in pro-FTA ads, stopped Turner's momentum. Also not helping the Liberals was that the NDP had opposed the FTA as well (though not as vocally); this likely resulted in vote-splitting between the opposition parties. Allan Gregg (born 1952) is a Canadian pollster, political advisor, and pundit. ... “C$” redirects here. ...


The Liberals doubled their representation to 83 seats and kept their role as the Official Opposition; the NDP had also made gains but finished a distant third with 43 seats. The Progressive Conservatives won a reduced majority government with 169 seats. Although this election confirmed the Liberals as Canada's second major party, the results were considered a disappointment for Turner. Polls in mid-campaign had predicted a Liberal majority. The election loss seemed to confirm Turner's fate; he eventually resigned in 1990, and was succeeded by Chrétien. Her Majestys Loyal Opposition (French: LOpposition Loyale de Sa Majesté) in Canada is usually the largest parliamentary opposition party in the Canadian House of Commons that is not in government either on its own or as part of a governing coalition. ... The first three leaders of the Liberal Party of Canada were not chosen at a convention. ...


After politics

Turner is a member of several Boards of Directors for several large Canadian companies. In late 2004, Turner headed the delegation of Canadian election monitors to Ukraine who helped monitor the Ukrainian presidential runoff vote of December 26. The monitoring was the first mission of the new Canada Corps. The presidential election held in November and December 2004 in Ukraine was mostly a political battle between Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych and former Prime Minister and opposition leader Viktor Yushchenko. ... In the October 2004 Speech from the Throne, one element of the Canada Corps mandate highlighted the need to help young Canadians bring their enthusiasm and energy to the world. ...


In 1994, he was made a Companion of the Order of Canada. Seal of the Order of Canada The Order of Canada is Canadas highest civilian honour, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the Orders Latin motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam, which means (those) desiring a better country (Hebrews 11. ...


Turner along with other former Prime Ministers has taken part in the reality series The Next Great Prime Minister. He was intending on taking part during the 2007 edition but due to illness had to be replaced at the last minute by Paul Martin. The Next Great Prime Minister is a national contest for young Canadians who wish to share their ideas for making Canada a better, stronger and more prosperous country. ... Paul Edgar Philippe Martin, PC, MP, BA, LLB, LLD (h. ...


Legacy

Turner (second from left), with Former Prime Ministers Trudeau, Campbell, Chrétien, and Clark.

Turner's changes to the Liberal Party's ideology, policies and membership during his years as party leader may be his legacy, rather than his brief months as prime minister. While Turner campaigned against the Free Trade Agreement in 1988, he was largely pro-business and favoured smaller government and tax cuts for corporations during his six years as Liberal Party leader. Image File history File linksMetadata Trudeau-Turner-Campbell-Chretien-Clark. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Trudeau-Turner-Campbell-Chretien-Clark. ...


Although Chrétien was portrayed as a left-wing Liberal in his contest against both Turner and Paul Martin (who had the support of many of Turner's followers in the 1990 Liberal leadership convention), the Chrétien government proved to be fiscally conservative. The business Liberal wing of the party eclipsed the "left" during the 1990s with its authority being consolidated under future prime minister Paul Martin. The philosophically left-wing elements of the party, who embraced Pierre Trudeau and Jean Chrétien instead of Turner, were moved into the party's periphery after Martin was elected Liberal leader in December 2003. After the 2006 election and Martin's departure, it remains to be seen in which direction new leader Stéphane Dion will take the party. Paul Edgar Philippe Martin, PC, MP, BA, LLB, LLD (h. ... The first three leaders of the Liberal Party of Canada were not chosen at a convention. ... Paul Edgar Philippe Martin, PC, MP, BA, LLB, LLD (h. ... “Trudeau” redirects here. ... Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien, usually known as Jean Chrétien, PC, QC, BA, BCL, LLD (h. ... The period between Paul Martins assumption of the leadership of the Liberal Party of Canada on November 14, 2003, and the 2004 federal election being called on May 23, 2004, saw a considerable amount of infighting within the party. ... Rendition of party representation in the 39th Canadian parliament decided by this election. ... Stéphane Maurice Dion, PC, MP, Ph. ...


Honours

According to Canadian protocol, as a former Prime Minister, he is styled "The Right Honourable" for life. Turner is a recipient of the Order of Canada The Right Honourable (abbreviated Rt Hon, The Rt Hon, The Right Hon, Right Hon) is an honorific prefix that is traditionally applied to certain people in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the Anglophone Caribbean and in other Commonwealth Realms, and elsewhere. ... Seal of the Order of Canada The Order of Canada is Canadas highest civilian honour, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the Orders Latin motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam, which means (those) desiring a better country (Hebrews 11. ...


Books

  • Elizabeth Lumley (ed.), 'Canadian Who's Who', 2004, p. 1319 (his biographical entry)
  • Jack Cahill, 'John Turner: The Long Run, a biography', 1984
  • Norman Snider, 'The Changing of the Guard: How the Liberals Fell From Grace, 1985 [ISBN 0-88619-090-8]
  • Greg Weston, 'Reign of Error: the Inside Story of John Turner's Troubled Leadership', 1988 [ISBN 0-07-549693-3]
  • Magdalen College Register, Magdalen College, Oxford (OUP)
  • Oxford University Calendar, 1956 (OUP), p. 202
  • Statutes of the Province of Quebec, 1954 (Printer to The Queen), p. 977 (An Act to admit John Napier Wyndham Turner to the legal profession)

References

  1. ^ [1]

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
John Turner
  • Federal Political Biography from the Library of Parliament
  • University of British Columbia Sports Hall of Fame
  • CBC Digital Archives - The Long Run: The Political Rise of John Turner
23rd Ministry - Government of John Turner
Cabinet Posts (1)
Predecessor Office Successor
Pierre Trudeau Prime Minister of Canada
(June 30-September 17, 1984)
Brian Mulroney
20th Ministry - First Government of Pierre Trudeau
Cabinet Posts (3)
Predecessor Office Successor
Edgar Benson Minister of Finance
(1972–1975)
Donald Stovel Macdonald
Pierre Trudeau Minister of Justice
(1968–1972)
Otto Lang
cont'd from 19th Min. Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs
(1968)
Ron Basford
19th Ministry - Government of Lester B. Pearson
Cabinet Posts (3)
Predecessor Office Successor
legislation enacted Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs
(1967–1968)
cont'd into 20th Min.
Guy Favreau Registrar General of Canada
(1967)
styled as Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs
legislation enacted
Minister without Portfolio
(1965–1967)
Preceded by
Pierre Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
June 30–September 16, 1984
Succeeded by
Brian Mulroney
Preceded by
Brian Mulroney
Leader of the Opposition
1984–1990
Succeeded by
Herb Gray
Preceded by
Pierre Trudeau
Leader of the Liberal Party
1984–1990
Succeeded by
Jean Chrétien
Preceded by
Egan Chambers
Member for St. Lawrence—St. George
1962–1966
Succeeded by
Abolished
Preceded by
none
Member for Ottawa—Carleton
1966–1976
Succeeded by
Jean Pigott
Preceded by
Bill Clarke
Member for Vancouver Quadra
1984–1993
Succeeded by
Ted McWhinney
Persondata
NAME Turner, John Napier
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION 17th Prime Minister of Canada (1984)
DATE OF BIRTH June 7, 1929
PLACE OF BIRTH Richmond, Surrey, England
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH

  Results from FactBites:
 
Prof. John Turner (893 words)
Synthetic research in the Turner Group includes organic, inorganic and fluorine chemistry with foci on small molecule activation, polymerization catalysis and the discovery of new molecular, dense phase and microporous materials.
J.F.C. Turner, S.E. McLain, T.H. Free, C.J. Benmore, K.W. Herwig, and J.E. Siewenie, Rev.
Turner attended St. Peter's College in the University of Oxford, from where he took 1st class Honours in Chemistry and Quantum Chemistry, working on photoelectron spectroscopy with Prof.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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