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Encyclopedia > John Stuchell Fisher

John Stuchell Fisher (May 25, 1867June 25, 1940) was Pennsylvania's 28th Governor, a Republican. He was born two miles north of Plumville in South Mahoning Township, Indiana County. He was one of six children of Samuel Royer and Mariah (McGaughey) Fisher, and descended from families identified with Pennsylvania as early as 1726 when his fourth great-grandfather, Jacob Fischer, emigrated from the Palatinate. May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). ... 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... June 25 is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 189 days remaining. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... Official language(s) None Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq. ... This article is about the modern United States Republican Party. ... South Mahoning Townshend is a township located in Indiana County, Pennsylvania. ... Indiana County is a county located in the state of Pennsylvania. ... Events George Friderich Handel becomes a British subject. ... A palatinate is a territory administered by a count palatine, originally the direct representative of the sovereign, but later the hereditary ruler of the territory subject to the crowns overlordship. ...


Fisher was educated in Indiana, Pennsylvania public schools and graduated from Indiana High School in 1884, followed by Indiana Normal School in 1886. At age nineteen, he began teaching at Ox Hill School where he had begun his education. By the time he became governor, Fisher was vice president of the board of trustees at Indiana Normal School (later renamed Indiana State College and then Indiana University of Pennsylvania). In 1888, while teaching at a two-room school in Plumville, he met teacher Hapsie Miller (d. 1922), a teacher there. They were married on October 11, 1893, and were parents of four children, two of whom died in infancy. 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) // Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ... The Indiana University of Pennsylvania (or IUP) is a public university in Indiana, Pennsylvania near Pittsburgh. ... 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years). ... 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


During the seven years he taught, he also became principal of Indiana public schools in 1891 and, when he was not teaching, studied law with former congressman and attorney Alexander W. Taylor, who had a great influence on Fisher. Just out of high school, Fisher had campaigned at age seventeen on behalf of a Taylor friend and Taylor recognized a highly intelligent young man. In August 1893, just three months after his law mentor died, Fisher was admitted to the Bar of Indiana County, practicing with his own firm, Cunningham and Fisher. The firm became one of the largest and most successful in Indiana County. With this additional prestige, Fisher became chairman of the Indiana County Republicans in 1896. His first taste of running his own campaign had actually taken place at age twenty-one when he made an unsuccessful bid to become superintendent of county schools. However, in 1899, he easily won election to the state senate, serving from 1900 to 1908 and re-elected once. Fisher's Jefferson and Indiana Counties shared a political custom of limiting their local senators to just two terms, which the senator honored, but in his last term as senator, Fisher gained statewide recognition. 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Pennsylvania State Senate is the upper house of the Pennsylvania General Assembly, the legislative branch of Pennsylvania government. ... 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


When State Treasurer William H. Berry uncovered the misappropriation of state funds in furnishing the new capitol building in 1906, Fisher was appointed chairman of the investigative committee, which was generally lauded by the press. Striving for an impartial finding and after forty-eight hearings, 289 exhibits, 189 witnesses, and four thousand pages of testimony, Fisher presented Governor Edwin Stuart with a report that urged the attorney general to begin criminal proceedings against responsible persons. The Capitol Building graft scandal outraged the public, but the report leading to indictments for fraud and collusion helped to place Fisher on the side of justice and public trust. The State Capitol of Pennsylvania, located in downtown Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, is the seat of government of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. ... Edwin Sydney Stuart (1853–1937) was an American politician who served as the governor of Pennsylvania from 1907 to 1911. ...


Fisher was also becoming wealthy in business. As a founder and lifetime board member of Indiana Savings and Trust Co., he was pivotal in assisting New York Central Railroad in the purchase of coal lands in Indiana and surrounding counties. Fisher helped found the town of Clymer as a community for miners and, as president of the Dixon Run Land Company; lots were sold to the Pennsylvania Coal and Coke Corporation. Fisher and associates also started the Clymer Brick and Fire Clay Company for many of the buildings in Clymer and Commodore, later selling the brick works. By 1911, Fisher was president or director of Indiana Savings, the brick company, and the land company, as well as an electric company, the Pennsylvania Good Roads Association, vice president of Indiana Hospital, general counsel for New York Central Railroad, and vice president of the Clearfield Bituminous Coal Corporation. By 1919, he had become president of Beech Creek and Beech Creek Extension Railroads, subsidiaries of the New York Central, and director of Juniata Public Service [electric] Company. His business, law, and political experience led Governor William Sproul to appoint Fisher as the state's banking commissioner in 1919 and to a commission that studied possible revisions to the state constitution. Clymer is a borough located in Indiana County, Pennsylvania. ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... William Cameron Sproul (September 16, 1870–March 21, 1928) was Governor of Pennsylvania 1919 to 1923. ...


Fisher considered running for governor in 1922, but withdrew from the race and campaigned for Gifford Pinchot, a support that surprised Governor Sproul and Republican Party bosses who were backing George E. Alter. Four years later, Fisher gained key support from the influential Joe Grundy, a Bucks County millionaire. Grundy disliked the powerful Philadelphia politician William S. Vare who was pushing Edward Beidleman, the lieutenant governor. Former governor John K. Tener and Thomas W. Philips, a wealthy Butler County oilman, competed in the Republican primary. Fisher was widely popular because of his publicized fight against the Capitol Building graft, endorsements by churches for his moral and pro-Sunday Blue Laws stand, support from farmers because of his farm boy background, his fight for child labor legislation while Senator, a pledge to sever his business and trusteeship connections (a promise he kept), and his campaign speeches supporting strong workmen's compensation and better working conditions. Voters were not persuaded by party bosses who tried to paint Fisher as a wealthy, anti-labor businessman. Fisher carried fifty-seven counties and a controversial victory. Beidleman had led in the vote count due to strong support in the Philadelphia region until votes were counted in Allegheny County. Vare's organization charged that there was vote fraud, but a Pittsburgh judge ruled against them and Fisher was declared the winner, with 641,934 votes to Beidleman's 626,640. The Republican primary proved to be the real political battle that year because Fisher crushed his Democratic opponent, Philadelphia Judge Eugene C. Bonniwell, in November by an unprecedented three to one margin and became the first governor in state history to receive more than one million votes. 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Gifford Pinchot (August 11, 1865 – October 4, 1946) was the first Chief of the United States Forest Service (1905-1910) and the Republican Governor of Pennsylvania (1923-1927, 1931-1935). ... John Kinley Tener (July 25, 1863 – May 19, 1946) was an Irish-American politician who served as the governor of Pennsylvania from 1911 to 1915. ... Title Page of New-Havens settling in New-England (The Blue Laws of Connecticut) (1656) The Blue Laws of the Colony of Connecticut, as opposed to any blue law in particular, usually refers to the initial standard setup by the Gov. ...


Once Fisher was in office, there was a call to end primaries and return to the old convention system. They reasoned that forces like Vare's organization, political enemies of Fisher and Governor Pinchot, would have been defeated in a convention setting. However, as senator, Fisher had been a sponsor of legislation creating the state primary and he instead opted to push for election reforms to reduce the chances of ballot fraud. Fisher also battled Vare's sister-in-law, state Representative Flora M. Vare, when he defeated her proposal for a constitutional amendment giving everyone over age sixty-five a dollar per day pension. Fisher projected the annual cost of such a pension to be $36.5 million, which he said would have to be taken away from education.


While Fisher was not regarded as a skilled politician, he was admired as a good governor. Governor Fisher concentrated on a sound fiscal policy and public works construction, which earned him the nickname as "the Builder." New legislation authorized the governor to create the state Department of Revenue, form a Securities Commission under the Department of Banking, strip financial powers from the Department of State and Finance and change the name to Department of State, create the State Farm Products Show Commission to conduct the annual Farm Show, and reorganize the Department of Internal Affairs. With less waste in the use of tax dollars, Fisher was able to direct revenues to improve the state's normal schools, build 4,000 miles of new roads, build a new hospital for the mentally ill, add 450,000 acres to the state forest lands, acquire the Indiantown Gap military reservation, adopt the use of voting machines, enlarge the scope of the Pennsylvania Historical Commission, and build the State Farm Show Building and the Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Bridge in Harrisburg. Fisher also instituted reforms in worker's compensation and floated a $59 million bond to build welfare institutions.


There was a major labor strike in the soft coal regions between April 1927 and July 1928, but eighty-seven coal companies were convinced to stop using the generally hated Coal and Iron Police who enforced company interests, often brutally. Fisher signed legislation limiting their power, but after his term, he regretted not abolishing their authority. Fisher also attempted to restore unity in the Republican Party, but some members of the U.S. Senate launched a political attack upon the governor, stirring national attention. Fisher amended Governor Pinchot's scathing certificate of election in 1926 in which Pinchot said that Vare's election was "partly bought and partly stolen." This led to a Senate investigation and denial of a senate seat to William Vare. Fisher wanted Vare to be seated, but instead, this prompted a vicious attack on Fisher led by Senator Gerald Nye of North Dakota in which Fisher was also accused of buying his election. A barrage of verbal attacks was renewed in 1929 against Fisher when he appointed Joseph R. Grundy to fill the vacant senate seat caused by the Vare denial. Senator Nye vowed to block the Grundy appointment even though Grundy had bipartisan support in Pennsylvania. Fisher angrily referred to some senators as "degenerates" and both Grundy and Fisher denounced senators who opposed Grundy as "narrow visioned." The Senate backed down and voted to seat Grundy with no dissenting votes. However, Grundy lost the next election and Fisher grew less supportive of Grundy. 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Gerald Nye Gerald Prentice Nye (December 19, 1892–July 17, 1971) was a United States legislator and political activist, serving in the U.S. Senate from the 1920s to the 1940s. ... Joseph Ridgeway Grundy (January 13, 1863 – March 3, 1961) was an American textile manufacturer and Republican Party politician Bristol, Pennsylvania. ...


Fisher left office at the highest point in his popularity and before the Great Depression fully impacted Pennsylvania. After his term, Fisher returned to private business and was a consultant to his son Robert's law firm. He was also president of the Pennsylvania Society of the Sons of the Revolution; chairman of a fire insurance company in Pittsburgh, director of two banking institutions in Indiana, and a board member of Indiana Hospital, the State Normal School, and Pennsylvania State College. The Great Depression was known as a worldwide economic downturn, starting in 1929 and lasting through most of the 1930s. ...


Fisher died in Pittsburgh in 1940 and is buried in Greenwood Cemetery in Indiana, Pennsylvania. City nickname: The Steel City Location in the state of Pennsylvania Founded 1758 Mayor Tom Murphy (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 151. ...

Preceded by:
Gifford Pinchot
Governor of Pennsylvania
1927–1931
Succeeded by:
Gifford Pinchot
Governors of Pennsylvania Pennsylvania State Flag
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  Results from FactBites:
 
John Stuchell Fisher - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1498 words)
Fisher considered running for governor in 1922, but withdrew from the race and campaigned for Gifford Pinchot, a support that surprised Governor Sproul and Republican Party bosses who were backing George E. Alter.
Fisher amended Governor Pinchot's scathing certificate of election in 1926 in which Pinchot said that Vare's election was "partly bought and partly stolen." This led to a Senate investigation and denial of a senate seat to William Vare.
Fisher died in Pittsburgh in 1940 and is buried in Greenwood Cemetery in Indiana, Pennsylvania.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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