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Encyclopedia > John Richardson Wigham

This article concerns the Irish-based inventor and lighthouse engineer, not his cousin the shipbuilder John Wigham Richardson John Wigham Richardson was one of the great figures of British industrial life, and a leading shipbuilder on Tyneside during the late 19th and early 20h century. ...

John Richardson Wigham (1829 - 1906) was one of the greatest figures in lighthouse engineering. He was born in Newington, Edinburgh, Scotland on 15 January 1829. He died in Dublin 16 November 1906. The Peggys Point lighthouse in Nova Scotia, Canada An aid for navigation and pilotage at sea, a lighthouse is a tower building or framework sending out light from a system of lamps and lenses or, in older times, from a fire. ... Newington is a part of Edinburgh about 15 to 20 minutes walk to the city centre, the Royal Mile and Princes Street. ... Motto: (Latin for No one provokes me with impunity)1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots 2 Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 53. ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...

Wighams 31-day oil lamp
in the National Maritime Museum of Ireland

His father, Henry, operated a mill for the manufacture of shawls. When he was 15 years old he was apprenticed to his brother-in-law Joshua Edmundson in Capel Street, Dublin, Ireland. Edmundson & Co. had an iron-mongery, brass foundry, tin plate working and japanning (metal paintwork). After John joined, they provided gas generation plants. On 26 January 1848, Joshua unexpectedly died. John was 19 years old. He operated the company and provided for his sister and her children. The National Maritime Museum of Ireland opened in 1978 in the former Mariners Church in Haigh Terrace, near the centre of Dún Laoghaire. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Apprenticeship is a traditional method, still popular in some countries, of training a new generation of skilled crafts practitioners. ... General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Atomic mass 55. ... Brass is the term used for alloys of copper and zinc, the amount of zinc varying from 5-45 % to create a range of brasses each with unique properties[1]. Note that in comparison bronze is principally an alloy of copper and tin. ... This article is about the factory that makes castings of metal. ... Tinning is the process of making tin-plate, which consists of sheets of iron or steel that have been thinly coated with tin by being dipped in a molten bath of that metal. ... A gas generator usually refers to a propellant mixture, often similar to a solid rocket propellant, that burns to produce large volumes of gas. ... January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Despite his youth and limited education John Wigham proved to be a very successful businessman. He concentrated on the provision of more efficient gas-plants of his own design. Edmundson & Co prospered.

His relatives, in Scotland, were involved in shipbuilding. He had an interest in lighting at sea. Initially buoys only had bells to warn mariners. The difficulty was in designing an oil-lamp which could burn while unattended and not be extinguished by waves and storms. The first successful lighted buoy was patented by John Wigham in 1861. It was installed in the river Clyde[1]. Men from Francisco de Orellanas expedition building a small brigantine, the San Pedro, to be used in the search for food Shipbuilding is the construction of ships. ... Lighting refers to either artificial light sources such as lamps or to natural illumination of interiors from daylight. ... A sea lion on navigational buoy #14 in San Diego Harbor Green can #11 near the mouth of the Saugatuck river. ... Antique bronze oil lamp with Christian symbol (replica) An oil lamp is a device used for lighting or for preserving a flame that is fueled by animal, vegetable or mineral oil. ... The River Clyde, looking eastwards upstream, as it passes beneath the Kingston Bridge in Central Glasgow. ...

In 1865 the Baily Lighthouse at Howth Head was fitted with a gas lantern, which Wigham designed. It produced 3,000 Candela (candle power), compared with 240 candela produced by the oil lamps used in lighthouses at that time. The Baily Lighthouse The Baily Lighthouse, on Howth Head in Dublin, Ireland, is maintained by the Commissioners of Irish Lights. ... Howth cliffs Howth Head (Ceann Binn Éadair in Irish) is a headland in north County Dublin, Republic of Ireland, near the towns of Sutton and Portmarnock. ... A gas is one of the four major phases of matter (after solid and liquid, and followed by plasma, that subsequently appear as a solid material is subjected to increasingly higher temperatures. ... The candela (symbol: cd) is the SI base unit of luminous intensity (that is, power emitted by a light source in a particular direction, with wavelengths weighted by the luminosity function, a standardized model of the sensitivity of the human eye). ...

In 1870, the light at Wicklow Head was fitted with his patent intermittent flashing mechanism.

He had many inventions, principally in the area of maritime safety. He invented new oil-lamps, gas-lights and electric-lights, fog-signals, buoys, buoy-lights and acetylene lighting equipment. As lighting moved from oil to gas to electricity, he was always ready to innovate. Lights supplied by Edmundson & Co were used in lighthouses all over the globe.

  Results from FactBites:
John Wigham Richardson at AllExperts (433 words)
John Wigham Richardson was one of the great figures of British industrial life, and a leading shipbuilder on Tyneside during the late 19th and early 20h century.
True to his Quaker beliefs, John Wigham Richardson cared greatly for the workers in his company and was a founder of the Workers' Benevolent Trust in the region, a forerunner to the trades' union movement.
• Kathleen Richardson, Baroness Richardson of Calow at AllExperts
  More results at FactBites »



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