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Encyclopedia > John Randolph of Roanoke
John Randolph
John Randolph of Roanoke

U.S. Senator, Virginia
In office
18251827
Preceded by James Barbour
Succeeded by John Tyler

Born June 2, 1773(1773-06-02)
Cawsons, VA
Died May 24, 1833 (aged 59)
Philadelphia, PA
Political party Democratic-Republican
Profession Planter
Religion Episcopalian (disputed)

John Randolph (June 2, 1773May 24, 1833), known as John Randolph of Roanoke[1], was a leader in Congress from Virginia and spokesman for the "Old Republican" or Quids faction of the Democratic-Republican Party that wanted to restrict the federal government's roles. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Year 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1827 (MDCCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... James Barbour (June 10, 1775-June 7, 1842) was an American lawyer, a member and speaker of the Virginia house of delegates, the 19th Governor of Virginia, and United States Secretary of War from 1825-1828. ... John Tyler, Jr. ... is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1773 (MDCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Location in the State of Virginia Coordinates: , Country State Incorporated 1923 Government  - Mayor Steven R. Taylor Area  - City 10. ... is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1833 (MDCCCXXXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article refers to the largest city of Pennsylvania. ... The Democratic-Republican party was a United States political party, which evolved early in the history of the United States. ... A plantation is an intentional planting of a crop, on a larger scale, usually for uses other than cereal production or pasture. ... This article is about the Episcopal Church in the United States. ... is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1773 (MDCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1833 (MDCCCXXXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... ... The tertium quids (sometimes shortened to quids) was a faction of the Republican Party during the early 1800s. ... The Democratic-Republican Party, also known as the Republican Party , was founded by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison in 1792. ...

Contents

Biography

He was born at Cawsons, Virginia (now in Hopewell, Virginia), he was the son of rich tobacco planter John Randolph and Frances Bland. A peculiar illness as a young man left Randolph beardless and high-voiced. Location in the State of Virginia Coordinates: , Country State Incorporated 1923 Government  - Mayor Steven R. Taylor Area  - City 10. ... Waterfront at City Point, Virginia (now Hopewell) in 1865 Hopewell is an independent city in the state of Virginia. ... John Randolph of Roanoke, (June 2, 1773 - May 24, 1833) was a Representative and a Senator from Virginia John Randolph, 3rd Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland. ...


He studied under private tutors, at private schools, the College of New Jersey, and Columbia College, New York City. He studied law in Philadelphia, but never practiced. At an unusually young age Randolph was elected to the Sixth and to the six succeeding Congresses (1799 to 1813). Federalist William Plumer of New Hampshire wrote in 1803 of his striking presence: Princeton University is a private coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey. ... Columbia College is the main undergraduate college at Columbia University, situated on the universitys main campus of Morningside Heights in the Borough of Manhattan in the City of New York. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... // Sixth United States Congress Links and spelling have to be verified. ... William Plumer (June 25, 1759 – December 22, 1850) was an American lawyer and lay preacher from Epping, New Hampshire. ... For other uses, see New Hampshire (disambiguation). ...

Mr. Randolph goes to the House booted and spurred, with his whip in hand, in imitation, it is said, of members of the British Parliament. He is a very slight man but of the common stature. At a little distance, he does not appear older than you are; but, upon a nearer approach, you perceive his wrinkles and grey hairs. He is, I believe, about thirty. He is a descendant in the right line from the celebrated Indian Princess, Pochahontas. The Federalists ridicule and affect to despise him; but a despised foe often proves a dangerous enemy. His talents are certainly far above mediocrity. As a popular speaker, he is not inferior to any man in the House. I admire his ingenuity and address; but I dislike his politics.


Randolph was chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means in the Seventh through the Ninth Congresses, acting as the Democratic-Republican party leader. After breaking with President Thomas Jefferson in 1806, he founded the Tertium quids, a faction of the Democratic-Republican Party that called for a return to the Principles of 1798 and renounced what it saw as creeping nationalism. The Committee on Ways and Means is a committee of the United States House of Representatives. ... Seventh United States Congress Links and spelling have to be verified. ... Ninth United States Congress Links and spelling have to be verified. ... Thomas Jefferson (13 April 1743 N.S.–4 July 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–09), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals of Republicanism in the United States. ... The tertium quids (sometimes shortened to quids) was a faction of the Republican Party during the early 1800s. ... Eugène Delacroixs Liberty Leading the People, symbolising French nationalism during the July Revolution 1830. ...


Although he greatly admired the political ideals of the Revolutionary War generation, Randolph, influenced by Southern anti-Federalism, propounded a version of republicanism that called for the traditional patriarchal society of Virginia's elite gentry to preserve social stability with minimal government interference. Randolph was one of the Congressional managers who conducted the successful impeachment proceedings against John Pickering, judge of the United States District Court for New Hampshire, in January 1804. Critics complained that he mismanaged the failed effort in December of the same year against Samuel Chase, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. John Pickering (22 September 1737 - 11 April 1805) served as Chief Justice of the New Hampshire Superior Court and as Judge for the United States District Court for the District of New Hampshire. ... Map of the boundaries of the United States Courts of Appeals and United States District Courts The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system. ... For other uses, see New Hampshire (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the...


He was defeated for re-election in 1812, but elected in 1814 and 1816, skipped a term, and served from 1819 until his resignation in 1825. Randolph was appointed to the Senate in December, 1825 to fill a vacancy, and served until 1827. Randolph was elected to the Congress in 1826, chairing the Committee on Ways and Means.


Randolph was a member of the Virginia constitutional convention at Richmond in 1829. He was appointed United States Minister to Russia by President Andrew Jackson and served from May to September, 1830, when he resigned for health reasons. Elected again in 1832, he served until his death in Philadelphia on May 24, 1833. He is buried at Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia. He never married. ... For other uses, see Andrew Jackson (disambiguation). ... A view of Hollywood Cemetery and Presidents Circle Hollywood Cemetery is a large, sprawling cemetery in Richmond, Virginia, characterized by rolling hills and winding paths overlooking the James River. ... Nickname: Motto: Sic dic Itur Ad Astra (Thus do we reach the stars) Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor L. Douglas Wilder (I) Area  - City 62. ...

Autographed portrait of John Randolph
Autographed portrait of John Randolph

John Greenleaf Whittier's poem "Randolph of Roanoke," although written after the Virginian had become a symbol of "slave power," capture his strange brilliance: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (539x785, 123 KB)Autographed portrait of John Randolph. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (539x785, 123 KB)Autographed portrait of John Randolph. ... John Greenleaf Whittier (December 17, 1807 – September 7, 1892) was an American Quaker poet and forceful advocate of the abolition of slavery in the United States. ...

Mirth, sparkling like a diamond shower,
From lips of life-long sadness;
Clear picturings of majestic thought
Upon a ground of madness
While others hailed in distant skies
Our eagle's dusky pinion,
He only saw the mountain bird
Stoop o'er his Old Dominion!
All parties feared him; each in turn
Beheld its schemes disjointed,
At right or left his fatal glance
And spectral finger pointed


A modern conservative political group, the John Randolph Club, is named after Randolph. Randolph-Macon College and Randolph-Macon Woman's College also bear his name. The John Randolph Club (JRC) is a paleoconservative social and political organization founded in the 1980s and operated by the Rockford Institute with chapters throughout the United States. ... For the former womens college, see Randolph College. ... Randolph-Macon Womans College is a private, liberal arts college situated in Lynchburg, Virginia. ...


Eccentricity and outsider status

Despite being a Virginia , one of the great orators in the history of Caroline, and House leader, Randolph after five years of leadership became (1803) a permanent outsider and eccentric. He had personal eccentricities as well, which were made worse by his lifelong ill health (he died of tuberculosis), his heavy drinking, and his occasional use of opium. He once fought a duel with Henry Clay, but otherwise kept his bellicosity to the floor of Congress. For his namesake son, see Henry Clay, Jr. ...


In 1819, John Randolph wrote in his will a provision for the freedom of his slaves after his death. Three years later, in 1822, in a codicil to that will, he stipulated that money be provided to transport and settle these freed slaves in some other state (Ohio).{A group of the former "Randolph Slaves" settled in Rumley, {Shelby County, Ohio}.{See List of Ghost Towns in the United States} Shelby County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ...


Religion

Main article: Conversion of John Randolph of Roanoke

Randolph was raised and remained within the Episcopalian Church. While it has been asserted that John Randolph of Roanoke was an Islamic convert to Christianity[1][2] the reliable references about him prove otherwise. ... This article is about the Episcopal Church in the United States. ...


Historians reject assertions that Randolph at any time was a Muslim; the only evidence is one letter in 1818 in which he said that as a youth he rooted for the Muslim side when reading about the Crusades.[2] This is a list of historians. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Letter (disambiguation). ... Year 1818 (MDCCCXVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Youth (disambiguation) Youth is defined by Websters New World Dictionary as, The time of life when one is young; especially: a: the period between childhood and maturity b: the early period of existence, growth, or development. ... rooted The presence of a root kit on a unix computer. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... This article is about the medieval crusades. ...


Quotes

"We all know our duty better than we discharge it."


"I am an aristocrat. I love liberty, I hate equality."


“Time is at once the most valuable, and the most perishable of all our possessions.”


[In reference to the Embargo Act of 1807] "It can be likened to curing corns by cutting off the toes." The Embargo Act was a series of laws passed by the Congress of the United States between the years 1806-1808, during the second term of President Thomas Jefferson. ...


See also

This is an incomplete list of Political appointees in the United States Government whose party was different from that of the President who made the appointment. ...

Works

  • John Randolph. Letters of John Randolph, to a Young Relative, 1834, 254pp.
  • John Randolph. Collected letters of John Randolph of Roanoke to Dr. John Brockenbrough, 1812-1833, edited by Kenneth Shorey; foreword by Russell Kirk, Transaction Books, 1988. ISBN 0-88738-194-4

Russell Kirk Russell Kirk (1918, Plymouth, Michigan – 29 April 1994, Mecosta, Michigan), was an American political theorist, historian, social critic, and man of letters, best known for his influence on 20th century American conservatism. ...

References

  • Henry Adams. John Randolph (1882); New Edition with Primary Documents and Introduction by Robert McColley,1996, ISBN 1-56324-653-8; negative assessment.
  • William Cabell Bruce. John Randolph of Roanoke, 1773-1833; a biography based largely on new material, in 2 volumes, New York, London, G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1922 (2nd revised edition in 1 volume 1939, reprinted New York, Octagon Books, 1970); exhaustive details
  • Robert Dawidoff; The Education of John Randolph, New York, Norton, (1979), ISBN 0-393-01242-5
  • Russell Kirk. Randolph of Roanoke; a study in conservative thought, (1951), 186 pp. Short essay; recent editions include many letters **John Randolph of Roanoke: a study in American politics, with selected speeches and letters, 4th ed., Indianapolis, IN : Liberty Fund, 1997, 588 pp. ISBN 0-86597-150-1; focus on JR's political philosophy
  • Norman K. Risjord; The Old Republicans: Southern Conservatism in the Age of Jefferson (1965) the standard history of the Randolph faction.
  • Tate, Adam L. "Republicanism and Society: John Randolph of Roanoke, Joseph Glover Baldwin, and the Quest for Social Order." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 2003 111(3): 263-298.
  1. ^ Roanoke refers to Roanoke Plantation in Charlotte County, Virginia, not to the city of the same name.
  2. ^ No one who knew him considered him other than a Christian. There is no evidence that he ever owned or read a Qur'an, said daily prayers facing Mecca, or fasted in Ramadan (which are the basic requirements of a convert).Embracing Islam. Retrieved on Jan. 21, 2007

Charlotte County is a county located in the U.S. state — officially, Commonwealth — of Virginia. ... The Colony of Roanoke was the first English colony in the New World, founded at Roanoke Island. ... The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: , literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... This article is about religious observances during the month of Ramadan. ... Religious conversion is the adoption of new religious beliefs that differ from the converts previous beliefs; in some cultures (e. ...

External links

Preceded by
Abraham B. Venable
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 7th congressional district

March 4, 1799March 3, 1803
Succeeded by
Joseph Lewis, Jr.
Preceded by
John Dawson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 15th congressional district

March 4, 1803March 3, 1813
Succeeded by
John Kerr
Preceded by
John W. Eppes
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 16th congressional district

March 4, 1815March 3, 1817
Succeeded by
Archibald Austin
Preceded by
Archibald Austin
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 16th congressional district

March 4, 1819March 3, 1823
Succeeded by
James Stephenson
Preceded by
John Floyd
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 5th congressional district

March 4, 1823December 26, 1825
Succeeded by
George W. Crump
Preceded by
James Barbour
United States Senator (Class 1) from Virginia
December 26, 1825March 3, 1827
Served alongside: Littleton W. Tazewell
Succeeded by
John Tyler
Preceded by
George W. Crump
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 5th congressional district

March 4, 1827March 3, 1829
Succeeded by
Thomas T. Bouldin
Preceded by
Henry Middleton
United States Ambassador to Russia
May 26, 1830September 19, 1830
Succeeded by
James Buchanan
Preceded by
Thomas T. Bouldin
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 5th congressional district

March 4, 1833May 24, 1833
Succeeded by
Thomas T. Bouldin

  Results from FactBites:
 
John Randolph of Roanoke - definition of John Randolph of Roanoke in Encyclopedia (363 words)
He was born in Cawsons, Virginia, known as John Randolph of Roanoke to distinguish him from relatives.
Randolph was elected to the Sixth and to the six succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1799 to March 3, 1813).
Randolph was an unsuccessful candidate for election in 1812 to the Thirteenth Congress.
Encyclopedia: John Randolph of Roanoke (1677 words)
John Randolph of Roanoke, (June 2, 1773 - May 24, 1833) was a Representative and a Senator from Virginia John Randolph, 3rd Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland.
Randolph was appointed to the United States Senate December 8, 1825, to fill the vacancy in the term beginning March 4, 1821, caused by the resignation of James Barbour and served from December 26, 1825, to March 3, 1827.
Randolph was elected to the Twentieth Congress (March 4, 1827-March 3, 1829), and was not a candidate for reelection to the Twenty-first Congress.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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