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Encyclopedia > John Phillip
John Phillip "The Evil Eye" (1859), a self-portrait depicting the artist sketching a Spanish gypsy who thinks she is being given the evil eye

John Phillip (1817-1867) was a Victorian era painter best known for his portrayals of Spanish life. He was nicknamed "Spanish Phillip". John Phillip, The Evil Eye (detail) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... John Phillip, The Evil Eye (detail) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... A Gypsy may be: any member of any nomadic people (the term is allegedly considered derogatory), especially: the Rroma and Sinti, found worldwide but mainly in Europe; and Travellers found mainly in Great Britain, Ireland and the United States. ... John Phillip The Evil Eye (1859), a self-portrait depicting the artist sketching a Spanish gypsy who thinks she is being given the evil eye The evil eye is a widely distributed element of folklore or superstition: a belief that some people, often women seen as witches, can bestow a... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1867 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her Accession to the Throne, June 20, 1837) gave her name to the historic era. ...

Born into a poor family in Aberdeen in Scotland, Phillip's artistic talent was recognised at an early age. His education at the Royal Academy of Arts was paid for by a wealthy patron. While at the academy Phillip became a member of The Clique a group of aspirant arists organised by Richard Dadd. The Clique considered themselves to be followers of Hogarth and Wilkie. Phillip's own career was to follow that of fellow-Scot Wilkie very closely, beginning with carefully detailed paintings depicting the lives of Scottish crofters, and moving on to much more broadly painted scenes of Spanish life influenced by Murillo and Velasquez. Map sources for Aberdeen at grid reference NJ9206 Aberdeen is Scotlands third largest city, with a population of 212,125. ... This article refers to an art institution in London. ... Henry ONeil, The Pre-Raphaelite, a satire on the Pre-Raphaelites painted by ONeil in 1857 The Clique was a group of Victorian artists founded by Richard Dadd. ... Richard Dadd (August 1, 1817 - January 7, 1886) was a Victorian painter of fairy subjects, in obsessively minuscule detail of fairies and other supernatural subjects. ... William Hogarth William Hogarth (November 10, 1697 - October 26, 1764) was a major British painter, engraver, pictorial satirist, and editorial cartoonist who has been credited as a pioneer in western sequential art. ... Sir David Wilkie (November 18, 1785 - June 1, 1841) was a Scottish painter. ... In Scotland a croft is a small parcel of agricultural land that is occupied and farmed by a crofter who pays rent to the landlord who owns the land. ... Murillo Bartolom Est ban Murillo (January 1, 1618 - April 3, 1682) was a Spanish painter from Seville. ... Las Meninas, painted in 1656. ...

Phillip's early works tended to depict pious Scots families, but in 1851, after he was advised to travel to southern Europe for his health he visited Spain. Thereafter he concentrated on Spanish subjects. The first of these, The Letter Writer, Seville indicated the influence of Pre-Raphaelitism, a movement he had previously opposed, along with most other members of The Clique, despite his friendship with Millais, one of its leaders. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was a group of English painters, poets and critics, founded in 1848 by John Everett Millais, Dante Gabriel Rossetti and William Holman Hunt. ... John Everett Millais (June 8, 1829–August 13, 1896) was a painter. ...

In the late 1850s and 1860s Phillip's style became much broader and more painterly, in line with Millais's late work. Phillip's two most important paintings in these years were The Early Career of Murillo (1864) and La Gloria (1865, National Gallery of Scotland). The first depicted the young Murillo drawing his art from Spanish street-life; the second portrayed a Spanish wake for a dead child. Categories: United Kingdom-related stubs | Art museums and galleries in the UK | Edinburgh ...

Phillip married Richard Dadd's sister, but like her brother she became insane. Phillip died of a stroke while visiting William Powell Frith. Phillip's self-portrait, "The Evil Eye", commissioned by his close friend Patrick Allan-Fraser, is in Hospitalfield House in Arbroath along with portraits of other members of The Clique. Detail of a nude by Frith William Powell Frith (January 19, 1819 - November 9, 1909), was an English painter specialising in portraits and Victorian era narratives, who was elected to the Royal Academy in 1852. ... The ruined Arbroath Abbey, built from local red sandstone. ...



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