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Encyclopedia > John Peters Humphrey

John Peters Humphrey (April 30, 1905May 14, 1995) was a Canadian legal scholar, jurist, and human rights advocate. April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining, as the last day in April. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (135th in leap years). ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Aphorism Critical legal studies Jurisprudence Law (principle) Legal research Legal code Natural justice Natural law Philosophy of law Religious law External links Find more information on Law by searching one of Wikipedias sibling projects: Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School of Law The Australian Institute of Comparative... JURIST is an online legal news and research service hosted by the University of Pittsburgh School of Law, edited by Professor Bernard Hibbitts and a staff of more than 20 law students. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ...


He was born in Hampton, New Brunswick, and studied at Rothesay Collegiate School (Now Rothesay Netherwood School), Mount Allison University in Sackville, New Brunswick, and McGill University in Montreal. He practised law from 1929 to 1936, when he joined McGill's Faculty of Law. In 1946, he was appointed as the first Director of the Human Rights Division in the United Nations Secretariat, where he was the principal drafter of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. After consulting with the executive group of the Commission, chaired by Eleanor Roosevelt, Professor Humphrey prepared the first preliminary draft of what was to become the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. On the night of December 10, 1948, the General Assembly unanimously adopted the Declaration, dubbed by Mrs. Roosevelt as "the international Magna Carta of all mankind". The town of Hampton is nestled on the Lower Saint John River System, 30 km northeast of the City of Saint John, Canadas first and New Brunswicks largest city. ... Located in Sackville, New Brunswick, Canada, Mount Allison University is noted for being the first in the entire British Empire to award a baccalaureate to a woman. ... Sackville Waterfowl Park Sackville (45°54′N 64°22′W, AST) is a town in Westmorland County, located in South-Eastern New Brunswick, Canada, only eight km from the Nova Scotia border and 45 km from the regional city of Moncton. ... McGill University (Université McGill), is a publicly funded, research-intensive, non-denominational, co-educational university located in the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... City motto: Concordia Salus (Latin: Well-being through harmony) Province Quebec Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area  - % water 500. ... Aphorism Critical legal studies Jurisprudence Law (principle) Legal research Legal code Natural justice Natural law Philosophy of law Religious law External links Find more information on Law by searching one of Wikipedias sibling projects: Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School of Law The Australian Institute of Comparative... The McGill University Faculty of Law is a Canadian law school, located in Montreal Quebec. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The United Nations Secretariat is one of the principal organs of the United Nations and it is headed by the United Nations Secretary General, assisted by a staff of international civil servants worldwide. ... The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (also UDHR) is a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly (A/RES/217, December 10, 1948), outlining a view on basic human rights. ... Eleanor Roosevelt Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (October 11, 1884 – November 7, 1962) was an American human rights activist, stateswoman, journalist, educator, author, diplomat and as the wife of President of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt, the longest serving First Lady of the United States from 1933-1945. ... The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (also UDHR) is a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly (A/RES/217, December 10, 1948), outlining a view on basic human rights. ... December 10 is the 344th day (345th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... United Nations General Assembly The United Nations General Assembly is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations. ... Magna Carta placed certain checks on the absolute power of the English Monarchs. ...


He remained with the UN for 20 years. During this period he oversaw the implementation of 67 international conventions and the constitutions of dozens of countries. He worked in areas including freedom of the press, status of women, and racial discrimination. In 1988, on the 40th anniversary of the Declaration, the UN Human Rights award was bestowed on Professor Humphrey. International law deals with the relationships between states, or between persons or entities in different states. ... Freedom of the press (or press freedom) is the guarantee by a government of free public speech for its citizens and their associations, extended to members of news gathering organizations, and their published reporting. ... An African-American drinks out of a water fountain marked for colored in 1939 at a street car terminal in Oklahoma City. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United Nations Prizes in the Field of Human Rights were instituted by a General Assembly resolution in 1966. ...


He retired from the UN in 1966 to resume his teaching career at McGill University. He remained active in the promotion of human rights in Canada and internationally until his death at the age of 89. He was a director of the International League for Human Rights; served as a member of the Royal Commission on the Status of Women; part of the team that launched Amnesty International Canada; and, with colleagues from McGill University, was instrumental in creating the Canadian Human Rights Foundation. He took part in a number of international commissions of inquiry, including a mission to the Philippines investigating human rights violations under Ferdinand Marcos. In Japan he represented Korean women forced to act as sex slaves. He also campaigned for reparations for Canadian prisoners of war under Japanese captivity. 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link goes to calendar) // Events January January 1 - In a coup, Colonel Jean-Bédel Bokassa ousts president David Dacko and takes over the Central African Republic. ... Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is an international non-governmental organization with the stated purpose of promoting all the human rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international standards. ... Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (September 11, 1917–September 28, 1989) was the tenth President of the Philippines, serving from 1965 to 1986. ... Sexual slavery is a special case of slavery which includes various different practices: forced prostitution (which can include religious prostitution) single-owner sexual slavery slavery for primarily non-sexual purposes where sex is common or permissible In general, the nature of slavery means that the slave is de facto available... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ...


Among his many honours, Professor Humphrey was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1974, "in recognition of his contributions to legal scholarship and his world-wide reputation in the field of human rights". The Order of Canada is Canadas highest civilian honour, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the Orders Latin motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam, which means, They desire a better country. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ...


In 1963, he put forth the idea of a United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. While the idea was initially received quite positively, it was only after more than thirty years, under Secretary-General Dr. Boutros Boutros-Ghali, that the office became a reality. The purpose of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights involves the promotion and protection of human rights worldwide through direct contact with individual governments and the provision of technical assistance where appropriate. ... The United Nations Secretary-General is the head of the Secretariat, one of the principal divisions of the United Nations. ... Boutros Boutros-Ghali CC (Arabic: بطرس بطرس غالي) (born November 14, 1922) is an Egyptian diplomat and the sixth Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1992 to December 1996. ...


The John Peters Humphrey Model United Nations is held in his honour every May in Fredericton, New Brunswick. For the Canadian federal electoral district of the same name, see Fredericton (electoral district) Fredericton, population 47,560 (greater Fredericton 81,346, both per 2001 census), is the capital of the province of New Brunswick, Canada. ... Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope was restored) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Lieutenant-Governor Herménégilde Chiasson Premier Bernard Lord (PC) Area 72 908 km² (11th) • Land 71 450 km² • Water 1 458 km² (2. ...


Bibliography

  • Humphrey, John P., Human Rights and the United Nations: A Great Adventure (New York: Transnational Publishers, 1984) (autobiography)
  • On the Edge of Greatness, The Diaries of John Humphrey, First Director of the United Nations Division of Human Rights. 4 volumes Edited by A.J. Hobbins and published as Fontanus Monographs 4, 9, 12 and 13. Montreal, McGill-Queen's University Press. 1995-2001. ISBN 0773514589, ISBN 0773514562, ISBN 0773514546, ISBN 0773513833.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Canada World View - Issue 1 - Fall 1998 - Citizen of the world (492 words)
Humphrey was a great Canadian who worked tirelessly to promote and protect freedoms, which many of us take for granted," said John Cripton, Director and CEO of the National Arts Centre (NAC), in Ottawa, during the opening of a 1998 Festival Canada exhibition marking the life and times of this extraordinary Canadian.
Humphrey was appointed Director of the United Nations Division of Human Rights.
Humphrey, academic, humanitarian and international public servant, considered himself both a Canadian nationalist and a citizen of the world, and felt that these two beliefs were not incompatible.
John Peters Humphrey - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (532 words)
John Peters Humphrey (April 30, 1905 – May 14, 1995) was a Canadian legal scholar, jurist, and human rights advocate.
Among his many honours, Professor Humphrey was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1974, "in recognition of his contributions to legal scholarship and his world-wide reputation in the field of human rights".
The John Peters Humphrey Model United Nations is held in his honour every May in Fredricton, New Brunswick.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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