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Encyclopedia > John Peter Richardson II

John Peter Richardson II (April 14, 1801January 24, 1864) was an antebellum Democratic Governor of South Carolina from 1840 to 1842. April 14 is the 104th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (105th in leap years). ... The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Antebellum is a Latin word meaning before the war (ante means before and bellum war). ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... A list of South Carolina Governors. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1670-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32°430N to 35...

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Early life and career

Born on Hickory Hill Plantation in Clarendon County, Richardson was educated at Moses Waddel's School in Willington. He graduated from South Carolina College in 1819 and practiced law upon passing the bar. At the age of 24, Richardson was elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives in 1825 and was known as a Unionist during the Nullification Crisis of the early 1830's. He was elevated to the South Carolina Senate in 1834 and successfully won a seat in Congress as a Jacksonian for the 7th district after the death of Richard Irvine Manning I in 1836. Switching to the 8th district and running as a Democrat, Richardson won reelection to Congress for a full term. Clarendon County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Willington is a census-designated place located in McCormick County, South Carolina. ... An 1872 illustration of the Horseshoe, USCs original campus. ... The South Carolina House of Representatives is the lower house of the South Carolina General Assembly. ... The Nullification Crisis was a sectional crisis during the presidency of Andrew Jackson centered around the question of whether a state can refuse to recognize or to enforce a federal law passed by the United States Congress. ... The South Carolina Senate is the upper house of the South Carolina General Assembly. ... Seal of the House of Representatives The United States House of Representatives (or simply the House) is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress, the other being the Senate. ... Jacksonian democracy refers to the political philosophy of President Andrew Jackson and his followers in the new Democratic Party. ...

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As Governor

By the late 1830's, South Carolina's political leaders grew increasingly anxious about the prospects of the Whigs taking control of the federal government and enacting high tariffs. The only option that they felt available to them was the reconciliation of the factions in South Carolina and to put up a united opposition through the Democratic Party. John C. Calhoun, Robert Rhett and Franklin H. Elmore led the effort to unite the Unionists and the Secessionists and one measure undertaken to reunite the factions was the election of Richardson as Governor of South Carolina in 1840. Nonetheless, extreme secessionists opposed a Unionist being governor and James Henry Hammond entered the gubernatorial race to oppose Richardson. The South Carolina General Assembly followed the lead of Calhoun to end the infighting and Richardson was elected governor. The Whig Party was a political party of the United States during the era of Jacksonian democracy. ... John Caldwell Calhoun (March 18, 1782 – March 31, 1850) was a prominent United States politician from South Carolina during the first half of the 19th century. ... Robert Barnwell Rhett of South Carolina was a lawyer, state legislator, state attorney general (1832), U.S. representative (1837-49), and senator (1850-52). ... Franklin Harper Elmore (October 15, 1799 - May 29, 1850) was a United States Representative and Senator. ... James Henry Hammond (November 15, 1807 – November 13, 1864) was a politician from South Carolina. ... The South Carolina General Assembly, also called the South Carolina Legislature, is the legislative branch of South Carolina and consists of the South Carolina House of Representatives and the South Carolina Senate. ...


Richardson's term as governor was marked by the Bank of South Carolina refusing to adopt new banking regulations and the enactment of the Tariff of 1842 by the federal government. He promoted the establishment of the South Carolina Military Academy in Charleston because he felt that the militia of the state should be well educated and trained. The Tariff of 1842, or Black Tariff as it became known, was a protectionist tariff schedule adopted in the United States to reverse the effects of the Compromise Tariff of 1833. ... The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina, is a state-supported, comprehensive college with 14 academic departments divided into five schools offering 20 majors and 23 minors. ... Nickname: The Holy City, The Palmetto City, Chucktown Motto: Aedes Mores Juraque Curat (She cares for her temples, customs, and rights) Location of Charleston in South Carolina. ...

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Later life

Upon leaving the governorship in 1842, Richardson remained active in politics by participating at the Southern Convention of 1850, the Southern Rights Convention of 1852 and he signed the Ordinance of Secession at the Secession Convention of 1860. He died in Fulton on January 24, 1864 and was buried at the Richardson Cemetery on Hickory Hill Plantation. The Ordinance of Secession was the document drafted and ratified in 1860 and 1861 by the seceding states that officially declared their secession from the United States of America. ... Pinewood is a town located in Sumter County, South Carolina. ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...

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External links

Preceded by:
Barnabas Kelet Henagan
Governor of South Carolina
1840 – 1842
Succeeded by:
James Henry Hammond
Governors of South Carolina South Carolina State Flag
J. RutledgeLowndesJ. RutledgeMathews • Guerard • MoultrieT. PinckneyC. PinckneyMoultrie • Vander Horst • C. PinckneyE. Rutledge • Drayton • J. Richardson • P. HamiltonC. Pinckney • Drayton • Middleton • Alston • D. Williams • A. Pickens • Geddes • Bennett • Wilson • Manning I • Taylor • MillerJ. HamiltonHayneMcDuffieButler • Noble • HenaganRichardson IIHammondAikenJohnsonSeabrookMeansJ. ManningAdamsAllstonGistF. PickensBonhamMagrathPerryOrrScottMosesChamberlainHamptonSimpsonJeterHagoodThompsonSheppardRichardson IIITillmanEvansEllerbeMcSweeneyHeywardAnselBleaseSmithManning IIICooperHarveyMcLeodRichardsBlackwoodJohnstonMaybankHarleyJefferiesJohnstonR. WilliamsThurmondByrnesTimmermanHollingsRussellMcNairWestEdwardsRileyCampbellBeasleyHodgesSanford

 
 

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