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Encyclopedia > John Nance Garner
John N. Garner
John Nance Garner

In office
March 4, 1933 – January 20, 1941
President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Preceded by Charles Curtis
Succeeded by Henry A. Wallace

Born November 22, 1868
Red River County, Texas
Died November 7, 1967 (aged 98)
Uvalde, Texas
Nationality American
Political party Democratic
Spouse Mariette Rheiner Garner

John Nance Garner IV (November 22, 1868November 7, 1967) was a Representative from Texas and the thirty-second Vice President of the United States (1933-41). He was known as Cactus Jack. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (610x838, 367 KB)John Nance Garner by Howard Chandler Christy (1873 - 1952) Oil on canvas, 1937 Sight measurement Height: 45. ... Seal of the office of the Vice-President of the United States The Vice President of the United States is the first in the presidential line of succession, becoming the new President of the United States upon the death, resignation, or removal of the President. ... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... FDR redirects here. ... This article is about the former Vice President of the United States. ... Henry Agard Wallace (October 7, 1888 – November 18, 1965) was the 33rd Vice President of the United States (1941–45), the 11th Secretary of Agriculture (1933–40), and the 10th Secretary of Commerce (1945–46). ... November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Red River County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. ... November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Uvalde is a city located in Uvalde County, Texas. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... Mariette Rheiner Garner (17 July 1869—17 August 1948) was the wife of John Nance Garner, the 32nd Vice-President of the United States, who served from 1933 until 1941. ... November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... The United States House of Representatives (or simply the House) is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate. ... Official language(s) No Official Language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Seal of the office of the Vice-President of the United States The Vice President of the United States is the first in the presidential line of succession, becoming the new President of the United States upon the death, resignation, or removal of the President. ...


Biography

Garner was born near Detroit, Red River County, Texas to John Nance Garner III and his wife, the former Sarah Jane Guest. [1] Garner attended Vanderbilt University for one semester before dropping out and returning home. He eventually studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1890, and began practice in Uvalde, Uvalde County, Texas. He was a judge of Uvalde County from 1893 to 1896. In the 1893 campaign for Uvalde County judge, his primary opponent was Mariette Rheiner, a rancher's daughter; he married her two years later, and they had one child, a son, Tully Charles Garner (1896—1968). Detroit is a town located in Red River County, Texas. ... Red River County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. ... Vanderbilt University is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational research university in Nashville, Tennessee. ... Uvalde is a city located in Uvalde County, Texas. ... Uvalde County is a county located in the state of Texas. ... Mariette Rheiner Garner (17 July 1869—17 August 1948) was the wife of John Nance Garner, the 32nd Vice-President of the United States, who served from 1933 until 1941. ...


Garner was a member of the Texas State House of Representatives from 1898 to 1902. While in the Texas Legislature, a bill came up to select a state flower for Texas. Garner fervently supported the prickly pear cactus for the honor and earned the nickname "Cactus Jack" for his effort. The bluebonnet eventually won out and was chosen as the state flower. The Texas Legislature is the central lawmaking body of the U.S. state of Texas. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article is about the flower Bluebonnet. ...


Garner was elected as a Democrat to the United States House of Representatives in 1902 from a newly created congressional district covering tens of thousands of square miles of rural South Texas. He was elected from the district fourteen subsequent times, serving until 1933. His wife served as his private secretary during this period. The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... The United States House of Representatives (or simply the House) is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate. ...


Garner's hard work and integrity made him a respected leader in the House, and he was chosen to serve as minority floor leader for the Democrats in 1929, and then as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives in 1931. The Minority Leader of the United States House of Representatives serves as floor leader of the opposition party, and is the minority counterpart to the Majority Leader of the United States House of Representatives. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the...


In 1932, Garner ran for the Democratic Presidential nomination, becoming one of New York Governor Franklin Roosevelt's most serious opponents for the nomination. When it became evident that Roosevelt would win the nomination, Garner cut a deal with the front-runner, becoming Roosevelt's Vice Presidential candidate. He was re-elected to the Seventy-third Congress on November 8, 1932, and on the same day was elected Vice President of the United States. He was reelected Vice President in 1936 and served in that office from March 4, 1933 to January 20, 1941. NY redirects here. ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882–April 12, 1945), 32nd President of the United States, the longest-serving holder of the office and the only man to be elected President more than twice, was one of the central figures of 20th century history. ... November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 53 days remaining. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ...

John Nance Garner
John Nance Garner

Garner once described the office of the vice presidency as being "not worth a bucket of warm piss" (at the time reported with the bowdlerization "spit"). Image File history File linksMetadata JohnNanceGarner. ... Image File history File linksMetadata JohnNanceGarner. ... Bowdlerise is a term inspired by Thomas Bowdler. ...


During Roosevelt's second term, the previously warm relationship between Garner and Roosevelt quickly soured, as Garner disagreed sharply with Roosevelt on a wide range of important issues. Garner supported federal intervention to break up the Flint Sit-Down Strike, supported a balanced federal budget, opposed packing the Supreme Court with additional judges, and opposed executive interference with the internal business of the Congress. Sit-down strikers at Fisher Body Plant (1937) The Flint Sit-Down Strike changed the United Automobile Workers from a collection of isolated locals on the fringes of the industry into a major union and led to the unionization of the United States automobile industry. ... The Judiciary Reorganization Bill of 1937, frequently called the Court-packing Bill, was a proposal and signed into law in 1937 by United States President Franklin Roosevelt for power to appoint an extra Supreme Court Justice for every sitting Justice over the age of 70 and six months. ...


During 1938 and 1939, numerous Democratic party leaders urged Garner to run for President in 1940. Garner saw himself as the champion of the traditional Democratic Party establishment, which often clashed with supporters of Roosevelt's New Deal. Gallup polls showed that Garner was the favorite among Democratic voters, presuming that Roosevelt would defer to the longstanding two-term tradition and not run for a third term. The New Deal was the title President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave to the series of programs initiated between 1933–1938 with the goal of relief, recovery and reform of the United States economy during the Great Depression. ...


Though he never declared his candidacy, Roosevelt quietly made it known that he would seek a third term. Even though this decision made it highly unlikely that Garner would win the nomination, he stayed in the race anyway, because he opposed much of what the President stood for, and opposed the idea of anyone having a third term as President.


Roosevelt beat Garner soundly in the Democratic primaries, and won re-nomination at the Democratic National Convention on the first ballot.


Garner stepped down as Vice President in January 1941, ending a 46-year career in public life. He retired to his home in Uvalde for the last 26 years of his life, where he managed his extensive real estate holdings, spent time with his great-grandchildren, and fished. Throughout his retirement, he was consulted by active Democratic politicians, and was especially close to Harry S. Truman. At the time of his death he was the longest lived person to have reached either of the two highest offices in the United States government's executive branch, a record that still stands as of 2007. The John Nance Garner House, located in Uvalde, Texas, USA was the home of American Vice-President John Nance Garner and his wife Ettie from 1920 until Etties death in 1948. ... Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the thirty-third President of the United States (1945–1953); as Vice President, he succeeded to the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. ...


Trivia

  • Garner and Schuyler Colfax are the only two Vice Presidents to have been Speaker of the House of Representatives prior to becoming Vice President. As the Vice President is also the President of the Senate, this means that Garner and Colfax are the only people in history to have served as the presiding officer of both houses of Congress.
  • Garner was once described by Alistair Cooke (in his book Memories of the Great & the Good) to be, historically speaking, the last public man linking "America of the Civil War and America of the Nuclear Age." Cooke was referring to the fact that Garner was born in 1868, the son of a former Confederate cavalry trooper.
  • On Garner's 94th birthday (November 22, 1962), he spoke to President John F. Kennedy over the telephone in regard to the upcoming 1964 Presidential campaign. He vowed to support Kennedy's bid as long as he himself was alive; ironically, Kennedy was assassinated later that day.
  • Garner State Park, located 30 miles north of Uvalde, was named in his honor.
  • Garner died at 98 years and 350 days old, 15 days short of what was to have been his 99th birthday, a record which still stands.
  • In the DC Comics Elseworlds title Superman: War of the Worlds, Garner is elected President of the United States after Roosevelt is killed by the Martians.
  • Garner appears in the game Hearts of Iron II: Doomsday during the scenarios "The Road to War," "The Gathering Storm," and "Blitzkrieg."

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Alistair Cooke KBE (November 20, 1908 – March 30, 2004) was a legendary British-American journalist and broadcaster. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Nuclear proliferation is the spread from nation to nation of nuclear technology, including nuclear power plants but especially nuclear weapons. ... November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), also referred to as John F. Kennedy, JFK, John Kennedy or Jack Kennedy, was the 35th President of the United States. ... Garner State Park is one of most visited state parks in Texas. ... DC Comics is an American comic book company (with related media publishing businesses). ... Elseworlds logo. ...

References

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
John Nance Garner
Preceded by
None, district created.
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 15th congressional district

March 4, 1903March 4, 1933
Succeeded by
Milton H. West
Preceded by
Nicholas Longworth
Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
December 7, 1931March 4, 1933
Succeeded by
Henry T. Rainey
Preceded by
Joseph Taylor Robinson
Democratic Party Vice Presidential candidate
1932 (won), 1936 (won)
Succeeded by
Henry A. Wallace
Preceded by
Charles Curtis
Vice President of the United States
March 4, 1933January 20, 1941

  Results from FactBites:
 
John Nance Garner - definition of John Nance Garner in Encyclopedia (768 words)
John Nance "Cactus Jack" Garner (November 22, 1868–November 7, 1967) was a Representative from Texas and the thirty-second Vice President of the United States.
Garner was elected as a Democrat to the United States House of Representatives in 1902 from a newly created congressional district covering tens of thousands of square miles of rural South Texas.
Garner's hard work and integrity made him a respected leader in the House, and he was chosen to serve as minority floor leader for the Democrats in 1929, and then as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives in 1931.
John Nance Garner - dKosopedia (494 words)
John Nance Garner (1868-1967) was a Representatives from Texas and the thirty-second Vice President of the United States.
Garner became the unofficial leader of a new coalition of Southern Democrats, Conservative Democrats and Republicans who hoped to impede what they saw as the undemocratic and impractically perverse excesses of FDR and the New Deal.
Garner scored only 69 delegates at the convention and was replaced on the ticket by Henry A. Wallace, an ardent New Deal Democrat.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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