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Encyclopedia > John Mellencamp
John Mellencamp

John Mellencamp at Fort Sam Houston, Texas on January 30, 2007
Background information
Also known as Johnny Cougar,
John Cougar,
John Cougar Mellencamp
Born October 7, 1951 (1951-10-07) (age 56)
Seymour, Indiana, U.S.
Genre(s) Rock, roots rock, heartland rock
Occupation(s) Musician
Instrument(s) Vocals, guitar, harmonica
Years active 1976-Present
Label(s) MCA, Riva, Mercury, Columbia, Island, Universal Republic Records
Associated acts Crepe Soul
Website JohnMellencamp.com

John Mellencamp, also known as John Cougar and John Cougar Mellencamp, (born October 7, 1951) is a Grammy-winning American rock singer-songwriter and occasional actor. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Seymour is a city in Jackson County, Indiana, United States. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the genre. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... In the late 1970s and 1980s, one of the most popular forms of rock and roll was heartland rock. ... “Instrumentalist” redirects here. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... For other uses, see Singer (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... A harmonica is a free reed wind instrument. ... In the music industry, a record label is a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... MCA Records was an American-based record company owned by MCA Inc. ... Riva Records was a record label founded the UK in 1975 by Billy Gaff, manager of Rod Stewart. ... Mercury Records is a record label currently headquartered in the UK, and is a subsidiary of Universal Music Group. ... Republic Records logo. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... This article is about the genre. ... The term singer-songwriter refers to performers who both write and sing their own material. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ...


John Mellencamp was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on March 10, 2008.[1] The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at sunset. ...

Contents

Early life

Mellencamp eloped with his pregnant girlfriend at the age of 17 and had his first child (Michelle) just six months after graduating from high school in 1970. In 1974 he graduated from Vincennes University, a two-year college in Vincennes, Indiana, and took a job at a phone company in his hometown of Seymour, Indiana before deciding to go to New York in an attempt to land a record deal, which he finally managed to do in late 1975. Vincennes University (VU) is a public university in Vincennes, Indiana in the United States. ...


The John Cougar years

After about 18 months of traveling back and forth from Indiana to New York City, Mellencamp finally found someone receptive to his music and image in Tony DeFries of MainMan Management (at the time well-known for representing David Bowie, one of Mellencamp's musical idols). DeFries insisted that Mellencamp's first album, Chestnut Street Incident, a collection of covers and derivative originals (Mellencamp had written just a handful of songs prior to landing a record deal and was still very raw), be released under the stage name Johnny Cougar, a move Mellencamp claims was made without his knowledge and against his will. The album was a total failure, selling just 12,000 copies -- mostly in Indiana. David Bowie (pronounced ) (born David Robert Jones on 8 January 1947) is an English singer, songwriter, actor, multi-instrumentalist, bandleader, producer, arranger, and audio engineer. ... Chestnut Street Incident is the debut album for Johnny Cougar, later known as John Cougar Mellencamp, released in 1976 (see 1976 in music). ... // In popular music, a cover version, or simply cover, is a new rendition (performance or recording) of a previously recorded song. ... A stage name, also called a screen name, is a pseudonym used by performers and entertainers such as actors, comedians, musicians, djs, clowns, and professional wrestlers. ...


Mellencamp recorded The Kid Inside in 1977, the follow-up to Chestnut Street Incident, but DeFries eventually decided against releasing the album and Mellencamp was dropped from MCA records. In 1982, after Mellencamp broke through to stardom with his hugely-successful American Fool album, DeFries finally released The Kid Inside in an attempt to cash in on the singer's newfound success. "If he'd have been smart about it, he'd have worked with us because I've got other records that never came out in America," Mellencamp told Creem magazine in 1984. "We could've put together a compilation. But it was the way he did it. He released it right on the tail of American Fool, and it confused a lot of people." The Kid Inside is a rock album by John Mellencamp, who, at the time of the albums release, was going by the stage name John Cougar. ... American Fool is an album by John Cougar, now known by his real name of John Mellencamp, released in 1982 (see 1982 in music). ... The Kid Inside is a rock album by John Mellencamp, who, at the time of the albums release, was going by the stage name John Cougar. ... American Fool is an album by John Cougar, now known by his real name of John Mellencamp, released in 1982 (see 1982 in music). ...


Mellencamp hooked up with Rod Stewart's manager Billy Gaff after parting ways with DeFries and was signed to the tiny Riva Records label. At Gaff's request, Mellencamp moved to London, England for nearly a year to record, promote and tour behind 1978's A Biography. The record wasn't released in the United States, but yielded a No. 1 hit in Australia with "I Need a Lover." Riva Records added "I Need a Lover" to Mellencamp's next album, 1979's John Cougar (which did see domestic release); and it became a #28 single in the United States in late 1979. Rocker Pat Benatar recorded "I Need a Lover" on her debut album In the Heat of the Night, and her version garnered a good deal of FM radio airplay even though it was not issued as a single in the United States. Rod Stewart CBE (born January 10, 1945), is a singer and songwriter born and raised in London, England, with Scottish parentage. ... Riva Records was a record label founded the UK in 1975 by Billy Gaff, manager of Rod Stewart. ... London — containing the City of London — is the capital of the United Kingdom and of England and a major world city. With over seven million inhabitants (Londoners) in Greater London area, it is amongst the most densely populated areas in Western Europe. ... A Biography is John Mellencamps third album, and the final album credited to Johnny Cougar. ... John Cougar is the fourth album by John Cougar. ... Pat Benatar (born Patricia Mae Andrzejewski on January 10, 1953) is an influential four-time Grammy Award-winning American rock singer with many million and multi-million selling records worldwide. ... In the Heat of the Night is the debut album of Pat Benatar, released in 1979. ...


In 1980, Mellencamp returned with the Steve Cropper-produced Nothin' Matters And What If It Did, which yielded two Top 40 singles — "This Time" (#27) and "Ain't Even Done With The Night" (#17) — and showed continued improvement in both his songwriting and singing. However, Mellencamp wasn't particularly fond of the album, or its two hit singles. Steve The Colonel Cropper (born October 21, 1941) is an American guitarist, songwriter, producer, and soul musician. ... Nothin Matters And What If It Did is John Cougars fifth album. ...


"The singles were stupid little pop songs," he told Record Magazine in 1983. "I take no credit for that record. It wasn't like the title was made up – it wasn't supposed to be punky or cocky like some people thought. Toward the end, I didn't even go to the studio. Me and the guys in the band thought we were finished, anyway. It was the most expensive record I ever made. It cost $280,000, do you believe that? The worst thing was that I could have gone on making records like that for hundreds of years. Hell, as long as you sell a few records and the record company isn't putting lot of money into promotion, you're making money for 'em and that's all they care about. PolyGram loved Nothin' Matters. They thought I was going to turn into the next Neil Diamond." Neil Leslie Diamond (born January 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter and occasional actor. ...


In 1982, Mellencamp released his breakthrough album, American Fool (see 1982 in music). The album had a rootsy, garage-rock vibe and spawned the hit singles "Hurts So Good," which spent four weeks at #2, and "Jack and Diane," which parked itself at #1 for four weeks. Those mega-hits sent American Fool to the top of the charts and made it the best-selling album of 1982. A third single, "Hand To Hold On To," made it to #19 and was a staple in his concerts throughout the 1980s. Additionally, "Hurts So Good" spent 16 weeks in the Top Ten (more than any other single in the 1980s); and "Jack and Diane" is, to date, Mellencamp's only single to ever top the Billboard Hot 100. "Hurts So Good" went on to win the Grammy Award for Best Male Rock Vocal Performance at the 25th Grammys. Despite the fact that American Fool made Mellencamp a superstar, he doesn't consider it anywhere close to a masterpiece. American Fool is an album by John Cougar, now known by his real name of John Mellencamp, released in 1982 (see 1982 in music). ... See also: 1982 in music (UK) Musical groups established in 1982 Record labels established in 1982 list of years in music // January 15 - K.C. and the Sunshine Bands Harry Wayne Casey is seriously injured in an automobile accident in Miami, Florida. ... Hurts So Good was a number two hit in 1982 for John Mellencamp, who was known at the time as John Cougar. ... Jack and Diane is a 1982 hit song written and performed by American singer-songwriter, John Cougar. ... American Fool is an album by John Cougar, now known by his real name of John Mellencamp, released in 1982 (see 1982 in music). ... Hurts So Good was a number two hit in 1982 for John Mellencamp, who was known at the time as John Cougar. ... Hurts So Good was a number two hit in 1982 for John Mellencamp, who was known at the time as John Cougar. ... The Grammy Award for Best Male Rock Vocal Performance has been awarded since 1980. ... Grammy Award The Grammy Awards (originally called the Gramophone Awards), presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music... American Fool is an album by John Cougar, now known by his real name of John Mellencamp, released in 1982 (see 1982 in music). ...


"To be real honest, there's three good songs on that record, and the rest is just sort of filler," Mellencamp told Creem magazine in 1984. "It was too labored over, too thought about, and it wasn't organic enough. The record company thought it would bomb, but I think the reason it took off was – not that the songs were better than my others – but people liked the sound of it, the 'bam-bam-bam' drums. It was a different sound."


The John Cougar Mellencamp years

Now with enough commercial success under his belt to give him some clout, Mellencamp forced the record company to add his real surname to his stage moniker for his 1983 follow-up, Uh-Huh, which came out under the name John Cougar Mellencamp and was another top-10 hit that spawned the hit singles "Pink Houses," "Crumblin' Down" (both of which made the top 10) and "Authority Song," which he called "our new version of 'I Fought The Law'." During the recording of Uh-Huh, Mellencamp's backing band settled on the lineup it would retain for the next several albums: Kenny Aronoff on drums and percussion, Larry Crane and Mike Wanchic on guitars, Toby Myers on bass and John Cascella on keyboards. On the 1984 Uh-Huh Tour, Mellencamp opened his shows with cover versions of songs he loved growing up, such as Elvis Presley's "Heartbreak Hotel," the Lovin' Spoonful's "Don't Let Me Be Misunderstood," Lee Dorsey's "Ya Ya, and the Left Banke's "Pretty Ballerina." Uh-Huh is an album by John Cougar Mellencamp, released in 1983 (see 1983 in music). ... Uh-Huh is an album by John Cougar Mellencamp, released in 1983 (see 1983 in music). ... Kenny Aronoff (born March 7, 1953) is an American drummer who is a noted session musician and has played with a wide array of rock bands. ... Elvis redirects here. ... John Sebastian (born March 17, 1944) is an American songwriter and harmonica player. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Left Banke group photo The Left Banke was an American 1960s pop-music group which produced two hit singles, Walk Away Renee and Pretty Ballerina. Often utilizing so-called baroque string arrangements, the bands music is best viewed as an imaginative response to the work of The Beatles, The...


In 1985 Mellencamp released Scarecrow -- now considered a classic American rock album. The album's lyrics were socially aware, with songs focusing on the plight of the American family farmer, small-town life, and the state of the nation. Shortly after finishing Scarecrow, Shortly after finishing Scarecrow, Mellencamp helped organize the first Farm Aid benefit concert with Willie Nelson and Neil Young. The Farm Aid concerts still take place annually to this day to raise money for struggling family farmers. Scarecrow is a rock album released by John Mellencamp in November 1985. ... The family farm is a farm owned and operated by a family. ... Scarecrow is a rock album released by John Mellencamp in November 1985. ... Scarecrow is a rock album released by John Mellencamp in November 1985. ... Farm Aid started as a benefit concert on September 22, 1985, in Champaign, Illinois, held to raise money for family farmers in the United States. ... Willie Hugh Nelson (born April 29, 1933) is an American singer-songwriter and actor. ... This article is about the musician. ... Farm Aid started as a benefit concert on September 22, 1985, in Champaign, Illinois, held to raise money for family farmers in the United States. ...


Scarecrow was an enormous success, peaking at No. 2 in the fall of '85 and spawning five Top 40 singles. "Lonely Ol' Night," "Small Town," and "R.O.C.K. in the U.S.A." all became Top 10 hits, and "Rain On The Scarecrow" and "Rumble Seat" cracked the Top 40 and garnered considerable play on album-rock stations. Scarecrow was also the first album Mellencamp recorded at his own recording studio, located in Belmont, Indiana. Since Belmont is an incredibly small municipality with little more than a gas station, Mellencamp dubbed the studio Belmont Mall as a joke since there's nothing resembling a large shopping mall there. He has recorded every album since Scarecrow in the studio, which was finished being built in 1984. Scarecrow is a rock album released by John Mellencamp in November 1985. ... A street in Ynysybwl, Wales, relatively stereotypical of a small town A town is usually an urban area which is not considered to rank as a city. ... Scarecrow is a rock album released by John Mellencamp in November 1985. ...


Before recording Scarecrow, Mellencamp forced his band to learn numerous vintage rock, R&B, and soul songs inside and out so that they could put some of grit and knowledge they derived from those classics into his own songs. He articulated in a 1986 interview with Creem magazine just how his band learning those songs help shape the sound of Scarecrow, citing the track "Face of the Nation" as an example.


"Learning those songs did a lot of positive things. We realized more than ever what a big melting pot of all different types of music the '60s were. Take an old Rascals song for example – there's everything from marching band beats to soul music to country sounds in one song. Learning those opened the band's vision to try new things on my songs. It wasn't let's go back and try to make this part fit into my song, but I wanted to capture the same feeling – the way those songs used to make you feel. After a while, we didn't even have to talk about it anymore. If you listen to the lead Larry (Crane) plays on 'Face The Nation', he never would have played that 'cause he didn't really know who the Animals were. He's young, and he grew up on Grand Funk Railroad. You hear it, and it's like 'where did that come from?' It had to be from hearing those old records." Grand Funk Railroad is an American rock band. ...


Prior to the 1985-86 Scarecrow Tour, during which he covered a bunch of 1960s rock and soul songs, Mellencamp added fiddle player Lisa Germano to his band to accent and deepen his overall sound. Germano would remain in Mellencamp's band until 1994, when she left to pursue a solo career. Lisa Germano, promotional shoot for Happiness (1994). ...


Germano played a big role in Mellencamp's next LP, 1987's The Lonesome Jubilee, which was departure from his earlier material as it incorporated country and folk influences. It generated several more hit singles, "Paper in Fire," "Cherry Bomb," and "Check It Out," along with hit album tracks like "Hard Times For An Honest Man" and "The Real Life," and was considered one of the finest albums of the 1980s. John Mellencamp The Lonesome Jubilee Label: Mercury Year: 1987 Paper In Fire Down And Out In Paradise Check It Out The Real Life Cherry Bomb We Are The People Empty Hands Hard Times For An Honest Man Hotdogs And Hamburgers Rooty Toot Toot Source:http://www. ... Country music is a blend of popular musical forms originally found in the Southern United States and the Appalachian Mountains. ... Folk song redirects here. ...


"We were on the road for a long time after Scarecrow, so we were together a lot as a band," Mellencamp said in a 1987 Creem magazine feature. "For the first time ever, we talked about the record before we started. We had a very distinct vision of what should be happening here. At one point, The Lonesome Jubilee was supposed to be a double album, but at least 10 of the songs I'd written just didn't stick together with the idea and the sound we had in mind. So I just put those songs on a shelf, and cut it back down to a single record. Now, in the past, it was always 'Let's make it up as we go along' – and we did make some of The Lonesome Jubilee up as we went along. But we had a very clear idea of what we wanted it to sound like, even before it was written, right through to the day it was mastered." Scarecrow is a rock album released by John Mellencamp in November 1985. ... John Mellencamp The Lonesome Jubilee Label: Mercury Year: 1987 Paper In Fire Down And Out In Paradise Check It Out The Real Life Cherry Bomb We Are The People Empty Hands Hard Times For An Honest Man Hotdogs And Hamburgers Rooty Toot Toot Source:http://www. ... John Mellencamp The Lonesome Jubilee Label: Mercury Year: 1987 Paper In Fire Down And Out In Paradise Check It Out The Real Life Cherry Bomb We Are The People Empty Hands Hard Times For An Honest Man Hotdogs And Hamburgers Rooty Toot Toot Source:http://www. ...


During the 1987-88 Lonesome Jubilee Tour, Mellencamp was joined onstage by surprise guest Bruce Springsteen at the end of his May 26, 1988 gig in Irvine, California for a rousing duet of the Bob Dylan classic "Like a Rolling Stone," which Mellencamp performed as the penultimate song during each show on that tour. Springsteen redirects here. ... This article is about the recording artist. ...


Mellencamp went through an acrimonious divorce to his second wife, Vicki, after the Lonesome Jubilee Tour and entered a somewhat dark period in his life, although he was never one to drink or take drugs. Those who have been with Mellencamp since the beginning of his career say they've never seen him touch a drug or drink a drop of alcohol. "John is a complete teetotaller and always has been," Mike Wanchic, who has been Mellencamp's rhythm guitar player since 1976, told NUVO.net in 2002. "Never seen him take a drink of alcohol, never seen him do a drug in his entire life. Not since day one." Mellencamp's only vice is his four-pack-a-day cigarette habit (his 1994 heart attack forced him to cut down to about one pack a day).


In 1989, Mellencamp returned with Big Daddy, which was a quieter, mostly acoustic venture filled with introspective songs that reflected his mood at the time. As a result, Big Daddy was a bit on the somber side but still contained standout tunes like "Jackie Brown," "Big Daddy of Them All" and "Void in My Heart," along with the top 15 single "Pop Singer." The album is also noteworthy for being the last to contain both the "Cougar" moniker and the innovative, fiddle-based Appalachian sound he first tried with The Lonesome Jubilee. Mellencamp was heavily involved in painting at this time in his life, and decided not to tour behind Big Daddy so that he could fully explore his newfound passion. It would be two years before the world would hear from Mellencamp again. Big Daddy is the tenth studio album by John Mellencamp. ... Big Daddy is the tenth studio album by John Mellencamp. ... John Mellencamp The Lonesome Jubilee Label: Mercury Year: 1987 Paper In Fire Down And Out In Paradise Check It Out The Real Life Cherry Bomb We Are The People Empty Hands Hard Times For An Honest Man Hotdogs And Hamburgers Rooty Toot Toot Source:http://www. ... Big Daddy is the tenth studio album by John Mellencamp. ...


John Mellencamp years

Mellencamp's 1991 album, the hard-rocking Whenever We Wanted, was the first whose cover was billed to just John Mellencamp. It yielded the Top 40 hits "Get A Leg Up" and "Again Tonight," along with the mainstream rock hits "Love and Happiness" and "Now More Than Ever." "It's very rock 'n' roll," Mellencamp said of Whenever We Wanted. "I just wanted to get back to the basics." Whenever We Wanted is John Mellencamps eleventh album, and the first to be credited simply to Mellencamps given name. ... Whenever We Wanted is John Mellencamps eleventh album, and the first to be credited simply to Mellencamps given name. ...


In 1993, he released Human Wheels, one of his most critically-acclaimed albums, although the title track only peaked at #48 on the Billboard singles charts, a fact that Mellencamp directly attributes to his label's refusal to spend another $30,000 on promotion for the song. Still, Human Wheels has widely been regarded as one of his strongest works. Human Wheels is a rock album released by John Mellencamp in 1993. ... Human Wheels is a rock album released by John Mellencamp in 1993. ...


"To me, this record is very urban," Mellencamp told Billboard magazine of Human Wheels in the summer of '93. "We had a lot of discussions about the rhythm and blues music of the day. We explored what a lot of these (current) bands are doing -- these young black bands that are doing more than just sampling." Human Wheels is a rock album released by John Mellencamp in 1993. ...


Mellencamp returned to the upper reaches of the charts in 1994, when his quickly-recorded Dance Naked album yielded his biggest hit since "R.O.C.K in the USA" in 1986 with a cover of Van Morrison's "Wild Night" as a duet with Me'Shell NdegeOcello. The stripped-down Dance Naked also contained two protest songs in "L.U.V." and "Another Sunny Day 12/25," in addition to the title track, which hit # 41 on the Billboard Hot 100 in the summer of '94. Dance Naked is a rock album by John Mellencamp released in 1994. ... George Ivan Morrison OBE (generally known as Van Morrison) (born August 31, 1945) is a Grammy Award-winning Irish singer, songwriter, author, poet and multi-instrumentalist, who has been a professional musician since the late 1950s. ... Wild Night is a song by Van Morrison from his 1971 album Tupelo Honey. ... Meshell Ndegeocello (born Michelle Lynn Johnson on August 29, 1968 in Berlin, Germany) is an American singer, rapper, bassist, and multi-instrumentalist. ... Dance Naked is a rock album by John Mellencamp released in 1994. ...


"This is as naked a rock record as you're going to hear," Mellencamp said of Dance Naked in a 1994 Billboard magazine article. "All the vocals are first or second takes, and half the songs don't even have bass parts. Others have just one guitar, bass, and drums, which I haven't done since 'American Fool.' 'Hurts So Good' had one guitar, bass, and drums, and I think one tambourine." Dance Naked is a rock album by John Mellencamp released in 1994. ...


Mellencamp launched his Dance Naked Tour in the summer of '94, but a minor heart attack suffered after a show at Jones Beach in New York on Aug. 8th of that year forced him to cancel the last few weeks of the tour (he wound up playing through Sept. 2 before seeing a doctor and being diagnosed as having suffered a heart attack. All dates after Sept. 2 were canceled). Mellencamp blamed his four-pack-a-day cigarette habit and poor diet on his minor myocardial infarction.


"It's nobody else's fault," he told Rolling Stone magazine in late 1994. "It's my fault. I'm a smoking machine. Hell, sometimes I wake up 10, 15 times a night to smoke a cigarette. The moral of my story is that 80 cigarettes a day and a cholesterol level of 300 is like a loaded gun."


Mellencamp cut down his cigarette intake considerably and changed his diet overnight, helping him regain his health. He returned to the concert stage in early 1995 by playing a series of dates in small Midwestern clubs under the pseudonym Pearl Doggie. Back by the core of his band, Mellencamp featured a cover-heavy set and these rare shows that included songs such as the Stooges' "No Fun," John Lennon's "Cold Turkey," Bob Dylan's "All Along the Watchtower," Neil Young's "Down by the River," the Rolling Stones' "You Can't Always Get What You Want," Van Morrison's "Gloria," Count Five's "Psychotic Reaction," and Arlo Guthrie's "Coming Into Los Angeles," along with a handful of his own hits. Not to be confused with The Three Stooges. ... John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ... This article is about the recording artist. ... This article is about the musician. ... This article is about the rock band. ... George Ivan Morrison OBE (generally known as Van Morrison) (born August 31, 1945) is a Grammy Award-winning Irish singer, songwriter, author, poet and multi-instrumentalist, who has been a professional musician since the late 1950s. ... The Count Five were a garage rock outfit from San José, California. ... Arlo Davy Guthrie (born July 10, 1947) is an American folk singer. ...


Mellencamp began working in earnest on his next album in 1995 after the Pearl Doggie shows, and the record came out in September 1996 under the title Mr. Happy Go Lucky -- a critically-acclaimed album that saw him feature strains of dance music (thanks to production by renowned dance producer Junior Vasquez) into his heartland rock sound. Mr. ... Junior Vasquez is a famous New York club DJ and remixer/producer. ...


"It's been fascinating to me how urban records use rhythm and electronics, and it's terribly challenging to make that work in the context of a rock band," Mellencamp told Billboard magazine in 1996. "But we took it further than an urban record. The arrangements are more ambitious, with programs and loops going right along with real drums and guitars."


Mr. Happy Go Lucky spawned the No. 14 single "Key West Intermezzo (I Saw You First)" -- Mellencamp's last Top 40 hit -- and the exuberant "Just Another Day," which peaked at No. 46. Mellencamp left Mercury records after Mr. Happy Go Lucky and signed a four-album deal with Columbia Records (he wound up making only three albums for the label). Mr. ... Mr. ...


Issued a day before his 47th birthday in 1998, his self-titled debut for Columbia Records included the singles "Your Life is Now" and "I'm Not Running Anymore," along with album tracks such as "Eden Is Burning," "Miss Missy," "It All Comes True" and "Chance Meeting At The Tarantula." The switch in labels coincided with Dane Clark replacing Aronoff on drums.


Issued a day before his 47th birthday in 1998, his self-titled debut for Columbia Records included the singles "Your Life is Now" and "I'm Not Running Anymore," along with album tracks such as "Eden Is Burning," "Miss Missy," "It All Comes True" and "Chance Meeting At The Tarantula." The switch in labels coincided with Dane Clark replacing Aronoff on drums. Columbia Records is the oldest brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888, and was the first record company to produce pre-recorded records as opposed to blank cylinders. ...


In 1999 Mellencamp covered his own songs as well as those by Bob Dylan and the Drifters for his album Rough Harvest (recorded in 1997), one of two albums he owed Mercury Records to fulfill his contract (the other was The Best That I Could Do, a best-of collection). This article is about the recording artist. ... The Drifters are a long-lived American doo wop/R&B vocal group, originally formed by Clyde McPhatter (of Billy Ward & the Dominoes) in 1953. ...

John Mellencamp during a September 2000 free outdoor concert at Indiana University in Bloomington, Indiana
John Mellencamp during a September 2000 free outdoor concert at Indiana University in Bloomington, Indiana

The early 21st century found Mellencamp teaming up with artists such as Chuck D and India.Arie to deliver Cuttin' Heads, which spawned the radio hit "Peaceful World" -- a duet with Arie (a live acoustic version of the tune sung solo by Mellencamp was included on the benefit album God Bless America). Cuttin' Heads also included a duet with Trisha Yearwood on the harmony-drenched love song "Deep Blue Heart." Mellencamp embarked on the Cuttin' Heads Tour in the summer of 2001, before the album was even released. He opened each show on this tour with a cover of the Rolling Stones' "Gimme Shelter" and also played a solo acoustic version of the humorous Cuttin' Heads track "Women Seem" at each show. Image File history File links Mellencamp_sept2000. ... Image File history File links Mellencamp_sept2000. ... Indiana University is the principal campus of the Indiana University system. ... Location in the state of Indiana Coordinates: County Monroe Mayor Mark Kruzan Area    - City 51. ... Carlton Douglas Ridenhour (born August 1, 1960), better known by his stage name Chuck D, is an American rapper, composer, actor, author, radio personality and producer. ... India. ... This biographical article or section needs additional references for verification. ... This article is about the rock band. ... Audio sample Info (help· info) This article is about The Rolling Stones song. ...


In 2003, he released Trouble No More, a quickly-recorded collection of folk and blues covers by artists such as Robert Johnson, Son House, and Lucinda Williams. The album was also dedicated to Mellencamp's friend, Billboard magazine editor-in-chief Timothy White, who died from a heart attack in 2002. In October 2002, Mellencamp performed the Robert Johnson song "Stones In My Passway" at two benefit concerts for White. Columbia Records executives were at the shows and were so taken with Mellencamp's performance of this classic blues tune, that they persuaded him to record an album of vintage American songs. Ironically enough, Mellencamp sang the classic gospel song "Will The Circle Be Unbroken" at White's funeral on July 2, 2002. Folk song redirects here. ... Blues music redirects here. ... Robert Leroy Johnson (May 8, 1911 – August 16, 1938) is among the most famous Delta Blues musicians and arguably the most influential. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other persons named Lucinda Williams, see Lucinda Williams (disambiguation). ... Timothy White (January 25, 1952 - June 27, 2002) was a noted rock music journalist and editor. ... Gospel, from the Old English good tidings is a calque of Greek () used in the New Testament (see Etymology below). ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


Mellencamp participated in the Vote for Change tour in October 2004 leading up to the 2004 U.S. Presidential election. That same month he released the two-disc career hits retrospective Words and Music, which contained 35 of his radio singles (including all 22 of his Top 40 hits) along with two new tunes, the socially conscious, R&B-tinged single "Walk Tall" along with "Thank You" -- both produced by Babyface but written by Mellencamp. Throughout 2003 and early 2004, Mellencamp's music was frequently heard at campaign rallies for then-presidential candidate John Edwards. The two most frequently heard songs were "Your Life Is Now" and "Small Town," which was Edwards' official campaign song. Mellencamp was also a contributor to Edwards' campaign, contributing $2,000 to his effort in December 2003. Edwards was in the presidential race again in 2007, and during Mellencamp's November 9, 2007 concert in Des Moines, Iowa he joined the rock star onstage in the middle of a solo acoustic rendition of "Small Town." Concept Vote for Change was a politically motivated American popular music concert tour that took place in October 2004. ... October 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December See also: October 2004 in sports Events Deaths in October • 29 HRH Princess Alice • 25 John Peel • 24 James Cardinal Hickey • 23 Robert Merrill • 19 Paul Nitze • 18 K. M. Veerappan • 16 Pierre Salinger • 10 Christopher... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... Walk Tall is a John Mellancamp song which protests the Bush administrations policies. ... Kenneth Babyface Edmonds (born April 10, 1958 in Indianapolis, Indiana) is an R&B and pop singer, songwriter, keyboardist, record producer, film producer, and entreprenuer. ... This article is about the American attorney and politician. ... December 2003: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December - → Events December 31, 2003 In Taiwan, President Chen Shui-bian signs a law that allows referendums to be held. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... “Des Moines” redirects here. ...


In 2005 Mellencamp got the opportunity to tour with two of his idols -- Donovan and John Fogerty. The first leg of what was called the Words and Music Tour in the spring of '05 featured Donovan playing in the middle of Mellencamp's set instead of serving as a traditional opening act. Mellencamp would play a handful of songs before introducing Donovan and then duetting with him on the 1966 classic "Sunshine Superman" (Mellencamp has cited the album Sunshine Superman as one of his all-time favorite records). Mellencamp would leave the stage as Donovan played seven or eight of his songs (backed by Mellencamp's band), and then returned to finish off his own set after Donovan departed. On the second leg of the tour in the summer of '05, Fogerty co-headlined with Mellencamp at outdoor amphitheaters across the United States. Fogerty played a full set of his own and after a brief intermission, Mellencamp took the stage for his own full set, during which Fogerty would join him for front-porch style duets on the Creedence Clearwater Revival classic "Green River," and Mellencamp's own "Rain on the Scarecrow." During this tour Mellencamp featured a greatest-hits set and dusted off two of his seminal hits for the first time in many years. "I Need A Lover" was played live for the first time since the 1994 Dance Naked Tour, while the 1981 hit "Ain't Even Done With The Night" was in his setlists for the first time since the Scarecrow Tour two decades earlier. For other uses, see Donovan (disambiguation). ... This article is about the musician. ... For other uses, see Donovan (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Donovan (disambiguation). ... Sunshine Superman is the title of a 1965 song written and recorded by British popular musician Donovan; it is also became title track of his 1966 album of the same name. ... For other uses, see Donovan (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Donovan (disambiguation). ... Creedence Clearwater Revival (commonly referred to by its initials CCR or simply as Creedence) was an American rock band, which consisted of John Fogerty (vocals, guitar, harmonica, piano), Tom Fogerty (guitar, vocals, piano), Stu Cook (bass guitar, vocals), and Doug Clifford (drums, percussion, vocals). ...


Mellencamp released the critically acclaimed Freedom's Road on January 23, 2007. "Our Country," the first single from the album, hit radio in the fall of 2006. The song was played as the opening song on Mellencamp's 2006 spring tour, and the band that opened for him on that tour, Little Big Town, was called on to record harmonies on the studio version of "Our Country," as well as seven other songs on Freedom's Road. "Our Country" began being featured in Chevy Silverado TV commercials in late September of 2006, mostly during football games and big-time sporting events on major American televisions networks. Mellencamp hoped that including the song in the ads would bring it in front of a mass audience, since aging rockers such as himself get little, if any, radio airplay on their new material. Freedoms Road is a 2007 album by John Mellencamp. ... Little Big Town is an American country music vocal group. ... Freedoms Road is a 2007 album by John Mellencamp. ...


Mellencamp shot the music video for "Our Country" in Savannah, Georgia on September 17-18, 2006. He also sang the song to open Game 2 of the 2006 World Series. "Our Country" was nominated for a 2008 Grammy Award in the category Best Solo Rock Vocal Performance but lost out to Bruce Springsteen's "Radio Nowhere." A music video is a short film or video that accompanies a complete piece of music, most commonly a song. ... Savannah redirects here. ... Dates October 21, 2006–October 27, 2006 MVP David Eckstein Television network FOX Announcers Joe Buck and Tim McCarver[1] Umpires Randy Marsh, Alfonso Márquez, Wally Bell, Mike Winters, John Hirschbeck, Tim McClelland The 2006 World Series, the 102nd edition of Major League Baseballs championship series, began on... Springsteen redirects here. ...


Mellencamp wrote and produced all 10 songs on Freedom's Road, and the record peaked at No. 5 on the Billboard 200 album chart by selling 56,000 copies in its first week on the market, marking his highest charting release since Scarecrow went to No. 2 in the fall of '85. Notable tunes on Freedom's Road include "Jim Crow" -- a duet with folk icon Joan Baez and another song about racism -- the harmony-soaked "Forgiveness," the acoustically arranged "Rural Route," and the opener "Someday," which was the album's second single. Scarecrow is a rock album released by John Mellencamp in November 1985. ... Joan Chandos Baez (born January 9, 1941) is an American folk singer and songwriter known for her highly individual vocal style. ... Manifestations Slavery Racial profiling Lynching Hate speech Hate crime Genocide (examples) Ethnocide Ethnic cleansing Pogrom Race war Religious persecution Blood libel Paternalism Police brutality Movements Policies Discriminatory Race / Religion / Sex segregation Apartheid Redlining Internment Ethnocracy Anti-discriminatory Emancipation Civil rights Desegregation Integration Equal opportunity Counter-discriminatory Affirmative action Racial quota...


In the summer of 2007, Mellencamp completed a musical with horror author Stephen King, entitled Ghost Brothers of Darkland County, which has been in the works since 2000. The play will open at Atlanta's Alliance Theatre in April 2009, with the object of getting it ready for a Broadway run. The Alliance Theatre described the play as "a sultry Southern gothic mystery with a blues-tinged, guitar-driven score." Ryan D'Agostino of Esquire Magazine sat in on a New York rehearsal of Ghost Brothers of Darkland County in the fall of 2007, and had this to say in his review: "Musicals aren't usually a guy thing. This one, though, is not only tolerable, it's good. It may be the first-ever musical written by men for men. There's no orchestra, just two twangy acoustic guitars, an accordion, and a fiddle. The songs are both haunting and all-American." According to the Alliance Theatre website, the musical will run from April 15 - May 10, 2009. “Horror story” redirects here. ... For other persons named Stephen King, see Stephen King (disambiguation). ... Ghost Brothers Of Darkland County is an upcoming musical written by novelist Stephen King with music by rock legend John Mellencamp. ... Esquire is a magazine for men owned by the Hearst Corporation. ... Ghost Brothers Of Darkland County is an upcoming musical written by novelist Stephen King with music by rock legend John Mellencamp. ...


On August 13, 2007, Mellencamp began recording his next album. The record, which is now finished and is titled Life, Death, Love and Freedom (the original title of the album was The Company We Keep, but Mellencamp decided in early 2008 to change it[citation needed]), was produced by T Bone Burnett and is said to have a very folksy feel. The first song with video, "Jena," was introduced on his web site.[2] The song, about the Jena 6 trial in Jena, Louisiana, has already proven controversial; it has been criticized by Jena's mayor, Murphy R. McMillan, who says it unfairly characterizes the town as a hotbed of racism. He also called the video "inflammory".[3] is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Cover of Proof Through the Night, 1983. ... The Jena Six is a name given to six African-American teenagers who were charged with attempted second-degree murder after a fight with a white teenager in Jena, Louisiana. ... For other uses, see Jena (disambiguation). ...


Mellencamp performed his 1985 hit "Small Town" on NBC on September 6, 2007, as part of the NFL Kickoff before the opening game of the 2007 NFL season between the Indianapolis Colts and New Orleans Saints. Three nights later in New York City at the annual Farm Aid benefit concert, Mellencamp unveiled two new songs, "Troubled Land" and "If I Die Sudden," that will be included on Life, Death, Love and Freedom. At the opening night of his fall 2007 tour in Terre Haute on Oct. 26, Mellencamp performed "Jena," "Troubled Land" and "If I Die Sudden" and also debuted two other songs from Life, Death, Love and Freedom: "A Ride Back Home (Hey Jesus)" (Little Big Town returns to sing background vocals on the studio version of the song) and "Young Without Lovers" -- both performed solo acoustic. On November 7, 2007 at a concert in Mankato, Minnesota, Mellencamp debuted "Longest Days," yet another song from Life, Death, Love and Freedom. Like "A Ride Back Home (Hey Jesus)" and "Young Without Lovers," "Longest Days" was also performed in solo acoustic fashion. Official live video performances of all these new songs can be found on YouTube. This article is about the television network. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... NFL logo For other uses of the abbreviation NFL, see NFL (disambiguation). ... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1953–present) Western Conference (1953-1969) Coastal Division (1967-1969) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC East (1970-2001) AFC South (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Royal Blue, White Mascot Blue Personnel Owner Jim Irsay General Manager Bill Polian Head Coach Tony Dungy... City New Orleans, Louisiana Team colors Gold and black Head Coach Sean Payton Owner Tom Benson and Rita Benson LeBlanc General manager Mickey Loomis Mascot Gumbo the dog League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1967–present) Eastern Conference (1967-1969) Capitol Division (1967; 1969) Century Division (1968) National Football Conference... Farm Aid started as a benefit concert on September 22, 1985, in Champaign, Illinois, held to raise money for family farmers in the United States. ... Little Big Town is an American country music vocal group. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... “Mankato” redirects here. ... YouTube is a popular video sharing website where users can upload, view and share video clips. ...


Mike Wanchic, Mellencamp's longtime guitar player, offered this preview of Life, Death, Love and Freedom to Billboard magazine in December 2007. "It's very, very, very organic -- upright basses, cocktail (drum) kits, lots of acoustic guitars, really very atmospheric, absolutely one of the coolest sounding records that I've ever heard, of ours or anybody else's." In an interview with the Bloomington Herald-Times in March 2008, Mellencamp dubbed the album: "The best record I’ve ever made." He's signed with Starbucks' Hear Music label to distribute the album and said, "they think it’s a fucking masterpiece.” Life, Death, Love and Freedom will be released on July 15, 2008. For other uses of Starbuck, see Starbuck. ... Hear Music is the brand name of Starbucks retail music concept. ...


Mellencamp will tour the United States for four weeks in the summer of 2008 to coincide with the release of Life, Death, Love and Freedom. The tour kicks off July 8 in Philadelphia and winds down on Aug. 2 in Berkeley, CA. Lucinda Williams will serve as Mellencamp's opening act. For other persons named Lucinda Williams, see Lucinda Williams (disambiguation). ...


Movie career

Mellencamp has had a brief career as an actor, appearing in four films: Falling from Grace (which he also directed) (1992), Madison (2001, narration only), After Image (2001), and Lone Star State of Mind (2002). John's older brother Joe Mellencamp appears in Falling from Grace as the bandleader during the country club scene. Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... Madison is a 2001 film about APBA hydroplane racing in the 1970s. ...


Personal life

Mellencamp lives in Bloomington, Indiana and has been married to former supermodel Elaine Irwin since September 5, 1992. Mellencamp has five children from his three marriages: Michelle from his first marriage to Priscilla Esterline (1970-80); daughters Teddi Jo and Justice from his second marriage to Victoria Granucci (1981-89); and sons Hud and Speck from his current marriage. Mellencamp is known to be a big fan of Indiana University basketball and is regularly seen in attendance at home games. He and his family are also spotted regularly in the Bloomington community when he is at home. Location in the state of Indiana Coordinates: County Monroe Mayor Mark Kruzan Area    - City 51. ... For the RuPaul song, see Supermodel (You Better Work). ... Elaine Irwin Mellencamp is a former supermodel, and currently works as a spokeswoman for Almay Cosmetics. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Indiana University, founded in 1820, is a nine-campus university system in the state of Indiana. ...


He was born with a mild form of spina bifida which necessitated a lengthy stay in hospital as a baby.[2]


According to a February 8, 2008 Associated Press report, Mellencamp recently requested that the campaign for presidential candidate Sen. John McCain (R-AZ) stop using his songs, including "Our Country" and "Pink Houses," during their campaign events. McCain's campaign responded by pulling the songs from their playlist. Mellencamp's publicist noted to the Associated Press that "if [McCain is] such a true conservative, why [is he] playing songs that have a very populist pro-labor message written by a guy who would find no argument if you characterized him as left of center?" [4]


Honors and Awards

Mellencamp has won one Grammy Award (Best Male Rock Performer for "Hurts So Good" in 1982) and been nominated for 12 others. He's also been bestowed with the Nordoff-Robbins Silver Clef Special Music Industry Humanitarian Award (1991), the Billboard Century Award (2001), the Woody Guthrie Award (2003), and the ASCAP Foundation Champion Award (2007). This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Mellencamp's biggest honor came when was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's Class of 2008. The induction ceremony took place in New York City on March 10, and Mellencamp was inducted by good friend Billy Joel, who asked Mellencamp to induct him into the Rock Hall back in 1999 (Mellencamp had to opt out because of another commitment, so Ray Charles wound up inducting Joel). The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at sunset. ... William Joseph Martin Billy Joel (born May 9, 1949) is an American singer, pianist, songwriter, composer and musician. ... For Ray Charles, the composer and conductor of the Ray Charles Singers, see Ray Charles (composer). ...


During his induction speech for Mellencamp, Joel said: "Don’t let this club membership change you, John. Stay ornery, stay mean. We need you to be pissed off, and restless, because no matter what they tell us - we know, this country is going to hell in a handcart. This country’s been hijacked. You know it, and I know it. People are worried. People are scared, and people are angry. People need to hear a voice like yours that’s out there to echo the discontent that’s out there in the heartland. They need to hear stories about it. They need to hear stories about frustration, alienation and desperation. They need to know that somewhere out there somebody feels they way that they do, in the small towns and in the big cities. They need to hear it. And it doesn’t matter if they hear it on a jukebox, in the local gin mill, or in a goddamn truck commercial, because they ain’t gonna hear it on the radio anymore. They don’t care how they hear it, as long as they hear it good and loud and clear -- the way you’ve always been saying it all along. You’re right John, this is still our country."


Discography

Further information: John Mellencamp discography

The albums and singles recorded by music artist John Mellencamp. ...

See also

Indiana Portal

Image File history File links Flag_of_Indiana. ... This is the list of best selling music artists (including groups) worldwide, alltime. ... Main Article: Mainstream Rock Tracks This is an alphabetical list of artists who reached the number one position on the United States Billboard Mainstream Rock Tracks chart. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Indictees for 2008. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame official website (2007-12-13). Retrieved on 2008-03-11.
  2. ^ Jena Video
  3. ^ John Mellencamp Official Website
  4. ^ [1][dead link]

Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Chestnut Street Incident is the debut album for Johnny Cougar, later known as John Cougar Mellencamp, released in 1976 (see 1976 in music). ... The Kid Inside is a rock album by John Mellencamp, who, at the time of the albums release, was going by the stage name John Cougar. ... A Biography is John Mellencamps third album, and the final album credited to Johnny Cougar. ... John Cougar is the fourth album by John Cougar. ... Nothin Matters And What If It Did is John Cougars fifth album. ... American Fool is an album by John Cougar, now known by his real name of John Mellencamp, released in 1982 (see 1982 in music). ... Uh-Huh is an album by John Cougar Mellencamp, released in 1983 (see 1983 in music). ... Scarecrow is a rock album released by John Mellencamp in November 1985. ... John Mellencamp The Lonesome Jubilee Label: Mercury Year: 1987 Paper In Fire Down And Out In Paradise Check It Out The Real Life Cherry Bomb We Are The People Empty Hands Hard Times For An Honest Man Hotdogs And Hamburgers Rooty Toot Toot Source:http://www. ... Big Daddy is the tenth studio album by John Mellencamp. ... Whenever We Wanted is John Mellencamps eleventh album, and the first to be credited simply to Mellencamps given name. ... Human Wheels is a rock album released by John Mellencamp in 1993. ... Dance Naked is a rock album by John Mellencamp released in 1994. ... Mr. ... John Mellencamp left longtime home Mercury Records in 1997 due to what he felt was their unwillingness to promote him enough to give him a hit single. ... Rough Harvest is a collection of alternate, acoustic arrangements of John Mellencamps favorite tracks, as well as several covers. ... Cuttin Heads is John Mellencamps second album for Columbia Records. ... Cuttin Heads, John Mellencamps eighteenth full-length album, and final effort for Columbia Records, consists of blues and folk covers. ... Freedoms Road is a 2007 album by John Mellencamp. ... Released after John Mellencamp signed with Columbia Records, The Best That I Could Do 1978–1988 is Mellencamps first hits album. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
John Mellencamp - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1623 words)
John Mellencamp (born October 7, 1951 in Seymour, Indiana) is an American rock/roots rock singer, songwriter, and guitarist, known for a long and successful recording and performing career highlighted by a series of 1980s hits, including "Jack and Diane", "Pink Houses" and others, and by his role in the Farm Aid charity event.
Mellencamp, who has a mild form of spina bifida, had a troubled childhood marked by several brushes with the law.
Mellencamp's sound is cited as a major influence by fellow midwesterners Sheryl Crow, Garth Brooks, Joan Osborne, Big and Rich, Kid Rock and Aussie Keith Urban.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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