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Encyclopedia > John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury
John Lubbock.
John Lubbock.

John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury PC, (April 30, 1834May 28, 1913), English banker, politician, naturalist and archaeologist was born the son of Sir John William Lubbock, Bart. Download high resolution version (846x1094, 50 KB) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (846x1094, 50 KB) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Her Majestys Most Honourable Privy Council is a body of advisors to the British Sovereign. ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining. ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the United Kingdom (light green), with the Republic of Ireland (blue) to its west Languages English Capital London Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population –mid-2004... A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ... Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... Sir John William Lubbock (March 26, 1803 – June 21, 1865) was an English banker, mathematician and astronomer. ... A baronet (traditional abbreviation Bart, modern abbreviation Bt), is the holder of an hereditary title awarded by the British Crown, known as a baronetcy. ...


Lubbock was educated at Eton College from 1845 and afterwards was taken into his father's bank (which later amalgamated with Coutts & Co), where he became a partner at the age of twenty-two. In 1865 he succeeded to the baronetcy. The Kings College of Our Lady of Eton beside Windsor, commonly known as Eton College or just Eton, is a prestigious and internationally known Public School for boys. ... Coutts is a British bank. ... A baronet (traditional abbreviation Bart, modern abbreviation Bt) is the holder of a species of knighthood known as a baronetcy. ...


In 1870, and again in 1874, he was elected a member of parliament for Maidstone. He lost the seat at the election of 1880; but was at once elected member for the University of London, of which he had been vice-chancellor since 1872. He carried numerous enactments in parliament, including the Bank Holidays Act of 1871 and the Ancient Monuments Act of 1882. 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to a parliament; in the Westminster system, specifically to the lower house. ... Maidstone (pronounced mādstun) is the county town of Kent, in southeast England, about 30 miles from London. ... 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The University of London is a federation of colleges and institutes which together constitute one of the worlds largest universities. ... 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... In 1882 the Ancient Monuments Protection Act recognising the need for a governmental administration on the protection of Ancient Monuments finally passed, after a number of failed attempts on heritage protection acts. ...


Lubbock was elected the first president of the Institute of Bankers in 1879; in 1881 he was president of the British Association, and from 1881 to 1886 president of the Linnean Society of London. In January 1884 he founded the Proportional Representation Society, later to become the Electoral Reform Society. The Chartered Institute of Bankers (CIB) was founded in 1879, as the professional body for members of the banking profession in the United Kingdom. ... The British Association or the British Association for the Advancement of Science or the BA is a learned society with the object of promoting science, directing general attention to scientific matters, and facilitating intercourse between scientific workers. ... The Linnean Society of London is the worlds premier society for the study and dissemination of taxonomy. ... The Electoral Reform Society is a pressure group based in the UK which promotes electoral reform. ... The Electoral Reform Society is a pressure group based in the UK which promotes electoral reform. ...

Caricature from Punch, 1882
Caricature from Punch, 1882

In 1865 Lubbock published what was probably the most influential archaeological text book of the 19th Century, Pre-historic Times, as Illustrated by Ancient Remains, and the Manners and Customs of Modern Savages, and was responsible for inventing the names Palaeolithic and Neolithic to denote the Old and New Stone Ages respectively. He carried out extensive correspondence with Charles Darwin, who was his neighbor in Downe until 1861, when Lubbock moved to Chislehurst. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (542x852, 50 KB)1882 caricature of John Lubbock, Scanned from Punch August 19, 1882, page 82. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (542x852, 50 KB)1882 caricature of John Lubbock, Scanned from Punch August 19, 1882, page 82. ... The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic – lit. ... An array of Neolithic artefacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools Excavated dwellings at Skara Brae Scotland, Europes most complete Neolithic village. ... Stone Age fishing hook. ... In his lifetime, Charles Darwin gained international fame as an influential scientist examining controversial topics. ... Downe is a village in the London Borough of Bromley, England. ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Chislehurst is a place in the London Borough of Bromley. ...


He received honorary degrees from the universities of Oxford, Cambridge (where he was Rede lecturer in 1886), Edinburgh, Dublin, and Wurzburg; and in 1878 was appointed a trustee of the British Museum. From 1888 to 1892 he was president of the London Chamber of Commerce; from 1889 to 1890 vice-chairman and from 1890 to 1892 chairman of the London County Council. The University of Oxford (often called Oxford University), located in the city of Oxford, England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... The University of Cambridge (often called Cambridge University, or just Cambridge), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) // Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ... The University of Edinburgh, founded in 1583, is a renowned centre for teaching and research in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... The University of Dublin, located in Dublin, Ireland, was founded in 1592 by Queen Elizabeth I, making it Irelands oldest university. ... The University of Würzburg is a university in Würzburg, Germany, founded in 1402. ... The centre of the museum was redeveloped in 2000 to become the Great Court, with a tessellated glass roof by Foster and Partners surrounding the original Reading Room. ... 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... London County Council emblem is still seen today on buildings, especially housing, from that era London County Council (LCC) was the principal local government body for the County of London from 1889 until 1965, when it was replaced by the Greater London Council. ...


In 1890 he was appointed a privy councillor; and was chairman of the committee of design on the new coinage in 1891. In January 1900 he was raised to the peerage, under the title of Baron Avebury. This article concerns the British Sovereigns Privy Council. ... 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday. ... For other uses, see Peerage (disambiguation). ...


References

  • Hutchinson, H.G., 1914, Life of Sir John Lubbock, Lord Avebury. London.
  • Lubbock, J., 1865, Pre-historic Times, as Illustrated by Ancient Remains, and the Manners and Customs of Modern Savages. London: Williams and Norgate.
  • Trigger, B.G., 1989, A History of Archaeological Thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

External links

Preceded by:
New Creation
Baron Avebury
1900–1913
Succeeded by:
John Lubbock
Preceded by:
John Lubbock
Baronet
(of London)
1865–1913

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. Project Gutenberg (often abbreviated as PG) is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive, and distribute cultural works. ... Baron Avebury, of Avebury in the County of Wiltshire, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. ... John Birkbeck Lubbock, 2nd Baron Avebury, DL (Kent), (4 October 1858–26 March 1929) was an English aristocrat and author. ... Sir John William Lubbock, 3rd Baronet (March 26, 1803–June 21, 1865) was an English banker, mathematician and astronomer. ... Baron Avebury, of Avebury in the County of Wiltshire, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (465 words)
John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury PC, (April 30, 1834–May 28, 1913), English banker, politician, naturalist and archaeologist was born the son of Sir John William Lubbock, Bart.
Lubbock was educated at Eton College from 1845 and afterwards was taken into his father's bank (which later amalgamated with Coutts and Co), where he became a partner at the age of twenty-two.
Lubbock was elected the first president of the Institute of Bankers in 1879; in 1881 he was president of the British Association, and from 1881 to 1886 president of the Linnean Society of London.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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