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Encyclopedia > John Kluge

John Werner Kluge (born September 21, 1914) is an entrepreneur who was born in Chemnitz, Germany, best known as a television industry mogul in the United States. He gained an undergraduate degree from Columbia University in 1937. Kluge has three children and was divorced three times. He is currently living in Charlottesville, Virginia. September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... It has been suggested that Entrepreneurial mindset be merged into this article or section. ... Chemnitz (Sorbian/Lusatian Kamjenica, formerly called Karl-Marx-Stadt) is a city in Saxony, Germany. ... Columbia University is a private university in the Morningside Heights neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City and a member of the Ivy League. ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Motto: Nickname: Map Political Statistics Founded 1762 Incorporated Independent City Mayor David Brown Geographic Statistics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 177. ...

Kluge's major move into media was by purchasing stock in the Metropolitan Broadcasting Company in the mid-1950s. The Metropolitan Broadcasting Company was the successor of the DuMont Television Network, which was spun-off from DuMont Laboratories after the television network ceased operations in 1956. Metropolitan Broadcasting consisted of two stations, WABD in New York City and WTTG in Washington, D.C., both former DuMont outlets now operating as independent stations. Kluge joined the company as its board chairman and largest stockholder in 1958, acquiring the bulk of his shares from founder Allen B. DuMont for about USD $7,000,000. Metropolitan Broadcasting Company was owned by DuMont Laboratories, who originally founded Metropolitan as the DuMont Television Network but decided to change its name in 1955 in the hopes of generating new viewers. ... The 1950s were a decade that spanned the years 1950 through 1959. ... DuMont Televisions Logo The DuMont Television Network was an American television network, beginning operation in 1946. ... DuMont Laboratories began in 1931, by Allen B. DuMont. ... Dr. Allen Balcom DuMont (January 29, 1901 - November 14, 1965) was an American scientist and inventor best known for improvements to the cathode ray tube in 1931 for use in television receivers. ... This article is about general United States currency. ...

After gaining control, Kluge began the company's expansion further into broadcasting, with holdings in television and radio. In the early 1960s, Kluge bought an outdoor advertising firm, and in 1961 the company's name was changed to Metromedia to reflect the diversity of its interests. 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ...

In 1986, Kluge sold the Metromedia television stations to the 20th Century Fox film studio, which was now controlled by Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation, for a reported USD $4 billion. Those stations would later form the core of what would become the Fox television network. The following year, Forbes Magazine placed John Kluge at the top of their list as the richest man in America. 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 20th Century Fox logo Fox Plaza, the company headquarters. ... Rupert Murdoch Keith Rupert Murdoch, AC, KCSG, (born 11 March 1931) is an Australian-born media proprietor based in New York City who is a major shareholder and the Chairman and Managing Director of News Corporation. ... News Corporation (abbreviated to News Corp) (NYSE: NWS) is one of the worlds largest media conglomerates. ... A Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) A fox is a member of any of 27 species of small omnivorous caniness. ... Alternate meaning: For the Boston Brahmin family associated with John Forbes Kerry, see Forbes family. ...

Following the Fox disposal, Kluge's activities have been carried out through a private venture named Metromedia Company in which he is a partner with Stuart Subotnick. Metromedia's more recent activities have included Eastern European, CIS and China telecom/cable/radio ventures through Metromedia International Group and the ill-fated US telecom backbone operation Metromedia Fiber Network. Current division of Europe into five (or more) regions: one definition of Eastern Europe is marked in orange Eastern Europe as a region has several alternative definitions, whereby it can denote: the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Central Europe and Russia. ... Headquarters Minsk, Belarus Member states 11 member states 1 associate member Working language Russian Executive Secretary Vladimir Rushailo Formation December 21, 1991 Official website http://cis. ...

In celebration of the 200th Anniversary of the Library of Congress, Kluge donated an unprecedented $60 million to create the John W. Kluge Center at the Library of Congress. It was created as an academic center where accomplished senior scholars and junior post-doctoral fellows might gather to make use of the Library's incomparable collections and to interact with members of Congress. In addition, his gift would establish a $1 million dollar prize to be given in recognition of a lifetime of achievement in the human sciences, comparable to the Nobel Prizes in literature and economics. The Kluge Prize would honor lifetime intellectual achievement in the same way as the Kennedy Center Honors recognize lifetime achievement in the performing arts. The Great Hall interior. ... The John W. Kluge Center occupies inspirational and capacious study and meeting spaces within the Librarys magnificently restored Thomas Jefferson Building. ... A congress is a gathering of people, especially a gathering for a political purpose. ... The Nobel Prizes (pronounced no-BELL or no-bell) are awarded annually to people who have done outstanding research, invented groundbreaking techniques or equipment, or made outstanding contributions to society. ... The John W. Kluge Prize in the Human Sciences will be awarded for lifetime achievement in the humanistic and social sciences to celebrate the importance of the Intellectual Arts for the public interest. ... The Kennedy Center Honors have been awarded annually, since 1978 by the Board of Trustees of the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. ...

See also

Forbes magazine annually lists the worlds wealthiest individuals: The Worlds Billionaries. ...

External links

  • Forbes.com: Forbes World's Richest People 2004
  • Kluge, John

  Results from FactBites:
Columbia News ::: John Kluge, CC'37, Pledges $400 Million for Financial Aid (1056 words)
The Kluge gift is the largest ever devoted exclusively to student aid and the fourth largest ever to any single institution of higher education in the United States, according to the Chronicle of Higher Education.
John's own life is a fulfillment of that American dream, and he has spoken frequently and eloquently of the critical role that Columbia played in his life.
Kluge is married to Maria "Tussi" Kluge and is the father of three children, Samantha, Joseph and John II, a 2005 Columbia College graduate, who is working on a biography of his father.
  More results at FactBites »



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