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Encyclopedia > John Keegan

Sir John Keegan OBE (born 1934) is a British military historian, lecturer and journalist. He has published many works on the nature of combat between the 14th and 21st centuries concerning land, air, maritime and intelligence warfare as well as the psychology of battle. The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority, these are Knight Grand Cross or Dame Grand Cross (GBE) Knight Commander... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Military history is the recording (in writing or otherwise) of the events in the history of humanity that fall within the category of conflict. This may range from a dispute between two tribes that come to blow over a plot of land, to a world war. ...

Contents

Life

Keegan was born in Clapham, the son of an Irish Catholic family. His father served in the in First World War. Clapham is a neighbourhood in the London Borough of Wandsworth, South London. ... Irish Catholics are persons of predominantly Irish descent who adhere to the Roman Catholic faith. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ...


At the age of 13 Keegan contracted orthopedic tuberculosis which has subsequently affected his gait. This illness interrupted his education during his teenage years, however his education included two years at Wimbledon College leading to entry to Balliol College, Oxford in 1953. Following graduation he worked at the American Embassy in London for three years. Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for tubercle bacillus) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by mycobacteria, mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ... Wimbledon College is a state-maintained voluntary-aided Roman Catholic (Jesuit) secondary school for boys aged 11 to 18. ... and of the Balliol College College name Balliol College Named after John de Balliol Established 1263 Sister college St Johns College, Cambridge Master Andrew Graham JCR President Helen Lochead Undergraduates 403 MCR President Chelsea Payne Graduates 228 Location of Balliol College within central Oxford , Homepage Boatclub Balliol College (pronounced... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The American Embassy in London The Embassy of the United States of America to the United Kingdom is situated at the American Embassy London Chancery Building in Grosvenor Square, Westminster, London. ...


In 1961 he was appointed to a lectureship in Military History at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, the training establishment for officers of the British Army. Holding the post for 36 years he became senior lecturer in military history during his tenure. During this period he also held a visiting professorship at Princeton University and was Delmas Distinguished Professor of History at Vassar College, a visiting professorship.[1] Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... New College, Royal Military Academy Sandhurst New Colours are presented to RMAS, June 2005. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Princeton University is a private coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey. ... Vassar College is a private, coeducational, liberal arts college situated in Poughkeepsie, New York. ...


Leaving the academy in 1997 Keegan joined the Daily Telegraph as a Defence Correspondent and remains with the publication as Defence Editor, also writing for the American conservative website, National Review Online. For the band, see 1997 (band). ... This article deals with The Daily Telegraph in Britain, see The Daily Telegraph (Australia) for the Australian publication The Daily Telegraph is a British broadsheet newspaper founded in 1855. ... National Review (NR) is a biweekly magazine of political opinion, founded by author William F. Buckley, Jr. ...


In 1998 he wrote and presented the BBC's Reith Lectures, entitled War of the Worlds. Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, which is usually known as the BBC, is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion. ... The Reith Lectures are a series of annual radio lectures given by leading figures of the day, and broadcast by the BBC. They were begun in 1948, in honour of the first Director-General of the BBC, John Reith. ...


Keegan was made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the Gulf War honours list and later, in the Millennium Dome honours list, he was knighted. The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority, these are Knight Grand Cross or Dame Grand Cross (GBE) Knight Commander... Jarred rocks!Yoa sucks!Iverson rocks! == Headline text == For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ... The dignity of Knight Bachelor is a part of the British honours system. ...


The long term effects of his Tuberculosis rendered him unfit for military service, mentioned in his works as an ironic observation on his profession and interest.[2]


Published work

Keegan's books include a traditional battle-by-battle coverage of conflict, experience of the individual, historical causes of military events, technological change in warfare, military strategy and challenges of leaderships. He writes mainly for the educated non-specialist reader. Those who wish to sample his straightforward histories of war should read his histories of the Second World War and of, more recently, the First World War.


His work examines warfare throughout history, including human prehistory and the classical era, however the majority of his work concentrates on the 14th Century onwards to modern conflict of the 20th and 21st Centuries.


He has also contributed to work on historiography in modern conflict. Historiography is a term with multiple meanings that has changed with time, place and observer, and is thus resistant to a single encompassing meaning. ...


Frank C. Mahncke wrote that Keegan is seen as being "among the most prominent and widely read military historians of the late twentieth century".[3] In a book-cover blurb extracted from a more complex article, Michael Howard wrote: at once the most readable and the most original of living historians.[4] The Rt Hon. ...


It should be noted that his book, Fields of Battle: The Wars for North America, which gives rather concise accounts of all the wars fought on the soil of North America, nevertheless contains something highly engaging: opening and closing essays that provide almost Toquevillean insights into his own personal relationship to America.


Iraq War

An article in the Christian Science Monitor calls Keegan a "staunch supporter" of the Iraq war. The article quotes Keegan: "Uncomfortable as the "spectacle of raw military force" is, he concludes that the Iraq war represents "a better guide to what needs to be done to secure the safety of our world than any amount of law-making or treaty-writing can offer." "[5] The Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is an international newspaper published daily, Monday through Friday. ...


Criticism

Keegan has also been criticised by peers, including Sir Michael Howard,[6] Peter Paret[citation needed] and Christopher Bassford.[7] for his critical position on Carl von Clausewitz, a Prussian officer and writer on military philosophy. Keegan is described as profoundly mistaken and Bassford states that Nothing anywhere in Keegan's work—despite his many diatribes about Clausewitz and 'the Clausewitzians'—reflects any reading whatsoever of Clausewitz's own writings. Sir Michael Eliot Howard, OM, CH, KBE, MC (born 29 November 1922) is a retired British military historian, formerly Chichele Professor of the History of War and Regius Professor of Modern History at Oxford University. ... Peter Paret (April 13, 1924-) is American military and art history historian with a particular interest in the German history. ... Christopher Bassford (b. ... Carl Philipp Gottfried von Clausewitz (IPA: ) (June 1, 1780[1] – November 16, 1831) was a Prussian soldier, military historian and influential military theorist. ...


Bibliography

  • Barbarossa: Invasion of Russia, 1941 (New York, 1971) ISBN 0-345-02111-8
  • The Face of Battle (London, 1976) ISBN 0-670-30432-8
  • Six Armies in Normandy (1982) ISBN 0-14-005293-3
  • The Mask of Command (London, 1987) ISBN 0-7126-6526-9
  • The Price of Admiralty (1988) ISBN 0-09-173771-0
  • Who Was Who In World War II (1978) ISBN 0-85368-182-1
  • The Second World War (Viking Press, 1990) ISBN 0-670-82359-7
  • A History of Warfare (London, 1993) ISBN 0-679-73082-6
  • The Battle for History: Refighting World War Two (Vintage), 1996) ISBN 0-679-76743-6
  • Fields of Battle: The Wars for North America (1997) ISBN 0-679-74664-1
  • War and Our World: The Reith Lectures 1998 (London: Pimlico, 1999) ISBN 0-375-70520-1
  • The Book of War (ed.) (Viking Press, 1999) ISBN 0-670-88804-4
  • The First World War (New York: Knopf, 1999) ISBN 0-375-40052-4
  • Winston Churchill (2002) ISBN 0-670-03079-1
  • Intelligence in War: Knowledge of the Enemy from Napoleon to Al-Qaeda (2003) ISBN 0-375-40053-2
  • The Iraq War (2004) ISBN 0-09-180018-8

Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... The Face of Battle is a 1976 non-fiction book on military history by the English military historian John Keegan. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Viking Press was founded on March 1, 1925, in New York City, by Harold K. Guinzburg and George S. Oppenheim. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... The Vintagers, after a miniature of the Dialogues de Saint Gregoire (thirteenth century)—manuscript of the Royal Library of Brussels. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... This article is about the year. ... Viking Press was founded on March 1, 1925, in New York City, by Harold K. Guinzburg and George S. Oppenheim. ... This article is about the year. ... Colophon of the publisher Alfred A. Knopf. ... This article is about the year. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  1. ^ Back cover of The First World War - Keegan, John, ISBN 0-375-40052-4
  2. ^ Interview (transcripted May 1994)
  3. ^ Naval War College - Frank C. Mahncke, Naval War College
  4. ^ The New York Times Book Review - Sir Michael Howard
  5. ^ America's bewildering battle in Iraq follows new rules
  6. ^ Michael Howard, "To the Ruthless Belong the Spoils," The New York Times Book Review, 14 November 1993.
  7. ^ War in History, November 1994, pp.319-336, Christopher Bassford available at "Clausewitz.com
  • Snowman, Daniel "John Keegan" page 28–30 from History Today, Volume 50, Issue # 5, May 2000.

  Results from FactBites:
 
John Keegan (2208 words)
John Keegan, writer, poet and storyteller, was born in Killeaney near the village of Shanahoe in Co. Laois (then Queen’s County) in 1816 in the home of his uncle, Thomas Moloney, a local hedge-school teacher, with whom his parents lived.
Keegan was educated by his uncle who established a school in the sacristy of Shanahoe chapel around 1822 prior to the erection of a school in the village in 1830.
John Keegan was a native of Ossory, in the Queen’s County, a place fruitful in germs of poetic genius amongst the peasant class.
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