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Encyclopedia > John J. Jacob
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John Jeremiah Jacob (December 9, 1829-November 24, 1893) was a Democrat politician from Green Spring in Hampshire County, West Virginia. Jacob served two terms as the fourth (1871-1877) Governor of the U.S. State of West Virginia. John Jeremiah Jacob was also elected to the West Virginia House of Delegates from Hampshire County in 1868 and from Ohio County in 1893. Jump to: navigation, search December 9 is the 343rd day (344th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search November 24 is the 328th day (329th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1893 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search The Democratic Party, founded in 1792, is the second-oldest political party in the world (after the Tories of the United Kingdom). ... Green Spring is an unincorporated community in Hampshire County, West Virginia. ... Hampshire County is a county located in the U.S. state of West Virginia. ... Jump to: navigation, search State nickname: Mountain State Other U.S. States Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Governor Joe Manchin (D) Senators Robert Byrd (D) Jay Rockefeller (D) Official languages English Area 62,809 km² (41st)  - Land 62,436 km²  - Water 376 km² (0. ... This is a list of Governors of West Virginia Categories: Lists of United States governors | Governors of West Virginia ... Jump to: navigation, search 1871 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search A U.S. state is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, together with the District of Columbia and Palmyra Atoll (an uninhabited incorporated unorganized territory), form the United States of America. ... Jump to: navigation, search State nickname: Mountain State Other U.S. States Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Governor Joe Manchin (D) Senators Robert Byrd (D) Jay Rockefeller (D) Official languages English Area 62,809 km² (41st)  - Land 62,436 km²  - Water 376 km² (0. ... The West Virginia House of Delegates is the lower house of the West Virginia Legislature. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1868 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1893 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


Background

John Jeremiah Jacob was born in Green Spring on the Potomac River north of Rommey in Hampshire County. Jacob's Hampshire roots made him the first of West Virginia's governors to be born within the present-day borders of the state. Jacob attended the Romney Academy in Romney and Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Jacob practiced law and taught school in Hampshire County before accepting a teaching position at the University of Missouri in 1853. Jacob worked as an attorney in Missouri during the American Civil War and returned to Romney after the war in 1865 to establish a law practice. In 1868, John Jeremiah Jacob was elected to the West Virginia House of Delegates. Green Spring is an unincorporated community in Hampshire County, West Virginia. ... The Potomac River at Great Falls, MD from Olmstead Island, water relatively low The Potomac River flows into Chesapeake Bay, located along the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States (USA). ... Jump to: navigation, search Early 20th Century view of Romney The Old Hampshire County Courthouse (c. ... Dickinson College - Old West Cupola with Mermaid Dickinson College is a private liberal arts college in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. ... Jump to: navigation, search Carlisle is a borough located in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, 18 miles (29 km) west-southwest of Harrisburg, the State capital. ... Jump to: navigation, search State nickname: The Keystone State Other U.S. States Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Governor Ed Rendell (D) Senators Arlen Specter (R) Rick Santorum (R) Official languages None Area 119,283 km² (33rd)  - Land 116,074 km²  - Water 3,208 km² (2. ... The University of Missouri System is one of two public state university systems in the state of Missouri. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search The American Civil War (1861–1865) was fought in North America within the United States of America, between twenty-three mostly northern states of the Union and the Confederate States of America, a coalition of eleven southern states that declared their independence and claimed the right... Jump to: navigation, search 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1868 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The West Virginia House of Delegates is the lower house of the West Virginia Legislature. ...


Jacob was elected governor in 1870 to a two-year term making him the first of six consecutive Democratic governors. Jacob supported the elimination of all remaining legislation that discriminated against former Confederates. Jacob also presided over the establishment of new facilities to care for the mentally handicapped and the creation of statewide schools, known as normal schools, to train teachers. Most of these schools still exist as part of the state college system. 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search Motto: Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God our Vindicator) Anthem: God Save the South (unofficial) Dixie (popular) Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Danville, Virginia April 3–April 10, 1865 Largest city New Orleans February 4...


John Jeremiah Jacob's most important contribution as governor was the rewriting of West Virginia's state constitution. Moderates and former Confederate supporters themselves believed the original 1863 constitution was too biased in favor of pro-Union supporters. A new constitutional convention, controlled by Democrats, met in Charleston in 1872. The new constitution restricted the power of the legislature and expanded the governor's term in office from two to four years, prohibiting consecutive terms. Due to a split that ensued in the Democratic party over these reforms, John Jeremiah Jacob was re-elected as an Independent in 1872 for a four-year term. In 1875, the state government moved from Charleston and returned the capitol to Wheeling in Ohio County. 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Charleston, WV Capitol Building Charleston is the capital of West Virginia, a state of the United States of America. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1872 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1872 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1875 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Wheeling is a city located in West Virginia, in the United States. ... Ohio County is a county located in the northern panhandle of the state of West Virginia. ...


After Jacob left the governor's office, he served once again in the West Virginia House of Delegates from Ohio County in 1879 and as its circuit judge from 1881 to 1888. Jacob continued to practice law in Wheeling until his death in 1893. Jump to: navigation, search 1879 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1881 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1888 is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1893 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


External Links

  • Inaugural Address of Governor John J. Jacob - March 4, 1871
Preceded by:
William E. Stevenson
Governor of West Virginia
18711877
Succeeded by:
Henry M. Mathews

  Results from FactBites:
 
John Jacob Rhodes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (617 words)
From 1947 to 1952 he was the staff advocate of the Arizona National Guard, and from 1951 to 1952 he was the vice chairman of the Arizona Board of Public Welfare.
Despite not "wanting" the post, John ran for Attorney General of Arizona in the 1950 election as a Republican.
John would stay in office for the next 30 years, from January 3, 1953 to January 3, 1983, serving in the 83rd to 96th Congresses.
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