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Encyclopedia > John II Casimir of Poland
Jan II Kazimierz Waza
Reign From November, 1648
until September 16, 1668
Elected In November 1648 in Wola,
today suburb of
Warsaw, Poland
Coronation On January 19, 1649
in the Wawel Cathedral,
Kraków, Poland
Royal House Vasa
Parents Zygmunt III Waza
Constance of Austria
Consorts Ludwika Maria
Children with Ludwika Maria
Maria Anna Teresa
Jan Zygmunt
Date of Birth March 22, 1609
Place of Birth Kraków, Poland
Date of Death December 16, 1672
Place of Death Nevers, France
Place of Burial Wawel Cathedral,
Kraków, Poland
buried on January 31, 1676

John II Casimir Vasa (Polish: Jan II Kazimierz Waza, March 22, 1609 - December 6, 1672), King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and Duke of Opole in Silesia. His parents were Sigismund III of Poland (1566-1632), and Constance of Austria Habsburg (1588-1631). John Casimir was thus the nephew of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor. Jan Kazimierz This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Events Peace treaty signed at Westphalia ends the Thirty Years War. ... September 16 is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years). ... Events January - The Triple Alliance of 1668 is formed. ... Events Peace treaty signed at Westphalia ends the Thirty Years War. ... Sowiński defending Wola during the November Uprising Wola is a district of western Warsaw, Poland, formerly the village of Wielka Wola, that was incorporated into Warsaw in 1916. ... Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa, see also other names, in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events January 30 - King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland is beheaded. ... The Wawel Hill in Kraków Wawel (Polish Wzgórze wawelskie or for short Wawel) is the name of a lime hillock situated on the left bank of the Vistula in Kraków, Poland at an altitude of 228 metres above sea level. ... This article needs cleanup. ... The term Royal House refers to the official designation and name of a royal family instead of surname. ... The Vasa Coat of Arms The House of Vasa was the Royal House of Sweden (1523-1654) and of Poland (1587-1668). ... Reign in Poland From September 18, 1587 until April 19, 1632 Reign in Sweden From November 17, 1592 until July 24, 1599 Elected in Poland On September 18, 1587 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation in Poland On December 27, 1587 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Coronation... Constance of Austria (also known as Constance Renate of the Habsburgs, in Polish as Konstancja Austriaczka or Konstancja Rakuszanka) (1588-1631) was the daughter of Archduke Charles II of Austria. ... March 22 is the 81st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (82nd in Leap years). ... Events April 4 – King of Spain signs an edit of expulsion of all moriscos from Spain April 9 – Spain recognizes Dutch independence May 23 - Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia. ... Motto: none Voivodship Lesser Poland Municipal government Rada miasta Kraków Mayor Jacek Majchrowski Area 326,8 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 757,500 (2004 est. ... December 16 is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events England, France, Munster and Cologne invade the United Provinces, therefore this name is know as ´het rampjaar´ (the disaster year) in the Netherlands. ... Nevers is a commune of central France, the préfecture (capital) of the Nièvre département, in the former province of Burgundy. ... The Wawel Hill in Kraków Wawel (Polish Wzgórze wawelskie or for short Wawel) is the name of a lime hillock situated on the left bank of the Vistula in Kraków, Poland at an altitude of 228 metres above sea level. ... This article needs cleanup. ... January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events January 29 - Feodor III becomes Tsar of Russia First measurement of the speed of light, by Ole Rømer Bacons Rebellion Russo-Turkish Wars commence. ... March 22 is the 81st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (82nd in Leap years). ... Events April 4 – King of Spain signs an edit of expulsion of all moriscos from Spain April 9 – Spain recognizes Dutch independence May 23 - Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia. ... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events England, France, Munster and Cologne invade the United Provinces, therefore this name is know as ´het rampjaar´ (the disaster year) in the Netherlands. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Opole voivodship since 1999 1) Opole Voivodship (since 1999) or Opole Silesia (Polish: województwo opolskie, Śląsk Opolski) is an administrative and local government region created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Opole (2) and parts of Czestochowa voivodships as a result of the Local Government Reorganization Act of... Silesia (Polish Śląsk, German Schlesien, Czech Slezsko) is a historical region in central Europe. ... Reign in Poland From September 18, 1587 until April 19, 1632 Reign in Sweden From November 17, 1592 until July 24, 1599 Elected in Poland On September 18, 1587 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation in Poland On December 27, 1587 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Coronation... Events January 7 - Pius V becomes Pope Selim II succeeds Suleiman I as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire Religious rioting in the Netherlands signifies the beginning of the Eighty Years War in the Netherlands. ... See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... Constance of Austria (also known as Constance Renate of the Habsburgs, in Polish as Konstancja Austriaczka or Konstancja Rakuszanka) (1588-1631) was the daughter of Archduke Charles II of Austria. ... Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. ... Events May 12 - Day of the Barricades in Paris. ... Events February 5 - Roger Williams emigrates to Boston. ... Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (July 9, 1578 – February 15, 1637), of the house of Habsburg, ruled 1620-1637. ...


Royal titles

  • Official titles in Latin: Ioannes Casimirus, Dei Gratia rex Poloniae, magnus dux Lithuaniae, Russie, Prussiae, Masoviae, Samogitiae, Livoniae, Smolenscie, Severiae, Czernichoviaeque; nec non Suecorum, Gothorum, Vandalorumque haereditarius rex, etc.

Ruthenia is a name applied to parts of Eastern Europe which were populated by Eastern Slavic peoples, as well as to various states that existed in this territory in the past. ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (German: Preußen or Preussen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: Prūsai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad exclave of Russia and... Masovia (Polish: Mazowsze) is a geographical and historical region situated in central Poland with its capital in Warsaw. ... Duchy of Samogitia was the western part of Lithuania Artistic picture of Zemaitija Duchy in 18th century. ... This article is about the region in Europe. ... The view of Smolensk in 1912 Smolensk (Russian: Смоленск; Polish Smoleńsk) is a city in western Russia, located on the Dniepr river at 54. ... Severia (Сіверщина in Ukrainian, Сиверщина in Russian, and Sewerien in German) is a historical region in northern Ukraine and southwestern Russia, centered around the Ukrainian city of Novhorod-Siverskyj. ... Chernihiv (Чернігів in Ukrainian) is an ancient city in northern Ukraine, the central city of Chernihivska oblast. Some common historical spellings of the name are Polish: Czernichów, and Russian: Чернигов, Chernigov. ... The Goths were an East Germanic tribe which according to their own traditions originated in Scandinavia (specifically Götaland and Gotland). ... The Vandals were an East Germanic tribe that entered the late Roman Empire, and created a state in North Africa, centered on the city of Carthage. ...

Biography

His father Sigismund, grandson of Gustav I of Sweden, had succeded his father to the Swedish throne in 1592 only to be deposed from the by his uncle Charles IX of Sweden in 1599. This lead to a long standing feud where the Polish kings of the house of Vasa claimed the Swedish throne. Effects of this were the Swedish War (1600-1629). Poland and Sweden were also on opposite sides in the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648). Gustav I of Sweden, Gustav Vasa or Gustav Eriksson Vasa (1496 - 1560), became king of Sweden in 1523 and was the first monarch of the house of Vasa. ... Events January 30 - The death of Pope Innocent IX during the previous year had left the Papal throne vacant. ... Charles IX, or Karl IX (1550 – 1611), king of Sweden, was the youngest son of Gustav I of Sweden and Margareta Lejonhufvud. ... Events Swedish King Sigismund III Vasa is replaced by his brother Charles IX of Sweden. ... The Polish-Swedish Wars were two wars fought between Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Sweden between 1600 and 1629. ... Events January January 1 - Scotland adopts January 1st as being New Years Day February February 17 - Giordano Bruno burned in a stake for heresy July July 2 - Battle of Nieuwpoort: Dutch forces under Maurice of Nassau defeat Spanish forces under Archduke Albert in a battle on the coastal dunes. ... Events March 4 - Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a Royal charter. ... The victory of Gustavus Adolphus at the Battle of Breitenfeld (1631) The Thirty Years War was a conflict fought between the years 1618 and 1648, principally in the Central European territory of the Holy Roman Empire, but also involving most of the major continental powers. ... Events March 8 - Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion (he soon rejects the idea after some initial calculations were made but on May 15 confirms the discovery). ... Events Peace treaty signed at Westphalia ends the Thirty Years War. ...


In 1648 John Casimir II succeeded his half brother and cousin on the Polish throne. The reign of the last of Vasas in the Commonwealth would be dominated by the culmination in the war with Sweden (The Deluge), groundwork for which was laid down by the two previous Vasa kings of the Commonwealth. Events Peace treaty signed at Westphalia ends the Thirty Years War. ... This article is about the history of Poland. ...


In 1660 he was forced to renounce his claims to the Swedish throne and acknowledge Swedish sovereignty over Livonia and city of Riga. John abdicated on September 16, 1668 and returned to France where he joined the Jesuit order and became an ordinary monk. He died in 1672. Events Expulsion of the Carib indigenous people from Martinique by French occupying forces. ... This article is about the region in Europe. ... Riga (in Latvian language orthography Rīga), the capital of Latvia, is situated on the Baltic Sea coast at the mouth of the Daugava River, at 56°58′ N 24°8′ E. Riga is the largest city in the Baltic States and serves as a major cultural, educational, political, financial, commercial... Abdication (from the Latin abdicatio disowning, renouncing, from ab, from, and dicare, to declare, to proclaim as not belonging to one), the act whereby a person in office renounces and gives up the same before the expiry of the time for which it is held. ... September 16 is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years). ... Events January - The Triple Alliance of 1668 is formed. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... Events England, France, Munster and Cologne invade the United Provinces, therefore this name is know as ´het rampjaar´ (the disaster year) in the Netherlands. ...


His wife Mary Louise of Mantua died 1667. She had been a major support to her husband, who had a tendency of depression.


King John Casimir abdicated his throne 1668 and moved to France, where he lived his remaining years, as an Abbot of a monastery.



Preceded by:
Wladyslaw IV
King of Poland
1648–1668
Succeeded by:
Michael


... Poland was ruled by dukes (c. ... . Reign From June 19, 1669 until November 10, 1673 Elected On June 19, 1669 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On September 29, 1669 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Nobel Family Wiśniowiecki Coat of Arms Korybut Parents Jeremi Michał Wiśniowiecki Gryzelda Konstancja Zamoyska Consorts Elenora Maria Józefa...


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