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Encyclopedia > John II Casimir
Jan II Kazimierz Waza
Reign From November, 1648
until September 16, 1668
Elected In November 1648 in Wola,
today suburb of
Warsaw, Poland
Coronation On January 19, 1649
in the Wawel Cathedral,
Kraków, Poland
Royal House Vasa
Parents Zygmunt III Waza
Anna Austriaczka
Consorts Ludwika Maria
Children with Ludwika Maria
Maria Anna Teresa
Jan Zygmunt
Date of Birth March 22, 1609
Place of Birth Kraków, Poland
Date of Death December 16, 1672
Place of Death Nevers, France
Place of Burial Wawel Cathedral,
Kraków, Poland
buried on January 31, 1676

John Casimir II Vasa of Poland, or Polish: Jan II Kazimierz Waza, (March 22, 1609 - December 6, 1672), King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and Duke of Opole in Silesia. His parents were Sigismund III of Poland (1566-1632), and Anna Austriaczka Habsburg (1588-1631).


Royal titles

  • Official titles in Latin: Ioannes Casimirus, Dei Gratia rex Poloniae, magnus dux Lithuaniae, Russie, Prussiae, Masoviae, Samogitiae, Livoniae, Smolenscie, Severiae, Czernichoviaeque; nec non Suecorum, Gothorum, Vandalorumque haereditarius rex, etc.

Biography

His father Sigismund, grandson of Gustav I of Sweden, had succeded his father to the Swedish throne in 1592 only to be deposed from the by his uncle Charles IX of Sweden in 1599. This lead to a long standing feud where the Polish kings of the house of Vasa claimed the Swedish throne. Effects of this were the Swedish War (1600-1629). Poland and Sweden were also on opposite sides in the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648).


In 1648 John Casimir II succeeded his half brother and cousin on the Polish throne. The reign of the last of Vasas in the Commonwealth would be dominated by the culumination in the war with Sweden (The Deluge), groundwork for which was laid down by the two previous Vasa kings of the Commonwealth.


In 1660 he would be forced to renounce his claims to the Swedish throne and acknowledge Swedish sovereignty over Livonia and city of Riga. John abdicated on September 16, 1668 and returned to France where he joined the Jesuit order and became an ordinary monk. He died in 1672.




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