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Encyclopedia > John I of Portugal
Joao I
King of Portugal
and the Algarve
João I of Portugal
Reign April 6, 1385August 14, 1433
(Regent and Defender of the Kingdom since December 6, 1383)
Full name João of Portugal
Titles Grand Master of the Order of Aviz (13641387)
Regent and Defender of the Kingdom (1388–1385)
Lord of Ceuta (14151433)
Born April 11, 1357
Flag of Portugal Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal
Died August 13, 1433
Flag of Portugal Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal
Buried Chapel of the Founder, Monastery of Batalha, Batalha, District of Leiria, Portugal
Predecessor Ferdinand I of Portugal
Beatrice of Portugal (disputed)
Heir
daughter
first son
second son

Infanta Branca (13881389)
Infante Afonso (1390)
Infante Duarte (future Edward I) (13911433)
Successor Edward of Portugal
Consort Philippa of Lancaster
Issue Infanta Branca (1388–1389)
Infante Afonso (1390)
Infante Duarte (future Edward I) (13911438)
Infante Pedro, Duke of Coimbra (13921449)
Infante Henrique, Duke of Viseu (Henry the Navigator) (13941460)
Infanta Isabel, Duchess of Burgundy (13971471)
Infanta Branca (1398)
Infante João (14001442)
Infante Fernando, the Saint Prince (14021443)
Afonso, 1st Duke of Braganza (c. 13801461; natural son)
Beatriz, Countess of Arundel and Huntingdon (c. 13821439; natural daughter)
Royal House House of Aviz
Dynasty Dynasty of Aviz (Joanine Dynasty)
Father Peter I of Portugal
Mother Teresa Gille Lourenço
Portuguese royalty
House of Avis

John I
Children
   Infante Duarte (future Edward I)
   Infante Pedro, Duke of Coimbra
   Henry the Navigator (Infante Henrique, Duke of Viseu)
   Infanta Isabel, Duchess of Burgundy
   Infante João, Lord of Reguengos
   Infante Fernando, the Saint Prince
   Afonso, Duke of Braganza (illegitimate)
   Beatriz, Countess of Arundel (illegitimate)
Grandchildren include
   Infanta Isabel of Coimbra, Queen of Portugal
Edward
Children
   Afonso, Prince of Portugal (future Afonso V)
   Infante Fernando, Duke of Viseu
   Infanta Leonor, Holy Roman Empress
   Infanta Catarina
   Infanta Joana, Queen of Castile
Grandchildren include
   Infante Manuel, Duke of Beja (future Manuel I)
   Infanta Leonor of Viseu, Queen of Portugal
Great-Grandchildren include
   Jaime, Duke of Braganza, Prince of Portugal
Afonso V
Children include
   João, Prince of Portugal
   Blessed Joana, Princess of Portugal
   João, Prince of Portugal (future John II)
John II
   Afonso, Prince of Portugal
   Jorge, Duke of Coimbra (illegitimate)

Joao I KG (Portugues: João, IPA pron. /ʒu'ɐ̃ũ/; Lisbon, 11 April 1357 – Lisbon, 14 August 1433), called the Good (sometimes the Great) or of Happy Memory, was the tenth King of Portugal and the Algarve and the first to use the title Lord of Ceuta. He was the natural son of Pedro I by a noble Galician woman named Teresa Lourenço. In 1364 he was created grand-master of the Order of Aviz. He became king in 1385, after the 1383–1385 Crisis. Detail of king John I of Portugal. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1385 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1433 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... December 6 is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1383 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 - 1364 - 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 See also: 1364 state leaders Events Charles V becomes King of France. ... Events June 2 - John Holland, a maternal half-brother of Richard II of England, is created Earl of Huntingdon. ... Events Beginning of prosecution of Lollards in England The Battle of Otterburn between England and Scotland A Chinese army under Xu Da sacks Karakorum Births September 14 - Claudius Claussön Swart, Danish geographer September 29 - Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence, second son of Henry IV of England (d. ... Events Friedrich I Hohenzollern (b. ... Year 1433 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // May 28 - Peter I becomes King of Portugal after the death of his father, Alfonso IV. July 9 - Charles Bridge in Prague is founded King David II of Scotland is released by the English in return for a ransom. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Lisboa  - Subregion Grande Lisboa  - District or A.R. Lisbon Mayor Carmona Rodrigues  - Party PSD Area 84. ... Anthem: O Hino da Carta (from 1834) The Kingdom of Portugal in 1561 Capital Lisbon¹ Language(s) Portuguese Religion Roman Catholic Government Monarchy King  - 1139-1185 Afonso I  - 1908-1910 Manuel II History  - Established 26 July, 1139  - Peninsular War 1808-1814  - Brazilian suzerainty 1815  - Brazilian independence October 12, 1822  - Revolution... Image File history File links PortugueseFlag1385. ... Batalha Monastery is one of the most important Gothic sites in Portugal. ... Batalha is a Portuguese town located in the District of Leiria, Pinhal Litoral subregion, Centre region, with 500 inhabitants. ... Leiria is a district of Portugal. ... Fernando I (pron. ... Infanta Beatrice of Portugal, Beatriz in Portuguese (pron. ... Events Beginning of prosecution of Lollards in England The Battle of Otterburn between England and Scotland A Chinese army under Xu Da sacks Karakorum Births September 14 - Claudius Claussön Swart, Danish geographer September 29 - Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence, second son of Henry IV of England (d. ... Events February 24 - Margaret I defeats Albert in battle, thus becoming ruler of Denmark, Norway and Sweden June 28 - Battle of Kosovo between Serbs and Ottomans. ... Events Births December 27 - Anne de Mortimer, claimant to the English throne (died 1411) Domenico da Piacenza, Italian dancemaster (died 1470) John Dunstable, English composer (died 1453) Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson, Swedish statesman and rebel leader (died 1436) Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (died 1447) John VIII Palaeologus Byzantine Emperor (died 1448) Deaths... Duarte of Portugal (Edward, in English), the Philosopher or the Eloquent, the 11th king of Portugal, was born in Viseu on October 31, 1391 and he died in Tomar on September 13, 1438. ... July 18 - Battle of the Kondurcha River - Timur defeats Tokhtamysh in the Volga. ... Year 1433 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Duarte of Portugal (Edward, in English), the Philosopher or the Eloquent, the 11th king of Portugal, was born in Viseu on October 31, 1391 and he died in Tomar on September 13, 1438. ... Philippa of Lancaster (1359 - July 19, 1415) was an English princess, daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster by his wife and cousin Blanche of Lancaster. ... Events Births December 27 - Anne de Mortimer, claimant to the English throne (died 1411) Domenico da Piacenza, Italian dancemaster (died 1470) John Dunstable, English composer (died 1453) Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson, Swedish statesman and rebel leader (died 1436) Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (died 1447) John VIII Palaeologus Byzantine Emperor (died 1448) Deaths... Duarte of Portugal (Edward, in English), the Philosopher or the Eloquent, the 11th king of Portugal, was born in Viseu on October 31, 1391 and he died in Tomar on September 13, 1438. ... July 18 - Battle of the Kondurcha River - Timur defeats Tokhtamysh in the Volga. ... Events Pachacuti who would later create Tahuantinsuyu, or Inca Empire became the ruler of Cuzco In Italy, the siege of Brescia by the condottieri troops of Niccolò Piccinino was raised after the arrival of Scaramuccia da Forlì. January 1 - Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Hungary March 18 - Albert... Pedro, Duke of Coimbra Pedro, Infante of Portugal, Duke of Coimbra KG (pron. ... Events December 16 - Emperor Go-Kameyama of Japan abdicates in favor of rival claimant Go-Komatsu, ending the nanboku-cho period of competing imperial courts James of Jülich is boiled alive for pretending to be a bishop and ordaining his own priests Korean founder of the Joseon Dynasty General... Events January 6 - Constantine XI is crowned Byzantine Emperor. ... Infante Henrique, Duke of Viseu KG (Porto, March 4, 1394–Sagres, November 13, 1460); pron. ... // Events Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March, travels with King Richard II of England to Ireland. ... Events The first Portuguese navigators reach the coast of modern Sierra Leone. ... Isabella of Portugal, by Rogier van der Weyden. ... Events February 10 - John Beaufort becomes Earl of Somerset. ... This article is about the year 1471, not the BT caller ID service accessible by dialling 1-4-7-1. ... Events Glendalough monastery, Wicklow Ireland destroyed. ... John of Portugal (Portuguese: João, pron. ... Events Henry IV quells baron rebellion and executes The Earls of Kent, Huntingdon and Salisbury for their attempt to have Richard II of England restored as King Jean Froissart writes the Chronicles Medici family becomes powerful in Florence, Italy Births December 25 - John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley, Lord Lieutenant of... Events The community of Rauma, Finland was granted its town rights. ... Fernando of Portugal, the Saint Prince (pron. ... Events September 14 - Battle of Homildon Hill. ... Events Albanians, under Skanderbeg, defeat the Turks John Hunyadi defeats Turks at the Battle of Nis Vlad II Dracul begins his second term as ruler of Wallachia, succeeding Basarab II. Births January 27 - Albert, Duke of Saxony (died 1500) February 23 - Matthias Corvinus of Hungary (died 1490) May 17 - Edmund... Afonso I, Duke of Braganza (1377-1461; pron. ... September 8 - Battle of Kulikovo - Russian forces under Grand Prince Dmitri Donskoi of Moscow resist a large invasion by the Blue Horde, Lithuania and Ryazan, stopping their advance at Kulikovo. ... Events February 2 - Battle of Mortimers Cross - Yorkist troops led by Edward, Duke of York defeat Lancastrians under Owen Tudor and his son Jasper Tudor, Earl of Pembroke in Wales. ... Beatrice of Portugal (Portuguese: Beatriz, pron. ... Year 1382 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Events Battle of Grotnik, which ended the hussite movement in Poland Eric of Pomerania, King of Sweden, Denmark and Norway is declared deposed in Sweden. ... The House of Aviz is a dynasty of kings of Portugal. ... The House of Aviz is a dynasty of kings of Portugal. ... Pedro I of Portugal (pron. ... The House of Aviz is a dynasty of kings of Portugal. ... Image File history File links Ordem_Avis. ... Duarte of Portugal (Edward, in English), the Philosopher or the Eloquent, the 11th king of Portugal, was born in Viseu on October 31, 1391 and he died in Tomar on September 13, 1438. ... Pedro, Duke of Coimbra Pedro, Infante of Portugal, Duke of Coimbra KG (pron. ... Infante Henrique, Duke of Viseu KG (Porto, March 4, 1394–Sagres, November 13, 1460); pron. ... Isabella of Portugal, by Rogier van der Weyden. ... John of Portugal (Portuguese: João, pron. ... Fernando of Portugal, the Saint Prince (pron. ... Afonso I, Duke of Braganza (1377-1461; pron. ... Beatriz of Portugal (pron. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Duarte of Portugal (Edward, in English), the Philosopher or the Eloquent, the 11th king of Portugal, was born in Viseu on October 31, 1391 and he died in Tomar on September 13, 1438. ... Afonso V of Portugal, Conqueror of African strongholds Afonso V, King of Portugal KG (Portuguese pron. ... Ferdinand, Duke of Viseu Ferdinand, Prince of Portugal, Duke of Viseu (1433–, Portuguese: Fernando, pron. ... Leonor of Portugal by a disciple of Hans Burgkmair the Elder Eleanor of Portugal (pron. ... Catherine of Portugal may also refer to Catherine of Braganza Catherine of Portugal (1436–1463, Portuguese: Catarina, pron. ... For the Portuguese princess, daughter of Afonso V of Portugal, and commonly known as Princess Saint Joan see: Joan of Portugal (nun) Joan of Portugal (1439–1475, Portuguese: Joana, pron. ... Manuel I of Portugal (pron. ... Leonor of Viseu (1458-1525) was a Princess and later Queen of Portugal. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Afonso V of Portugal, Conqueror of African strongholds Afonso V, King of Portugal KG (Portuguese pron. ... João, Prince of Portugal (English: John) was a Portuguese crown prince, son of Afonso V. He was born heir to the throne in 1451, but he died young during the same year. ... For the Portuguese infanta, daughter of Edward of Portugal, see: Joan of Portugal Blessed Joan of Portugal (February 6, 1452 – May 12, 1490), known in Portugal as Saint Joan Princess (Portuguese: Santa Joana Princesa, pron. ... John II of Portugal João II of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... John II of Portugal João II of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... Prince Afonso of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... Jorge de Lancastre or George of Portugal (1481–1550, Portuguese: Jorge, pron. ... The insignia of a knight of the Order of the Garter. ... Portuguese (  or língua portuguesa) is a Romance language that originated in what is now Galicia (Spain) and northern Portugal from the Latin spoken by romanized Celtiberians about 1000 years ago. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Look up pronunciation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Lisboa  - Subregion Grande Lisboa  - District or A.R. Lisbon Mayor Carmona Rodrigues  - Party PSD Area 84. ... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // May 28 - Peter I becomes King of Portugal after the death of his father, Alfonso IV. July 9 - Charles Bridge in Prague is founded King David II of Scotland is released by the English in return for a ransom. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1433 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... This is a list of Portuguese monarchs dating from the independence of Portugal from the kingdom of León in 1128 under Afonso Henriques, who proclaimed himself King in 1139, to the proclamation of the Portuguese Republic on October 5, 1910, during the reign of Manuel II, the Patriot, or... Pedro I of Portugal, king of Portugal (in English, Peter I), sometimes known as Pedro the Cruel (not to be confused with Pedro I of Castile, also known as Pedro the Cruel), was born in April 8, 1320 and died in January 18, 1367. ... Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 - 1364 - 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 See also: 1364 state leaders Events Charles V becomes King of France. ... Orders emblem The Military Order of Aviz (Ordem Militar de Aviz, Portuguese pron. ... Year 1385 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... The 1383–1385 crisis is a period of civil war and anarchy in Portuguese history that began with the death of King Fernando I of Portugal, who left no male heirs, and ended with the accession to the throne of King João I in 1385, in the wake of...


On the death of his lawful brother Fernando I in October 1383, without a male heir, strenuous efforts were made to secure the succession for princess Beatrice, his only daughter. As heiress-apparent Beatrice had been married to king Juan I of Castile, but the popular voice declared against an arrangement by which Portugal would virtually have become united with Castile. The 1383–1385 Crisis followed as a period of political anarchy, when no king ruled the country. Fernando I, ninth king of Portugal (Eng. ... Year 1383 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Infanta Beatrice of Portugal, Beatriz in Portuguese (pron. ... John I (August 24, 1358 – October 9, 1390) (in Spanish: Juan I) was the king of Castile, was the son of Henry II and of his wife Juana Manuel of Castile, daughter of Juan Manuel, Duke of Penafiel, head of a younger branch of the royal house of Castile. ... The 1383–1385 crisis is a period of civil war and anarchy in Portuguese history that began with the death of King Fernando I of Portugal, who left no male heirs, and ended with the accession to the throne of King João I in 1385, in the wake of...


On April 6, 1385, the council of the kingdom (cortes in Portuguese) met in Coimbra and declared João, then Master of Aviz, king of Portugal. This was in effect a declaration of war against Castile and its claims to the Portuguese throne. Soon after, the king of Castile invaded Portugal, with the purpose of conquering Lisbon and removing João I from the throne. Juan I was accompanied by French allied cavalry as English troops and generals took the side of João (see Hundred years war). João I then named Nuno Alvares Pereira, his loyal and talented supporter, general and protector of the Kingdom. The invasion was repelled during the Summer after the Battle of Atoleiros, but especially after the decisive battle of Aljubarrota (August 14, 1385), where the Castilian army was virtually annihilated. Juan I of Castile then retreated and the stability of João I's throne was permanently secured. is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1385 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Centro  - Subregion Baixo Mondego  - District or A.R. Coimbra Mayor Carlos Encarnação  - Party PSD Area 319. ... John I (August 24, 1358 – October 9, 1390) (in Spanish: Juan I) was the king of Castile, was the son of Henry II and of his wife Juana Manuel of Castile, daughter of Juan Manuel, Duke of Penafiel, head of a younger branch of the royal house of Castile. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article is in need of attention. ... Blessed Nuno Álvares (also spelled NunÁlvares) Pereira was a Portuguese general of great success with an decisive role in the 1383-1385 Crisis that assured Portugals independence of Castile. ... The Battle of Atoleiros took place on 6 April 1384, between a Portuguese force and a punitive expedition from Castile sent by John I. The battle took place near the population centre of the same name in Alentejo. ... Combatants  Portugal with English allies  Castile with Portuguese and French allies Commanders John I of Portugal Nuno Álvares Pereira John I of Castile Strength 6,500 men 31,000 men The Battle of Aljubarrota (pron. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1385 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... John I (August 24, 1358 – October 9, 1390) (in Spanish: Juan I) was the king of Castile, was the son of Henry II and of his wife Juana Manuel of Castile, daughter of Juan Manuel, Duke of Penafiel, head of a younger branch of the royal house of Castile. ...


On 11 February 1387, João I married Philippa of Lancaster, daughter of John of Gaunt who had proved to be a worthy ally, consolidating the union of the Anglo-Portuguese Alliance that endures to the present day. is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events June 2 - John Holland, a maternal half-brother of Richard II of England, is created Earl of Huntingdon. ... Philippa of Lancaster (1359 - July 19, 1415) was an English princess, daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster by his wife and cousin Blanche of Lancaster. ... John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (June 24, 1340 - February 3, 1399), the third surviving son of King Edward III of England, gained his name because he was born at Ghent in 1340. ... The Anglo-Portuguese Alliance between England (succeeded by the United Kingdom) and Portugal is the oldest alliance in the world which is still in force. ...


After the death of Juan of Castile in 1390, without leaving issue by Beatrice, João I ruled in peace and pursued the economic development of the country. The only significant military action was the siege and conquest of the city of Ceuta in 1415. By this step he aimed to control navigation of the African coast. But in longer perspective, this was the first step opening the Arabian world to medieval Europe, which in fact led to the Age of Discovery with Portuguese explorers sailing across the whole world. Events Births December 27 - Anne de Mortimer, claimant to the English throne (died 1411) Domenico da Piacenza, Italian dancemaster (died 1470) John Dunstable, English composer (died 1453) Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson, Swedish statesman and rebel leader (died 1436) Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (died 1447) John VIII Palaeologus Byzantine Emperor (died 1448) Deaths... Capital Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  28 km²   Population  â€“ Total (2006)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked  75,861    2,709. ... Events Friedrich I Hohenzollern (b. ...


Contemporaneous writers describe him as a man of wit, very keen on concentrating the power on himself, but at the same time with a benevolent and kind personality. His youth education as master of a religious order made him an unusually learned king in the Middle Ages. His love for knowledge and culture was passed to his sons: Duarte, the future king, was a poet and a writer, Pedro, the duke of Coimbra, was one of the most learned princes of his time and Prince Henry the Navigator, the duke of Viseu, started a school of navigation and invested heavily in science and development of nautical topics. In 1430, his only surviving daughter, Isabella, married Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy and enjoyed an extremely refined court in his lands; she was the mother of Charles the Bold. Edward of Portugal (Duarte, in Portuguese), the Philosopher, eleventh king of Portugal, was born in Viseu on October 31, 1391 and died in Tomar on September 13, 1438. ... Pedro, Duke of Coimbra Pedro, Prince of Portugal, Duke of Coimbra (pron. ... Infante Henrique, Duke of Viseu KG (Porto, March 4, 1394–Sagres, November 13, 1460); pron. ... // Events May 23 - Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiègne The Ottoman Empire captures Thessalonica from the Venetians First use of optical methods in the creation of Art A map of Europe in 1430. ... Philip III, Duke of Burgundy (Philip the Good or Philippe le Bon) (July 31, 1396 – June 15, 1467) was Duke of Burgundy from 1419 until his death. ... Charles the Bold Charles, called the Bold (French: Charles le Téméraire) (November 10, 1433 – 1477) was Duke of Burgundy from 1467 to 1477. ...

Contents

Genealogical data

Ancestors

João's ancestors in three generations
João I of Portugal Father:
Pedro I of Portugal
Father's father:
Afonso IV of Portugal
Father's father's father:
Denis of Portugal
Father's father's mother:
Elizabeth of Aragon
Father's mother:
Beatrice of Castile
Father's mother's father:
Sancho IV of Castile
Father's mother's mother:
María de Molina
Mother:
Teresa Lourenço
Mother's father:
Lourenço Martins
Mother's father's father:
Unknown
Mother's father's mother:
Unknown
Mother's mother:
Sancha Martins
Mother's mother's father:
Unknown
Mother's mother's mother:
Unknown

Pedro I of Portugal, king of Portugal (in English, Peter I), sometimes known as Pedro the Cruel (not to be confused with Pedro I of Castile, also known as Pedro the Cruel), was born in April 8, 1320 and died in January 18, 1367. ... Afonso IV of Portugal (English Alphonzo), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin), (February 8, 1291 – May 28, 1357), known as the Brave (Port. ... Dinis of Portugal (in archaic Portuguese Diniz; in English Denis), the Farmer (Port. ... St. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Statue of Sancho IV of Castile and León Sancho IV the Brave (1257/58 – April 25, 1295) was a king of Castile and León (1284 - 1295). ... María de Molina. ...

Marriages and descendants

João I married at Oporto on February 2, 1387 Philippa of Lancaster, daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and Blanche of Lancaster. From that marriage were born several famous princes and princesses of Portugal (Infantes) that became known as the Illustrous Generation (Portuguese: Ínclita Geração). is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events June 2 - John Holland, a maternal half-brother of Richard II of England, is created Earl of Huntingdon. ... Philippa of Lancaster (1359 - July 19, 1415) was an English princess, daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster by his wife and cousin Blanche of Lancaster. ... John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster (June 24, 1340 – February 3, 1399) was the third surviving son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. ... In the Spanish and former Portuguese monarchies, Infante (masc. ...








Name Birth Death Notes
By Philippa of Lancaster (1359July 19, 1415; married on February 2, 1387)
Infanta Branca July 30, 1388 March 1389  
Infante Afonso July 30, 1390 December 22, 1390  
Infante Duarte October 31, 1391 September 13, 1438 Who succeeded him as Eduardo I, 11th King of Portugal.
Infante Pedro December 9, 1392 May 20, 1449 Duke of Coimbra. Died in the Battle of Alfarrobeira.
Infante Henrique December 4, 1394 November 13, 1460 Known as Henry the Navigator. Duke of Viseu and Grand-Master of the Order of Christ.
Infanta Isabel February 11, 1397 December 11, 1471 Duchess Consort of Burgundy by marriage to Philip III, Duke of Burgundy.
Infante Branca 1398 1398  
Infante João January 13, 1400 October 18, 1442 Constable of the Kingdom and grandfather of Isabella of Castile.
Infante Fernando 1402 June 5, 1443 Grand Master of the Order of Aviz. Died in captivity in Fes, Morocco.
By Inês Pires (c. 1350–?)
Afonso c. 1380 December 1461 Natural son and 1st Duke of Braganza.
Beatriz c. 1382 October 25, 1439 Natural daughter. Countess Consort of Arundel by marriage to Thomas Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel. Countess Consort of Huntingdon by marriage to John Holland, 2nd Earl of Huntingdon, later Duke of Exeter.
John I of Portugal
Cadet branch of the House of Burgundy
Born: 11 April 1357 Died: 14 August 1433
Regnal titles
Vacant
Title last held by
Ferdinand I
Disputed claim by
Beatrice
King of Portugal and the Algarves
1385 – 1433
Succeeded by
Edward

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. Philippa of Lancaster (1359 - July 19, 1415) was an English princess, daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster by his wife and cousin Blanche of Lancaster. ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Orhan I (1326-1359) to Murad I (1359-1389) Berlin joins the Hanseatic League. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Friedrich I Hohenzollern (b. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events June 2 - John Holland, a maternal half-brother of Richard II of England, is created Earl of Huntingdon. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Beginning of prosecution of Lollards in England The Battle of Otterburn between England and Scotland A Chinese army under Xu Da sacks Karakorum Births September 14 - Claudius Claussön Swart, Danish geographer September 29 - Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence, second son of Henry IV of England (d. ... Events February 24 - Margaret I defeats Albert in battle, thus becoming ruler of Denmark, Norway and Sweden June 28 - Battle of Kosovo between Serbs and Ottomans. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Births December 27 - Anne de Mortimer, claimant to the English throne (died 1411) Domenico da Piacenza, Italian dancemaster (died 1470) John Dunstable, English composer (died 1453) Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson, Swedish statesman and rebel leader (died 1436) Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (died 1447) John VIII Palaeologus Byzantine Emperor (died 1448) Deaths... December 22 is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Births December 27 - Anne de Mortimer, claimant to the English throne (died 1411) Domenico da Piacenza, Italian dancemaster (died 1470) John Dunstable, English composer (died 1453) Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson, Swedish statesman and rebel leader (died 1436) Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (died 1447) John VIII Palaeologus Byzantine Emperor (died 1448) Deaths... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... July 18 - Battle of the Kondurcha River - Timur defeats Tokhtamysh in the Volga. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Pachacuti who would later create Tahuantinsuyu, or Inca Empire became the ruler of Cuzco In Italy, the siege of Brescia by the condottieri troops of Niccolò Piccinino was raised after the arrival of Scaramuccia da Forlì. January 1 - Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Hungary March 18 - Albert... This is a List of Portuguese monarchs from the independence of Portugal from Castile in 1139, to the beginning of the Republic in October 5, 1910. ... Pedro, Duke of Coimbra Pedro, Infante of Portugal, Duke of Coimbra KG (pron. ... is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events December 16 - Emperor Go-Kameyama of Japan abdicates in favor of rival claimant Go-Komatsu, ending the nanboku-cho period of competing imperial courts James of Jülich is boiled alive for pretending to be a bishop and ordaining his own priests Korean founder of the Joseon Dynasty General... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 6 - Constantine XI is crowned Byzantine Emperor. ... The Battle of Alfarrobeira took place on May 20, 1449. ... Infante Henrique, Duke of Viseu KG (Porto, March 4, 1394–Sagres, November 13, 1460); pron. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March, travels with King Richard II of England to Ireland. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events The first Portuguese navigators reach the coast of modern Sierra Leone. ... Duke of Viseu (in portuguese Duque de Viseu) was an aristocratic Portuguese title with the level of Royal Dukedom, that is, associated with the Portuguese Royal House, created in 1415, by King John I of Portugal to the prince Henry the Navigator. ... The Seal of the Grand-Masters Evrard de Barres and Regnaud de Vichier depict the Dome of the ROCK. The Order of Christ was the heritage of the Templar Knights. ... Isabella of Portugal, by Rogier van der Weyden. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 10 - John Beaufort becomes Earl of Somerset. ... December 11 is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year 1471, not the BT caller ID service accessible by dialling 1-4-7-1. ... Philip III, Duke of Burgundy (Philip the Good or Philippe le Bon) (1396–1467) was Duke of Burgundy from 1419 until his death. ... Events Glendalough monastery, Wicklow Ireland destroyed. ... Events Glendalough monastery, Wicklow Ireland destroyed. ... John of Portugal (Portuguese: João, pron. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Henry IV quells baron rebellion and executes The Earls of Kent, Huntingdon and Salisbury for their attempt to have Richard II of England restored as King Jean Froissart writes the Chronicles Medici family becomes powerful in Florence, Italy Births December 25 - John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley, Lord Lieutenant of... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events The community of Rauma, Finland was granted its town rights. ... Isabella of Castile Isabella I (April 22, 1451 – November 26, 1504) was Queen regnant of Castile and Leon. ... Fernando of Portugal, the Saint Prince (pron. ... Events September 14 - Battle of Homildon Hill. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Albanians, under Skanderbeg, defeat the Turks John Hunyadi defeats Turks at the Battle of Nis Vlad II Dracul begins his second term as ruler of Wallachia, succeeding Basarab II. Births January 27 - Albert, Duke of Saxony (died 1500) February 23 - Matthias Corvinus of Hungary (died 1490) May 17 - Edmund... Orders emblem The Military Order of Aviz (Ordem Militar de Aviz, Portuguese pron. ... Bab Bou Jeloud, gate to the Old Medina of Fes Leather dyeing vats in Fes For specific travel tips, see the entry on Fez at http://wikitravel. ... Events 29 August - An English fleet personally commanded by King Edward III defeats a Spanish fleet in the battle of Les Espagnols sur Mer. ... Afonso I, Duke of Braganza (1377-1461; pron. ... September 8 - Battle of Kulikovo - Russian forces under Grand Prince Dmitri Donskoi of Moscow resist a large invasion by the Blue Horde, Lithuania and Ryazan, stopping their advance at Kulikovo. ... Events February 2 - Battle of Mortimers Cross - Yorkist troops led by Edward, Duke of York defeat Lancastrians under Owen Tudor and his son Jasper Tudor, Earl of Pembroke in Wales. ... Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Braganza The title Duke of Braganza in the House of Braganza is one of the most important titles in the peerage of Portugal, as the ancient Duchy of Braganza (Bragança), is one of the oldest and most important dukedoms in Portugal. ... Beatrice of Portugal (Portuguese: Beatriz, pron. ... Year 1382 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Battle of Grotnik, which ended the hussite movement in Poland Eric of Pomerania, King of Sweden, Denmark and Norway is declared deposed in Sweden. ... Thomas Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel (October 13, 1381 – October 13, 1415) was an English nobleman, one of the principals of the deposition of Richard II, and a major figure during the reign of Henry IV. He was the only surviving son of Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel and... John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter (March 18, 1395 - 1447) was an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years War. ... The title of Duke of Exeter was created several times in England in the later Middle Ages, when Exeter was the main town of Devon. ... The House of Aviz is a dynasty of kings of Portugal. ... The House of Burgundy (or Afonsine House) was the first dynasty of Kings of Portugal. ... History of Portugal Series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383-1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... Fernando I (pron. ... Infanta Beatrice of Portugal, Beatriz in Portuguese (pron. ... This is a list of Portuguese monarchs dating from the independence of Portugal from the kingdom of León in 1128 under Afonso Henriques, who proclaimed himself King in 1139, to the proclamation of the Portuguese Republic on October 5, 1910, during the reign of Manuel II, the Patriot, or... Algarve NUTS II region, and the district of Faro in Portugal. ... Duarte of Portugal (Edward, in English), the Philosopher or the Eloquent, the 11th king of Portugal, was born in Viseu on October 31, 1391 and he died in Tomar on September 13, 1438. ... This article treats the generic title monarch. ... The House of Burgundy (or Afonsine House) was the first dynasty of Kings of Portugal. ... Afonso I, King of Portugal (English Alphonzo or Alphonse), more commonly known as Afonso Henriques (pron. ... Sancho I, King of Portugal (pron. ... Afonso II of Portugal (English Alphonzo), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin version), known as the Fat (Port. ... Sancho II of Portugal, the Pious (Port. ... Afonso III of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... Dinis of Portugal (in archaic Portuguese Diniz; in English Denis), the Farmer (Port. ... Afonso IV of Portugal (English Alphonzo), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin), (February 8, 1291 – May 28, 1357), known as the Brave (Port. ... Pedro I of Portugal (pron. ... Fernando I (pron. ... Infanta Beatrice of Portugal, Beatriz in Portuguese (pron. ... The House of Aviz is a dynasty of kings of Portugal. ... Duarte of Portugal (Edward, in English), the Philosopher or the Eloquent, the 11th king of Portugal, was born in Viseu on October 31, 1391 and he died in Tomar on September 13, 1438. ... Afonso V of Portugal, Conqueror of African strongholds Afonso V, King of Portugal KG (Portuguese pron. ... John II of Portugal João II of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... The House of Aviz is a dynasty of kings of Portugal. ... Manuel I of Portugal (pron. ... John III, King of Portugal KGF (Portuguese: João III pron. ... Sebastian I, King of Portugal the Desired (in Portuguese, Sebastião I, pron. ... Henry, the cardinal-king or Henrique (in Portuguese) the Chaste (Port. ... Anthony I of Portugal (Portuguese: António, pron. ... Image:Flag of the Hapsburg Monarchy. ... Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II de Habsburgo; Portuguese: Filipe I) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was the first official King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1598, king consort of England (as husband of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, Lord... Philip III of Spain Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III) (April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. ... Philip IV (), (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) was King of Spain from 1621 to 1665 and also King of Portugal until 1640. ... The Royal House of Braganza (Portuguese: Casa Real de Bragança, pron. ... John IV of Portugal (Portuguese: João IV de Portugal pron. ... Afonso VI, King of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... Peter II (Portuguese Pedro, pron. ... John V, King of Portugal (Portuguese João pron. ... Joseph I (Portuguese José, pron. ... Maria I of Portugal (pron. ... Pedro III, King-consort of Portugal (pron. ... John VI, King of Portugal (13 May 1767 – 26 March 1826) KG KGF (Portuguese João, pron. ... Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil (pron. ... Miguel I, King of Portugal/pron. ... Maria II, Queen of Portugal, (pron. ... Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (October 29, 1816 - December 15, 1885) was consort king of Portugal and Algarves following his marriage to Queen Maria II in 1836. ... Capitals Coburg and Gotha Head of State Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Saxe-Coburg and Gotha or Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (German: Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha) served as the name of the two German duchies of Saxe-Coburg and Saxe-Gotha in Germany, in the present-day states of Bavaria... Pedro V, King of Portugal KG (pron. ... Luís I, King of Portugal KG (pron. ... Carlos I, King of Portugal KG pron. ... King Manuel II (r: 1908–1910) Manuel II, King of Portugal KG GCVO (pron. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


Sources:

Williamson, D. 1988. ‘’Debrett’s Kings and Queens of Europe’’


 
 

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