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Encyclopedia > John I of Aragon

Template:House of Aragón John I (December 27, 1350May 19, 1396), called the Hunter (Juan el Cazador in Castilian, Chuan lo Cazataire in Aragonese and Joan el Descurat in Catalan) or the Lover of Elegance (el Amador de la gentileza in Castilian and l'Amador de la Gentilesa in Catalan), was the King of Aragon from 1387 to his death. He was the eldest son of Peter IV and his third wife, Eleanor, who was the daughter of Peter II of Sicily. He was born in Perpignan, in the province of Roussillon, which at that time belonged to Aragon, and died during a hunt in forests near Foixà by a fall from his horse, like his namesake, cousin, and contemporary, John I of Castile. He was a man of insignificant character, with a taste for artificial verse. December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ... Events 29 August - An English fleet personally commanded by King Edward III defeats a Spanish fleet in the battle of Les Espagnols sur Mer. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events September 25 - Bayazid I defeats Sigismund of Hungary and John of Nevers at the Battle of Nicopolis. ... This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ... Aragonese, IPA: (), is a Romance language now spoken by some 10,000 people over the valleys of the Aragón River, Sobrarbe and Ribagorza in the province of Huesca, Aragon, Spain. ... Catalan IPA: (català IPA: or []) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra, and a co-official language in the Spanish autonomous communities of Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Valencia (in the latter with the name of Valencian), and in the city of LAlguer in the Italian island of... This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ... Catalan IPA: (català IPA: or []) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra, and a co-official language in the Spanish autonomous communities of Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Valencia (in the latter with the name of Valencian), and in the city of LAlguer in the Italian island of... Here is a list of the rulers of Aragon, now a region of north-eastern Spain. ... Events June 2 - John Holland, a maternal half-brother of Richard II of England, is created Earl of Huntingdon. ... Peter IV of Aragon (1319-1387), king of Aragon (1336-1387), the Ceremonious or el del punyalet (the one of the little dagger). ... Peter II (July 1305-15 August 1342, Calascibetta) was crowned king of Sicily (then called Trinacria) in 1321 and gained full sovereignty when his father died in 1337. ... Perpignan (French: Perpignan, pronounced ; Catalan Perpinyà) is a commune and the préfecture (administrative capital city) of the Pyrénées-Orientales département in southern France. ... Coat of arms of Roussillon - see also senyera Flag of Roussillon Mount Canigó (Canigou) (2785m), a Catalan landmark Roussillon (French: Roussillon, pronounced ; Catalan: Rosselló, pronounced ) is one of the historical counties of the former Principality of Catalonia, corresponding roughly to the present-day southern French département of Pyrén... Girona (Catalan: Girona, Spanish: Gerona, French: Gérone) is a city located in the northwest of Catalonia, Spain on the confluence of the rivers Ter and Onyar. ... John I (August 24, 1358 – October 9, 1390) (in Spanish: Juan I) was the king of Castile, was the son of Henry II and of his wife Joan, daughter of John Manuel of Villena, head of a younger branch of the royal house of Castile. ...


Once on the throne, John abandoned his father's relatively Anglophile policy and made an alliance with France. He continued Aragon's support for the Pope of the Avignon line, Clement VII, in the Western Schism. John also made an alliance with Castile, and confirmed in 1388 a treaty with Navarre fixing borders between these kingdoms. Robert of Geneva (1342-16 September 1394) was elected to the papacy as Pope Clement VII by the French cardinals who opposed Urban VI, and was the first Avignon antipope of the Western Schism. ... Historical map of the Western Schism. ... Capital Pamplona Official language(s) Spanish and Basque Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 11th  10,391 km²  2. ...


In 1389-90, the Aragonese battled the troops of the Count of Armagnac, who was attempting to conquer the lands of the vassal kingdom of Majorca. The attack went from Empordà to Gerona. The invaders were defeated in 1390 by Aragonese troops commanded by the Infante Martin, the king's brother (and successor). The following is a list of Counts of Armagnac: William Count of Fezensac and Armagnac  ?- 960 Bernard the Suspicious, First count privative of Armagnac 960- ? Gerald I Trancaléon ? -1020 Bernard I Tumapaler 1020-1061 Gerald II 1061-1095 Arnauld-Bernard II (associated 1072 for about ten years) Bernard III... Majorca Kings Palace at Perpinyà The Kingdom of Majorca (also Kingdom of Mallorca) was created by James I of Aragon (Jaume I, The Conqueror) as a vassal kingdom of the Kingdom of Aragon. ... Empordà is a historical region of Catalonia, divided since 1936 into two comarques, Alt Empordà and Baix Empordà. Categories: Spain geography stubs ... Girona (Catalan: Girona, Spanish: Gerona, French: Gérone) is a city located in the northwest of Catalonia, Spain on the confluence of the rivers Ter and Onyar. ... Martin I (1356—1410), the Elder, the Humane, the Ecclesiastic, King of Aragon (1396 - 1410), King of Sicily (1409 - 1410) was the last direct descendant in legitimate male line of Wilfred the Hairy, Count of Barcelona, to rule Aragon. ...


During 1388-90, John gradually lost all lands of the Duchies of Athens and Neopatras in Greece. // Duchy of Athens A small crusader state which was established after the Sack of Constantinople (1204) by the Crusaders. ... Coat of Arms of the Duchy of Neopatras The Duchy of Neopatria or Neopatras was one of the Crusader States set up in Greece after the conquest of the Byzantine Empire during the Fourth Crusade. ...


In 1391, John promulgated legislation on Jews in different cities of Aragon. Also in 1391, his administration faced a revolt in the vassal kingdom of Sicily, where the population had proclaimed Louis of Durazzo as king. Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... King Ladislas of Naples, the Magnanimous (February 11, 1377–August 6, 1414), was King of Naples and titular King of Jerusalem and Sicily, titular Count of Provence and Forcalquier 1386–1414, and titular King of Hungary 1390–1414. ...


John was a protector of culture of Barcelona. He established in 1393 the Consistor of Barcelona (jocs florals), imitating the same office in Toulouse.


Aragon had been attempting to subjugate Sardinia since the reign of James II, and gradually the Aragonese had conquered most of the island. However, in the 1380s, the remaining independent principality Arborea became a fortress of rebellion and the Aragonese were rapidly driven back by Eleanor de Bas-Serra. The Aragonese continued in John's reign to attempt to suppress rebels in Sardinia and regain lost territories. However, during John's reign, practically the whole of Sardinia was lost. Sardinia (pronounced ; Italian: ; Sardinian: or Sardinnya) is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily). ... James II of Aragon James II, King of Aragon (10 August 1267 – 2 November 1327), in Spanish Jaime II, in Aragonese Chaime II, in Catalan Jaume II, also James II of Barcelona, called The Just (Aragonese: Lo Chusto, Catalan: El Just) was the second son of Peter III of Aragon... Arborea was a small kingdom on Sardinia in the later Middle Ages, one of the four judicatures into which the island had divided. ... Eleanor of Arborea Eleanor (Italian: Eleonora; 1347 Molins de Rei, Catalonia, – 1404) was the giudicessa (judge) of Arborea from 1383 to her death. ...


John's reign was characterized by disastrous financial administration.


He died without sons, and was succeeded by his younger brother Martin. Two daughters, however, survived to adulthood.


Family and children

From his first marriage to Martha of Armagnac (1347-1378), daughter of Count Jean I of Armagnac: The following is a list of Counts of Armagnac: William Count of Fezensac and Armagnac  ?- 960 Bernard the Suspicious, First count privative of Armagnac 960- ? Gerald I Trancaléon ? -1020 Bernard I Tumapaler 1020-1061 Gerald II 1061-1095 Arnauld-Bernard II (associated 1072 for about ten years) Bernard III...

  • Joanna, who married Mathieu, Count of Foix. Together they claimed the throne of Aragon after her father's death. Matthew of Foix invaded Aragonese territories, but was driven back by the new King Martin. Joanna died soon after, childless.

From his second marriage to Yolande of Bar, daughter of Robert I, Duke of Bar and Marie Valois: County of Foix coat of arms The independent counts of Foix, with their castle overlooking the town of Foix, now in southernmost France, governed their county of Foix, which corresponded roughly to the eastern part of the modern département of Ariège (the western part being Couserans). ... Marie Valois (September 18, 1344, Saint-Germain-en-Laye - October 15, 1404) was the sixth child and second daughter of John II of France and Bonne of Bohemia. ...

Yolande of Aragon (also known as Jolantha de Aragon and Violant dAragó) was born in Barcelona in 1383, the daughter of John I of Aragon and his wife Yolande of Bar (who was a granddaughter of John II of France (and niece of Charles V of France and Louis... The Angevin French prince, Louis II of Anjou (1377 - 1417) was the rival of Ladislas as king of Naples. ... Yolande of Aragon (1383-1443) was called, from 1410 at the latest, the Queen of Four Kingdoms/La Reine des Quatre Royaumes. ...

References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
Preceded by
Peter IV
King of Aragon and Valencia
Count of Barcelona

1387-1396
Succeeded by
Martin I

  Results from FactBites:
 
John II of Aragon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (565 words)
John II (June 29, 1397 – January 20, 1479) was a King of Aragon (1458 - 1479) and a King of Navarre (1425 - 1479).
John is regarded as one of the most stirring and most unscrupulous kings of the 15th century.
The reign of John II of Aragon is largely dealt with in WH Prescott's History of the Reign of Ferdinand and Isabella (1854).
AllRefer.com - John II, king of AragOn and Sicily (Spanish And Portuguese History, Biography) - Encyclopedia (291 words)
John II 1397–1479, king of AragOn and Sicily (1458–79), king of Navarre (1425–79), count of Barcelona.
John was expelled from Catalonia, and RenE of Anjou was chosen count of Barcelona.
At John's death Navarre passed to the house of Foix through the marriage of John's daughter Leonor; AragOn, Catalonia, and Sicily passed to his son, Ferdinand II, who as Ferdinand V also became king of Castile.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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