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Encyclopedia > John Hewson
John Hewson


In office
3 April 1990 – 23 May 1994
Preceded by Andrew Peacock
Succeeded by Alexander Downer
Constituency Wentworth

Born 28 October 1946
Sydney, New South Wales
Political party Liberal Party
For the English soldier and regicide, see John Hewson (regicide).

Dr John Robert Hewson AM (born 28 October 1946) is an Australian economist and former politician. He was federal leader of the Liberal Party of Australia from 1990 to 1994, and led the party to defeat at the 1993 federal election. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... 1 Note that Gough Whitlam refused to use the title Leader of the Opposition between the dismissal of his government in November 1975 and the first meeting of the new parliament in February 1976. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This be the Danster with a few new trickoms ahahahahahahahahahahahahah Hace fun life life // January 1 - NAFTA goes into effect. ... Andrew Sharp Peacock AC (born 13 February 1939), Australian Liberal politician, was born in Melbourne, Victoria, the son of a wealthy company director. ... Alexander John Gosse Downer, MP (born 9 September 1951), Australian politician, became Foreign Minister of Australia in March 1996. ... Location in Sydney The Federal Division of Wentworth is a foundation division of the Australian Parliament, created at the Federation of the Australian Colonies as the Commonwealth of Australia. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... “NSW” redirects here. ... This article concerns the modern Australian political party. ... Colonel John Hewson (Hughson) died in 1662. ... Insignia of a Companion of the Order of Australia. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Alan Greenspan, former chairman, United States Federal Reserve. ... This article concerns the modern Australian political party. ... Legislative elections were held in Australia on March 13, 1993. ...

Contents

Early life

Hewson was born in Sydney, New South Wales, the son of a working-class, politically conservative engineer. He was educated at state schools, and then at the University of Sydney, where he graduated in economics. He then gained a master's degree from the then Regina campus of the University of Saskatchewan (from 1974 the University of Regina) and a second masters and a doctorate in economics from Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. In 1967 he married Margaret Deaves. This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... “NSW” redirects here. ... The University of Sydney, established in Sydney in 1850, is the oldest university in Australia. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Lilium University of Saskatchewan - The University of Saskatchewan Centennial Lily by plant breeder Donna Hay. ... The University of Regina is a degree granting institution located in Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada. ... The Johns Hopkins University, founded in 1876, is a private institution of higher learning located in Baltimore, Maryland, United States. ... Baltimore redirects here. ...


Returning to Australia, Hewson worked as an economist for the Reserve Bank of Australia. From 1976 to 1983 he was employed as an economic advisor to two successive Liberal Treasurers (finance ministers), Phillip Lynch and John Howard. During this period he developed a keen interest in politics, and determined to enter politics himself. While a strong Liberal, he was critical of what he saw as the weakness and inconsistency of economic policy under Malcolm Fraser's government. He was a supporter of some of the economic policies of Margaret Thatcher. The Reserve Bank of Australia came into being on 14 January 1960 to operate as Australias central bank and banknote issuing authority. ... This article concerns the modern Australian political party. ... Sir Phillip Lynch (27 July 1933 - June 19, 1984) was Treasurer and Minister for Finance of Australia under Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser. ... John Winston Howard (born 26 July 1939) is an Australian politician and the 25th Prime Minister of Australia. ... This article is about the former prime minister of Australia; for the Western Australian public servant, see Malcolm Fraser (surveyor). ... Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC (born October 13, 1925), former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, in office from 1979 to 1990. ...


After the defeat of the Fraser government in 1983, Hewson went into business journalism, and became a director of a private bank, the Macquarie Bank. This allowed the Labor Party to tag him as "a wealthy banker" when he entered politics. During this period he also went through a messy divorce. In 1988 he married Carolyn Somerville. Macquarie Bank Limited is an Australian merchant bank and financial services group, providing a broad range of products and services to investors, corporations and government. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


Entry into politics

In 1987 Hewson was elected to the House of Representatives for the upper-class Sydney electorate of Wentworth. He was lucky to enter Parliament at a time when there was a leadership vacuum on the conservative side of politics. His former employer John Howard had just lost the 1987 elections, and the Liberals had no obvious alternative leader. In September 1988 Howard appointed him shadow Finance Minister. In May 1989, when Andrew Peacock replaced Howard as Leader, Hewson became shadow Treasurer to Paul Keating. In the lead up to the 1990 election, Hewson, the trained economist, performed well against Keating, whose grasp of economics had only developed during his time as Treasurer. Australian House of Representatives chamber Entrance to the House of Representatives The Australian House of Representatives is one of the two houses (chambers) of the Parliament of Australia. ... Location in Sydney The Federal Division of Wentworth is a foundation division of the Australian Parliament, created at the Federation of the Australian Colonies as the Commonwealth of Australia. ... Andrew Sharp Peacock AC (born 13 February 1939), Australian Liberal politician, was born in Melbourne, Victoria, the son of a wealthy company director. ... Look up Treasurer in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other persons named Paul Keating, see Paul Keating (disambiguation). ...


When Peacock was defeated at the 1990 elections, Hewson was elected to the Liberal leadership, despite having been in Parliament only three years. He defeated Peter Reith 62 votes to 13. (Reith was then elected deputy leader and Hewson made him Shadow Treasurer.) His positive qualities were his strength in economic policy, and his attractive media personality. But he had no experience in other areas of policy, his views on most issues were unknown, and he had little experience of political tactics, particularly against such hardened veterans as Hawke and Keating. He was vulnerable to the accusation that he was a narrow economic technocrat, and his Thatcherite views laid him open to criticism. Peter Keaston Reith, (born 15 July 1950), Australian politician, was a senior Cabinet minister in the first two terms of the Howard government. ... The term technocrat in current usage refers to individuals with technical training and occupations who tend to perceive important societal problems as technological in nature, while proposing largely technology-focused solutions to the various problems. ... Margaret Thatcher Thatcherism is the system of political thought attributed to the governments of Margaret Thatcher, British Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990. ...


Fightback! and the bid for Prime Ministership

Nevertheless, Hewson made up ground on the Hawke government in the opinion polls, as the Australian economy went into deep recession and unemployment skyrocketed. Hewson was determined to make a break with what he saw as the weak pragmatism of past Liberal leaders. In November 1991 he launched "Fightback!", a radical economic policy package. The key elements of the package were introduction of a consumption tax called the goods and services tax (GST), the compensatory abolition of a range of other taxes such as sales tax, deep cuts in income tax for the middle and upper-middle classes, and increases in pensions and benefits to compensate the poor for the rise in prices flowing from the GST. An opinion poll is a survey of opinion from a particular sample. ... The Goods and Services Tax is a Value-added tax that exists in a number of countries. ... A sales tax is a consumption tax charged at the point of purchase for certain goods and services. ... Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        An income tax is a tax levied on the financial income... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


In December Keating successfully challenged Hawke and became Prime Minister.


Through 1992 Keating mounted a campaign against the Fightback package, and particularly against the GST, which he described as an attack on the working class in that it shifted the tax burden from direct taxation of the wealthy to indirect taxation of the mass of consumers. Keating memorably described the impact of Hewson's GST as "15% on this, 15% on that." Keating famously described Hewson as a "feral abacus." It has been suggested that Abax be merged into this article or section. ...


This assault forced Hewson into a partial backdown, agreeing not to levy the GST on food. But this concession opened Hewson to charges of weakness and inconsistency, and also complicated the arithmetic of the whole package, since the weakening of the GST reduced the scope for tax cuts, the most attractive element of the package for middle-class voters. The complications of the new package were famously demonstrated in the "Birthday Cake Interview", in which Hewson was unable to answer a question posed by journalist Mike Willessee about whether or not a birthday cake would cost more or less under a Coalition government. Hewson was instead forced into a series of circumlocutions about whether the cake would be decorated, have ice cream in it and so on. The Birthday Cake Interview refers to a famous political interview in Australia that was carried out between interviewer Mike Willesee and Liberal Party Opposition Leader Dr John Hewson shortly before the 1993 federal election. ... Mike Willessee is a television presenter who found fame and fortune in Australian television. ...


In August 2006 Andrew Denton conducted an in-depth Interview with Hewson on ABC TV program Enough Rope. Upon being shown footage of the Birthday Cake Interview John Hewson commented "Well I answered the question honestly. The answer's actually right. That doesn't count...I should have told him (Mike Willesee) to get stuffed!".[1] Andrew Denton on the poster for his film God On My Side Andrew Christopher Denton (born May 4, 1960) is an Australian comedian and television presenter, and is the host of the ABCs weekly interview program Enough Rope. ...


According to Channel 9's 20 to 1 episode Unscripted and Unplanned[citation needed], it was the moment Hewson lost the election; the interview was held 10 days before the election, and polls right up to election day predicted a Coalition victory.[1] 20 to 1 is an Australian television series, now hosted by Bert Newton (replacing Charles Bud Tingwell) that counts down Australian televisions most defining moments. ...


Hewson's personal detestation of Keating clouded his judgment, and he lacked the political skills to counter Keating effectively. At the March 1993 election Hewson was defeated by Keating, losing what many had described as "the unloseable election" for the Liberals. The issue of the GST was dropped from the Liberal Party's agenda until the 1998 election campaign. Legislative elections were held in Australia on March 13, 1993. ... Judicial High Court Lower Courts Constitution State and territory governments Executive Governors and Administrators Premiers and Chief Ministers Legislative Parliaments and Assemblies State electoral systems ACT - NSW - NT - Qld. ...


Despite previously having pledged to resign the leadership in the event that he was defeated at the 1993 Federal Election, Hewson decided to continue in his position. He defeated a post-election party leadership challenge from John Howard but his position was never secure from that point onward and political colleagues such as Peter Costello, Alexander Downer and Bronwyn Bishop consistently undermined his leadership over the subsequent year. John Winston Howard (born 26 July 1939) is an Australian politician and the 25th Prime Minister of Australia. ... This article has been selected as the current Australian Collaboration of the Fortnight! Please help improve it to featured article standard. ... Alexander John Gosse Downer, MP (born 9 September 1951), Australian politician, became Foreign Minister of Australia in March 1996. ... Hon Bronwyn Bishop Bronwyn Kathleen Bishop (born 19 October 1942), Australian politician, has been a Liberal member of the Australian House of Representatives since February 1994, representing the Division of Mackellar, New South Wales. ...


In 1994 he attempted to quell leadership speculation by calling a leadership ballot, but he lost the vote and the leadership to Alexander Downer. In February 1995 he resigned from Parliament after one of the shortest parliamentary careers of any leader of a major political party. Alexander John Gosse Downer, MP (born 9 September 1951), Australian politician, became Foreign Minister of Australia in March 1996. ...


After politics

Since his departure from politics, he has written extensively for the business and general press, and spent time on the lecture circuit. In his writings he demonstrated an increasing focus on corporate social and environmental responsibility. In 2003 he became chairman of RepuTex, a new company that conducts assessments of companies on these criteria, as well as issuing an annual public listing of Australia's top 100 companies on these criteria.


After 1996 he became increasingly critical of Prime Minister John Howard. In 2003 he opposed Howard's decision to take part in the Iraq War although in 2004 argued it would be electoral "suicide" for the Liberal Party to replace Howard with an alternate leader. John Winston Howard (born 26 July 1939) is an Australian politician and the 25th Prime Minister of Australia. ... The subject of this article is the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ...


He became Professor of Management at Macquarie University, Sydney, and Dean of the Macquarie Graduate School of Management in 2002 but resigned within two years after a falling out with the University's then vice-chancellor, Di Yerbury. Macquarie University is an Australian university located in Sydney. ... Macquarie Graduate School of Management (abbreviated to MGSM) is a business school that is part of Macquarie University. ...


He has also served as a consultant to ABN AMRO.[2] ABN AMRO (Euronext: AAB, NYSE: ABN) is one of the largest banks in Europe and has operations all over the world. ...


In July 2006 Hewson gave an interview to ABC's Four Corners program in which he voiced concern at the growing influence of what he characterised as a "hardline right religious element" in the NSW branch of the Liberal Party.[3] This was in breach of a Liberal Party rule about speaking to the media and he may face expulsion from the party for doing so. [4] The Australian Broadcasting Corporation or ABC is Australias national non-profit public broadcaster. ... For other uses, see Four Corners (disambiguation). ...


In August 2006 Andrew Denton conducted an in-depth Interview with Hewson on the ABC TV program Enough Rope, discussing both politics and aspects of his personal life.[5] Andrew Denton on the poster for his film God On My Side Andrew Christopher Denton (born May 4, 1960) is an Australian comedian and television presenter, and is the host of the ABCs weekly interview program Enough Rope. ... Enough Rope with Andrew Denton (or simply Enough Rope) is a television talk show broadcast on the ABC network in Australia. ...


As of December 2006, John Hewson has held the position of chairman of the board of directors for the Elderslie Group, a company whose primary interests lie in the areas of corporate finance and property investments, but maintains a variety of other interests Australia-wide.


References

  1. ^ The article "Hot Pies, Cold Pies AND Pie-Eaters", by Alan Ramsey, Sydney Morning Herald, 06 Mar 1993 places the interview the "previous" Wednesday evening on the Nine Network's A Current Affair, which would make it March 3, 1993, 10 days before the election.

The Nine Network, or Channel Nine, is an Australian television network based in Willoughby, a suburb on the North Shore of Sydney. ... A Current Affair host:Tracy Grimshaw A Current Affair (or ACA) is an Australian television current affairs programme, broadcast on the Nine Network. ...

External links

  • RepuTex corporate website
  • Elderslie Finance corporate website
Party political offices
Preceded by
Andrew Peacock
Leader of the Liberal Party of Australia
1990–1994
Succeeded by
Alexander Downer
Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
Robert Ellicott
Member for Wentworth
1987–1995
Succeeded by
Andrew Thomson
Leaders of the Liberal Party of Australia
Menzies | Holt | Gorton | McMahon | Snedden | Fraser | Peacock | Howard | Peacock | Hewson | Downer | Howard
Persondata
NAME Hewson, John Robert
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Australian politician
DATE OF BIRTH 28 October 1946
PLACE OF BIRTH Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
DATE OF DEATH living
PLACE OF DEATH

  Results from FactBites:
 
John Hewson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1065 words)
Dr John Robert Hewson (born 28 October 1946), Australian Liberal politician and economist, was born in Sydney, New South Wales, the son of a working-class, politically conservative engineer.
In 1987 Hewson was elected to the House of Representatives for the upper-class Sydney electorate of Wentworth.
Hewson had never imagined the possibility of defeat, and for the rest of 1993 he seemed to be in shock.
John Howard - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4478 words)
John Winston Howard (born 26 July 1939) is an Australian politician and the country's current Prime Minister.
John Howard suffered from a hearing impairment in his youth (List of deaf people), and this has left him with a slight speech impediment, something that he shares with namesake Winston Churchill.
John Valder's criticism was particularly strong, claiming that Howard should be tried and punished as a war criminal [10].
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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