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Encyclopedia > John Hemphill (politician)
John Hemphill
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John Hemphill

John Hemphill (December 18, 1803January 3, 1862) was Chief Justice of the Texas Supreme Court, a United States Senator, and a veteran of wars with Native Americans. December 18 is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The U.S. state of Texas has two courts of last resort: the Texas Supreme Court, which is the highest state appellate court for civil matters (including juvenile delinquency, which the law considers to be a civil matter and not criminal) and the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals, the highest... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ... An Atsina named Assiniboin Boy Native Americans in the United States (also known as Indians, American Indians, First Americans, Indigenous Peoples, Aboriginal Peoples, Aboriginal Americans, Amerindians, Amerinds, or Original Americans) are the indigenous peoples within the territory that is now encompassed by the continental United States and their descendants in...


John Hemphill's father, Rev. John Hemphill, emigrated to the US from County Tyrone, Northern Ireland, his mother, Jane Lind, was a native of Pennsylvania. John Hemphill was born in South Carolina and educated at Jefferson College, graduating in 1825. Admitted to the bar in South Carolina in 1829, he eventually moved his practice to Texas in 1838. This article is about County Tyrone. ... Dieu et mon droit (Royal motto) (French for God and my right)2 Northern Irelands location within the UK Main language English Other recognised languages Irish, Ulster Scots Capital and largest city Belfast First Minister Office suspended Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Peter Hain MP Area  - Total Ranked... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 40th 82,965 km² 320 km 420 km 6 32°430N to 35°12N 78°030W to 83°20W Population  - Total (2000)  - Density Ranked 26th 4,012... Washington and Jefferson College is a private, coeducational, liberal arts college located in Washington, Pennsylvania. ... 1825 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 40th 82,965 km² 320 km 420 km 6 32°430N to 35°12N 78°030W to 83°20W Population  - Total (2000)  - Density Ranked 26th 4,012... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Official language(s) None. ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


Hemphill served as Chief Justice of the Texas Supreme Court for eighteen years while Texas was an independent republic and in the period of statehood before the Civil War. He was called the 'John Marshall' of Texas for the role he played in the development of Texan law. He was also famous for having fought with Native American warriors who attacked him in his courtroom while court was in session. He was considered an expert on Spanish and Mexican law, and is remembered for expanding women's rights and supporting homestead rights. John Hemphill replaced Sam Houston as United States Senator from Texas when Houston did not support the right of states to secede from the United States. The U.S. state of Texas has two courts of last resort: the Texas Supreme Court, which is the highest state appellate court for civil matters (including juvenile delinquency, which the law considers to be a civil matter and not criminal) and the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals, the highest... Official language English (de facto) Spanish, French, German and Native American languages regionally Capital Washington-on-the-Brazos (1836) Harrisburg (1836) Galveston (1836) Velasco (1836) Houston (1837–1839) Austin (1839–1845) Largest city San Antonio de Béxar Presidents David G. Burnet, Sam Houston, Mirabeau B. Lamar, Anson Jones Area... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders Abraham Lincoln† Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis Robert E. Lee Strength 2,213,363 1,064,200 Casualties KIA: 110,100 Total dead: 359,500 Wounded: 275,200 KIA: 94,000 Total dead: 258,000 Wounded: 137,000+  The American... John Marshall (September 24, 1755 – July 6, 1835) was an American statesman and jurist who greatly influenced American constitutional law. ... Womens rights typically refers to the legal rights of women which pertains to the social and human rights of women. ... A homestead is: A farm with the buildings around it, see homestead (buildings) Ones legal residence, see homestead (law) An area measure of 160 acres (650,000 m²), see homestead (area) and Homestead Act To homestead is to establish ownership of previously unowned property (usually but not exclusively land... Sam Houston Samuel Houston (March 2, 1793 – July 26, 1863) 19th century statesman, politician and soldier. ...


As Texas was one of the first seven states to secede, Hemphill was among fourteen United States Senators expelled by resolution in 1861. He was subsequently chosen as a Texas delegate to the Confederate Congress, a position he held until his death in Richmond, Virginia. 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The Confederate Congress was the legislative body of the Confederate States of America, existing during the American Civil War between 1861 and 1865. ... Nickname: River City Motto: Sic Itur Ad Astra Official website: http://www. ...


Hemphill County, Texas and Hemphill, Texas are both named in his honor. Hemphill County is a county located in the state of Texas. ... Hemphill is a city located in Sabine County, Texas. ...


John Hemphill is a cousin of Charles Hare Hemphill, 1st Baron Hemphill through his father the Rev. John Hemphill.


External links


This article incorporates facts obtained from the public domain Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. The Handbook of Texas (ISBN 0-87611-151-7) is a comprehensive encyclopedia of Texas geography, history, and historical persons published jointly by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA) and the General Libraries at the University of Texas at Austin. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Biographical Directory of the United States Congress is a biographical dictionary of all members of both houses of the United States Congress, past and present. ...

Preceded by:
Sam Houston
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Texas
1859—1861
Succeeded by:
Morgan C. Hamilton

 
 

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