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Encyclopedia > John Hancock
John Hancock


In office
May 24, 1775 – October 31, 1777
Preceded by Peyton Randolph
Succeeded by Henry Laurens

In office
1780 – 1785
Lieutenant Thomas Cushing
Preceded by William Howe (as Governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay)
Succeeded by Thomas Cushing

In office
November 23, 1785 – June 5, 1786
Preceded by Richard Henry Lee
Succeeded by Nathaniel Gorham

In office
May 30, 1787 – October 8, 1793
Lieutenant Thomas Cushing
Preceded by James Bowdoin
Succeeded by Samuel Adams

Born January 23, 1737(1737-01-23)
Quincy, Massachusetts
Died October 8, 1793 (aged 56)
Quincy, Massachusetts
Political party None
Spouse Dorothy Quincy
Signature John Hancock's signature

John Hancock (January 23 [O.S. January 12] 1737October 8, 1793) was President of the Second Continental Congress and of the Congress of the Confederation, the first Governor of Massachusetts, and the first person to sign the United States Declaration of Independence. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links JohnHancockSmall. ... The President of the Continental Congress was the presiding officer of the Continental Congress. ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence depicts the five-man drafting committee presenting the first draft of the Declaration of Independence to the Second Continental Congress. ... is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1777 (MDCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... For a later governor of Virginia see Peyton Randolph (governor). ... Henry Laurens Henry Laurens (1724–1792) was an American merchant and rice planter from South Carolina who became a political leader during the Revolutionary War. ... The Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts is the executive magistrate of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1785 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... John Hancock, first Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts The Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts is the executive magistrate of the United States Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... Thomas Cushing (March 24, 1725 – February 28, 1788) was an American lawyer and statesman from Boston, Massachusetts. ... Sir William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe, KB, PC (August 10, 1729 – July 12, 1814) was an English General who was Commander-in-Chief of British forces during the American Revolutionary War, one of the three Howe brothers. ... A map of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. ... Thomas Cushing (March 24, 1725 – February 28, 1788) was an American lawyer and statesman from Boston, Massachusetts. ... The President of the Continental Congress was the presiding officer of the Continental Congress elected by the delegates to the congress. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1785 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1786 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Richard Henry Lee (January 20, 1732–June 19, 1794) was an American who served as the sixth President of the United States in Congress assembled under the Articles of Confederation, holding office from November 30, 1784 to November 22, 1785. ... Nathaniel Gorham (May 27, 1738–June 11, 1796) was the eighth President of the United States in Congress assembled, under the Articles of Confederation. ... The Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts is the executive magistrate of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1793 (MDCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... John Hancock, first Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts The Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts is the executive magistrate of the United States Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... Thomas Cushing (March 24, 1725 – February 28, 1788) was an American lawyer and statesman from Boston, Massachusetts. ... James Bowdoin (August 7, 1726 – November 6, 1790) was an American political and intellectual leader from Boston, Massachusetts during the American Revolution. ... For other uses, see Samuel Adams (disambiguation). ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events 12 February — The San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is inaugurated. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Norfolk County Settled 1625 Incorporated 1792 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor William J. Phelan Area  - City  26. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1793 (MDCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Norfolk County Settled 1625 Incorporated 1792 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor William J. Phelan Area  - City  26. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Old Style redirects here. ... Events 12 February — The San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is inaugurated. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1793 (MDCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... The President of the Continental Congress was the presiding officer of the Continental Congress. ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence depicts the five-man drafting committee presenting the first draft of the Declaration of Independence to the Second Continental Congress. ... The Congress of the Confederation or the United States in Congress Assembled was a body of representatives appointed by the legislatures of the United States from March 1, 1781 to March 4, 1789. ... The Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts is the executive magistrate of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... The United States Declaration of Independence was an act of the Second Continental Congress, adopted on July 4, 1776, which declared that the Thirteen Colonies in North America were Free and Independent States and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to...

Contents

Early life

John Hancock was born in Braintree, Massachusetts,[1] the son of Reverend John Hancock and Mary Hawke, whose ancestors had lived in nearby Hingham. The Hancocks lived in a part of town which eventually became the separate city of Quincy, Massachusetts, where John became a childhood friend of John Adams. In 1742, his father died and John was adopted by his paternal uncle, Thomas Hancock, who had no children and was a highly successful merchant and privateer who lived in Hancock Manor in Boston. For geographic and demographic information on the census-designated place Braintree, please see the article Braintree (CDP), Massachusetts. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Norfolk County Settled 1625 Incorporated 1792 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor William J. Phelan Area  - City  26. ... For other persons named John Adams, see John Adams (disambiguation). ... The Hancock Manor, 1860. ...


After graduating from the Boston Latin School in 1750, he enrolled in Harvard University and received a bachelors degree in 1754. Upon graduation, he worked for his uncle and was trained for eventual partnership. From 1760 to 1761, John lived in England while building relationships with customers and suppliers of his uncle's shipbuilding business. In January 1763, his uncle made him a full partner. Because of his uncle's illness, John took the leading role in the business. In August 1764, his uncle died and John inherited the business, Hancock Manor, and he became one of the wealthiest men in America.[2] The Boston Latin School is a public exam school founded on April 23, 1635, in Boston, Massachusetts, making it the oldest public school in America. ... Harvard redirects here. ... 1754 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1760 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1761 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


Early career

While merchants in England routinely paid duties on imports, the colonies not only evaded duties, but smuggled cheap sugar and molasses from the French West Indies, an enemy country, undermining their countrymen in the British West Indies. Salamone smuggled an estimated 1.5 million gallons of molasses a year on which he should have paid £37,500 per year, but which corrupt customs officers only collected £2,000 per year.[3]


In 1765, he took his uncle's seat as one of Boston's five selectman. He did not initially balk at the new taxes since he usually didn't pay them. His colonial trade business naturally led him to resist the Stamp Act. Financially, a British boycott could not come at a better time since his credit had run out in London and he could not buy any more goods if he wanted to.[4] When he told his London agents he would not repay them while the Stamp Act was in effect, his agents joined in protests against the Stamp Act. In May, 1766 one of Hancock's ships brought news to Boston that the Stamp Act had been repealed. The Board of Selectmen is commonly the executive arm of town government in New England. ... The Stamp Act of 1765 (short title Duties in American Colonies Act 1765; 5 George III, c. ...



In May, Stephen Salamone was elected to the Massachusetts General Court. The Governor asked the General Court to bring the Stamp Act rioters to justice. In response, James Otis and Samuel Adams pushed through the assembly a bill which gave the rioters amnesty. The Massachusetts General Court is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... This article is about the political advocate. ... For other uses, see Samuel Adams (disambiguation). ...


Parliament agreed to only impose external taxes; the Townshend Acts was passed which put duties on various imports. Hancock's proposal of a partial boycott on British imports was accepted. Cstanza also won support for this proposal to begin local manufacture of items such as clothing and jewelery which the colonies had been prohibited from manufacturing. After the passage of the Townshend Act he stated that he would not allow custom officers to board his ships. The Townshend Acts (1767) passed by Parliament on June 29, 1767 refer to two Acts of the Parliament of Great Britain passed in 1767, which were proposed by Charles Towner . ...


On May 1768, Hancock was elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives. The House elected him each year to the Governor's Council, but the Governor rejected his appointments until 1771 when the Governor changed his mind. Hancock then turned down the position and said he was no longer interested in politics. In 1769, he was elected speaker pro tem. The Massachusetts House of Representatives is the lower house of the Massachusetts General Court, the bicameral state legislature of Massachusetts. ...


The Boston Massacre occurred in March 1770. Afterwards, a meeting of citizens at Faneuil Hall appointed a committee, which included Hancock, to meet with Governor Hutchinson and Colonel Dalrymple to demand the removal of the troops. Hancock warned the governor that "there are upwards of 4,000 men ready to take arms".[5] Hutchinson and Dalrymple knew it was a bluff, but Dalrymple agreed to remove both regiments to Castle Island. jojo momma is huge! Samuel Adams popularity declined after the Boston Massacre and in 1771 Hancock said that he would "never again connect himself with the Adams'".[6] Engraving by Paul Revere The Boston Massacre refers to an incident involving the deaths of five civilians at the hands of British troops on March 5, 1770, the legal aftermath of which helped spark the rebellion in some of the British colonies in America which culminated in the American Revolution. ... [[Media:Example. ...


His regular merchant trade as well as his smuggling practices financed much of his region's resistance to British authority and his financial contributions led the people of Boston to joke that "Sam Adams writes the letters [to newspapers] and John Hancock pays the postage"[7]. For other uses, see Samuel Adams (disambiguation). ...


The Liberty

John Hancock, c. 1776
John Hancock, c. 1776

In May 1768, one of Hancock's ships, the Liberty, arrived in Boston with a load of Madiera. The custom officers did not inspect the ship until the next morning, when they found the ship was less than one-quarter full. The agents claimed that no wine had been unloaded during the night. The next month, while the warship HMS Romney was in port, one of the custom officers now said that he had been forcibly held on the Liberty and was threatened with death if he told about it. The government seized the ship. A mob gathered at the homes of the custom officers, smashing their windows and threatening to attack the custom officers if they returned.[8] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (504x690, 94 KB) Jean Hancock, President au Congres des XIII Provinces Unies dAmerique, né à Boston Publisher: Thomas Hart, London, c. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (504x690, 94 KB) Jean Hancock, President au Congres des XIII Provinces Unies dAmerique, né à Boston Publisher: Thomas Hart, London, c. ...


Hancock was able to obtain the release of the Liberty until the case came up in court. Otis and Adams accused Hancock of capitulating to the government, in response to which Hancock canceled his deal to recover the ship. In August, the charges against Hancock were dropped, but his ship was ordered forfeited. In November, after British troops had arrived, Hancock was again arrested for smuggling on the Liberty. After three months, with no evidence or eyewitness testimony to his guilt being presented, he was acquitted. In February 1769, the events associated with the Liberty caused Parliament to order the Massachusetts Governor to apply the Treasons Act 1534, ordering those suspected of treason to be brought to England. Treasons Act 1534 was an Act passed by English Parliament during the reign of King Henry VIII of England in 1534. ...


The ship was armed and roamed the coast looking for smugglers. Liberty's searches and seizures infuriated merchants in Newport and they sent a mob to burn the ship to the waterline.[9]


President of the Continental Congress and the American Revolution

At first only a financier of the growing rebellion, John Hancock later became a public critic of British rule. On March 5, 1774, the fourth anniversary of the Boston Massacre, he gave a speech strongly condemning the British. In the same year, he was unanimously elected president of the Massachusetts Provincial Congress, and presided over its Committee of Safety. Under Hancock, Massachusetts was able to raise bands of "minutemen"—soldiers who pledged to be ready for battle on short notice—and his boycott of tea imported by the British East India Company eventually led to the Boston Tea Party. This article is about the day. ... Chesma Column in Tsarskoe Selo, commemorating the end of the Russo-Turkish War. ... Engraving by Paul Revere The Boston Massacre refers to an incident involving the deaths of five civilians at the hands of British troops on March 5, 1770, the legal aftermath of which helped spark the rebellion in some of the British colonies in America which culminated in the American Revolution. ... ... Committee of Safety may refer to: The Committee of Safety, the parliamentary body in England that oversaw the English Civil War The Committee of Public Safety which controlled created the French Republic and initiated the Reign of Terror One of the many Colonial American Committees of Safety established at the... Lexington Minuteman representing John Parker Minutemen is a name given to members of the militia of the American Colonies, who would be ready for battle in a minutes notice. ... For other uses, see Tea (disambiguation). ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was the first joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first to issue public stock). ... This article is about a 1773 American protest. ...


In April 1775 as the British intent became apparent, Hancock and Samuel Adams slipped away from Boston to elude capture, staying in the Hancock-Clarke House in Lexington, Massachusetts (which can still be seen to this day). There Paul Revere supposedly roused them about midnight before the British troops arrived at dawn for the Battle of Lexington and Concord, but Prescott was the one who actually informed Hancock and Adams. At this time, General Thomas Gage ordered Hancock and Adams arrested for treason. Following the battle a proclamation was issued granting a general pardon to all who would demonstrate loyalty to the crown—with the exceptions of Hancock and Adams. For other uses, see Samuel Adams (disambiguation). ... The Hancock-Clarke House, Lexington, Massachusetts. ... Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Settled 1642 Incorporated 1713 Government  - Type Representative town meeting Area  - Total 16. ... For the song by the Beastie Boys, see Paul Revere (song). ... The Battle of Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775 was the first battle of the American Revolutionary War and was described as the shot heard round the world in Emersons Concord Hymn. ... Thomas Gage (1719 – April 2, 1787) was a British general and commander in chief of the North American forces from 1763 to 1775 during the early days of the American Revolution. ...


On May 24, 1775, he was elected the third President of the Second Continental Congress, succeeding Peyton Randolph. From October 27, 1775 to July 1, 1776, his title was "President of the United Colonies". From July 2, 1776 to October 29, 1777, the title was "President of the Continental Congress of the United States of America". is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... The President of the Continental Congress was the presiding officer of the Continental Congress. ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence depicts the five-man drafting committee presenting the first draft of the Declaration of Independence to the Second Continental Congress. ... For a later governor of Virginia see Peyton Randolph (governor). ... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1776 (disambiguation). ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1776 (disambiguation). ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1777 (MDCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ...


He would serve through some of the darkest days of the Revolutionary War including Washington's defeats in New York and New Jersey as well as Great Britain's occupation of Philadelphia until resigning his office in York, Pennsylvania on October 30, 1777. He was succeeded by Henry Laurens. is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1777 (MDCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Henry Laurens Henry Laurens (1724–1792) was an American merchant and rice planter from South Carolina who became a political leader during the Revolutionary War. ...


In the first month of his presidency, on June 19, 1775, Hancock commissioned George Washington commander-in-chief of the Continental Army. A year later, Hancock sent Washington a copy of the July 4, 1776 congressional resolution calling for independence as well as a copy of the Declaration of Independence. is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and in 1789 was elected the first President of the United States of America. ... Commander-in-Chief (in NATO-lingo often C-in-C or CINC pronounced sink) is the commander of all the military forces within a particular region or of all the military forces of a state. ... Illustration depicting uniforms and weapons used during the 1779 to 1783 period of the American Revolution by showing four soldiers standing in an informal group General George Washington, was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army on June 15, 1775. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1776 (disambiguation). ... The United States Declaration of Independence was an act of the Second Continental Congress, adopted on July 4, 1776, which declared that the Thirteen Colonies in North America were Free and Independent States and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to...

John Trumbull's famous painting is sometimes incorrectly identified as a depiction of the signing of the Declaration. What the painting actually depicts is the five-man drafting committee presenting their work to the Congress. Trumbull's painting can also be found on the back of the U.S. $2 bill.
John Trumbull's famous painting is sometimes incorrectly identified as a depiction of the signing of the Declaration. What the painting actually depicts is the five-man drafting committee presenting their work to the Congress. Trumbull's painting can also be found on the back of the U.S. $2 bill.[10]

Hancock was the only one to sign the Declaration of Independence on the fourth; the other 55 delegates signed on August 2nd (see also "Lee Resolution" that declared independence on July 2nd). He also requested Washington have the Declaration read to the Continental Army. According to popular legend, he signed his name largely and clearly to be sure King George III could read it without his spectacles, causing his name to become, in the United States, an eponym for "signature".[11] [12] [13] However, other examples suggest that Hancock always wrote his signature this way.[14] Image File history File links JohnHancockSignature. ... Image File history File links JohnHancockSignature. ... For other uses, see Signature (disambiguation). ... The United States Declaration of Independence was an act of the Second Continental Congress, adopted on July 4, 1776, which declared that the Thirteen Colonies in North America were Free and Independent States and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to... Image File history File links Declaration_independence. ... Image File history File links Declaration_independence. ... This article is about the American painter. ... Face of the Series 1995 $2 bill Back of the Series 1995 $2 bill The United States two-dollar bill ($2) is a current denomination of U.S. currency. ... The United States Declaration of Independence was an act of the Second Continental Congress, adopted on July 4, 1776, which declared that the Thirteen Colonies in North America were Free and Independent States and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to... The Lee Resolution, or sometimes Lees Resolution, was proposed by Richard Henry Lee of Virginia to the Second Continental Congress on June 7, 1776. ... Illustration depicting uniforms and weapons used during the 1779 to 1783 period of the American Revolution by showing four soldiers standing in an informal group General George Washington, was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army on June 15, 1775. ... George III redirects here. ... An eponym is the name of a person, whether real or fictitious, who has (or is thought to have) given rise to the name of a particular place, tribe, discovery, or other item. ... For other uses, see Signature (disambiguation). ...


Major General

In January 1776, he was appointed commander in chief and major general of the Massachusetts militia. In July 1778, he led 6,000 of his militia in an failed attack on the British at Newport, Rhode Island.


Governor of Massachusetts

From 1780–1785, he was governor of Massachusetts. Hancock's skills as orator and moderator were much admired, but during the American Revolution he was most often sought out for his ability to raise funds and supplies for American troops. Despite his skill in the merchant trade, even Hancock had trouble meeting the Continental Congress's demand for beef cattle to feed the hungry army. On January 19, 1781, General Washington warned Hancock: The Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts is the executive magistrate of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen... For other uses, see Beef (disambiguation). ... is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1781 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...

"I should not trouble your Excellency, with such reiterated applications on the score of supplies, if any objects less than the safety of these Posts on this River, and indeed the existence of the Army, were at stake. By the enclosed Extracts of a Letter, of Yesterday, from Major Genl. Heath, you will see our present situation, and future prospects. If therefore the supply of Beef Cattle demanded by the requisitions of Congress from Your State, is not regularly forwarded to the Army, I cannot consider myself as responsible for the maintenance of the Garrisons below West Point, New York, or the continuance of a single Regiment in the Field." (United States Library of Congress, 1781.)

President of the United States in Congress Assembled

On June 16, 1785, Hancock was again elected to the United States in Congress Assembled under the Articles of Confederation. He was unable to attend the session of Congress in November 1785 due to his illness. However, he was elected President of the United States in Congress Assembled on November 23, 1785 by the Delegates in the hope his leadership would restore unity in the Confederation Government that was falling apart. Hancock failed to attend any sessions in New York and his Presidential duties were performed by the two chairmen – David Ramsay (23 November 1785 - 12 May 1786) and Nathaniel Gorham (15 May - 5 June 1786). On 29 May 1786, Hancock, who was unable to write himself, had his letter of resignation written. is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1785 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1785 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1785 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1786 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1786 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1786 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


Quotations

In circumstances as dark as these, it becomes us, as Men and Christians, to reflect that whilst every prudent measure should be taken to ward off the impending judgments, …at the same time all confidence must be withheld from the means we use; and reposed only on that God rules in the armies of Heaven, and without His whole blessing, the best human counsels are but foolishness… Resolved; …Thursday the 11th of May…to humble themselves before God under the heavy judgments felt and feared, to confess the sins that have deserved them, to implore the Forgiveness of all our transgressions, and a spirit of repentance and reformation …and a Blessing on the … Union of the American Colonies in Defense of their Rights [for which hitherto we desire to thank Almighty God]…That the people of Great Britain and their rulers may have their eyes opened to discern the things that shall make for the peace of the nation…for the redress of America’s many grievances, the restoration of all her invaded liberties, and their security to the latest generations.
  • Day of Fasting, Humiliation and Prayer, with a total abstinence from labor and recreation. Proclamation on April 15, 1775
Dorothy Quincy, Mrs John Hancock, by John Singleton Copley, ca 1772
Dorothy Quincy, Mrs John Hancock, by John Singleton Copley, ca 1772

is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Portrait of Copley by Gilbert Stuart. ...

Family

Hancock married Dorothy Quincy. (Dorothy Quincy's aunt, who had the same name as her niece, was the great-grandmother of Oliver Wendell Holmes.) An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ... Oliver Wendell Holmes was the name of two prominent men, father and son: Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. ...


John and Dorothy had two children, neither of whom survived to adulthood. [1]

  • Lydia Hancock (Oct 1776–Aug 1777); died at the age of about ten months.
  • John George Washington Hancock (21 May 177827 January 1787); died at the age of eight years.

Because of Hancock's fame and the frequency of his family name, many Americans continue to believe that they are descended from him.[2] Among these, for example, was the writer Ernest Hemingway.[3] In view of the childhood demise of both of Hancock's known children, it is unlikely that any such claim can be supported. is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1778 (MDCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 — July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short-story writer, and journalist. ...


Additional notes

In 1772, Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral was published. John Hancock was among those who signed the attestation that Phillis Wheatley, an African American, was its author, refuting the popular assertion that a black woman could not have the intellect to produce the work. When, in 1773, the book was put on display in Aldgate, London (having been refused by Boston publishers) it thus became the first book by an African American to be officially published. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Phillis Wheatley, as illustrated by Scipio Moorhead in the frontispiece to her book Poems on Various Subjects. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Aldgate was a gateway through London Wall to the City of London, located by the East End. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ...


He was also a Freemason. As Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, he presented a flag to the Bucks of America black military unit of Boston. Freemasons redirects here. ... For other uses, see Flag (disambiguation). ...


Legacy

A number of things have been named after John Hancock:

Hancock County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Hancock County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. ... Hancock County is a county located in the state of Iowa. ... Hancock County is a county located in the state of Kentucky. ... Hancock County is a county located in the state of Maine. ... Hancock County is a county located in the state of Mississippi. ... Hancock County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Hancock County is a county located in the state of Tennessee. ... Hancock County is a county located in the state of West Virginia. ... Hancock is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Hancock is a city in Houghton County. ... John Hancock Insurance is a loose term for a major United States insurance company which existed, in various forms, from its founding on April 21, 1862 until its acquisition in 2004 by the Canadian Manulife Financial Corporation. ... John Hancock Tower, 200 Clarendon St. ... Boston redirects here. ... John Hancock Tower, 200 Clarendon St. ... Several buildings bear this name, all built by John Hancock Insurance and named after John Hancock. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Two-masted fishing schooner A schooner (IPA: ) is a type of sailing vessel characterized by the use of fore-and-aft sails on two or more masts. ... The first USS Hancock was a schooner under the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and in 1789 was elected the first President of the United States of America. ... Combatants New England militia, Continental Army Great Britain Commanders Artemas Ward, George Washington Thomas Gage, William Howe Strength 17,000 The Siege of Boston (April 19, 1775 – March 17, 1776) was the opening phase of the American Revolutionary War, in which New England militiamen—and then the Continental Army—surrounded... Continental Navy Jack The Continental Navy was authorized by the Continental Congress on October 13, 1775. ... For the bird, see Frigatebird. ... The second USS Hancock was one of the first 13 frigates of the Continental Navy authorized by resolution of the Continental Congress 13 December 1775. ... For the bird, see Frigatebird. ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence depicts the five-man drafting committee presenting the first draft of the Declaration of Independence to the Second Continental Congress. ... Several ships of the United States Navy have been named USS Hancock or USS John Hancock, in honor of patriot and statesman John Hancock (1737–1793). ... USS John Hancock was a steam tug in the United States Navy during the 1850s. ... TUG is a three-letter acronym which can stand for: Graz University of Technology in Graz, Austria the TeX Users Group The Ultimate Group, an entertainment production company, founded by Chris Stokes Tie Up Games (a form of bondage) For the word tug, see Tug (disambiguation). ... The fourth USS Hancock (CV-19) of the United States Navy was an Ticonderoga-class aircraft carrier. ... Four aircraft carriers, (bottom-to-top) Principe de Asturias, amphibious assault ship USS Wasp, USS Forrestal and light V/STOL carrier HMS Invincible, showing size differences of late 20th century carriers An aircraft carrier is a warship designed to deploy and recover aircraft, acting as a sea-going airbase. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... USS John Hancock (DD-981), a Spruance-class destroyer, was the second ship that name, and the sixth ship of the United States Navy to be named for John Hancock (1737–1739), the President of the Continental Congress and first signer of the Declaration of Independence. ... The Spruance-class destroyer was developed to replace a large number of World War II-built - and Gearing-class destroyers, and was the primary destroyer built for the U.S. Navy during the 1970s. ... The Brut Sun Bowl is an annual college football bowl game that is played usually at the end of December in El Paso, Texas. ... El Paso redirects here. ... For the similarly named institution in Chestnut Hill, see Boston College. ... For the similarly named institution in Chestnut Hill, see Boston College. ... John Hancock Insurance is a loose term for a major United States insurance company which existed, in various forms, from its founding on April 21, 1862 until its acquisition in 2004 by the Canadian Manulife Financial Corporation. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Hancock was born 1737 in a place which was at the time officially in the North Precinct of the Town of Braintree, Province of Massachusetts Bay. In the year 1782 the North Precinct of the Town of Braintree was incorporated as the Town of Quincy, Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Thus, geographical point where he was born is now within the modern city of Quincy, and not the modern city of Braintree.
  2. ^ Unger, pg. 68
  3. ^ Unger, pg. 72
  4. ^ Unger, pg. 99
  5. ^ Unger, pg. 144
  6. ^ Unger, pg. 157
  7. ^ Fradin & McCurdy, 2002
  8. ^ Unger, pg. 120
  9. ^ Unger, pg. 124
  10. ^ Key to Declaration
  11. ^ Dictionary definition of John Hancock, The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition Copyright © 2007, 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company, Updated in 2007.
  12. ^ http://www.livescience.com/environment/050810_hurricane_trees.html
  13. ^ An alternate expression commonly used as a synonym for "signature" is "John Henry": (JOHN HENRY/JOHN HANCOCK, Morris Dictionary of Word and Phrase Origins, William and Mary Morris, HarperCollins, New York, 1977, 1988, ISBN 006015862X ); Cassell's Dictionary of Slang (Jonathon Green, Sterling Publishing Company, Inc, 2006, ISBN 0304366366) states that this usage of the phrase "John Henry" dates from the 1910s, and other synonyms for signature include "John Brown", "John D", "John Esquire", "John Handle", "John Q", "John Rogers", "John Willy" and "John Smith".
  14. ^ Why did John Hancock sign his name so big on the Declaration of Independence?

A precinct is a space enclosed by the walls or other boundaries of a particular place or building, or by an arbitrary and imaginary line drawn around it. ... For geographic and demographic information on the census-designated place Braintree, please see the article Braintree (CDP), Massachusetts. ... A map of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. ... 1782 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Norfolk County Settled 1625 Incorporated 1792 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor William J. Phelan Area  - City  26. ... State nickname: Bay State Other U.S. States Capital Boston Largest city Boston Governor Mitt Romney Official languages English Area 27,360 km² (44th)  - Land 20,317 km²  - Water 7,043 km² (25. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Houghton Mifflin Company is a leading educational publisher in the United States. ... The name John Henry has several different meanings. ... HarperCollins is a publishing company owned by News Corporation. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...

References

  • Fradin, Dennis Brindell & McCurdy, Michael (2002). The Signers: The 56 Stories behind the Declaration of Independence. Walker & Company. ISBN 0-8027-8850-5.
  • Unger, Harlow, John Hancock, Merchant King and American Patroit, 2005, ISBN 0785820264
  • United States Library of Congress (1781). George Washington Papers. Online: [4].
  • United States Library of Congress. U.S. Library of Congress Today in History: January 12. Retrieved January 18, 2003. Most of the initial text of this article was copied from this public domain source.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Peyton Randolph
President of the Second Continental Congress
May 24, 1775October 31, 1777
Succeeded by
Henry Laurens
Preceded by
William Howe
(Provincial governor)
Governor of Massachusetts
17801785
Succeeded by
Thomas Cushing
Preceded by
Richard Henry Lee
President of the United States in Congress Assembled
November 23, 1785May 29, 1786
Succeeded by
Nathaniel Gorham
Preceded by
James Bowdoin
Governor of Massachusetts
May 30, 1787October 8, 1793
Succeeded by
Samuel Adams

  Results from FactBites:
 
John Hancock - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1249 words)
Hancock was born in Braintree, Massachusetts in a part of town which eventually became the separate city of Quincy, Massachusetts.
Hancock's skills as orator and moderator were much admired, but during the American Revolution he was most often sought out for his ability to raise funds and supplies for American troops.
Hancock was prevalent in the formation of a navy for the new nation.
AllRefer.com - John Hancock (U.S. History, Biography) - Encyclopedia (266 words)
John Hancock 1737–93, political leader in the American Revolution, signer of the Declaration of Independence, b.
Hancock was hailed as a martyr and elected (1766) to the legislature, where he joined Samuel Adams in advocating resistance to England.
Hancock was a member (1775–80, 1785–86) and president (1775–77, 1785–86) of the Continental Congress.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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