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Encyclopedia > John Gaeta

John Gaeta (born c. 1965) is a visual effects designer best known for his work on the Matrix film trilogy, where he advanced and popularized the effects known as "Bullet Time" and Virtual Cinematography as well as pushing the boundaries of computer-generated imagery pre visualization. 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Visual effects (vfx) is the term given to a sub-category of special effects in which images or film frames are created or manipulated for film and video. ... The Matrix series spans major motion pictures, Japanese-style animation, and video games in an attempt to tell a story thats part science fiction, part modern myth, with elements of cyberpunk, computer science, philosophy of mind, Hinduism, Christianity, Gnosticism, Buddhism, classical mythology, and other influences. ... Bullet-time is a concept introduced in recent films and computer games whereby the passage of time is slowed down so that an observer can see individual bullets flying throughout the scene at a conceivable rate, usually with their trails made visible. ... Computer-generated imagery (CGI) is the application of the field of computer graphics (or more specifically, 3D computer graphics) to special effects. ...

Contents

Career

John C. Gaeta's career began in New York City. While acquiring a BFA degree with honors from New York University's film school, he was introduced to the industry as a staff production assistant for the Saturday Night Live film unit. Following NYU, he began camera and lighting work for a variety of media types including stop-motion animation, nature documentary, and holography. Including Star Trek V: The final frontier. The Bachelor of Fine Arts, usually abbreviated BFA, is the standard undergraduate degree for students seeking a professional education in the visual or performing arts. ... New York University (NYU) is a major research university in New York City. ... Saturday Night Live (SNL) is a weekly late night 90-minute American comedy-variety show based in New York City which has been broadcast by NBC on Saturday nights since October 11, 1975. ... Stop motion is an animation technique which makes things that are static appear to be moving. ... Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt, in one fashion or another, to document reality. ... Holography (from the Greek, Όλος-holos whole + γραφή-graphe writing) is the science of producing holograms; it is an advanced form of photography that allows an image to be recorded in three dimensions. ...


Starting December 1989, Gaeta worked with Doug Trumbull on Back to the Future the Ride an Omnimax (now know as Imax dome) ride film at Berkshire Motion Picture In Housatonic MA. Later he was drafted into the camera department of the newly-formed Trumbull Company, founded by Douglas Trumbull. Trumbull was visual effects supervisor for such films as 2001: A Space Odyssey, Blade Runner, and Close Encounters of the Third Kind, as well as the director of such films as Silent Running and Brainstorm. It was at Trumbull Company that Gaeta was introduced and educated in a spectrum of innovative film formats such as 48fps VistaVision, 70mm Showscan, IMAX, OMNIMAX and stereo CGI (partnered with Kleiser-Walczak). These were all applied to special venue and simulator film projects. Douglas Trumbull (born April 8, 1942) is a film director and special effects supervisor. ... Blade Runner is an influential 1982 science fiction film directed by Ridley Scott from a screenplay written by Hampton Fancher and David Peoples, adapted from the novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? by Philip K. Dick. ... This article is about the film; for the classification, see Close encounter. ... For other uses, see Silent Running (disambiguation). ... Brainstorm is a 1983 MGM horror/thriller/science fiction film directed by Douglas Trumbull and starring Christopher Walken and Natalie Wood (in her last film appearance). ... // Movie film formats Amateur formats: 8 mm Single-8 Super 8 mm Polavision 9,5 mm film 17. ... A VistaVision 35 mm horizontal camera film frame. ... 70 mm film (or 65 mm film) is a high-resolution film stock, of superior quality to standard 35 mm motion picture film format. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... IMAX theatre at the Melbourne Museum complex, Australia BFI London IMAX by night IMAX dome in Guayaquil, Ecuador IMAX (for Image Maximum) is a film format created by Canadas IMAX Corporation that has the capacity to display images of far greater size and resolution than conventional film display systems. ... In film, the term 3-D (or 3D) is used to describe any visual presentation system that attempts to maintain or recreate moving images of the third dimension, the illusion of depth as seen by the viewer. ... 3D computer graphics are different from 2D computer graphics in that a three-dimensional representation of geometric data is stored in the computer for the purposes of performing calculations and rendering 2D images. ...


Following this special venue period (1989–1994), Gaeta became interested in applying computer-generated animation as a means of visualizing content and visual effects concepts for directors as well as for custom camera-path planning. This led to experimentation with emerging forms of space analysis including photogrammetry, stereo and laser radar (a.k.a Reality Capture). Trumbull Company was renamed Mass Illusion and started feature film effects for movies. Gaeta continued there as an associate supervisor under the senior supervision of Oscar-winner Joel Hynek. Computer-generated imagery (CGI) is the application of the field of computer graphics (or more specifically, 3D computer graphics) to special effects. ... Pre-visualization (also known as pre-vis, pre vis, pre viz, pre-viz, or animatics) is a technique in which low-cost digital technology aids the filmmaking process. ... Photogrammetry is a measurement technology in which the three-dimensional coordinates of points on an object are determined by measurements made in two or more photographic images taken from different positions (see stereoscopy). ... Stereo card image modified for crossed eye viewing. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


After co-supervising development for 3-D paint effect stylizations and LIDAR laser scanning for What Dreams May Come (1998 Visual Effects Oscar winner), Gaeta began his first solo effects supervision project for Larry and Andy Wachowski's film, The Matrix. What Dreams May Come is a 1998 dramatic film, starring Robin Williams, Cuba Gooding Jr. ... The Academy Award for Visual Effects is an Oscar given to one film each year that shows highest achievement in visual effects. ... Laurence Larry Wachowski (born June 21, 1965) and Andrew Andy Wachowski (born December 29, 1967) are American film directors and writers most famous for the Matrix series. ... The Matrix is a science fiction / action film written and directed by Larry and Andy Wachowski and starring Keanu Reeves, Laurence Fishburne, Carrie-Anne Moss, Joe Pantoliano and Hugo Weaving. ...


Designing and testing The Matrix bullet time effects began in early 1996. This work directly overlapped R&D for What Dreams May Come. Shortly after the release of the original Matrix in 1999, Gaeta continued his exploration of content design through CGI visualization by developing fully "virtual" scene and action layouts for use in realtime interactive composition. Scenes ran on prototype Sony PlayStation 3 technology (then called GS Cube). The research was demonstrated at Siggraph 2000. This would be a short segue between the first and last two pieces of the Wachowski-driven Matrix trilogy. Bullet-time is a concept introduced in recent films and computer games whereby the passage of time is slowed down so that an observer can see individual bullets flying throughout the scene at a conceivable rate, usually with their trails made visible. ... PlayStation 3 , trademarked PLAYSTATION®3,[7] commonly abbreviated PS3) is Sony Computer Entertainments third video game console. ... SIGGRAPH 2005 official logo SIGGRAPH (short for Special Interest Group in Graphics) is the name of the annual conference on computer graphics convened by the ACM SIGGRAPH organization. ...


Gaeta was brought on as the senior visual effects supervisor for The Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions. This pair of films features over 2000 visual effects shots. Overall VFX conceptual design as well as research and development was initiated for the final two installments in January 2000. There was a wide range of effects content from large-scale man vs. machine-type battles, to anime-styled hyper-real moments. The centerpieces of this expanded universe was the creation of "Virtual Cinematography" and "Virtual Effects," phrases coined by Gaeta in 1999 and 2000. The Matrix Reloaded is the second installment of The Matrix series, written and directed by the Wachowski brothers. ... The Matrix Revolutions is the third and last film in the Matrix trilogy. ... The main cast of the anime Cowboy Bebop (1998) (L to R: Spike Spiegel, Jet Black, Ed Tivrusky, Faye Valentine, and Ein the dog) For the oleo-resin, see Animé (oleo-resin). ... In semiotics and postmodern philosophy, Hyperrealism (not to be confused with surrealism) is a term to describe a symptom of an evolved, postmodern culture. ...


In fully synthetic scenes within The Matrix sequels, all aspects including principal characters, elaborate performances, dynamic events, and deep surrounding scenery were computer generated. Virtual elements were constructed from "universal capture" sources based upon real actors, production design and cinematography, in a process more analogous to producing virtual reality than to filmmaking. Production designer is a term used in the movie industry to refer to the person with the responsibility for designing the sets and costumes and choosing locations, and thus for creating the overall visual appearance of a film. ... Cinematography [Greek: kine (movement) and graphos (writing)], is the discipline of making lighting and camera choices when recording photographic images for the cinema. ... Virtual reality (VR) is a technology which allows a user to interact with a computer-simulated environment, be it a real or imagined one. ...


Today, Gaeta continues to imagine through a complement of directing, visual development and exploration of emerging creative technologies. He is an avid proponent of realtime virtual cinema(also referred as Navigational or NAV Cinema) and "Hybrid Entertainment". Hybrid Entertainment are unifying future content formats found between cinema,interactive games and other alternative media.


Awards

  • 2003 Visual Effects Society Award for Best Single Visual Effect of the Year in Any Medium, for The Matrix Reloaded (trailer "Top Crash"), shared with Dan Glass, Adrian De Wet, Greg Juby
  • 2003 Visual Effects Society Award for Outstanding Visual Effects Photography in a Motion Picture for The Matrix Reloaded (U-cap facial photography), shared with Kim Libreri, George Borshukov, Paul Ryan
  • Hollywood Film Festival: Hollywood Visual Effects Award, 2003 [1][2]
  • Nominated, 2003 Visual Effects Society Award for Outstanding Visual Effects in a Visual Effects Driven Motion Picture for The Matrix Revolutions, shared with Kim Libreri, George Murphy, Craig Hayes

The Academy Award for Visual Effects is an Oscar given to one film each year that shows highest achievement in visual effects. ... The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), is a British organization that hosts annual awards shows for film, television, childrens film and television, and interactive media. ... The Matrix is a science fiction / action film written and directed by Larry and Andy Wachowski and starring Keanu Reeves, Laurence Fishburne, Carrie-Anne Moss, Joe Pantoliano and Hugo Weaving. ... Theatrical trailers are film advertisements for films that will be exhibited in the future at a cinema, on whose screen they are shown; they are commonly known as previews of coming attractions. ... Notable people named Paul Ryan include: [1]Paul Ryan (artist) Paul Ryan (politician) Paul Ryan (singer) Paul Ryan (illustrator) (Squadron Supreme) Paul Ryan (stalker) This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ...

External links

The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about motion pictures, actors, movie stars, TV shows, TV stars, production crew personnel, movie pictures, cast, crew as well as video games. ... Premiere is an American and New York City-based film magazine published by Hachette Filipacchi Médias, beginning publication in 1987. ... Wired is a full-color monthly magazine and on-line periodical published in San Francisco, California since March 1993. ... Wired News, online at Wired. ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Cinefex (launched in 1980) is a quarterly professional movie special effects magazine. ... February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 9 is the 68th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (69th in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Virtual cinematography


  Results from FactBites:
 
Gaeta: Definition and Much More from Answers.com (3380 words)
Gaeta was a favorite resort of the ancient Romans and a prosperous duchy from the 9th to the 12th century, when it was conquered by the Normans.
Gaeta's fortifications were extended and strengthened in the 15th century, and indeed throughout the history of the Kingdom of Naples (later the Two Sicilies).
Gaeta is also the centre of the Regional Park of Riviera di Ulisse, which includes Monte Orlando, Gianola and the Scauri Mounts, and the two promontories of Torre Capovento and that of Tiberius' Villa at Sperlonga.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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