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Encyclopedia > John Frith

John Frith (1503July 4, 1533) was an English Protestant priest, writer, and martyr. 1503 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the United States holiday, the Fourth of July, see Independence Day (United States). ... Events January 25 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne Boleyn, his second Queen consort. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... . ... The term writer can apply to anyone who creates a written work, but the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

Contents

Early life and education

Frith was born to an innkeeper named Richard Frith in Sevenoaks Inn at Westerham, Kent, England. He went to Sevenoaks Grammar School and his tutor was Stephen Gardiner, who would later take part in condemning him to death. He was educated at Eton College and King's College, Cambridge. While Frith was at Cambridge, he met Thomas Bilney a graduate student of Trinity Hall, began to have meetings concerning the Protestant Reformation. It may have been at one of these meetings that Frith met with William Tyndale.[1] After graduating in 1525 became a junior canon at Wolsey's College, Oxford. While in Oxford, Frith was imprisoned (along with nine others) in a cellar where fish was stored due to his possession of what the University's Officials considered "heretical" books. Frith was released and fled England and went to Tyndale who was residing in Antwerp.[2] Westerham is a scenic village which is now almost a town. ... This article is about the county in England. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... Sevenoaks School is an English independent school, located in the town of Sevenoaks, Kent. ... Stephen Gardiner (c. ... The Kings College of Our Lady of Eton beside Windsor, commonly known as Eton College or just Eton, is a public school (privately funded and independent) for male students, founded in 1440 by Henry VI. It is located in Eton, Berkshire, near Windsor in England, situated north of Windsor... Full name The King’s College of Our Lady and St Nicholas in Cambridge Motto Veritas Et Utilitas Truth and usefulness Named after Henry VI Previous names - Established 1441 Sister College(s) New College Provost Prof. ... Thomas Bilney (born in or after 1495 at or near Norwich; died 1531) was an English martyr. ... “Reformation” redirects here. ... It has been suggested that The Tyndale Society be merged into this article or section. ... Events January 21 - The Swiss Anabaptist Movement was born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptized each other in the home of Manzs mother on Neustadt-Gasse, Zürich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union. ... A canon (from the Latin canonicus and Greek κανωνικωσ relating to a rule) is a priest who is a member of certain bodies of the Christian clergy subject to a rule (canon). ... College name Christ Church Named after Jesus Christ Established 1546 Sister College Trinity College Dean The Very Revd Christopher Andrew Lewis JCR President William Dorsey Undergraduates 426 MCR or GCR President {{{MCR President}}} Graduates 154 Home page Boat Club Christ Church (Latin: Ædes Christi, the temple or house of Christ... For other uses, see Antwerp (disambiguation). ...


Residence in continental Europe

In 1528 he went to Marburg, where he translated Places by Patrick Hamilton One year later, Frith translated A Pistle to the Christian Reader: The Revelation of the Anti-Christ; An Antithesis between Christ and the Pope. He also published Disputacion of Purgatorye devided into Thre Bokes in response to Thomas More, John Rastell, and Bishop John Fisher. Rastell was persuaded by this publication and adhered to the Protestant Reformation to his death. Frith also married during his residence in mainland Europe. Events June 19 - Battle of Landriano - A French army in Italy under Marshal St. ... Marburg is a city in Hesse, Germany, on the Lahn river. ... Patrick Hamilton (1504 - February 29, 1528) was a Scottish churchman and Reformer. ... There are also several institutions named Thomas More College. ... John Rastell (or Rastall) (d. ... For John Arbuthnot Fisher, British admiral, see Jackie Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher. ...


Return to England

In 1532, he return to England, and warrants for his arrest were issued by Thomas More (who at the time was lord chancellor), when he was about to escape to Flanders he was arrested by the local authorities. While imprisoned for approximately eight months in the Tower of London, Frith penned his views on Communion, fully knowing that it would be used "to purchase me most cruel death."[3] Flanders (Dutch: ) has several main meanings: the social, cultural and linguistical, scientific and educational, economical and political community of the Flemings; some prefer to call this the Flemish community (others refer to this as the Flemish nation) which is, with over 6 million inhabitants, the majority of all Belgians; a... Her Majestys Royal Palace and Fortress The Tower of London, more commonly known as the Tower of London, is a historic monument in central London on the north bank of the River Thames. ... For other uses, see Eucharist (disambiguation). ...


Trial and death

Frith was tried before many examiners and Bishops, and produced his own writings as evidence for his views that were deemd as heresy. He was sentenced to death and offered a pardon if he answered positively to two questions: Do you believe in purgatory, and do you believe in transubstantiation? He replied that neither purgatory nor transubstantiation could be proven by Holy Scriptures, and thus was condemned as a heretic and was transferred to the secular arm for his punishment on June 23, 1533. He was burned at the stake on July 4, 1533 at Smithfield, London. (King Henry VIII was excommunicated one week later.) Heresy, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, is a theological or religious opinion or doctrine maintained in opposition, or held to be contrary, to the Catholic or Orthodox doctrine of the Christian Church, or, by extension, to that of any church, creed, or religious system, considered as orthodox. ... Purgatory commonly refers to a doctrine in the Roman Catholic Church, which posits that those who die in a state of grace undergo a purification in order to achieve the holiness necessary to enter heaven. ... Transubstantiation (in Latin, transsubstantiatio) is the change of the substance of bread and wine into that of the body and blood of Christ that, according to the belief of the Roman Catholic Church, occurs in the Eucharist and that is called in Greek (see Metousiosis). ... The Bible (From Greek βιβλια—biblia, meaning books, which in turn is derived from βυβλος—byblos meaning papyrus, from the ancient Phoenician city of Byblos which exported papyrus) is the sacred scripture of Christianity. ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... Events January 25 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne Boleyn, his second Queen consort. ... Burning of two sodomites at the stake (execution of individuals by fire. ... For the United States holiday, the Fourth of July, see Independence Day (United States). ... Events January 25 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne Boleyn, his second Queen consort. ... Smithfield meat market from the south Smithfield is an area in the north-west part of the City of London (which is itself the historic core of a much larger London). ... Silver groat of Henry VIII, minted c. ...


Aftermath

Thomas Cranmer would later ascribe to Frith's views on purgatory, and published the 42 articles which explicitly denied purgatory. Frith's works were posthumously published in 1573 by John Foxe. An oil painting of Thomas Cranmer by Gerlach Flicke (1545) - National Portrait Gallery, London Thomas Cranmer (July 2, 1489 – March 21, 1556) was the Archbishop of Canterbury during the reigns of the English kings Henry VIII and Edward VI. He is credited with writing and compiling the first two Books... The Forty-Two Articles are a summary of Anglican doctrine as written by Thomas Cranmer in 1552 and passed into law in 1553 by Edward I. These were later adapted by a convocation of clergy under Elizabeth I to form the Thirty-Nine Articles in 1563. ... Year 1573 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... John Foxe, line engraving by George Glover, first published in the 1641 edition of Actes and Monuments John Foxe (1516–April 8, 1587) is remembered as the author of the famous Foxes Book of Martyrs. ...


Bibliography of Frith's writings

  • Russell, Thomas (1831). The Works of the English Reformers: William Tyndale and John Frith. London, England: Integrity Publishers. 
  • Disputacion of Purgatorye devided into Thre Bokes published in London, 1533.

References

  1. ^ John Frith: Forging the English Reformation by Dr. Herbert Samworth accessed December 29, 2006
  2. ^ Brian Raynor, The Rt Rev James Jones Bishop of Liverpool, (2000). John Frith: Scholar and Martyr. Read All Over. ISBN 1-871044-78-2. 
  3. ^ John Frith and the Claims of Truth accessed December 29, 2006

  Results from FactBites:
 
Frith - LoveToKnow 1911 (565 words)
Frith ultimately fell into the hands of the authorities at Milton Shore in Essex, as he was on the point of making his escape to Flanders.
Frith is an interesting and so far important figure in English ecclesiastical history as having been the first to maintain and defend that doctrine regarding the sacrament of Christ's body and blood, which ultimately came to be incorporated in the English communion office.
Twenty-three years after Frith's death as a martyr to the doctrine of that office, that "Christ's natural body and blood are in Heaven, not here," Cranmer, who had been one of his judges, went to the stake for the same belief.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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