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Encyclopedia > John Flamsteed
John Flamsteed - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John Flamsteed

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia that anyone can edit.

John Flamsteed.
John Flamsteed.

John Flamsteed, (19 August 1646 - 31 December 1719) was an English astronomer. This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... August 19 is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... // Events Ongoing events English Civil War (1642-1649) Births April 15 - King Christian V of Denmark (d. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... // Events January 23 - The Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire April 25 - Daniel Defoe publishes Robinson Crusoe June 10 - Battle of Glen Shiel Prussia conducts Europes first systematic census Ongoing events Great Northern War (1700-1721) Births November 30 - Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK 49,138,831 377/km² Ethnicity... An astronomer or astrophysicist is a scientist whose area of research is astronomy or astrophysics. ...


He was born in Denby, Derbyshire, England. He was ordained deacon and was preparing to take up a living in Derbyshire, when he was invited to London. On March 4, 1675, he was appointed by royal warrant "The King's Astronomical Observator" — the first British Astronomer Royal, with an allowance of £100 a year. In June 1675, another royal warrant provided for the founding of the Royal Greenwich Observatory, and Flamsteed laid the foundation stone in August. In February 1676, he was admitted a Fellow of the Royal Society, and in July, he moved into the Observatory where he lived until 1684, when he was finally appointed priest to the parish of Burstow, Surrey. He held that office, as well as that of Astronomer Royal, until his death. In 1720 he is buried at Burstow, Surrey. Denby Pottery Company Ltd is British manufacturer of pottery, and is named after the village of Denby in Derbyshire. ... Derbyshire (pronounced Dar-bee-shur) is a county in the East Midlands of England, which boasts some of Englands most attractive scenery. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK 49,138,831 377/km² Ethnicity... Events January 5 - The Battle of Turckeim August 10 - Building of the Royal Greenwich Observatory began November 11 - Guru Gobind Singh becomes the Tenth Guru of the Sikhs. ... Astronomer Royal is a senior post in the Royal Household of the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. ... Royal Observatory, Greenwich The original site of the Royal Greenwich Observatory (RGO), which was built as a workplace for the Astronomer Royal, was on a hill in Greenwich Park in Greenwich, London, overlooking the River Thames. ... The Royal Society of London for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge, known simply as the Royal Society, is claimed to be the oldest learned society still in existence. ... Events France under Louis XIV makes Truce of Ratisbon separately with the Empire and Spain. ... Surrey is a county in southern England, one of the Home Counties. ... Surrey is a county in southern England, one of the Home Counties. ...


Flamsteed accurately calculated the solar eclipses of 1666 and 1668. He is responsible for one of the earliest recorded sightings of the planet Uranus, which he mistook for a star and catalogued as 34 Tauri. Events September 2 - Great Fire of London: A large fire breaks out in London in the house of Charles IIs baker on Pudding Lane near London Bridge. ... // Events January - The Triple Alliance of 1668 is formed. ... A planet (from the Greek πλανήτης, planētēs which means wanderer or more forcefully vagrant, tramp) is an object in orbit around a star that is not a star in its own right. ... Atmospheric characteristics Atmospheric pressure 120 kPa Hydrogen 83% Helium 15% Methane 1. ... The Pleiades star cluster A star is any massive gaseous body in outer space, just like the Sun. ... Taurus (♉) is one of the constellations of the zodiac, and its name is Latin for Bull. ...


On August 16, 1680, Flamsteed catalogued a star, 3 Cassiopeiae, that later astronomers were unable to corroborate. Three hundred years later, the American astronomy historian William Ashworth suggested that what Flamsteed may have seen was the most recent supernova in this galaxy's history, an event which would leave as its remnant the strongest radio source in the sky, known in the third Cambridge (3C) catalog as 3C 461. Because the position of "3 Cassiopeiae" does not precisely match that of the visual object associated with 3C 461, and because the expansion wave associated with the explosion has been worked backward to the year 1667 and not 1680, some historians feel that all Flamsteed may have done was incorrectly note the position of a star already known. August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events First Portuguese governor was appointed to Macau The Swedish city Karlskrona was founded as the Royal Swedish Navy relocated there. ... 3C may refer to the digital radio station of the same name The Third Cambridge Catalog of Radio Sources (3C) is an astronomical catalogue of celestial radio sources as measured at 159-MHz. ... Cassiopeia A - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... // Events January 20 - Poland cedes Kyiv, Smolensk, and eastern Ukraine to Russia in the Treaty of Andrusovo that put a final end to the Deluge, and Poland lost its status as a Central European power. ... Events First Portuguese governor was appointed to Macau The Swedish city Karlskrona was founded as the Royal Swedish Navy relocated there. ...


Flamsteed is also remembered for his conflicts with Isaac Newton, then President of the Royal Society, who attempted to steal some of Flamsteed's findings for his own work. Newton tricked Flamsteed into doing so through an edict from the King, and produced the findings without crediting Flamsteed. Some years later, Flamsteed managed to buy most copies of the books back, and publicly burnt them in front of the Royal Observatory. Sir Isaac Newton in Godfrey Knellers 1689 portrait Sir Isaac Newton (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1727 by the Julian calendar in use in England at the time; or 4 January 1643 – 31 March 1727 by the Gregorian calendar) was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, and alchemist who... The Royal Society of London for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge, known simply as the Royal Society, is claimed to be the oldest learned society still in existence. ...


In 1725, the Historia Coelestis Britannica was published. This contained Flamsteed's observations, and included a catalogue of almost 3,000 stars to much greater accuracy than any prior work. This was considered the first significant contribution of the Greenwich Observatory. Events February 8 - Catherine I became empress of Russia February 20 - The first reported case of white men scalping Native Americans takes place in New Hampshire colony. ...


Honours

The Royal Society of London for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge, known simply as the Royal Society, is claimed to be the oldest learned society still in existence. ... // Events January 29 - Feodor III becomes Tsar of Russia First measurement of the speed of light, by Ole Rømer Bacons Rebellion Russo-Turkish Wars commence. ... Flamsteed is a small lunar crater located on the Oceanus Procellarum. ... Crust composition Oxygen 43% Silicon 21% Aluminium 10% Calcium 9% Iron 9% Magnesium 5% Titanium 2% Nickel 0. ... Denby Pottery Company Ltd is British manufacturer of pottery, and is named after the village of Denby in Derbyshire. ... Derbyshire (pronounced Dar-bee-shur) is a county in the East Midlands of England, which boasts some of Englands most attractive scenery. ...

References

  • The correspondence of John Flamsteed, the first Astronomer Royal compiled and edited by Eric G. Forbes, ... Lesley Murdin and Frances Willmoth. Bristol: Institute of Physics Publishing, 1995-2002 ISBN -7503-0147-3 (v. 1); ISBN 0-7503-0391-3 (v. 2) ; ISBN 0-7503-0763-3 (v.3)
  • The Gresham lectures of John Flamsteed, edited and introduced by Eric G. Forbes. London: Mansell, 1975 ISBN 0-7201-0518-8
Preceded by:
Astronomer Royal
1675–1719
Followed by:
Edmond Halley

  Results from FactBites:
 
John Flamsteed (801 words)
The only son of Stephen Flamsteed, a maltster, he was educated at the free school of Derby, but left it finally in May 1662, in consequence of a rheumatic affection of the joints, due to a chill caught while bathing.
Flamsteed denounced the production as surreptitious; he committed to the flames three hundred copies, of which he obtained possession through the favor of Sir Robert Walpole; and, in defiance of bodily infirmities, vigorously prosecuted his designs for the entire and adequate publication of the materials he continued to accumulate.
A portrait of Flamsteed, painted by Thomas Gibson in 1712, hangs in the rooms of the Royal Society.
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