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Encyclopedia > John Field (composer)
John Field
John Field

John Field (July 26, 1782January 23, 1837) was an Irish composer and pianist. He is best known for being the first composer to write nocturnes. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 479 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (511 × 640 pixel, file size: 91 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Deutsch Copyright FAQ Are there any copyrights on the pictures? We have carefully selected the pictures and have good reason to believe that... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 479 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (511 × 640 pixel, file size: 91 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Deutsch Copyright FAQ Are there any copyrights on the pictures? We have carefully selected the pictures and have good reason to believe that... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... 1782 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Pianist Claudio Arrau, Carnegie Hall, 1954. ... A nocturne (from the French for nocturnal) is usually a musical composition that is inspired by, or evocative of, the night. ...

Contents

Biography

Field was born in Dublin 1782, and eldest son of Protestant Irish parents. His father, Robert Field, earned his living by playing the violin in Dublin theatres. Field first studied the piano under his grandfather, (also named John Field) a professional organist, and later under Tommaso Giordani. He made his debut at the age of nine, a performance that was well-received, on 24 March 1792 in Dublin[1]. His family moved to Bath in 1793, and later that same year went to London. Field's father there secured for him an apprenticeship with the pianist and piano manufacturer Muzio Clementi. He attracted favourable comment from Joseph Haydn for his performances. By the time he was seventeen, Field had already premiered his First Piano Concerto (he wrote seven of them); it was one of the last acts of his apprenticeship. He was lionized as a performer for several years before turning to composition, beginning with his first set of piano sonatas, dedicated to Clementi, published in 1801. WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 53. ... A short grand piano, with the top up. ... Bath is a city in South West England most famous for its baths fed by three hot springs. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Muzio Clementi (January 24, 1752 – March 10, 1832) was a classical composer, and acknowledged as the first to write specifically for the piano. ... Portrait by Thomas Hardy, 1792 Franz[1] Joseph Haydn (March 31, 1732 – May 31, 1809) was one of the most prominent composers of the Classical period, and is called by some the Father of the Symphony and Father of the String Quartet. A life-long resident of Austria, Haydn spent...


In 1801 Field accompanied Clementi on a tour of Paris and Vienna (where he studied briefly with Johann Georg Albrechtsberger). When Clementi moved to Russia, Field followed him there, continuing his employment demonstrating his pianos. Field established his own concert career in Russia, and by 1806 was dividing his time between Moscow and Saint Petersburg, settling in the latter city after his marriage in 1810. His teaching proved lucrative, and his lifestyle became somewhat extravagant; he was something of a bon vivant, and fathered an illegitimate son. Johann Georg Albrechtsberger (February 3, 1736 - March 7, 1809) was an Austrian musician who was born at Klosterneuburg, near Vienna. ... Location Position of Moscow in Europe Government Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 1,081 km² Population  - City (2007)    - Density 10,469,000   9684. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and...


By 1831 his health deteriorated, with a painful cancer of the rectum, and he travelled back to London for medical attention. He returned to Russia by way of France (where, after first hearing one of Franz Liszt's assaults on the keyboard, he asked his neighbour, "Does he bite?") and Italy, spending nine months in a hospital in Naples. Helped by a Russian aristocratic family, he returned to Moscow in 1835, and gave three concerts in Vienna en route, as a guest of Carl Czerny. In Moscow, he composed his last few nocturnes in the sixteen months remaining to him. He died in Moscow two years later. Franz Liszt (Hungarian: Liszt Ferenc; the surname is pronounced as the English word list, that is ) (October 22, 1811 – July 31, 1886) was a Hungarian [1] virtuoso pianist and composer of the Romantic period of German descent. ... Naples (Italian: , Neapolitan: Nàpule, from Greek Νεάπολη < Νέα Πόλις Néa Pólis New City) Capital of the Campania region and the Province of Naples. ... Carl Czerny, lithograph by Joseph Kriehuber, 1833 Carl Czerny (sometimes Karl; February 21, 1791 – July 15, 1857) was an Austrian pianist, composer and teacher. ... Location Position of Moscow in Europe Government Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 1,081 km² Population  - City (2007)    - Density 10,469,000   9684. ...


Music

Field is best remembered for his eighteen nocturnes which are single movement impromptu compositions for piano that maintain a single mood throughout. The first three of these date from 1812. These pieces are further notable for their influence on Frédéric Chopin, who went on to write 21 nocturnes himself. A nocturne (from the French for nocturnal) is usually a musical composition that is inspired by, or evocative of, the night. ... An impromptu (meaning something like offhand) is a free-form musical composition with the character of an improvisation, usually for a solo instrument, such as piano. ... A short grand piano, with the top up. ... The only known photograph of Frédéric Chopin, believed to have been taken in 1849 by Louis-Auguste Bisson. ...


Selected compositions

Field wrote seven piano concertos. A piano concerto is a concerto for solo piano and orchestra. ...

  • Piano Concerto No. 1 in E flat, H. 27 (1799)
  • Piano Concerto No. 2 in A flat, H. 31 (1811)
  • Piano Concerto No. 3 in E flat, H. 32 (1811)
  • Piano Concerto No. 4 in E flat, H. 28 (1814, revised 1819)
  • Piano Concerto No. 5 in C, H. 39 (1817), l'Incendie par l'Orage
  • Piano Concerto No. 6 in C, H. 49 (1819, revised 1820)
  • Piano Concerto No. 7 in C minor, H. 58 (1822, revised 1822-32)

Among his solo piano compositions, Field composed 18 nocturnes, four piano sonatas (the first three published together as his Op. 1), as well as fantasias, etudes, rondos, and sets of variations. John Fields Piano Concerto in A-flat major (H. 31) was published first in Leipzig in 1816. ... A piano sonata is a sonata written for unaccompanied piano. ... An etude (from the French word étude meaning study) is a short musical composition designed to provide practice in a particular technical skill in the performance of a solo instrument. ...


Available recordings

  • Nocturnes and Sonatas - Benjamin Frith (1996), Naxos
  • Piano Concertos, Volumes 1 and 2 - Míceál O'Rourke and the London Mozart Players with Matthias Bamert (1996)

References

  • Keith Anderson, notes for recording Field: Piano Music, Vol. 1, Benjamin Frith (piano), Naxos 8.550761
  • Track listing for CD Field: Piano Music, Volume 2, Benjamin Frith (piano), Naxos 8.550762

Footnotes

  1. ^ Between perfect technique and soulful playing: John Field's piano concertos, by Regula Rapp, in booklet edited by Jens Schünemeyer, produced by Teldec and DeutschlandRadio, Cologne, 1998

External links


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