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Encyclopedia > John Everett Millais
Sir John Everett Millais
Sir John Everett Millais

Sir John Everett Millais, 1st Baronet, PRA (June 8, 1829August 13, 1896) was a British painter and illustrator and one of the founders of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Royal Academy of Arts is an art institution based in Burlington House on Piccadilly, London, England. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ... An illustrator is a graphic artist who specializes in enhancing written text by providing a visual representation that corresponds to the content of the associated text. ... Persephone, by Dante Gabriel Rossetti. ...

Contents

Life and work

Millais (pronounced Mih-lay) was born in Southampton in 1829, of a prominent Jersey-based family. His prodigious artistic talent won him a place at the Royal Academy schools at the unprecedented age of eleven. While there, he met William Holman Hunt and Dante Gabriel Rossetti with whom he formed the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (Known as the 'PRB') in September 1848 in his family home on Gower Street, off Bedford Square. For other uses, see Southampton (disambiguation). ... The Royal Academy of Arts is an art institution based in Piccadilly, London. ... William Holman Hunt - Self-Portrait. ... Dante Gabriel Rossetti (May 12, 1828 - April 10, 1882) was an English poet, painter and translator. ...


Pre-Raphaelite works

Ophelia (1852)
Ophelia (1852)
The Blind Girl (1856)

Millais' Christ In The House Of His Parents (1850) was highly controversial because of its realistic portrayal of a working class Holy Family labouring in a messy carpentry workshop. Later works were also controversial, though less so. Millais achieved popular success with A Huguenot (1852), which depicts a young couple about to be separated because of religious conflicts. He repeated this theme in many later works. Download high resolution version (1600x1164, 503 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1600x1164, 503 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1067x1600, 360 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1067x1600, 360 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Christ in the House of His Parents, 1850 Christ In The House Of His Parents (1850) is a painting by John Everett Millais depicting the Holy Family in Saint Josephs carpentry workshop. ...


All these early works were painted with great attention to detail, often concentrating on the beauty and complexity of the natural world. In paintings such as Ophelia (1852) Millais created dense and elaborate pictorial surfaces based on the integration of naturalistic elements. This approach has been described as a kind of "pictorial eco-system". Ophelia is a painting by John Everett Millais, painted in 1852. ...


This style was promoted by the critic John Ruskin, who had defended the Pre-Raphaelites against their critics. Millais' friendship with Ruskin introduced him to Ruskin's wife Effie. Soon after they met she modelled for his painting The Order of Release. As Millais painted Effie they fell in love. Despite having been married to Ruskin for several years, Effie was still a virgin. Her parents realized something was wrong and she filed for an annulment. In 1856, after her marriage to Ruskin was annulled, Effie and John Millais married. He and Effie eventually had eight children. Upper: Steel-plate engraving of Ruskin as a young man, made circa 1845, scanned from print made circa 1895. ... photograph by Lewis Carroll of Effie Gray and John Millais with two of their children c1860, signed by Effie. ... The Order of Release, 1746, 1853 The Order of Release, 1746 is a painting by John Everett Millais exhibited in 1853. ... Annulment is a legal procedure for declaring a marriage null and void. ...


Later works

After his marriage, Millais began to paint in a broader style, which was condemned by Ruskin as "a catastrophe". It has been argued that this change of style resulted from Millais' need to increase his output to support his growing family. Unsympathetic critics such as William Morris accused him of "selling out" to achieve popularity and wealth. His admirers, in contrast, pointed to the artist's connections with Whistler and Albert Moore, and influence on John Singer Sargent. Millais himself argued that as he grew more confident as an artist, he could paint with greater boldness. In his article "Thoughts on our art of Today" (1888) he recommended Velázquez and Rembrandt as models for artists to follow. This page is about William Morris, the writer, designer and socialist. ... Self portrait (1872) James Abbott McNeill Whistler (July 11, 1834 – July 17, 1903) was an American-born, British-based painter and etcher. ... Albert Joseph Moore (1841-1893), English decorative painter, was born at York on the 4th of September 1841. ... Self Portrait, oil painting, 1907 John Singer Sargent (January 12, 1856 – April 14, 1925) was the most successful portrait painter of his era, as well as a gifted landscape painter and watercolorist. ... Las Meninas, painted in 1656. ... This article is about the Dutch painter. ...

The Two Princes Edward and Richard in the Tower (1878)
The Boyhood of Raleigh (1871)

Paintings such as The Eve of St. Agnes and The Somnambulist clearly show an ongoing dialogue between the artist and Whistler, whose work Millais strongly supported. Other paintings of the late 1850s and 1860s can be interpreted as anticipating aspects of the Aesthetic Movement. Many deploy broad blocks of harmoniously arranged colour and are symbolic rather than narratival. Image File history File links Princes. ... Image File history File links Princes. ... Millais, The Boyhood of Raligh; Oil on canvas, 1870, now in the Tate Britain museum. ... Millais, The Boyhood of Raligh; Oil on canvas, 1870, now in the Tate Britain museum. ... The Aesthetic movement is a loosely defined movement in art and literature in later nineteenth century Britain. ...


Later works, from the 1870s onwards demonstrate Millais' reverence for old masters such as Joshua Reynolds and Velázquez. Many of these paintings were of an historical theme and were other examples of Millais' talent. Notable among these are The Two Princes Edward and Richard in the Tower (1878) depicting the Princes in the Tower, The Northwest Passage (1874) and the Boyhood of Raleigh (1871). Such paintings indicate Millais' interest in subjects connected to Britain's history and expanding empire. Sir Joshua Reynolds in a self-portrait Colonel Acland and Lord Sydney, The Archers, 1769. ... The Two Princes Edward and Richard in the Tower, 1483 by Sir John Everett Millais, 1878, part of the Royal Holloway picture collection The Princes in the Tower, Edward V of England (November 4, 1470 – 1483?) and his brother, Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York (17 August 1473 – 1483...


His last project was to be a painting depicting a white hunter lying dead in the African veldt, his body contemplated by two indifferent Africans. This fascination with wild and bleak locations is also evident in his many landscape paintings of this period, which usually depict difficult or dangerous terrain. The first of these, Chill October (1870) was painted in Perth, near his wife's family home. Many others were painted elsewhere in Perthshire, near Dunkeld and Birnam, where Millais rented grand houses each autumn in order to hunt and fish. Millais also achieved great popularity with his paintings of children, notably Bubbles (1886) – famous, or perhaps notorious, for being used in the advertising of Pears soap – and Cherry Ripe. For information on the town of Veldt, see Veldt Township, Minnesota Veld or Veldt is an open area of land, typically in South Africa or southern Africa, comparable to the Australian outback. ... Perth (Scottish Gaelic: ) is a royal burgh in central Scotland. ... Perthshire (Siorrachd Pheairt in Gaelic) was a county in central Scotland, which extended from Strathmore in the east, to the Pass of Drumochter in the north, Rannoch Moor and Ben Lui in the west, and Aberfoyle in the south. ... Dunkeld (Dùn Chailleann in Scottish Gaelic) is a small town in Strathtay, Perth and Kinross, Scotland, approximately 15 miles north of Perth on the A9 road into the Scottish Highlands and on the opposite (north) side of the River Tay from the Victorian village of Birnam. ... Birnam is a suburb of Johannesburg, South Africa. ... Bubbles, originally entitled A Childs World, is a painting by John Everett Millais that became famous when it was used over many generations in advertisments for Pears soap. ... A box and bar of Pears soap (75g) Pears transparent soap is an old brand of soap, first produced commercially in 1789 by Andrew Pears at a factory just off Oxford Street in London, England. ... Cherry Ripe is an Australian chocolate bar manufactured by Cadbury Australia Pty. ...


Illustrations

Millais was also very successful as a book illustrator, notably for the works of Anthony Trollope and the poems of Tennyson. His complex illustrations of the parables of Jesus were published in 1864. His father-in-law commissioned stained-glass windows based on them for a church in Perth. He also provided illustrations for magazines such as Good Words. In 1869 he was recruited as an artist for the newly founded weekly newspaper The Graphic. Anthony Trollope (April 24, 1815 – December 6, 1882) became one of the most successful, prolific and respected English novelists of the Victorian era. ... Alfred, Lord Tennyson Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson (6 August 1809 – 6 October 1892) was Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom and is one of the most popular English poets. ... A parable is a story that is told to illustrate a religious, moral or philosophical idea. ... 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... The Graphic was first published on 4 December 1869. ...


Academic career

Millias was elected as an associate member of the Royal Academy of Arts in 1853, and was soon elected as a full member of the Academy, in which he was a prominent and active participant. He was granted a baronetcy in 1885, the first artist to be honoured with a hereditary title. After the death of Frederic Leighton in 1896, Millais was elected President of the Royal Academy, but he died later in the same year from throat cancer. He was buried in St Paul's Cathedral. This article refers to an art institution in London. ... A baronet (traditional abbreviation Bart, modern abbreviation Bt) is the holder of a species of knighthood known as a baronetcy. ... Frederic Leighton, 1st Baron Leighton (December 31, 1830 - January 25, 1896) was an English painter and sculptor. ... Esophageal cancer is malignancy of the esophagus. ... This article is about the cathedral church of the diocese of London. ...


See also

. ... The English school of painting is an expression for English (or British) painters who produced characteristically English paintings. ... British Art is the art of the island of Britain. ... The following is a partial list of British painters (in chronological order): George Gower (1540-1596) Nicolas Hilliard (1547-1619) Sir Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641) (born Flemish) William Dobson (1610-1646) John Michael Wright (1617-1694) Sir James Thornhill (1675-1734) John Wootton (1682-1764) John Vanderbank (1694-1739...

Other notable work

The Blind Girl is in Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery
Pizarro Seizing the Inca of Peru is in Victoria & Albert Museum
The Two Princes Edward and Richard in the Tower is in the Picture Gallery of Royal Holloway College Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery Opened in 1885, Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery (BM&AG), in Birmingham, England, has a collection of international importance covering fine art, ceramics, metalwork, jewellery, archaeology, ethnography, local and industrial history. ... University Logo Royal Holloway, University of London is a college of the University of London located in Egham, Surrey, England. ...


Gallery

Sources

  • Daly, G (1989). Pre-Raphaelites in love. New York: Ticknor & Fields. OCLC: 18463706. ISBN 0899194508. 

Further reading

  • Campbell-Johnston, R. "Master of Victorian values", Visual Arts, The Times, 2007-09-25. Retrieved on 2007-09-24. 

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Millais,a book examining Millais' varied career
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Frederic, Lord Leighton
President of the Royal Academy
February–August 1896
Succeeded by
Sir Edward Poynter
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New creation
Baronet
(of Palace Gate and St Quen)
1885–1896
Succeeded by
Everett Millais

  Results from FactBites:
 
John Everett Millais - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (768 words)
John Everett Millais (June 8, 1829–August 13, 1896) was a British painter and illustrator who was one of founders of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.
Millais was born in Southampton of a prominent Jersey-based family.
Millais was also very successful as a book illustrator, notably for the works of Anthony Trollope and the poems of Tennyson.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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