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Encyclopedia > John E. Walker

John Ernest Walker (born January 7, 1941) is an English chemist who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1941 calendar). ... Chemistry (derived from alchemy) is the science of matter at or near the atomic scale. ... This is a list of Nobel Prize laureates in Chemistry from 1901 to the present day. ...

He was born in Halifax, Yorkshire, the son of Thomas Ernest Walker, a stone mason and Elsie Lawton, an amateur musician. He was brought up with his two younger sisters in a rural environment and went to Rastrick Grammar School. At school, he was a keen sportsman and specialized in physical sciences and mathematics the last three years. He received a B.A. degree from St Catherine's College, Oxford University. , This article is about the English town. ... Yorkshire is the largest traditional county of Great Britain, covering some 6,000 sq. ... Rastrick is a town in the county of West Yorkshire, England, near Halifax. ... Full name St Catherines College Motto Nova et Vetera The New and the Old Named after Previous names Established 1963 Sister College(s) Robinson College Master Prof. ... The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ...

He began study of peptide antibiotics with Edward Abraham at Oxford in 1965 and received his Ph.D. in 1969. During this period, he became interested in the spectacular developments in molecular biology. Peptides (from the Greek πεπτος, digestible), are the family of short molecules formed from the linking, in a defined order, of various α-amino acids. ... Born in Southampton in June 1913, Sir Edward Abraham attended the King Edward VI School before achieving a First in Chemistry at The Queen’s College, Oxford. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... Molecular biology is the study of biology at a molecular level. ...

From 1969–1971, he worked at the University of Wisconsin, and from 1971–1974 in France. He met Fred Sanger in 1974 at a workshop at Cambridge University. This resulted in an invitation to work at the Laboratory of Molecular Biology of the Medical Research Council, which became a long-term appointment. Among the other staff was Francis Crick, who was well known for his discovery of the molecular structure of DNA. The University of Wisconsin–Madison is a public university located in Madison, Wisconsin. ... This article or section should be merged with Frederick Sanger Fred Sanger (born 1918), is an English biochemist, the winner of two Nobel prizes in Chemistry. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The University of Cambridge (often called Cambridge University, or just Cambridge), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The general structure of a section of DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a nucleic acid — usually in the form of a double helix — that contains the genetic instructions or genocode monitoring the biological development of all cellular forms of life, and many viruses. ...

At first, he analyzed the sequences of proteins and then uncovered details of the modified genetic code in mitochondria. In 1978, he decided to apply protein chemical methods to membrane proteins. A representation of the 3D structure of myoglobin, showing coloured alpha helices. ... In cell biology, a mitochondrion is an organelle found in the cells of most eukaryotes. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ...

He shared his Nobel Prize with the American chemist Paul D. Boyer for their elucidation of the enzymatic mechanism underlying the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate. They also shared the prize with Danish chemist Jens C. Skou for research unrelated to theirs. Paul Delos Boyer (born July 31, 1918) is an American biochemist. ... Adenosine 5-triphosphate (ATP) is a multifunctional nucleotide primarily known in biochemistry as the molecular currency of intracellular energy transfer. ... Jens Christian Skou (born October 8, 1918) is a Danish chemist and Nobel laureate. ...

He married Christina Westcott in 1963, and they have two daughters.

External links

  • Freeview Video of Fredrick Sanger in conversation with John Walker by the Vega Science Trust



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